265 found
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  1.  41
    Science and Values.Harold I. Brown & Larry Laudan - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (3):439.
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  2.  23
    Creative intelligence: essays in the pragmatic attitude.John Dewey, Harold Chapman Brown, George Herbert Mead, Horace Meyer Kallen & Addison Webster Moore (eds.) - 2020 - New York: Nova Science Publishers.
    Creative Intelligence: Essays in the Pragmatic Attitude represents an attempt at intellectual cooperation. No effort has been made, however, to attain unanimity of belief nor to proffer a platform of "planks" on which there is agreement. The consensus represented lies primarily in outlook, in conviction of what is most likely to be fruitful in method of approach. As the title page suggests, the volume presents a unity in attitude rather than a uniformity in results. Consequently each writer is definitively responsible (...)
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  3. Perception, theory, and commitment: the new philosophy of science.Harold I. Brown - 1977 - Chicago: Precedent.
    " --Maurice A. Finocchiaro,Isis "The best and most original aspect of the book is its overall conception.
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  4.  77
    Rationality.Harold I. Brown - 1988 - New York: Routledge.
    Professor Brown describes and criticises the major classical model of rationality and offers a new model of this central concept in the history of philosophy and of science.
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  5. Scientific change: Philosophical models and historical research.Larry Laudan, Arthur Donovan, Rachel Laudan, Peter Barker, Harold Brown, Jarrett Leplin, Paul Thagard & Steve Wykstra - 1986 - Synthese 69 (2):141 - 223.
  6. Rationality.Harold I. Brown - 1990 - Ethics 100 (3):672-673.
     
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  7. Observation And Objectivity.Harold I. Brown - 1987 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book develops an explanation for the roles of observation and theory in scientific endeavor that occupies the middle ground between empiricism and rationalism, and captures the strengths of both approaches. Brown argues that philosophical theories have the same epistemological status as scientific theories and constructs an epistemological theory that provides an account of the role that theory and instruments play in scientific observation. His theory of perception yields a new analysis of objectivity that combines the traditional view of observation (...)
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  8. Normative epistemology and naturalized epistemology.Harold I. Brown - 1988 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):53 – 78.
    A number of philosophers have argued that a naturalized epistemology cannot be normative, and thus that the norms that govern science cannot themselves be established empirically. Three arguments for this conclusion are here developed and then responded to on behalf of naturalized epistemology. The response is developed in three stages. First, if we view human knowers as part of the natural world, then the attempt to establish epistemic norms that are immune to scientific evaluation faces difficulties that are at least (...)
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  9. Observation and Objectivity.Harold I. Brown - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (3):544-547.
     
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  10. A theory-Laden observation can test the theory.Harold I. Brown - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):555-559.
  11. Incommensurability.Harold I. Brown - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):3 – 29.
    The thesis that certain competing scientific theories are incommensurable was introduced by Kuhn and Feyerabend in 1962 and has been a subject of widespread critique. Critics have generally taken incommensurable theories to be theories which cannot be compared in a rational manner, but both Kuhn and Feyerabend have explicitly rejected this interpretation, and Feyerabend has discussed ways in which such comparisons can be made in a number of his writings. This paper attempts to clarify the incommensurability thesis through the examination (...)
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  12. Sellars, concepts, and conceptual change.Harold I. Brown - 1986 - Synthese 68 (August):275-307.
    A major theme of recent philosophy of science has been the rejection of the empiricist thesis that, with the exception of terms which play a purely formal role, the language of science derives its meaning from some, possibly quite indirect, correlation with experience. The alternative that has been proposed is that meaning is internal to each conceptual system, that terms derive their meaning from the role they play in a language, and that something akin to "meaning" flows from conceptual framework (...)
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  13.  51
    Galileo on the Telescope and the Eye.Harold I. Brown - 1985 - Journal of the History of Ideas 46 (4):487.
  14. Perception, Theory and Communient: The New Philosophy of Science.Harold I. Brown - 1978 - Science and Society 42 (4):506-508.
     
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  15.  52
    Circular Justifications.Harold I. Brown - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:406 - 414.
    The thesis of this paper is that philosophers are often too hasty in rejecting justifications because the argument that yields the justification is circular. Circularity is distinguished from vicious circularity and several examples are examined in which a proposed justification is circular in a precise sense, but not viciously circular. These include an observational procedure which could yield a velocity in excess of the velocity of light even though the impossibility of such velocities is assumed at a key step in (...)
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  16. Creative Intelligence; Essays in the Pragmatic Attitude.John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode & Henry Waldgrave Stuart - 1917 - Mind 26 (104):466-474.
