Results for 'Hazel Batzer Pollard'

564 found
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  1.  51
    Utilitarianism is Inhuman.Luke Pollard - 2008 - Think 6 (16):69.
    In this article Luke Pollard examines and expounds the integrity objections to Utilitarianism. He argues for their veracity, and concludes that any ethical theory, such as Utilitarianism, which makes itself impossible for humans to follow, is not what may be considered as a.
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  2.  55
    A Higher-Order Theory of Presupposition.Scott Martin & Carl Pollard - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (4):727-751.
    So-called 'dynamic' semantic theories such as Kamp's discourse representation theory and Heim's file change semantics account for such phenomena as cross-sentential anaphora, donkey anaphora, and the novelty condition on indefinites, but compare unfavorably with Montague semantics in some important respects (clarity and simplicity of mathematical foundations, compositionality, handling of quantification and coordination). Preliminary efforts have been made by Muskens and by de Groote to revise and extend Montague semantics to cover dynamic phenomena. We present a new higher-order theory of discourse (...)
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  3.  32
    The Domain of Set-Valued Feature Structures.M. Andrew Moshier & Carl J. Pollard - 1994 - Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (6):607-631.
    It is well-known that feature structures can be fruitfully viewed as forming a Scott domain. Once a linguistically motivated notion of set value in feature structures is countenanced, however, this is no longer possible inasmuch as unification of set values in general fails to yield a unique result. In Pollard and Moshier 1990 it was shown that, while falling short of forming a Scott domain, the set of feature structures possibly containing set values satisfies the weaker condition of forming (...)
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  4.  21
    Fatal Licence: Commentary on the 'Consent to Medical Treatment and Palliative Care Amendment Bill 2008'. [REVIEW]Brian Pollard - 2010 - Bioethics Research Notes 22 (2):19.
    Pollard, Brian The extreme difficulties in attempting to make safe euthanasia law, with an argument of treatment in case of patients who can ask for death to escape from pain and patients who are not in a position to ask, are documented. Published findings of five large inquiries into the issue show that it would not be possible to make such law without endangering the lives of some of those who did not want to die.
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  5.  16
    Francesca da Rimini.David Pollard - 2012 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):11 - 13.
    David Pollard's previously unpublished poem 'Francesca da Rimini'.
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  6.  12
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
  7.  13
    The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning.Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen - 1992 - Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
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  8. Explaining Actions with Habits.Bill Pollard - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):57 - 69.
    From time to time we explain what people do by referring to their habits. We explain somebody’s putting the kettle on in the morning as done through “force of habit”. We explain somebody’s missing a turning by saying that she carried straight on “out of habit”. And we explain somebody’s biting her nails as a manifestation of “a bad habit”. These are all examples of what will be referred to here as habit explanations. Roughly speaking, they explain by referring to (...)
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  9.  19
    Developing a New Justification for Assent.Amanda Sibley, Andrew J. Pollard, Raymond Fitzpatrick & Mark Sheehan - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundCurrent guidelines do not clearly outline when assent should be attained from paediatric research participants, nor do they detail the necessary elements of the assent process. This stems from the fact that the fundamental justification behind the concept of assent is misunderstood. In this paper, we critically assess three widespread ethical arguments used for assent: children’s rights, the best interests of the child, and respect for a child’s developing autonomy. We then outline a newly-developed two-fold justification for the assent process: (...)
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  10.  9
    Human Reasoning: Some Possible Effects of Availability.P. Pollard - 1982 - Cognition 12 (1):65-96.
  11.  71
    Can Virtuous Actions Be Both Habitual and Rational?Bill Pollard - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):411-425.
    Virtuous actions seem to be both habitual and rational. But if we combine an intuitive understanding of habituality with the currently predominant paradigm of rational action, these two features of virtuous actions are hard to reconcile. Intuitively, acting habitually is acting as one has before in similar contexts, and automatically, that is, without thinking about it. Meanwhile, contemporary philosophers tend to assume the truth of what I call the reasons theory of rational action, which states that all rational actions are (...)
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  12.  26
    Assent is Not Consent.A. Sibley, M. Sheehan & A. J. Pollard - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):3-3.
    A recent article from Archives of Disease in Childhood outlined problems with the act of gaining child assent for research participation. However the arguments used in the article are incomplete or misguided. Rather than being harmful, assent should be seen as an ethically-appropriate way in which we can engage with the child about his participation in research. While additional clarification of the concept of assent is needed, the child's family context can provide us with a valuable guide to the way (...)
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  13.  68
    Agnostic Hyperintensional Semantics.Carl Pollard - 2015 - Synthese 192 (3):535-562.
    A hyperintensional semantics for natural language is proposed which is agnostic about the question of whether propositions are sets of worlds or worlds are sets of propositions. Montague’s theory of intensional senses is replaced by a weaker theory, written in standard classical higher-order logic, of fine-grained senses which are in a many-to-one correspondence with intensions; Montague’s theory can then be recovered from the proposed theory by identifying the type of propositions with the type of sets of worlds and adding an (...)
