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Hans-Johann Glock
University of Zürich
  1. A Wittgenstein Dictionary.Hans-Johann Glock - 1996 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This lucid and accessible dictionary presents technical terms that Wittgenstein introduced into philosophical debate or transformed substantially, and also topics to which he made a substantial contribution. Hans-Johann Glock places Wittgenstein's ideas in their relevance to current debates. The entries delineate Wittgenstein's lines of argument on particular issues, assessing their strengths and weaknesses, and shed light on fundamental exegetical controversies. The dictionary entries are prefaced by a 'Sketch of a Intellectual Biography', which links the basic themes of the early and (...)
     
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  2. Animals, Thoughts and Concepts.Hans-Johann Glock - 2000 - Synthese 123 (1):35-104.
    There are three main positions on animalthought: lingualism denies that non-linguistic animalshave any thoughts; mentalism maintains that theirthoughts differ from ours only in degree, due totheir different perceptual inputs; an intermediateposition, occupied by common sense and Wittgenstein,maintains that animals can have thoughts of a simplekind. This paper argues in favor of an intermediateposition. It considers the most important arguments infavor of lingualism, namely those inspired byDavidson: the argument from the intensional nature ofthought (Section 1); the idea that thoughts involveconcepts (Sections (...)
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  3.  93
    Quine and Davidson on Language, Thought and Reality.Hans-Johann Glock - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Quine and Davidson are among the leading thinkers of the twentieth century. Their influence on contemporary philosophy is second to none, and their impact is also strongly felt in disciplines such as linguistics and psychology. This book is devoted to both of them, but also questions some of their basic assumptions. Hans-Johann Glock critically scrutinizes their ideas on ontology, truth, necessity, meaning and interpretation, thought and language, and shows that their attempts to accommodate meaning and thought within a naturalistic framework, (...)
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  4.  67
    Nonsense Made Intelligible.Hans-Johann Glock - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):111-136.
    My topic is the relation between nonsense and intelligibility, and the contrast between nonsense and falsehood which played a pivotal role in the rise of analytic philosophy . I shall pursue three lines of inquiry. First I shall briefly consider the positive case, namely linguistic understanding . Secondly, I shall consider the negative case—different breakdowns of understanding and connected forms of failure to make sense . Third, I shall criticize three important misconceptions of nonsense and unintelligibility: the austere conception of (...)
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  5. Concepts: Where Subjectivism Goes Wrong.Hans-Johann Glock - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (1):5-29.
    The debate about concepts has always been shaped by a contrast between subjectivism, which treats them as phenomena in the mind or head of individuals, and objectivism, which insists that they exist independently of individual minds. The most prominent contemporary version of subjectivism is Fodor's RTM. The Fregean charge against subjectivism is that it cannot do justice to the fact that different individuals can share the same concepts. Proponents of RTM have accepted shareability as a 'non-negotiable constraint'. At the same (...)
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  6. Can Animals Act For Reasons?Hans-Johann Glock - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):232-254.
    This essay argues that non-linguistic animals qualify not just for externalist notions of rationality (maximizing biological fitness or utility), but also for internal ones. They can act for reasons in several senses: their behaviour is subject to intentional explanations, they can act in the light of reasons - provided that the latter are conceived as objective facts rather than subjective mental states - and they can deliberate. Finally, even if they could not, it would still be misguided to maintain that (...)
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  7.  23
    The Awful English Language.Hans-Johann Glock - 2018 - Philosophical Papers 47 (1):123-154.
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  8.  84
    Analytic Philosophy and History: A Mismatch?Hans-Johann Glock - 2008 - Mind 117 (468):867-897.
    In recent years, even some of its own practitioners have accused analytic philosophy of lacking historical awareness. My aim is to show that analytic philosophy and history are not such a mismatch after all. Against the objection that analytic philosophers have unduly ignored the past I argue that for the most part they only resist strong versions of historicism, and for good reasons. The history of philosophy is not the whole of philosophy, as extreme historicists maintain, nor is it indispensable (...)
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  9. Relativism, Commensurability and Translatability.Hans-Johann Glock - 2007 - Ratio 20 (4):377–402.
    This paper discusses conceptual relativism. The main focus is on the contrasting ideas of Wittgenstein and Davidson, with Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend and Hacker in supporting roles. I distinguish conceptual from alethic and ontological relativism, defend a distinction between conceptual scheme and empirical content, and reject the Davidsonian argument against the possibility of alternative conceptual schemes: there can be conceptual diversity without failure of translation, and failure of translation is not necessarily incompatible with recognizing a practice as linguistic. Conceptual relativism may (...)
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  10. Necessity and Normativity.Hans-Johann Glock - 1996 - In Hans D. Sluga & David G. Stern (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein. Cambridge University Press. pp. 198--225.
     
