Results for 'Hazel Pearson'

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  1.  8
    The Interpretation of the Logophoric Pronoun in Ewe.Hazel Pearson - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (2):77-118.
    This paper presents novel data regarding the logophoric pronoun in Ewe. We show that, contrary to what had been assumed in the absence of the necessary fieldwork, Ewe logophors are not obligatorily interpreted de se. We discuss the prima facie rather surprising nature of this discovery given the assumptions that de se construals arise via binding of the pronoun by an abstraction operator in the left periphery of the clausal complement of an attitude predicate, and that logophors are elements that (...)
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  2.  50
    Presupposition Accommodation in Local Contexts: Why Global Accommodation is Not Enough.Hazel Pearson - unknown
    It is a somewhat vexed question whether presuppositions are always accommodated into the global context of utterance of the sentence, or whether they may sometimes be accommodated into a local context - the context of some subsentential constituent. Von Fintel (2008) argues that there is no local accommodation. He shows that presuppositions in the scope of universally quantified sentences, which have traditionally been handled via local accommodation (eg Heim 1983), can be accounted for by assuming that conversational participants select a (...)
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  3. Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation.Hazel R. Markus & Shinobu Kitayama - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):224-253.
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  4.  55
    "On the Threshold of Woman's Era": Lynching, Empire, and Sexuality in Black Feminist Theory.Hazel V. Carby - 1985 - Critical Inquiry 12 (1):262-277.
    My purpose in this essay is to describe and define the ways in which Afro-American women intellectuals, in the last decade of the nineteenth century, theorized about the possibilities and limits of patriarchal power through its manipulation of racialized and gendered social categories and practices. The essay is especially directed toward two academic constituencies: the practitioners of Afro-American cultural analysis and of feminist historiography and theory. The dialogue with each has its own peculiar form, characterized by its own specific history; (...)
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  5.  31
    Triangulating Non-Archimedean Probability.Hazel Brickhill & Leon Horsten - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 11 (3):519-546.
    We relate Popper functions to regular and perfectly additive such non-Archimedean probability functions by means of a representation theorem: every such non-Archimedean probability function is infinitesimally close to some Popper function, and vice versa. We also show that regular and perfectly additive non-Archimedean probability functions can be given a lexicographic representation. Thus Popper functions, a specific kind of non-Archimedean probability functions, and lexicographic probability functions triangulate to the same place: they are in a good sense interchangeable.
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  6.  58
    Culture, Emotion, and Well-Being: Good Feelings in Japan and the United States.Shinobu Kitayama, Hazel Rose Markus & Masaru Kurokawa - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (1):93-124.
  7.  30
    Cultural Variation in the Self-Concept.Hazel R. Markus & Shinobu Kitayama - 1991 - In J. Strauss (ed.), The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Springer Verlag. pp. 18--48.
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  8.  5
    Neyman-Pearson Hypothesis Testing, Epistemic Reliability and Pragmatic Value-Laden Asymmetric Error Risks.Adam P. Kubiak, Paweł Kawalec & Adam Kiersztyn - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-20.
    We show that if among the tested hypotheses the number of true hypotheses is not equal to the number of false hypotheses, then Neyman-Pearson theory of testing hypotheses does not warrant minimal epistemic reliability. We also argue that N-P does not protect from the possible negative effects of the pragmatic value-laden unequal setting of error probabilities on N-P’s epistemic reliability. Most importantly, we argue that in the case of a negative impact no methodological adjustment is available to neutralize it, (...)
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  9.  73
    Appropriate Emotions and the Metaphysics of Time.Olley Pearson - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (8):1945-1961.
    Prior used our emotions to argue that tensed language cannot be translated by tenseless language. However, it is widely accepted that Mellor and MacBeath have shown that our emotions do not imply the existence of tensed facts. I criticise this orthodoxy. There is a natural and plausible view of the appropriateness of emotions which in combination with Prior’s argument implies the existence of tensed facts. The Mellor/MacBeath position does nothing to upset this natural view and therefore is not sufficient to (...)
