Results for 'Hans Johann Https:'

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  1. Agency, Intelligence and Reasons in Animals.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (4):645-671.
    What kind of activity are non-human animals capable of? A venerable tradition insists that lack of language confines them to ‘mere behaviour’. This article engages with this ‘lingualism’ by developing a positive, bottom-up case for the possibility of animal agency. Higher animals cannot just act, they can act intelligently, rationally, intentionally and for reasons. In developing this case I draw on the interplay of behaviour, cognition and conation, the unduly neglected notion of intelligence and its connection to rationality, the need (...)
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  2.  63
    Can animals act for reasons?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2009 - .
    This essay argues that nonlinguistic animals qualify not just for externalist notions of rationality (maximizing biological fitness or utility), but also for internal ones. They can act for reasons in several senses: their behaviour is subject to intentional explanations, they can act in the light of reasonsprovided that the latter are conceived as objective facts rather than subjective mental statesand they can deliberate. Finally, even if they could not, it would still be misguided to maintain that animals are capable only (...)
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  3.  68
    Concepts: where subjectivism goes wrong.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2009 - .
    The debate about concepts has always been shaped by a contrast between subjectivism, which treats them as phenomena in the mind or head of individuals, and objectivism, which insists that they exist independently of individual minds. The most prominent contemporary version of subjectivism is Fodor's RTM. The Fregean charge against subjectivism is that it cannot do justice to the fact that different individuals can share the same concepts. Proponents of RTM have accepted shareability as a ‘non-negotiable constraint’. At the same (...)
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  4.  63
    Can animals judge?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2010 - .
    This article discusses the problems which concepts pose for the attribution of thoughts to animals. It locates these problems within a range of other issues concerning animal minds (section 1), and presents a ‘lingualist master argument’ according to which one cannot entertain a thought without possessing its constituent concepts and cannot possess concepts without possessing language (section 2). The first premise is compelling if one accepts the building-block model of concepts as parts of wholes – propositions – and the idea (...)
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  5.  42
    Analytic philosophy and history: a mismatch?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2008 - Glock, Hans Johann . Analytic Philosophy and History: A Mismatch? Mind: A Quarterly Review of Philosophy, 117:867-897.
    In recent years, even some of its own practitioners have accused analytic philosophy of lacking historical awareness. My aim is to show that analytic philosophy and history are not such a mismatch after all. Against the objection that analytic philosophers have unduly ignored the past I argue that for the most part they only resist strong versions of historicism, and for good reasons. The history of philosophy is not the whole of philosophy, as extreme historicists maintain, nor is it indispensable (...)
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  6.  68
    Minds, Brains, and Capacities: Situated Cognition and Neo-Aristotelianism.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    This article compares situated cognition to contemporary Neo-Aristotelian approaches to the mind. The article distinguishes two components in this paradigm: an Aristotelian essentialism which is alien to situated cognition and a Wittgensteinian “capacity approach” to the mind which is not just congenial to it but provides important conceptual and argumentative resources in defending social cognition against orthodox cognitive science. It focuses on a central tenet of that orthodoxy. According to what I call “encephalocentrism,” cognition is primarily or even exclusively a (...)
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  7.  57
    Wittgensteinian anti-anti realism: One 'anti' too many?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2015 - .
    Wittgenstein attached overarching personal importance to questions of moral value. Yet his written treatments of ethics are brief and obscure, while his views on language have had a strong, albeit intermittent and diffuse, influence on analytic moral philosophy. His remarks on ethics seem to be totally at odds with realist and cognitivist accounts. Both the Tractatus and 'A Lecture on Ethics' maintain that ethics transcends linguistic expression, and later remarks seem to point in the direction of a communal variant of (...)
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  8. Truth in the Tractatus.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2006 - Synthese 148 (2):345-368.
    My paper takes issue both with the standard view that the Tractatus contains a correspondence theory and with recent suggestions that it features a deflationary or semantic theory. Standard correspondence interpretations are mistaken, because they treat the isomorphism between a sentence and what it depicts as a sufficient condition of truth rather than of sense. The semantic/deflationary interpretation ignores passages that suggest some kind of correspondence theory. The official theory of truth in the Tractatus is an obtainment theory – a (...)
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  9.  54
    Necessity and language: in defence of conventionalism.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2008 - .
    Kalhat has forcefully criticised Wittgenstein's linguistic or conventionalist account of logical necessity, drawing partly on Waismann and Quine. I defend conventionalism against the charge that it cannot do justice to the truth of necessary propositions, renders them unacceptably arbitrary or reduces them to metalingustic statements. At the same time, I try to reconcile Wittgenstein's claim that necessary propositions are constitutive of meaning with the logical positivists' claim that they are true by virtue of meaning. Explaining necessary propositions by reference to (...)
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  10. A cognitivist approach to concepts.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2011 - .