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  17. Incommensurability reconsidered.Harold I. Brown - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):149-169.
    In his later writings Kuhn reconsidered his earlier account of incommensurability, clarifying some aspects, modifying others, and explicitly rejecting some of his earlier claims. In Kuhn’s new account incommensurability does not pose a problem for the rational evaluation of competing scientific theories, but does pose a problem for certain forms of realism. Kuhn maintains that, because of incommensurability, the notion that science might seek to learn the nature of things as they are in themselves is incoherent. I develop Kuhn’s new (...)
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  18.  29
    Space-Perception and the Philosophy of Science.Harold I. Brown - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):159-160.
  19.  51
    Conceptual Systems.Harold I. Brown - 2006 - New York: London.
    New concepts are constantly being introduced into our thinking. Conceptual Systems explores how these new concepts are entered into our systems along with sufficient continuity with older ideas to ensure understanding. The encyclopaedic breadth of this text highlights the many different aspects and disciplines that together present an insightful view into the various theories of concepts. Harold Brown, a reputable author in the philosophy of science examines several historically influential theories of concepts as well as providing a clear view on (...)
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  20.  7
    Conceptual Systems.Harold I. Brown - 2006 - New York: Routledge.
    New concepts are constantly being introduced into our thinking. _Conceptual Systems_ explores how these new concepts are entered into our systems along with sufficient continuity with older ideas to ensure understanding. The encyclopedic breadth of this text highlights the many different aspects and disciplines that together present an insightful view into the various theories of concepts. Harold Brown, a reputable author in the philosophy of science examines several historically influential theories of concepts as well as presenting a clear view on (...)
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  21.  22
    On Being Rational.Harold I. Brown - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):241 - 248.
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  22.  47
    Problem changes in science and philosophy.Harold I. Brown - 1975 - Metaphilosophy 6 (2):177–192.
  23.  46
    Prospective Realism.Harold I. Brown - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (2):211.
  24.  66
    Incommensurability and reality.Harold I. Brown - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 123--142.
  25.  41
    Response to Siegel.Harold I. Brown - 1983 - Synthese 56 (1):91 - 105.
  26.  84
    Why Do Conceptual Analysts Disagree?Harold I. Brown - 1999 - Metaphilosophy 30 (1&2):33-59.
    The practice of a priori conceptual analysis requires that the concept being analyzed be available in the analyst's mind. The difficulties of analysis and the existence of disagreements among analysts are explained by distinguishing the implicit knowledge we have of these concepts from the explicit knowledge we seek. This view of disagreement assumes that those who disagree are typically attempting to analyze a single shared concept. In this paper, reasons are developed for replacing this guiding assumption with the alternative assumption (...)
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  27.  5
    Conceptual Systems.Harold I. Brown - 2006 - New York: Routledge.
    New concepts are constantly being introduced into our thinking. _Conceptual Systems_ explores how these new concepts are entered into our systems along with sufficient continuity with older ideas to ensure understanding. The encyclopedic breadth of this text highlights the many different aspects and disciplines that together present an insightful view into the various theories of concepts. Harold Brown, a reputable author in the philosophy of science examines several historically influential theories of concepts as well as presenting a clear view on (...)
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  28.  46
    For a Modest Historicism.Harold I. Brown - 1977 - The Monist 60 (4):540-555.
    Recent work in the philosophy of science has taken a decidedly historicist turn. A number of writers have rejected the traditional thesis that science develops through the accumulation of firmly established truths, maintaining instead that scientific research is founded on beliefs which are presupposed without having been proven. Since these presuppositions are not established truths they are subject to revision, and a change in the presuppositions of a discipline results in a fundamental restructuring of that discipline, i.e., a scientific revolution. (...)
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  29. Reason, judgement and bayes's law.Harold I. Brown - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (3):351-369.
    This paper argues that when used judiciously Bayes's law has a role to play in the evaluation of scientific hypotheses. Several examples are presented in which a rational response to evidence requires a judgement whether to apply Bayes's law or whether, for example, to redistribute prior probabilities. The paper concludes that reflection on Bayes's law illustrates how an adequate account of the rational evaluation of hypotheses requires an account of judgement--a point which several philosophers have noted despite few attempts to (...)
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  30. Direct realism, indirect realism, and epistemology.Harold I. Brown - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):341-363.
  31.  18
    Scientific Thought. [REVIEW]Harold Chapman Brown - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (25):689-692.
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  32.  46
    Empirical testing.Harold I. Brown - 1995 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):353 – 399.
