67 found
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  1.  16
    The Commodification of Academic Research: Science and the Modern University.Hans Radder (ed.) - 2010 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Selling science has become a common practice in contemporary universities. This commodification of academia pervades many aspects of higher education, including research, teaching, and administration. As such, it raises significant philosophical, political, and moral challenges. This volume offers the first book-length analysis of this disturbing trend from a philosophical perspective and presents views by scholars of philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, and research ethics. The epistemic and moral responsibilities of universities, whether for-profit or nonprofit, are examined from several (...)
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  2.  15
    The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation.Hans Radder (ed.) - 2003 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Since the late 1980s, the neglect of experiment by philosophers and historians of science has been replaced by a keen interest in the subject. In this volume, a number of prominent philosophers of experiment directly address basic theoretical questions, develop existing philosophical accounts, and offer novel perspectives on the subject, rather than rely exclusively on historical cases of experimental practice. Each essay examines one or more of six interconnected themes that run throughout the collection: the philosophical implications of actively and (...)
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  3.  41
    In and About the World: Philosophical Studies of Science and Technology.Hans Radder - 1996 - State University of New York Press.
    Offers a new approach to a number of central issues concerning the theoretical interpretation and normative evaluation of contemporary science and technology.
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  4. In and About the World: Philosophical Studies of Science and Technology.Hans Radder - 1996 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (2):377-377.
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  5. Science Transformed?: Debating Claims of an Epochal Break.Alfred Nordmann, Hans Radder & Gregor Schiemann (eds.) - 2011 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Advancements in computing, instrumentation, robotics, digital imaging, and simulation modeling have changed science into a technology-driven institution. Government, industry, and society increasingly exert their influence over science, raising questions of values and objectivity. These and other profound changes have led many to speculate that we are in the midst of an epochal break in scientific history. -/- This edited volume presents an in-depth examination of these issues from philosophical, historical, social, and cultural perspectives. It offers arguments both for and against (...)
  6. Heuristics and the generalized correspondence principle.Hans Radder - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2):195-226.
    Several philosophers of science have claimed that the correspondence principle can be generalized from quantum physics to all of (particularly physical) science and that in fact it constitutes one of the major heuristical rules for the construction of new theories. In order to evaluate these claims, first the use of the correspondence principle in (the genesis of) quantum mechanics will be examined in detail. It is concluded from this and from other examples in the history of science that the principle (...)
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  7.  8
    The World Observed/the World Conceived.Hans Radder - 2006 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Observation and conceptual interpretation constitute the two major ways through which human beings engage the world. _The World Observed/The World Conceived _presents an innovative analysis of the nature and role of observation and conceptualization. While these two actions are often treated as separate, Hans Radder shows that they are inherently interconnected-that materially realized observational processes are always conceptually interpreted and that the meaning of concepts depends on the way they structure observational processes and abstract from them. He examines the role (...)
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  8. The Material Realization of Science.Hans Radder - unknown
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  9.  17
    Empiricism Must, but Cannot, Presuppose Real Causation.Hans Radder - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (4):597-608.
    In this article, I put forward a basic philosophical claim: empirical scientific knowledge, that is, knowledge generated in experimental and observational practices, presupposes real causation. My discussion exploits two core notions from the philosophical analysis of scientific experimentation and observation: the aim of realizing object-apparatus correlations and the required control of the relevant interactions between environment and experimental or observational system. The conclusion is that, without the notion of real causation, acquiring epistemically sound empirical knowledge is impossible. Several empiricist objections (...)
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  10. The World Observed/The World Conceived.Hans Radder - 2008 - Critica 40 (119):67-74.
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  11.  49
    The Academic Manifesto: From an Occupied to a Public University.Willem Halffman & Hans Radder - 2015 - Minerva 53 (2):165-187.
    Universities are occupied by management, a regime obsessed with ‘accountability’ through measurement, increased competition, efficiency, ‘excellence’, and misconceived economic salvation. Given the occupation’s absurd side-effects, we ask ourselves how management has succeeded in taking over our precious universities. An alternative vision for the academic future consists of a public university, more akin to a socially engaged knowledge commons than to a corporation. We suggest some provocative measures to bring about such a university. However, as management seems impervious to cogent arguments, (...)
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  12.  44
    Which Scientific Knowledge is a Common Good?Hans Radder - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (5):431-450.