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  10.  9
    Karl Pearson and the Professional Middle Class.D. MacKenzie - 1979 - Annals of Science 36 (2):125-143.
    Karl Pearson is a figure of interest to historians of many areas. The historian of mathematical statistics knows the inventor of the product-moment correlation coefficient and the chi square test; the historian of philosophy knows the author of the Grammar of science; the historian of genetics knows the opponent of Mendelism; the political historian knows the ‘social-imperialist’ political thinker; the historian of feminism knows the early supporter of the women's movement and friend of Olive Schreiner; and, of course, the (...)
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  11. An Existentialist Ethics.Hazel Estella Barnes - 1967 - New York: Knopf.
     
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  12.  16
    Karl Pearson's Mathematization of Inheritance: From Ancestral Heredity to Mendelian Genetics (1895–1909).M. Eileen Magnello - 1998 - Annals of Science 55 (1):35-94.
    Summary Long-standing claims have been made for nearly the entire twentieth century that the biometrician, Karl Pearson, and his colleague, W. F. R. Weldon, rejected Mendelism as a theory of inheritance. It is shown that at the end of the nineteenth century Pearson considered various theories of inheritance (including Francis Galton's law of ancestral heredity for characters underpinned by continuous variation), and by 1904 he ?accepted the fundamental idea of Mendel? as a theory of inheritance for discontinuous variation. (...)
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  13.  18
    Children's Early Understanding of False Belief.Peter Mitchell & Hazel Lacohée - 1991 - Cognition 39 (2):107-127.
  14.  61
    Germinal Life: The Difference and Repetition of Deleuze.Keith Ansell-Pearson & Keith Ansell Pearson - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Germinal Life_ is the sequel to the highly successful _Viroid Life_. Where _Viroid Life_ provided a compelling reading of Nietzsche's philosophy of the human, _Germinal Life_ is an original and groundbreaking analysis of little known and difficult theoretical aspects of the work of French philosopher Gilles Deleuze. In particular, Keith Ansell Pearson provides fresh and insightful readings of Deleuze's work on Bergson and Deleuze's most famous texts _Difference and Repetition_ and _A Thousand Plateaus_. _Germinal Life _also provides new insights (...)
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  15. Pearson’s Wrong Turning: Against Statistical Measures of Causal Efficacy.Robert Northcott - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):900-912.
    Standard statistical measures of strength of association, although pioneered by Pearson deliberately to be acausal, nowadays are routinely used to measure causal efficacy. But their acausal origins have left them ill suited to this latter purpose. I distinguish between two different conceptions of causal efficacy, and argue that: 1) Both conceptions can be useful 2) The statistical measures only attempt to capture the first of them 3) They are not fully successful even at this 4) An alternative definition more (...)
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  16. Did Pearson Reject the Neyman-Pearson Philosophy of Statistics?Deborah G. Mayo - 1992 - Synthese 90 (2):233 - 262.
    I document some of the main evidence showing that E. S. Pearson rejected the key features of the behavioral-decision philosophy that became associated with the Neyman-Pearson Theory of statistics (NPT). I argue that NPT principles arose not out of behavioral aims, where the concern is solely with behaving correctly sufficiently often in some long run, but out of the epistemological aim of learning about causes of experimental results (e.g., distinguishing genuine from spurious effects). The view Pearson did (...)
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  17.  75
    Viroid Life: Perspectives on Nietzsche and the Transhuman Condition.Keith Ansell Pearson - 1997 - Routledge.
    Nietzsche's vision of the 'overman' continues to haunt the postmodern imagination. His call that 'man is something that must be overcome' can no longer be seen as simple rhetoric. Our experiences of the hybrid realities of artificial life have made the 'transhuman' a figure that looks over us all. Inspired by this vision, Keith Ansell Pearson sets out to examine if evolution is 'out of control' and machines are taking over. In a series of six fascinating perspectives, he links (...)
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  18.  45
    Emergence, Dependence, and Fundamentality.Olley Pearson - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (3):391-402.