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  11. Necessity and Language: In Defence of Conventionalism.Hans-Johann Glock - 2008 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):24–47.
  12.  50
    Wittgenstein: A Critical Reader.Hans-Johann Glock (ed.) - 2001 - Blackwell.
    Exploring all of the central themes of Wittgenstein's "oeuvre," this volume includes discussion of core topics such as meaning and use, rule following, the ...
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  13.  5
    Animals, Thoughts And Concepts.Hans-Johann Glock - 2000 - Synthese 123 (1):35-64.
    There are three main positions on animal thought: lingualism denies that non-linguistic animals have any thoughts; mentalism maintains that their thoughts differ from ours only in degree, due to their different perceptual inputs; an intermediate position, occupied by common sense and Wittgenstein, maintains that animals can have thoughts of a simple kind. This paper argues in favor of an intermediate position. It considers the most important arguments in favor of lingualism, namely those inspired by Davidson: the argument from the intensional (...)
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  14.  1
    Quine and Davidson on Language, Thought and Reality.Hans-Johann Glock - 2005 - Mind 114 (453):154-159.
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  15.  6
    Concepts: Where Subjectivism Goes Wrong: Hans-Johann Glock.Hans-Johann Glock - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (1):5-29.
    The debate about concepts has always been shaped by a contrast between subjectivism, which treats them as phenomena in the mind or head of individuals, and objectivism, which insists that they exist independently of individual minds. The most prominent contemporary version of subjectivism is Fodor's RTM. The Fregean charge against subjectivism is that it cannot do justice to the fact that different individuals can share the same concepts. Proponents of RTM have accepted shareability as a ‘non-negotiable constraint’. At the same (...)
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  16.  59
    Was Wittgenstein an Analytic Philosopher?Hans-Johann Glock - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (4):419-444.
  17. Concepts, Conceptual Schemes and Grammar.Hans-Johann Glock - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (4):653-668.
    This paper considers the connection between concepts, conceptual schemes and grammar in Wittgenstein’s last writings. It lists eight claims about concepts that one can garner from these writings. It then focuses on one of them, namely that there is an important difference between conceptual and factual problems and investigations. That claim draws in its wake other claims, all of them revolving around the idea of a conceptual scheme, what Wittgenstein calls a ‘grammar’. I explain why Wittgenstein’s account does not fall (...)
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  18.  65
    Animal Minds: A Non-Representationalist Approach.Hans-Johann Glock - 2013 - American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):213-232.
    Do animals have minds? We have known at least since Aristotle that humans constitute one species of animal. And some benighted contemporaries apart, we also know that most humans have minds. To have any bite, therefore, the question must be restricted to non-human animals, to which I shall henceforth refer simply as "animals." I shall further assume that animals are bereft of linguistic faculties. So, do some animals have minds comparable to those of humans? As regards that question, there are (...)
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  19. Can Animals Judge?Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - Dialectica 64 (1):11-33.
    This article discusses the problems which concepts pose for the attribution of thoughts to animals. It locates these problems within a range of other issues concerning animal minds ( section 1 ), and presents a 'lingualist master argument' according to which one cannot entertain a thought without possessing its constituent concepts and cannot possess concepts without possessing language ( section 2 ). The first premise is compelling if one accepts the building-block model of concepts as parts of wholes – propositions (...)
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  20. From Armchair to Reality?Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - Ratio 23 (3):339-348.
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  21. Appearance in This List Does Not Preclude a Future Review of the Book. Where They Are Known Prices Are Either Given in $ US or in£ UK.L. Allison, J. Annas, Robert L. Arrington, Hans-Johann Glock, J. M. Bernstein & D. Beyleveld - 1992 - Mind 101.
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  22.  88
    Doing Good by Splitting Hairs? Analytic Philosophy and Applied Ethics.Hans-Johann Glock - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):225-240.
    This article explores the connections between analytic philosophy and applied ethics — both historical and substantive. Historically speaking, applied ethics is a child of analytic philosophy. It arose as the result of two factors in the 1960s: the re-emergence of normative ethics on the one hand, and urgent social and political challenges on the other. But is there a significant substantive link between applied ethics and analytic philosophy? I argue that applied ethics inherited important ‘analytic’ ideals such as clarity and (...)
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  23.  72
    Meaning and Rule Following.Hans-Johann Glock - unknown
    According to a venerable tradition in philosophy and linguistics, expressions have meaning through being subject to conventions or rules. This claim has become a central topic of contemporary philosophy of language and mind in the wake of Wittgenstein and Kripke, largely because the normativity of meaning is regarded as a serious challenge to naturalism. One reaction to this challenge is to deny that the normativity of meaning is genuine. While there are ‘semantic principles’ specifying conditions for the correct application of (...)
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  24. Concepts: Between the Subjective and the Objective.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - In John Cottingham & Peter Hacker (eds.), Mind, Method, and Morality: Essays in Honour of Anthony Kenny. Oxford University Press.
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  25. Rise of Analytic Philosophy.Hans-Johann Glock (ed.) - 1997 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  26. Does Ontology Exist?Hans-Johann Glock - 2002 - Philosophy 77 (2):235-260.
    Early analytic philosophers like Carnap, Wittgenstein and Ryle regarded ontology as a branch of metaphysics that is either trivial or meaningless. But at present it is generally assumed that philosophy can make substantial discoveries about what kinds of things exist and about the essence of these kinds. My paper challenges this ontological turn. The currently predominant conceptions of the subject, at any rate, do not license the idea that ontology can provide distinctively philosophical insights into the constituents of reality. I (...)
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  27.  77
    Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: Text and Context.Robert L. Arrington & Hans-Johann Glock (eds.) - 2002 - Routledge.
    First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  28. Concepts, Abilities, and Propositions.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 81 (1):115-134.
    This article investigates whether the concept of a concept can be given a fairly uniform explanation through a 'cognitivist' account, one that accepts that concepts exist independently of individual subjects, yet nonetheless invokes mental achievements and capacities. I consider various variants of such an account, which identify a concept, respectively, with a certain kind of abilitiy, rule and way of thinking. All of them are confronted with what I call the 'proposition problem', namely that unlike these explananda concepts are standardly (...)
     