    Th is article explores a cognitivist approach to concepts. Such an approach steers a middle course between the Scylla of subjectivism and the Charybdis of objectivism. While concepts are not mental particulars, they have an ineliminable cognitive dimension. Th e article explores several versions of cognitivism, focusing in particular on Künne’s Neo-Fregean proposal that concepts are modes of presentation. It also tackles a challenge facing all cognitivist accounts, namely the ‘proposition problem’: how can the cognitive dimension of concepts be reconciled (...)
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  11.  46
    Concepts, Abilities and Propositions.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2010 - .
  12. Strawson's descriptive metaphysics.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2012 - In Glock, Hans Johann . Strawson's Descriptive Metaphysics. In: Haaparanta, Leila; Koskinnen, Heikki J. Categories of Being. Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. New York: Oxford University Press, 391-419.
    Strawson's descriptive metaphysics was the first explicit and elaborate rehabilitation of metaphysics within the analytic tradition. This chapter discusses Strawson's contributions to metaphysics with a particular view to his conception of the nature of metaphysics-cum-ontology. This chapter first dwells on the background of Strawson's metaphysics. Next it introduces Strawson's idea of descriptive metaphysics and of connective analysis. Sections 3–8 discuss Strawson's main claims: self-conscious experience presupposes a distinction between experience and its mind-independent objects, objective particulars must be situated in a (...)
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  13.  58
    Concepts, conceptual schemes and grammar.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2009 - .
    This paper considers the connection between concepts, conceptual schemes and grammar in Wittgenstein’s last writings. It lists eight claims about concepts that one can garner from these writings. It then focuses on one of them, namely that there is an important difference between conceptual and factual problems and investigations. That claim draws in its wake other claims, all of them revolving around the idea of a conceptual scheme, what Wittgenstein calls a ‘grammar’. I explain why Wittgenstein’s account does not fall (...)
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  14.  18
    Animal consciousness – A limit of language?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2021 - In .
  15.  16
    Strawson and non-revisionary naturalism.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2022 - In .
    In Scepticism and Naturalism Strawson characterized his position as a form of naturalism. Not even in that work, however, did he subscribe to any standardly recognized types of naturalism (ontological, epistemological, meta-philosophical). Strawson’s naturalism, as far as it goes, is anthropological instead of scientific, and descriptive rather than revisionary. It insists that central features of our common-sense conceptual scheme are part of our human nature and therefore immune to naturalization by either reduction or elimination. My contribution explores both strengths and (...)
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  16.  5
    Aristotle on the anthropological difference and animal minds.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2019 - In .
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  17.  73
    Animal minds: a non-representationalist approach.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2013 - American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):213-232.
    Do animals have minds? We have known at least since Aristotle that humans constitute one species of animal. And some benighted contemporaries apart, we also know that most humans have minds. To have any bite, therefore, the question must be restricted to non-human animals, to which I shall henceforth refer simply as "animals." I shall further assume that animals are bereft of linguistic faculties. So, do some animals have minds comparable to those of humans? As regards that question, there are (...)
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  18.  4
    Philosophy rehinged?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2016 - .
    This paper is devoted to the role hinge propositions play or should play in epistemology and meta-philosophy. It starts by distinguishing different ways in which propositions can be basic or fundamental and by arguing that the foundational status of hinge propositions cannot be reduced to any of the others. The second part maintains that hinges have anti-sceptical potential, provided that one combines Wittgenstein’s critique of sense with Moore’s method of differential certainty. The final part briefly considers implications of the idea (...)
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  19.  5
    Reflections and replies.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2022 - In .
    This chapter replies to and reflects on the comments and discussions provided by the contributors to the festschrift.
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  20. Animal Agency.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2010 - In .
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  21.  1
    A radical interpretation of Davidson: reply to Alvarez.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1995 - .
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  22.  5
    Animals, thoughts and concepts.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2000 - .
    There are three main positions on animalthought: lingualism denies that non-linguistic animalshave any thoughts; mentalism maintains that theirthoughts differ from ours only in degree, due totheir different perceptual inputs; an intermediateposition, occupied by common sense and Wittgenstein,maintains that animals can have thoughts of a simplekind. This paper argues in favor of an intermediateposition. It considers the most important arguments infavor of lingualism, namely those inspired byDavidson: the argument from the intensional nature ofthought (Section 1); the idea that thoughts involveconcepts (Sections (...)
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  23. Could anything be wrong with analytic philosophy?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2007 - .
    There is a growing feeling that analytic philosophy is in crisis. At the same time there is a widespread and prima facie attractive conception of analytic philosophy which implies that it equates to good philosophy. In recognition of these conflicting tendencies, my paper raises the question of whether anything could be wrong with analytic philosophy. In section 1 I indicate why analytic philosophy cannot be defined by reference to geography, topics, doctrines or even methods. This leaves open the possibility that (...)