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  14.  36
    Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases: Table 1.Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu & Andrew J. Pollard - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):92-103.
    Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important contemporary research avenue used to study infectious diseases and their treatments. Generally termed ‘controlled human infection studies’, this research is particularly useful for fast tracking the development of candidate vaccines and may provide unique insight into disease pathogenesis otherwise unavailable. However, scarce bioethical literature is currently available to assist researchers and research ethics committees in negotiating the distinct issues raised by (...)
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  15.  22
    What is Original in Merleau-Ponty’s View of the Phenomenological Reduction?Christopher Pollard - 2018 - Human Studies 41 (3):395-413.
    Despite the recent increase of interest in the work of Merleau-Ponty there is still a persistent tendency to overlook the uniqueness of the philosophical position he advances in Phenomenology of Perception. In this article I present a reading of Merleau-Ponty’s account of the phenomenological reduction that explains how it is original. I do this by contrasting his presentation of the reduction with that of the early Husserl, highlighting how his emphasis on the phenomenology of the ‘perceived world’ leads him to (...)
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  16.  30
    The Key to the Twentieth Century.William G. Pollard - 1968 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 42:45.
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  17.  14
    Logic in the Land of Make-Believe.Stephen Pollard - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1.
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  18. Is Merleau-Ponty’s Position in Phenomenology of Perception a New Type of Transcendental Idealism?Christopher Pollard - 2014 - Idealistic Studies 44 (1):119-138.
    It has recently been suggested that Merleau-Ponty’s position in Phenomenology of Perception is a unique form of transcendental idealism. The general claim is that in spite of his critique of “Kantianism,” Merleau-Ponty’s position comes out as a form of transcendental idealism that takes the perceptual processes of the lived body as the transcendental constituting condition for the possibility of experience. In this article I critically appraise this claim. I argue that if the term “idealist” is intended in a sufficiently similar (...)
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  19.  4
    Nietzsche in Turin.David Pollard - 2019 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 11 (3):221-221.
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  20.  57
    The Rationality of Habitual Actions.Bill Pollard - unknown
    We are creatures of habit. Familiar ways of doing things in familiar contexts become automatic for us. That is to say, when we acquire a habit we can act without thinking about it at all. Habits free our minds to think about other things. Without this capacity for habitual action our daily lives would be impossible. Our minds would be crowded with innumerable mundane considerations and decisions. Habitual actions are not always mundane. Aristotle famously said that acting morally is a (...)
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  21.  15
    On Defining Rationality Unreasonably.J. St B. T. Evans & P. Pollard - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):335-336.
  22.  26
    Moving the Womb.Arthur L. Caplan, Constance Marie Perry, Lauren A. Plante, Joseph Saloma & Frances R. Batzer - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):18-20.
  23.  18
    Niversitaires de France.J. R. T. Pollard - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:218.
  24.  95
    Naturalizing the Space of Reasons.Bill Pollard - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):69 – 82.
    Given the Sellarsian distinction between the space of causes and the space of reasons, the naturalist seeks to articulate how these two spaces are unproblematically related. In Mind and World (1996) John McDowell suggests that such a naturalism can be achieved by pointing out that we work our way into the space of reasons by the process of upbringing he calls Bildung. 'The resulting habits of thought and action', writes McDowell, 'are second nature' (p. 84). In this paper I expose (...)
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  25. A Higher-Order Fine-Grained Logic for Intensional Semantics.Shalom Lappin, C. Fox & C. Pollard - unknown
  26.  5
    Directing the Teaching and Learning Research Programme: Or ‘Trying to Fly a Glider Made Of Jelly’.Andrew Pollard - 2010 - British Journal of Educational Studies 58 (1):27-46.
  27.  36
    The Efficacy of Accounts for a Breach of Confidentiality by Management.Robert A. Giacalone & Hinda Greyser Pollard - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):393 - 397.
    Management and non-management employees of a northeastern bank read a description of a manager who engaged in a breach of confidentiality. Subjects were asked to evaluate the acceptability of 27 excuses. Results showed that subjects' ratings of acceptability were affected by their individual perception of the severity of the stimulus manager's breach of confidentiality. Subjects' rank did not affect acceptability of accounts.
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  28.  55
    Mathematical Determinacy and the Transferability of Aboutness.Stephen Pollard - 2007 - Synthese 159 (1):83-98.
    Competent speakers of natural languages can borrow reference from one another. You can arrange for your utterances of ‘Kirksville’ to refer to the same thing as my utterances of ‘Kirksville’. We can then talk about the same thing when we discuss Kirksville. In cases like this, you borrow “ aboutness ” from me by borrowing reference. Now suppose I wish to initiate a line of reasoning applicable to any prime number. I might signal my intention by saying, “Let p be (...)
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  29.  61
    Actions, Habits and Constitution.Bill Pollard - 2006 - Ratio 19 (2):229–248.
    In this paper I offer a critique of the view made popular by Davidson that rationalization is a species of causal explanation, and propose instead that in many cases the explanatory relation is constitutive. Given Davidson’s conception of rationalization, which allows that a huge range of states gathered under the heading ‘pro attitude’ could rationalize an action, I argue that whilst the causal thesis may have some merit for some such ‘attitudes’, it has none for others. The problematic ‘attitudes’ are (...)
