93 found
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  1. Toward a History of Epistemic Things: Synthesizing Proteins in the Test Tube.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 1997 - Stanford University Press.
    In this powerful work of conceptual and analytical originality, the author argues for the primacy of the material arrangements of the laboratory in the dynamics of modern molecular biology. In a post-Kuhnian move away from the hegemony of theory, he develops a new epistemology of experimentation in which research is treated as a process for producing epistemic things. A central concern of the book is the basic question of how novelty is generated in the empirical sciences. In addressing this question, (...)
     
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  2.  65
    The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution: Historical and Epistemological Perspectives.Peter J. Beurton, Raphael Falk & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Advances in molecular biological research in the latter half of the twentieth century have made the story of the gene vastly complicated: the more we learn about genes, the less sure we are of what a gene really is. Knowledge about the structure and functioning of genes abounds, but the gene has also become curiously intangible. This collection of essays renews the question: what are genes? Philosophers, historians and working scientists re-evaluate the question in this volume, treating the gene as (...)
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  3.  40
    On Historicizing Epistemology: An Essay.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2010 - Stanford University Press.
  4.  20
    Gene.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  5. Gaston Bachelard and the Notion of "Phenomenotechnique".Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (3):313-328.
    : The paper aims at an analysis of the oeuvre of the French historian of science and epistemologist Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962). Bachelard was the founder of a tradition of French thinking about science that extended from Jean Cavaillès over Georges Canguilhem to Michel Foucault. In the past, he has become best known and criticized for his postulation of an epistemological rupture between everyday experience and scientific experience. In my analysis, I emphasize another aspect of the work of Bachelard. It is (...)
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  6.  75
    Experiment, Difference, and Writing: I. Tracing Protein Synthesis.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (2):305-331.
  7. An Epistemology of the Concrete: Twentieth-Century Histories of Life.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2010 - Duke University Press.
    Ludwik Fleck, Edmund Husserl : on the historicity of scientific knowledge -- Gaston Bachelard : the concept of "phenomenotechnique" -- Georges Canguilhem : epistemological history -- Pisum : Carl Correns's experiments on Xenia, 1896-99 -- Eudorina : Max Hartmann's experiments on biological regulation in protozoa, 1914-21 -- Ephestia : Alfred Kähn's experimental design for a developmental physiological -- Genetics, 1924-45 -- Tobacco mosaic virus : virus research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes for Biochemistry and Biology, 1937-45 -- The concept of (...)
     
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  8.  46
    Recent Science and its Exploration: The Case of Molecular Biology.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):6-12.
    This paper is about the interaction and the intertwinement between history of science as a historical process and history of science as the historiography of this process, taking molecular biology as an example. In the first part, two historical shifts are briefly characterized that appear to have punctuated the emergence of molecular biology between the 1930s and the 1980s, one connected to a new generation of analytical apparatus, the other to properly molecular tools. The second part concentrates on the historiography (...)
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  9.  73
    From Microsomes to Ribosomes: "Strategies" of "Representation". [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (1):49 - 89.
  10.  60
    A Reply to David Bloor: "Toward a Sociology of Epistemic Things".Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (3):406-410.
  11.  16
    Preparations, Models, and Simulations.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (3):321-334.
    This paper proposes an outline for a typology of the different forms that scientific objects can take in the life sciences. The first section discusses preparations (or specimens)—a form of scientific object that accompanied the development of modern biology in different guises from the seventeenth century to the present: as anatomical–morphological specimens, as microscopic cuts, and as biochemical preparations. In the second section, the characteristics of models in biology are discussed. They became prominent from the end of the nineteenth century (...)
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  12.  5
    Recent Science and its Exploration: The Case of Molecular Biology.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (1):6-12.
  13.  72
    Comparing Experimental Systems: Protein Synthesis in Microbes and in Animal Tissue at Cambridge (Ernest F. Gale) and at the Massachusetts General Hospital (Paul C. Zamecnik), 1945-1960. [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):387 - 416.
  14.  26
    Ephestia: The Experimental Design of Alfred Kühn's Physiological Developmental Genetics. [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):535-576.
    Much of the early history of developmental and physiological genetics in Germany remains to be written. Together with Carl Correns and Richard Goldschmidt, Alfred Kühn occupies a special place in this history. Trained as a zoologist in Freiburg im Breisgau, he set out to integrate physiology, development and genetics in a particular experimental system based on the flour moth Ephestia kühniella Zeller. This paper is meant to reconstruct the crucial steps in the experimental pathway that led Kühn and his collaborators (...)
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  15. Experimental Complexity in Biology: Some Epistemological and Historical Remarks.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):254.