    In a recent paper Barnes proposes to characterize ontological emergence by identifying the emergent entities with those entities which are both fundamental and dependent. Barnes offers characterizations of the notions of fundamentality and dependence, but is cautious about committing to the specifics of these notions. This paper argues that Barnes’s characterization of emergence is problematic in several ways. Firstly, emergence is a relation, and merely delimiting relata of this relation tells us little about it. Secondly, the group of entities delimited (...)
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  19.  60
    Modelling Populations: Pearson and Fisher on Mendelism and Biometry.Margaret Morrison - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):39-68.
    The debate between the Mendelians and the (largely Darwinian) biometricians has been referred to by R. A. Fisher as ‘one of the most needless controversies in the history of science’ and by David Hull as ‘an explicable embarrassment’. The literature on this topic consists mainly of explaining why the controversy occurred and what factors prevented it from being resolved. Regrettably, little or no mention is made of the issues that figured in its resolution. This paper deals with the latter topic (...)
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  20.  3
    The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences. Edited, and with a Pref. By Karl Pearson; Newly Edited and with an Introd. By James R. Newman; Pref. By Bertrand Russell.William Kingdon Clifford, James Roy Newman & Karl Pearson - 1946 - Knopf.
  21.  36
    Being and Nothingness.Frederick A. Olafson, Jean-Paul Sartre & Hazel E. Barnes - 1958 - Philosophical Review 67 (2):276.
  22. Discourse and Truth the Problematization of Parrhesia [Romanized].Michel Foucault & Joseph Pearson - 1985 - S.N.
     
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  23.  28
    Policing the Black Woman's Body in an Urban Context.Hazel V. Carby - 1992 - Critical Inquiry 18 (4):738-755.
  24. Nietzsche Contra Rousseau: A Study of Nietzsche's Moral and Political Thought.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    Keith Ansell-Pearson's book is an important and very welcome contribution to a neglected area of research: Nietzsche's political thought. Nietzsche is widely regarded as a significant moral philosopher, but his political thinking has often been dismissed as either impossibly individualistic or dangerously totalitarian. Nietzsche contra Rousseau takes a serious look at Nietzsche as political thinker and relates his political ideas to the dominant traditions of modern political thought. In particular, the nature of Nietzsche's dialogue with the philosophy of Jean-Jacques (...)
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  25.  19
    Healthcare Research Ethics and Law: Regulation, Review and Responsibility.Hazel Biggs - 2009 - Routledge-Cavendish.
    The book explores and explains the relationship between law and ethics in the context of medically related research in order to provide a practical guide to understanding for members of research ethics committees (RECs), professionals involved with medical research and those with an academic interest in the subject.
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  26.  11
    Women in Clinical Trials: Are Sponsors Liable for Fetal Injury?Hazel Sandomire - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):217-230.
    Calls for the inclusion of women in clinical trials raise the obvious question: why have sponsors excluded them? The answer most often given is one tragically evocative word: Thalidomide. The tragedies of the children born with seal limbs because their mothers took this over-the-counter sleeping pill and cure for morning sickness showed that, contrary to previous perceptions, the placenta could not be depended upon to filter out toxins before they reached the fetus. The specter of birth defects spawned sponsors’ fears (...)
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  27.  14
    Social Class Disparities in Health and Education: Reducing Inequality by Applying a Sociocultural Self Model of Behavior.Nicole M. Stephens, Hazel Rose Markus & Stephanie A. Fryberg - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):723-744.
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  28. An Introduction to Nietzsche as Political Thinker: The Perfect Nihilist.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a lively and engaging introduction to the contentious topic of Nietzsche's political thought. It traces the development of Nietzsche's thinking on politics from his earliest writings to the mature work in which he advocates aristocratic radicalism as opposed to 'petty' European nationalism. The key ideas of the will to power, eternal return and the overman are discussed and all Nietzsche's major works analysed in detail, such as Beyond Good and Evil and The Genealogy of Morals, within the context (...)