    Three major views of the observation?theory relation are now extant: (1) Observation and theory are mutually independent and observation provides the basis for evaluating theories. (2) Observations are theory?dependent and do not provide objective grounds for evaluating theories. (3) The concept of observation should be extended in a way that includes many so?called ?theoretical?entities? among the observables. Analyses of these views set the stage for a new approach that incorporates lessons learned from discussions of earlier accounts. The central idea of (...)
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  33. Naturalizing observation.Harold I. Brown - 1987 - In Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.), The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  34.  59
    Observation and the Foundations of Objectivity.Harold I. Brown - 1979 - The Monist 62 (4):470-481.
    Traditional empiricist analyses of the source of scientific objectivity were based on two guiding themes: that a claim can be objective only if it is tested against some independent touchstone, and that observation provides that touchstone. The issue of objectivity arises here only for beliefs that are formulated as propositions or sets of propositions, and the standard view demands that objective beliefs make claims about entities that exist independently of those beliefs, and whose properties can be determined and compared with (...)
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  35.  43
    More about judgment and reason.Harold I. Brown - 2006 - Metaphilosophy 37 (5):646-651.
    : This paper is a response to Siegel 2004. I take Siegel's remarks as a basis for clarifying, defending, and further developing my account of the role of judgment in a theory of rationality.
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  36.  34
    Reduction and scientific revolutions.Harold I. Brown - 1976 - Erkenntnis 10 (3):381 - 385.
  37. Structural levels in the scientist's world.Harold Chapman Brown - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 13 (13):337-345.
  38.  20
    Direct Realism, Indirect Realism, and Epistemology.Harold I. Brown - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):341-363.
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  39.  53
    Epistemic concepts: A naturalistic approach.Harold I. Brown - 1991 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 34 (3-4):323 – 351.
    Several forms of naturalism are currently extant. Proponents of the various approaches disagree on matters of strategy and detail but one theme is common: we have not received any revelations about the nature of the world -- including our own nature. Whatever knowledge we have has been acquired through a fallible process of conjecture and revision. This common theme will bring to mind the writings of Karl Popper and, in many respects, Popper is the father of contemporary naturalism. Along with (...)
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  40.  8
    Harris on the Logic of Science.Harold I. Brown - 1972 - Dialectica 26 (3‐4):227-246.
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  41.  29
    Infinity and the generalization of the concept of number.Harold Chapman Brown - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (23):628-634.
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  42. Notes to the Tortoise.Harold Brown - 1972 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):104.
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  43.  43
    Philosophy of Science circa 1950–2000: Some Things we (should have) Learned.Harold I. Brown - 2014 - Diogenes 61 (2):45-58.
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  44.  2
    Structural Levels in the Scientist's World.Harold Chapman Brown - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 13 (13):337-345.
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  45.  88
    How To Revive Empiricism.Harold I. Brown - 1984 - Diogenes 32 (126):52-70.
    In recent years empiricism has been under persistent attack, and serious questions have been raised about the ability of empiricism to provide the basis for a viable philosophy of science. The attack has been sufficiently vigorous, and in some quarters sufficiently successful, that many now maintain that empiricism is dead. My aim in this paper is to argue that, rather than being ready for embalmment and emplacement in the museum of philosophic oddities, empiricism is very much alive, and the central (...)
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  46.  95
    Objective Knowledge in Science and the Humanities.Harold I. Brown - 1977 - Diogenes 25 (97):85-102.
    Philosophy of science is still, in the minds of many, identified with positivism. This is understandable since twentieth century philosophy of science originates with the work of the Vienna Circle. Positivism is most famous for the verification theory of meaning, the doctrine that the meaning of any proposition is the method by which it is verified, and that any nonanalytic locution which cannot be proven or disproven by some empirical test has no cognitive significance. Positivism is an attempt to construct (...)
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  47. The eighth annual meeting of the american philosophical association.Harold Chapman Brown - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (2):44-51.
  48. Advertising and propaganda: A study in the ethics of social control.Harold Chapman Brown - 1929 - International Journal of Ethics 40 (1):39-55.
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  49.  19
    Brown's Rationality.Sonia Ryang, Warren Schmaus, Steven I. Miller, Carl Matheson, Harold Brown, Govindan Parayil, Steven Yearley & Stephen Turner - 1992 - Social Epistemology 6 (1):35-43.
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  50. Responses to 'in defense of relativism'.Robert Ackermann, Brian Baigrie, Harold I. Brown, Michael Cavanaugh, Paul Fox-Strangways, Gonzalo Munevar, Stephen David Ross, Philip Pettit, Paul Roth, Frederick Schmitt, Stephen Turner & Charles Wallis - 1988 - Social Epistemology 2 (3):227 – 261.
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