    In this article, I address the question of whether science can and should be seen as a common good. For this purpose, the first section focuses on the notion of knowledge and examines its main characteristics. I discuss and assess the core view of analytic epistemology, that knowledge is, basically, justified true belief. On the basis of this analysis, I then develop an alternative, multi-dimensional theory of the nature of knowledge. Section 2 reviews and evaluates several answers to the question (...)
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  13.  29
    The chinese practice‐oriented views of science and their political grounds.Yuanlin Guo & Hans Radder - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):591-614.
    In China, practice‐oriented views of science can be traced back to antiquity. In ancient times, the Chinese people independently created and developed application‐oriented sciences, but they ignored basic science. In modern times, China learned and introduced Western science and technology as a practical instrument to protect the nation and make it prosperous and powerful. Through technology and production, science has been playing an immediate and major role in the development of socialism since 1949. Since 1978, the Chinese government has always (...)
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  14.  59
    Experimental Reproducibility and the Experimenters' Regress.Hans Radder - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:63 - 73.
    In his influential book, "Changing Order", H.M. Collins puts forward the following three claims concerning experimental replication. (i) Replication is rarely practiced by experimentalists; (ii) replication cannot be used as an objective test of scientific knowledge claims, because of the occurrence of the so-called experimenters' regress; and (iii) stopping this regress at some point depends upon the enculturation in a local community of practitioners, who tacitly learn the relevant skills. In my paper I discuss and assess these claims on the (...)
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  15.  28
    How Inclusive Is European Philosophy of Science?Hans Radder - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (2):149-165.
    The main question of this article is given by its title: how inclusive is European philosophy of science? Phrased in this way, the question presupposes that, as a mature discipline, philosophy of science should provide an inclusive account of its subject area. I first provide an explanation of the notion of an inclusive philosophy of science. This notion of an inclusive philosophy of science is specified by discussing three general topics that seem to be missing from, or are quite marginal (...)
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  16.  78
    Exploring Philosophical Issues in the Patenting of Scientific and Technological Inventions.Hans Radder - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (3):283-300.
    Thus far, the philosophical study of patenting has primarily focused on sociopolitical, legal, and ethical issues, such as the moral justifiability of patenting living organisms or the nature of (intellectual) property. In addition, however, the theory and practice of patenting entails many important problems that can be fruitfully studied from the perspective of the philosophy of science and technology. The principal aim of this article is to substantiate the latter claim. For this purpose, I first provide a concise review of (...)
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  17.  19
    Empirical Concepts: Their Meaning and its Emergence.Hans Radder - 2023 - Axiomathes 33 (1):1-23.
    This article presents a detailed, novel account of the emergence of (the meaning of) empirical concepts. Acquiring experience and empirical concepts is shown to be the result of multifaceted, cognitive processes, which require both material realization and conceptual interpretation. Generally speaking, the meaning of empirical concepts consists of several distinct components, but it includes at least a structuring and an abstracting component. These two meaning components are abstract entities, which can be justifiably interpreted as real objects. On this basis, I (...)
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  18.  42
    An immanent criticism of Lakatos' account of the 'degenerating phase' of Bohr's atomic theory.Hans Radder - 1982 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (1):99-109.
    Summary This paper presents an immanent criticism of Lakatos' reconstruction of the degenerating phase of Bohr's atomic theory. That is to say, the historiographical methods used are exclusively of a Lakatosian kind. Such a closer Lakatosian look at the historical episode in question shows that Lakatos' own reconstruction is incorrect on three essential points. These are the role of the correspondence principle, the position of the hard core in Bohr's programme, and the presence of important novel predicted facts. I conclude (...)
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  19.  15
    An immanent criticism of Lakatos' account of the ‘degenerating phase’ of Bohr's atomic theory.Hans Radder - 1982 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (1):99-109.
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  20.  40
    Science, realization and reality: The fundamental issues.Hans Radder - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):327-349.
  21.  81
    Philosophy and history of science: Beyond the Kuhnian paradigm.Hans Radder - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):633-655.
    At issue in this paper is the question of the appropriate relationship between the philosophy and history of science. The discussion starts with a brief sketch of Kuhn's approach, followed by an analysis of the so-called ‘testing-theories-of-scientific-change programme’. This programme is an attempt at a more rigorous approach to the historical philosophy of science. Since my conclusion is that, by and large, this attempt has failed, I proceed to examine some more promising approaches. First, I deal with Hacking's recent views (...)