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  24.  1
    Does ontology exist?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2002 - .
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  25.  7
    From armchair to reality?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2010 - .
  26.  59
    Judgement and truth in the early Wittgenstein.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2013 - In Judgement and Truth in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology. Palgrave.
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  27.  20
    Meaning, rules, and conventions.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2008 - In .
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  28.  1
    Précis of What is analytic Philosophy?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2011 - .
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  29. Quine and Davidson.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2013 - In Glock, Hans Johann (2013). Quine and Davidson. In: Ludwig, Kirk; Lepore, Ernest. A Companion to Donald Davidson. New York: Wiley, 567-587. pp. 567-587.
  30. Replies to my commentators.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2011 - .
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  31.  6
    The indispensability of translation in Quine and Davidson.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1993 - .
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  32. The influence of Wittgenstein on American Philosophy.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2008 - In .
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  33. Thought, judgement and perception.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2012 - .
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  34.  82
    The (limited) space for justice in social animals.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock & M. Christen - 2012 - .
    While differentialists deny that non-linguistic animals can have a sense of justice, assimilationists credit some animals with such an advanced moral attitude. We approach this debate from a philosophical perspective. First, we outline the history of the notion of justice in philosophy and how various facets of that notion play a role in contemporary empirical investigations of justice among humans. On this basis, we develop a scheme for the elements of justice-relevant situations and for criteria of justice that should be (...)
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  35. Truth without people?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1997 - .
    There is a venerable tradition according to which the concept of truth is totally independent of human beings, their actions and beliefs, because truth consists in the correspondence of mind-independentpropositions to a mind-independent reality. For want of arespect. One way of doing so is relativism, the idea that whether a belief is true or false depends on the point of view of individuals or communities. A closely related position is a consensus theory of truth, according to which a belief is (...)
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  36.  1
    Wittgenstein on Concepts.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2010 - In .
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  37.  1
    Was Wittgenstein an Analytic Philosopher?Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2004 - .
    This article first surveys the established views on Wittgenstein's relation to analytic philosophy. Next it distinguishes among different ways of defining analytic philosophy—topical, doctrinal, methodological, stylistic, historical, and the idea that it is a family-resemblance concept. It argues that while certain stylistic features are important, the historical and the family-resemblance conceptions are the most auspicious, especially in combination. The answer to the title question is given in section 3. Contrary to currently popular “irrationalist” interpretations, Wittgenstein was an analytic philosopher in (...)
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  38.  4
    Cambridge, Jena or Vienna - the roots of the Tractatus.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1992 - Ratio 5 (1):1-23.
  39.  51
    Reference and the first person pronoun.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock & P. M. S. Hacker - 1996 - Language and Communication 16 (2):95-105.
  40.  46
    Norms, Reasons, and Anthropological Naturalism.Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2022 - Philosophical Topics 50 (1):9-32.
    This article addresses the two most important areas of potential conflict between inferentialism and naturalism, namely normativity and rationality. Concerning the first, it sides with inferentialism, while at the same time developing a normativist position less vulnerable to naturalistic objections. There is nothing problematic or mysterious about semantic normativity or normativity in general. But one needs to distinguish different types of normativity and recognize that statements of norms can be perfectly truth-apt. Concerning the second area of conflict, my verdict is (...)
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  41.  16
    Persons and their bodies.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock & J. Hyman - 1994 - Philosophical Investigations 17 (2):365-379.
  42.  50
    Logic and natural language: On plural reference and its semantic and logical significance, by Hanoch Ben-Yami (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004).Hans-Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2007 - Language and Communication 27 (1):28-40.
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  43.  70
    Non-human knowledge and non-human agency.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2012 - In .
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  44.  54
    Vygotsky and mead on the self, meaning and internalisation.Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1986 - Studies in East European Thought 31 (2):131-148.
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  45. Review: James Chase and Jack Reynolds: Analytic versus continental. Arguments on the methods and value of philosophy. [REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2012 - .
  46.  1
    Review: B. McGuinness/G.H. von Wright (eds.): Ludwig Wittgenstein: Cambridge Letters. [REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1999 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 7 (1):132-135.
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  47. Book reviews: A philosophical liberator. Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World by Robert Nozick, Harvard University Press: 2001. 432 pp. $35, 23.95, 40.30 euros. [REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 2002 - .
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  48.  6
    Review: B. McGuinness/G.H. von Wright (eds.): Ludwig Wittgenstein: Cambridge Letters. [REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1999 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 7:132-135.
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  49.  7
    Review: E.M. Lange: Wittgenstein und Schopenhauer. [REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1993 - Philosophical Investigations 16:89-93.
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  50.  19
    Review of P. Frascola, Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics[REVIEW]Hans Johann Https://Orcidorg909X Glock - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):552-555.
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