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  29. Does Language Require Conventions.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - In Pasquale Frascolla, Diego Marconi & Alberto Voltolini (eds.), Wittgenstein: Mind, Meaning and Metaphilosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 85--112.
     
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  30. Thought, Language, and Animals.Hans-Johann Glock - 2006 - In Michael Kober (ed.), Grazer Philosophische Studien. Rodopi. pp. 139-160.
    This paper discusses Wittgenstein's ideas about the relation between thought, neurophysiology and language, and about the mental capacities of non-linguistic animals. It deals with his initial espousal and later rejection of a 'language of thought', his arguments against the idea that thought requires a medium of images or words, his reasons for resisting the encephalocentric conception of the mind which dominates contemporary philosophy of mind, his mature views about the connection between thought and language, and his remarks about animals. The (...)
     
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  31.  94
    What is Analytic Philosophy?Hans-Johann Glock - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Analytic philosophy is roughly a hundred years old, and it is now the dominant force within Western philosophy. Interest in its historical development is increasing, but there has hitherto been no sustained attempt to elucidate what it currently amounts to, and how it differs from so-called 'continental' philosophy. In this rich and wide-ranging book, Hans Johann Glock argues that analytic philosophy is a loose movement held together both by ties of influence and by various 'family resemblances'. He considers the pros (...)
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  32.  17
    Truth Without People?Hans-Johann Glock - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (279):85 - 104.
    There is a venerable tradition according to which the concept of truth is totally independent of human beings, their actions and beliefs, because truth consists in the correspondence of mind-independentpropositions to a mind-independent reality. For want of arespect. One way of doing so is relativism, the idea that whether a belief is true or false depends on the point of view of individuals or communities. A closely related position is a consensus theory of truth, according to which a belief is (...)
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  33.  52
    Introduction.Hans-Johann Glock, Kathrin Glüer & Geert Keil - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):1-5.
    Introduction to a collection of essays that celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of Quine's paper "Two Dogmas of Empiricism". Contributor: Herbert Schnädelbach, Paul A. Boghossian, Kathrin Glüer, Verena Mayer, Christian Nimtz, Åsa Maria Wikforss, Hans-Johann Glock, Peter Pagin, Tyler Burge, Geert Keil und Donald Davidson.
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  34.  58
    Wittgenstein and Quine.Robert Arrington & Hans-Johann Glock (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    This unique study brings together for the first time two of the most important philosophers of this century. Never before have these two thinkers been compared - and commentators' opinions on their relationship differ greatly. Are the views of Wittgenstein and Quine on method and the nature of philosophy comparable or radically opposed? Does Wittgenstein's concept of language engender that of Quine, or threaten its philosophical foundations? An understanding of the similarities and differences between the thought of Wittgenstein and of (...)
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  35. Wittgenstein on Concepts.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - In Arif Ahmed (ed.), Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  36.  75
    Vygotsky and Mead on the Self, Meaning and Internalisation.Hans-Johann Glock - 1986 - Studies in East European Thought 31 (2):131-148.
  37. Reviews Lot 2: The Language of Thought Revisited by Jerry A. Fodor Oxford University Press, 2008.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (1):164-167.
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  38.  18
    Cambridge, Jena or Vienna? The Roots of the Tractatus.Hans-Johann Glock - 1992 - Ratio 5 (1):1-23.
  39. Strawson and Analytic Kantianism.Hans-Johann Glock - 2003 - In Strawson and Kant. Oxford University Press. pp. 15--42.
     