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  29.  89
    Philosophy and the Adventure of the Virtual: Bergson and the Time of Life.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 2001 - Routledge.
    Informed by the philosophy of the virtual, Keith Ansell Pearson offers up one of the most lucid and original works on the central philosophical questions. He asks that if our basic concepts on what it means to be human are wrong then, what is this to mean for our ideas of time, being, consciousness? A critical examination ensues, one informed by a multitude of responses to a large number of philosophers. Under discussion is the mathematical limits as found in (...)
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  30.  11
    Women in Clinical Trials: Are Sponsors Liable for Fetal Injury?Hazel Sandomire - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):217-230.
    Calls for the inclusion of women in clinical trials raise the obvious question: why have sponsors excluded them? The answer most often given is one tragically evocative word: Thalidomide. The tragedies of the children born with seal limbs because their mothers took this over-the-counter sleeping pill and cure for morning sickness showed that, contrary to previous perceptions, the placenta could not be depended upon to filter out toxins before they reached the fetus. The specter of birth defects spawned sponsors’ fears (...)
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  31.  37
    Hazel E. Barnes 1915-2008: A Tribute and Farewell.Betty Cannon - 2008 - Sartre Studies International 14 (2):90-103.
  32.  14
    United We Stand, Divided We Fall: The Early Nietzsche on the Struggle for Organisation.James S. Pearson - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (4):508-533.
    ABSTRACTAccording to Nietzsche, both modern individuals and societies are pathologically fragmented. In this paper, I examine how he proposes we combat this affliction in his Untimely Meditations. I argue that he advocates a dual struggle involving both instrumental domination and eradication. On these grounds, I claim the following: 1. pace a growing number of commentators, we cannot categorise the species of conflict he endorses in the Untimely Meditations as agonistic; and 2. this conflict is better understood as analogous to the (...)
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  33.  4
    Campaigns by Parents to Set Up New Schools in England: Issues and Barriers.Hazel Pennell & Anne West - 2009 - Educational Studies 35 (1):37-52.
    This paper focuses on the role of parents in the planning and setting up of new secondary schools in the context of proposals to extend the right of parents in relation to new schools. The research focused on 15 parent campaigns that had recently taken place or were ongoing: seven aimed to obtain new schools and eight to prevent new schools being set up. Interviews were carried out with members of the campaigns, local authority officials, academy sponsors and a DfES (...)
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  34. Sartre's Ontology: The Revealing and Making of Being'.Hazel E. Barnes - 1992 - In Christina Howells (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Sartre. Cambridge University Press. pp. 13--38.
     
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  35.  27
    Competent Minors and Health-Care Research: Autonomy Does Not Rule, Okay?Hazel Biggs - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (4):176-180.
    A dearth of clinical research involving children has resulted in off-licence and sometimes inappropriate medications being prescribed to the paediatric population. In this environment, recent years have seen the introduction of a raft of regulation aimed at increasing the involvement of children in clinical trials research and generating evidence-based medicinal preparations for their use. However, this regulation pays scant attention to the autonomy of competent minors. In particular, it makes no provision for the ability of competent minors to consent to (...)
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  36.  8
    Making Explicit 3-Year-Olds' Implicit Competence with Their Own False Beliefs.Norman H. Freeman & Hazel Lacohée - 1995 - Cognition 56 (1):31-60.
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  37.  16
    Can Grapheme-Color Synesthesia Be Induced by Hypnosis?Hazel P. Anderson, Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes & Jamie Ward - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  38.  22
    Karl Pearson, Ernst Mach, John B. Stallo: Briefe Aus den Jahren 1897 Bis 1904.Joachim Thiele - 1969 - Isis 60:535-542.
  39.  3
    Existentialist Ethics.Hazel Estella Barnes - 1978 - University of Chicago Press.
  40.  8
    The Grammar of Science.Edgar A. Singer & Karl Pearson - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9 (4):448.