    My paper draws on examples from molecular biology, the details of which I have developed elsewhere (Rheinberger 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997). Here, I can give only a brief outline of my argument. Reduction of complexity is a prerequisite for experimental research. To make sense of the universe of living beings, the modern biologist is bound to divide his world into fragments in which parameters can be defined, quantities measured, qualities identified. Such is the nature of any "experimental system." Ontic complexity (...)
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  16. The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution.Raphael Falk & Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):406-407.
  17.  22
    Experiment and Orientation: Early Systems of in Vitro Protein Synthesis. [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):443 - 471.
    The living world is one of complexity, the result of innumerable interactions among organisms, cells, molecules. In analyzing a problem, the biologist is constrained to focus on a fragment of reality, on a piece of the universe which he arbitrarily isolates to define certain of its parameters.In biology, any study thus begins with the choice of a “system.” On this choice depend the experimenter's freedom to maneuver, the nature of the questions he is free to ask, and even, often, the (...)
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  18.  31
    On the Possible Transformation and Vanishment of Epistemic Objects.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2016 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 38 (3):269-278.
    When considering the question of possible transformation and disappearance of scientific objects, it is useful to distinguish between epistemic and technical objects. This paper presents preliminary observations and offers a typology of obsolescence. It is based on several case studies drawn from the history of life sciences. The paper proceeds as follows: first, the dynamics of epistemic objects is considered through the examples of Carl Correns’ study of “xenia”, Alfred Kühn’s work on physiological developmental genetics, and Paul Zamecnik’s research on (...)
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  19.  21
    Heredity and its Entities Around 1900.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):370-374.
    This paper aims to give an impression of how biologists, at the turn of the twentieth century, came to conceptualize and define the hidden entities presumed to govern the process of hereditary transmission. With that, the stage was set for the emergence of genetics as a biological discipline that came to dominate the life sciences of the twentieth century. The annus mirabilis of 1900, with its triple re-appreciation of Gregor Mendel’s work by the botanists Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns, and (...)
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  20.  14
    Beyond Nature and Culture: A Note on Medicine in the Age of Molecular Biology.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (1):249-263.
  21.  13
    Aspekte des Bedeutungswandels im Begriff organismischer Ähnlichkeit vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1986 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 8 (2):237 - 250.
    The concept of similarity plays a crucial role in biology, especially in natural history. Despite its apparent familiarity it has been subject again and again to reinterpretations — it may even be stated that the main streams of theoretical thinking in the life sciences are reflected and condensed in its ever changing meaning. The changing content of the concept is analyzed from Linnaean systematics through classical morphology and comparative anatomy to Darwinian evolutionary thinking. It appears that the meaning of similarity (...)
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  22. Heredity Produced: At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500–1870.Staffan Müller-Wille & Hans-jörg Rheinberger - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):582-585.
  23.  18
    Introduction.Soraya de Chadarevian & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):4-5.
  24.  33
    Experiment, Difference, and Writing: II. The Laboratory Production of Transfer RNA.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (3):389-422.
  25.  27
    August Weismann and Theoretical Biology.Manfred D. Laubichler & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):195-198.
  26.  17
    History of Science and the Practices of Experiment.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):51 - 63.
  27.  21
    Consistency From the Perspective of an Experimental Systems Approach to the Sciences and Their Epistemic Objects.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2011 - Manuscrito 34 (1):307-321.
    It is generally accepted that the development of the modern sciences is rooted in experiment. Yet for a long time, experimentation did not occupy a prominent role, neither in philosophy nor in history of science. With the ‘practical turn’ in studying the sciences and their history, this has begun to change. This paper is concerned with systems and cultures of experimentation and the consistencies that are generated within such systems and cultures. The first part of the paper exposes the forms (...)
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  28. Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences.David Hyder & Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (eds.) - 2009 - Stanford University Press.
    This book is a collection of essays on Husserl's _Crisis of European Sciences_ by leading philosophers of science and scholars of Husserl. Published and ignored under the Nazi dictatorship, Husserl's last work has never received the attention its author's prominence demands. In the _Crisis_, Husserl considers the gap that has grown between the "life-world" of everyday human experience and the world of mathematical science. He argues that the two have become disconnected because we misunderstand our own scientific past—we confuse mathematical (...)
     
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  29.  6
    Räume des Wissens: Repräsentation, Codierung, Spur.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Michael Hagner & Bettina Wahrig-Schmidt (eds.) - 1996 - De Gruyter.
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  30.  11
    Michael Heidelberger, Helmut Pulte and Gregor Schiemann : Hermann von Helmholtz: Philosophische Und Populärwissenschaftliche Schriften.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (1):185-186.
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  31.  5
    When Did Carl Correns Read Gregor Mendel's Paper? A Research Note.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 1995 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:612-616.
  32.  16
    Darwin's Experimental Natural History.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Peter McLaughlin - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (3):345 - 368.