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  40. Necessity, a Priority and Analyticity: A Wittgensteinian Perspective.Hans-Johann Glock - 2010 - In Daniel Whiting (ed.), The Later Wittgenstein on Language. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  41.  52
    Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective.Hans-Johann Glock - 2003 - Philosophical Investigations 26 (4):348–360.
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  42.  55
    Reasons for Action: Wittgensteinian and Davidsonian Perspectives in Historical, Meta-Philosophical and Philosophical Context.Hans-Johann Glock - 2014 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (1):7-46.
    My paper reflects on the debate about reasons for action and action explanations between Wittgensteinian teleological approaches and causalist theories inspired by Davidson. After a brief discussion of similarities and differences in the philosophy of language, I sketch the prehistory and history of the controversy. I show that the conflict between Wittgenstein and Davidson revolves neither around revisionism nor around naturalism. Even in the philosophy of mind and action, Davidson is not as remote from Wittgenstein and his followers as is (...)
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  43.  74
    'Analytic Versus Continental: Arguments on the Methods and Value of Philosophy', by James Chase and Jack Reynolds.Hans-Johann Glock - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (2):398-402.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-5, Ahead of Print.
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  44.  71
    Strawson and Kant.Hans-Johann Glock (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Kant is generally regarded as the greatest modern philosopher. But that analytic philosophers treat him as a central voice in contemporary debates is largely due to Sir Peter Strawson, the most eminent philosopher living in Britain today. In this collection, leading Kant scholars and analytic philosophers, including Strawson himself, for the first time assess his relation to Kant. The essays raise questions about how philosophy should deal with its past, what kind of insights it can achieve, and whether we can (...)
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  45. Could Anything Be Wrong with Analytic Philosophy?Hans-Johann Glock - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):215-237.
    There is a growing feeling that analytic philosophy is in crisis. At the same time there is a widespread and prima facie attractive conception of analytic philosophy which implies that it equates to good philosophy. In recognition of these conflicting tendencies, my paper raises the question of whether anything could be wrong with analytic philosophy. In section 1 I indicate why analytic philosophy cannot be defined by reference to geography, topics, doctrines or even methods. This leaves open the possibility that (...)
     
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  46. Schopenhauer and Wittgenstein: Language as Representation and Will.Hans-Johann Glock - 1999 - In Christopher Janaway (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Schopenhauer. Cambridge University Press. pp. 422--458.
     
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  47.  63
    The Anthropological Difference: What Can Philosophers Do To Identify the Differences Between Human and Non-Human Animals?Hans-Johann Glock - 2012 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70:105-131.
    This paper considers the question of whether there is a human-animal or ‘anthropological difference'. It starts with a historical introduction to the project of philosophical anthropology. Section 2 explains the philosophical quest for an anthropological difference. Sections 3-4 are methodological and explain how philosophical anthropology should be pursued in my view, namely as impure conceptual analysis. The following two sections discuss two fundamental objections to the very idea of such a difference, biological continuity and Darwinist anti-essentialism. Section 7 discusses various (...)
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  48.  39
    In Wittgenstein's Tractatus.Thomas Ricketts, Donna M. Summerfield, Newton Garver, Steve Gerrard, Hans-Johann Glock & Cora Diamond - 2013 - In Peter Sullivan Michael Potter (ed.), Wittgenstein's Tractatus. History and Interpretation. Oxford University Press.
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  49. The Linguistic Doctrine Revisited.Hans-Johann Glock - 2003 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 66 (1):143-170.
    At present, there is an almost universal consensus that the linguistic doctrine of logical necessity is grotesque. This paper explores avenues for rehabilitating a limited version of the doctrine, according to which the special status of analytic statements like 'All vixens are female' is to be explained by reference to language. Far from being grotesque, this appeal to language has a respectable philosophical pedigree and chimes with common sense, as Quine came to realize. The problem lies in developing it in (...)
     
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  50.  37
    The Indispensability of Translation in Quine and Davidson.Hans-Johann Glock - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (171):194-209.
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