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  22.  60
    What Prospects for a General Philosophy of Science?Hans Radder - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):89-92.
  23.  5
    From commodification to the common good: reconstructing science, technology, and society.Hans Radder - 2019 - Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The commodification of science—often identified with commercialization, or the selling of expertise and research results and the “capitalization of knowledge” in academia and beyond—has been investigated as a threat to the autonomy of science and academic culture and criticized for undermining the social responsibility of modern science. In From Commodification to the Common Good, Hans Radder revisits the commodification of the sciences from a philosophical perspective to focus instead on a potential alternative, the notion of public-interest science. Scientific knowledge, he (...)
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  24.  98
    Critical philosophy of technology: The basic issues.Hans Radder - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (1):51 – 70.
    This paper proposes a framework for a critical philosophy of technology by discussing its practical, theoretical, empirical, normative and political dimensions. I put forward a general account of technology, which includes both similarities and dissimilarities to Andrew Feenberg's instrumentalization theory. This account characterizes a technology as a "(type of) artefactual, functional system with a certain degree of stability and reproducibility". A discussion of how such technologies may be realized discloses five different levels at which alternative choices might be made. On (...)
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  25.  45
    How Concepts Both Structure the World and Abstract from It.Hans Radder - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):581 - 613.
    TWO OPPOSING VIEWS ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP between concepts and the world can be found in the history of philosophy. One view—deriving from Immanuel Kant and endorsed by Karl Popper, among many others—claims that in forming and using concepts we structure the world. Concepts produce or increase order. Hence, the world, insofar as it is knowable by human beings, is necessarily a conceptually structured world. The second, still older view—represented by the Aristotelian tradition and by John Locke, for example—holds that concepts (...)
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  26.  14
    Conceptual and connectionist analyses of observation: a critical evaluation.Hans Radder - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 30:455-477.
  27.  59
    Pragmatism, Ethics, and Technology.Hans Radder - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (3):10-18.
  28.  7
    Science and Technology: Positivism and Critique.Hans Radder - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 61–65.
    This chapter contains sections titled: References and Further Reading.
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  29.  10
    The Material Realization of Science: A Philosophical View on the Experimental Natural Sciences, Developed in Discussion with Habermas.Hans Radder - 1988 - Van Gorcum.
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  30.  20
    De cognitieve drie-eenheid: realiseren, interpreteren en abstraheren.Hans Radder - 2014 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 106 (1):3-36.
    The article consists of three main sections, in which I successively discuss the nature and role of realization, interpretation and abstraction in experimental and observational processes. In this way, these sections address several fundamental problems in philosophy of science, ontology and epistemology, and philosophy of language. Section 1 introduces the notion of realization processes, and argues that successful realization requires causal judgments. The second section discusses the role of conceptual interpretation in experiments and observations, explains how realization and interpretation can (...)
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  31.  9
    The Critical Naturalism Manifesto: Some Comments.Hans Radder - 2023 - Krisis | Journal for Contemporary Philosophy 43 (1):114-116.
    The prior issue of Krisis (42:1) published Critical Naturalism: A Manifesto, with the aim to instigate a debate of the issues raised in this manifesto – the necessary re-thinking of the role (and the concept) of nature in critical theory in relation to questions of ecology, health, and inequality. Since Krisis considers itself a place for philosophical debates that take contemporary struggles as starting point, it issued an open call and solicited responses to the manifesto. This is one of the (...)
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  32. Drie kanttekeningen bij.Hans Radder - forthcoming - Krisis.
     
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  33.  73
    Accardi on Quantum Theory and the "Fifth Axiom" of Probability.Hans Den Bervang, Dick Hoekzema & Hans Radder - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (1):149-.
    In this paper we investigate Accardi's claim that the "quantum paradoxes" have their roots in probability theory and that, in particular, they can be evaded by giving up Bayes' rule, concerning the relation between composite and conditional probabilities. We reach the conclusion that, although it may be possible to give up Bayes' rule and define conditional probabilities differently, this contributes nothing to solving the philosophical problems which surround quantum mechanics.
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  34.  6
    Building bridges: connecting science, technology and philosophy: essays presented to Hans Radder.Henk W. de Regt, Chunglin Kwa & Hans Radder (eds.) - 2014 - Amsterdam: VU University Press.