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  30.  59
    Carlo Cellucci. Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View.Stephen Pollard - 2017 - Philosophia Mathematica 25 (3):413-418.
    CarloCellucci. Rethinking Knowledge: The Heuristic View. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2017. ISBN 978-3-319-53236-3, 978-3-319-53237-0. Pp. xx + 428††.
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  31.  57
    Milne's Measure of Confirmation.Stephen Pollard - 1999 - Analysis 59 (4):335–338.
  32.  2
    Does Kin-Selection Theory Help to Explain Support Networks among Farmers in South-Central Ethiopia?Lucie Clech, Ashley Hazel & Mhairi A. Gibson - forthcoming - Human Nature:1-26.
    Social support networks play a key role in human livelihood security, especially in vulnerable communities. Here we explore how evolutionary ideas of kin selection and intrahousehold resource competition can explain individual variation in daily support network size and composition in a south-central Ethiopian agricultural community. We consider both domestic and agricultural help across two generations with different wealth-transfer norms that yield different contexts for sibling competition. For farmers who inherited land rights from family, firstborns were more likely to report daily (...)
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  33.  37
    The Nature of Greek Myths.John Pollard & G. S. Kirk - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96 (2):210-210.
  34.  37
    The Case for Mandatory Flu Vaccination of Children.Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):38 - 40.
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  35.  10
    Recherches Sur le Dieu Pan.John Pollard - 1981 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 101:183.
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  36.  23
    Reuben Hersh. Experiencing Mathematics: What Do We Do, When We Do Mathematics?. Providence, Rhode Island: American Mathematical Society, 2014. ISBN 978-0-8218-9420-0. Pp. Xvii + 291. [REVIEW]Stephen Pollard - 2014 - Philosophia Mathematica 22 (2):271-274.
  37.  8
    Could Parental Rules Play a Role in the Association Between Short Sleep and Obesity in Young Children?Caroline H. D. Jones, Tessa M. Pollard, Carolyn D. Summerbell & Helen Ball - 2014 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (3):405-418.
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  38.  57
    Greek Burial Customs. [REVIEW]John Pollard, D. C. Kurtz & J. Boardman - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93 (4):250-251.
  39.  6
    Natural Selection for the Selection Task: Limits to Social Exchange Theory.Paul Pollard - 1990 - Cognition 36 (2):195-204.
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  40.  58
    Plural Quantification and the Axiom of Choice.Stephen Pollard - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 54 (3):393 - 397.
  41.  10
    Nonindependence of Selections on the Wason Selection Task.P. Pollard - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (4):317-320.
  42.  27
    Birds in Greek Life and Myth.W. Geoffrey Arnott & J. Pollard - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99 (1):192-193.
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  43.  7
    The Social World of Children's Learning: Case Studies of Pupils From Four to Seven.Andrew Pollard & A. Filer - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (4):447-448.
  44.  47
    Mathematical Naturalism: An Anthropological Perspective.Stephen Pollard & Robert Bates Graber - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):427-441.
  45.  8
    Could Parental Rules Play a Role in the Association Between Short Sleep and Obesity in Young Children?Caroline H. D. Jones, Tessa M. Pollard, Carolyn D. Summerbell & Helen Ball - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (3):1-14.
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  46.  8
    . Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.John Pollard - 1970 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 90:263.
  47. Bioscience Ethics.Irina Pollard - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
  48.  35
    Plural Quantification and the Iterative Concept of Set.Stephen Pollard - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:579-587.
    Arecent paper by George Boolos suggests that it is philosophically respectable to use monadic second order logic in one’s explication of the iterative concept of set. I shall here give a partial indication of the new range of theories of the iterative hierarchy which are thus madeavailable to philosophers of set theory.
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  49.  5
    Teachers and Education Policy: Roles and Models.Paul Croll, Dorothy Abbott, Patricia Broadfoot, Marilyn Osborn & Andrew Pollard - 1994 - British Journal of Educational Studies 42 (4):333-347.
    Four models are outlined for describing and analysing the role of teachers in the formulation of educational policy and the resulting processes of change. The model of teachers as partners in education policy making draws on a pluralist view of political processes and an assumption of a degree of autonomy for teachers and schools. A model of teachers as implementers of change draws a sharp distinction between the processes of policy making and policy execution and excludes teachers from an involvement (...)
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  50.  24
    Influenza Vaccination Strategies Should Target Children.Ben Bambery, Thomas Douglas, Michael J. Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Alberto Giubilini, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (2):221-234.
    Strategies to increase influenza vaccination rates have typically targeted healthcare professionals and individuals in various high-risk groups such as the elderly. We argue that they should focus on increasing vaccination rates in children. Because children suffer higher influenza incidence rates than any other demographic group, and are major drivers of seasonal influenza epidemics, we argue that influenza vaccination strategies that serve to increase uptake rates in children are likely to be more effective in reducing influenza-related morbidity and mortality than those (...)
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