  33. Objekte - Differenzen - Konjunkturen: Experimentalsysteme Im Historischen Kontext.Michael Hagner, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Bettina Wahrig-Schmidt - 1994 - Akademie Verlag.
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  34.  16
    Buffon: Zeit, Veränderung und Geschichte.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1990 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 12 (2):203 - 223.
    There is a longstanding and ongoing controversy about whether Buffon is to be regarded as a forerunner of evolutionism in the eighteenth century, or even as one of the founders of transformistic biology. There are good reasons to deny this claim. There are good reasons even to deny that the question which is going to be answered negatively is of particular importance. The present paper addresses the issue from a different angle. It analyzes the concept of time operative in the (...)
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  35.  6
    Race and Genomics. Old Wine in New Bottles?Staffan Müller-Wille & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2008 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 16 (3):363-386.
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  36. Die Experimentalisierung des Lebens. Experimentalsysteme in den biologischen Wissenschaften 1850/1950.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger, Michael Hagner & Nicolaas Rupke - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  37. Experiment, Differenz Schrift: Zur Geschichte Epistemiscber/Dinge.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger & Wim J. Van der Steen - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  38.  8
    Carl Correns' Experimente MIT "Pisum", 1896-1899.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):187 - 218.
    The circumstances under which classical genetics became established at the turn of the nineteenth century have become an integral part of the standard narrative on the history of genetics. Yet, despite considerable scholarly efforts, it has remained a matter of debate how exactly the so-called 'rediscovery' of Mendel's laws came about around 1900. In this situation, unpublished research records can be invaluable tools to arrive at a more substantial and more satisfying picture of the order of historical events. This paper (...)
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  39.  78
    A Plea for a Historical Epistemology of Research.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):105-111.
    The paper approaches the topic of what a general philosophy of science could mean today from the perspective of a historical epistemology. Consequently, in a first step, the paper looks at the notion of generality in the sciences, and how it evolved over time, on the example of the life sciences. In the second part of the paper, the urgency of a general philosophy of science is located in the history of philosophy of science. Two attempts at the beginning of (...)
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  40.  9
    Cytoplasmic Particles in Brussels (Jean Brachet, Hubert Chantrenne, Raymond Jeener) and at Rockefeller (Albert Claude), 1935-1955.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1997 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (1):47 - 67.
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  41.  7
    When Did Carl Correns Read Gregor Mendel's Paper? A Research Note.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):612-616.
  42.  85
    Integrating Pragmatism and Phenomenology with Science and Technology Studies.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):557-559.
    Integrating pragmatism and phenomenology with science and technology studies Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9484-2 Authors Hans -Jörg Rheinberger, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Boltzmannstraße 22, 14195 Berlin, Germany Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  43.  2
    Kulturen des Experiments†.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2007 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 30 (2):135-144.
    Cultures of Experiment. – It is generally accepted that the development of modern science is rooted in experiment. Yet for a long time, experimentation did not occupy a prominent role in history of science. With the practical turn in science studies, this has begun to change. This paper is concerned with cultures of experiment. In the first part, a suggestion is made as to how the concept of experimental culture can be used to go beyond a history of disciplines. In (...)
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  44. Spurenlesen im Experimentalsystem.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2007 - In Sybille Krämer, Werner Kogge & Gernot Grube (eds.), Spur: Spurenlesen Als Orientierungstechnik Und Wissenskunst. Suhrkamp. pp. 293--308.
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  45.  21
    Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology: WJT Mitchell,(Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987), X+ 226 Pp. ISBN 0-226-53228-3 Hardback, ISBN 0-226-53229-1 Paperback£ 8.95. [REVIEW]Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
  46.  56
    Representation in Scientific Practice.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
    The essays in this book provide an excellent introduction to the means by which scientists convey their ideas. While diverse in their subject matter, the essays are unified in asserting that scientists compose and use particular representations in contextually organized and contextually sensitive ways, and that these representations - particularly visual displays such as graphs, diagrams, photographs, and drawings - depend for their meaning on the complex activities in which they are situated.The topics include sociological orientations to representational practice, representation (...)
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  47. Sichtbar machen–Visualisierung in den Naturwissenschaften.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2009 - In Klaus Sachs-Hombach (ed.), Bildtheorien: Anthropologische Und Kulturelle Grundlagen des Visualistic Turn. Suhrkamp. pp. 127--145.
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  48.  5
    Invisible Architectures.Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2000 - Science in Context 13 (1):121-136.
  49.  7
    Experimentalsysteme, Epistemische Dinge, Experimentalkulturen Zu einer Epistemologie des Experiments.Hans-jörg Rheinberger - 1994 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 42 (3):405-418.
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  50. A Note on Time and Biology.Hans-Jorg Rheinberger - 2002 - In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court. pp. 29--381.
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