    What is the future of science and technology? Will academic research become a commodity like so much else? Will technology and science become ever more intertwined? Such questions concern anyone to whom science and technology matter. A philosophical approach can shed light on them, as Hans Radder has amply shown. This volume contains essays by colleagues and friends that highlight the wide variety of topics he has addressed in his work. Whether it is the interaction between science, technology and society, (...)
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  35. HiSlory of Science.David Goodman, Michael Fores, Hans Radder & Kurt Danziger - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  36. Het academisch manifest. Van een bezette naar een publieke universiteit.Willem Halffman & Hans Radder - unknown
    Universities are occupied by Management, a regime obsessed with ‘accountability' through measurement, increased competition, efficiency, ‘excellence', and misconceived economic salvation. Given the occupation's absurd side-effects, we ask ourselves how Management has succeeded in taking over our precious universities. An alternative vision for the academic future consists of a public university, more akin to a socially engaged knowledge commons than to a corporation. We suggest some provocative measures to bring about such a university. However, as Management seems impervious to cogent arguments, (...)
     
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  37.  28
    The world observed/the world conceived in vogelvlucht.Hans Radder - 2007 - Krisis 8 (1):67-70.
  38.  17
    A Deflationary, Neo-Mertonian Critique of Academic Patenting.Hans Radder - 2010 - In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer. pp. 221--231.
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  39.  24
    Critical approaches to technology: Editor's introduction.Hans Radder - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (1):1 – 3.
    This paper proposes a framework for a critical philosophy of technology by discussing its practical, theoretical, empirical, normative and political dimensions. I put forward a general account of technology, which includes both similarities and dissimilarities to Andrew Feenberg’s instrumentalization theory. This account characterizes a technology as a “(type of) artefactual, functional system with a certain degree of stability and reproducibility”. A discussion of how such technologies may be realized discloses five different levels at which alternative choices might be made. On (...)
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  40. De materiële realisering van de wetenschap.Hans Radder - 1987 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 49 (1):147-147.
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  41.  7
    De materiële realisering van wetenschap: een filosofiese visie op de experimentele natuurwetenschappen, ontwikkeld in diskussie met Habermas.Hans Radder - 1984 - Amsterdam: VU Uitgeverij.
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  42.  10
    Empirical Concepts: Their Meaning and its Emergence.Hans Radder - 2022 - Global Philosophy 33 (1):1-23.
    This article presents a detailed, novel account of the emergence of (the meaning of) empirical concepts. Acquiring experience and empirical concepts is shown to be the result of multifaceted, cognitive processes, which require both material realization and conceptual interpretation. Generally speaking, the meaning of empirical concepts consists of several distinct components, but it includes at least a structuring and an abstracting component. These two meaning components are abstract entities, which can be justifiably interpreted as real objects.On this basis, I address (...)
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  43.  8
    Field philosophy and the societal value of basic research.Hans Radder - 2019 - Krisis 39 (1):123-126.
    Review of: Robert Frodeman and Adam Briggle Socrates Tenured: The Institutions of 21st-Century Philosophy. London: Rowman & Littlefield, 167 pp.
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  44.  5
    Field Philosophy and the Societal Value of Basic Research.Hans Radder - 2019 - Krisis | Journal for Contemporary Philosophy 39 (1):123-126.
    Review of: Robert Frodeman and Adam Briggle (2016) Socrates Tenured: The Institutions of 21st-Century Philosophy. London: Rowman & Littlefield, 167 pp.
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  45.  9
    H. A. Kramers: Between Tradition and RevolutionM. Dresden.Hans Radder - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):719-720.
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  46.  11
    Kramers and the Forman theses.Hans Radder - 1983 - History of Science 21 (2):165-182.
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  47. Kanttekeningen bij de filosofie van het wetenschappelijk experimenteren.Hans Radder - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 95 (3):221-224.
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  48.  25
    Maarten Boudry and Massimo Pigliucci : Science Unlimited? The Challenges of Scientism.Hans Radder - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):593-597.
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  49.  15
    Repliek aan Van Woudenberg, Buekens en Marres.Hans Radder - 2007 - Krisis 8 (1):95-104.
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  50.  75
    Rethinking science and values.Hans Radder - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):107 – 114.
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