  41. What Type of Type I Error? Contrasting the Neyman–Pearson and Fisherian Approaches in the Context of Exact and Direct Replications.Mark Rubin - 2021 - Synthese 198 (6):5809–5834.
    The replication crisis has caused researchers to distinguish between exact replications, which duplicate all aspects of a study that could potentially affect the results, and direct replications, which duplicate only those aspects of the study that are thought to be theoretically essential to reproduce the original effect. The replication crisis has also prompted researchers to think more carefully about the possibility of making Type I errors when rejecting null hypotheses. In this context, the present article considers the utility of two (...)
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  42.  32
    A Pretty Fine Line: Life, Death, Autonomy and Letting It B. [REVIEW]Hazel Biggs - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):291-301.
    The cases of Diane Pretty and Ms B. raise crucial issues about decision-making and autonomy at the end of life. Ms B. was permitted her wish to die rather than live permanently dependent upon a ventilator because her case was constructed as one about withholding consent to medical treatment, which every adult with capacity has a right to do. Mrs Pretty, however, sought active intervention to end her life. Requiring assistance to die, and claiming that this was her human right, (...)
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  43.  33
    Sartre and Sexism.Hazel E. Barnes - 1990 - Philosophy and Literature 14 (2):340-347.
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  44.  16
    Deleuze’s New Materialism : Naturalism, Norms, and Ethics.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 2017 - In Sarah Ellenzweig & John H. Zammito (eds.), The New Politics of Materialism : History, Philosophy, Science. London, U.K.: Routledge. pp. 88-109.
    This essay examines Deleuze’s relation to new materialism through an engagement with new materialist claims about the human and nonhuman relation and about agency. It first considers the work of Elisabeth Grosz and then moves on to a consideration of Deleuze’s own conception of a new materialism/new naturalism. I seek to show that Deleuze is an ethically motivated naturalist concerned with an ethical pedagogy of the human, which he derives from his reading of Spinoza. I seek to illuminate some of (...)
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  45.  50
    Is Heritability Explanatorily Useful?Christopher H. Pearson - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (1):270-288.
    The paper addresses the question of whether heritability can be useful in establishing genetics as an explanation for an individual’s display of some trait or behavior. After reviewing the fundamental philosophical challenge to heritability—that heritability is a population level measure—an argument is presented for rethinking the role heritability occupies in both causal and explanatory claims. It is argued that heritability can be useful for genetically based explanations of individual traits, if the conditions for proper genetic explanation are modestly reconceived, and (...)
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  46.  81
    Beyond Isolated Word Recognition.Simon P. Liversedge, Hazel I. Blythe & Denis Drieghe - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):31-32.
    In this commentary we concur with Frost's view of the centrality of universal principles in models of word identification. However, we argue that other processes in sentence comprehension also fundamentally constrain the nature of written word identification. Furthermore, these processes appear to be universal. We, therefore, argue that universality in word identification should not be considered in isolation, but instead in the context of other linguistic processes that occur during normal reading.
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  47.  30
    Quantum Mechanics, Time, and Theology: Indefinite Causal Order and a New Approach to Salvation.Emily Qureshi-Hurst & Anna Pearson - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):663-684.
    Quantum mechanics has recently indicated that, at the fundamental level, temporal order is not fixed. This phenomenon, termed Indefinite Causal Order, is yet to receive metaphysical or theological engagement. We examine Indefinite Causal Order, particularly as it emerges in a 2018 photonic experiment. In this experiment, two operations A and B were shown to be in a superposition with regard to their causal order. Essentially, time, intuitively understood as fixed, flowing, and fundamental, becomes fuzzy. We argue that if Indefinite Causal (...)
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  48. The Neyman-Pearson Theory as Decision Theory, and as Inference Theory; with a Criticism of the Lindley-Savage Argument for Bayesian Theory.Allan Birnbaum - 1977 - Synthese 36 (1):19 - 49.
  49.  24
    Bergson : Thinking Beyond the Human Condition.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 2018 - Bloomsbury Academic Press.
    The book seeks to illuminate Bergson's view that philosophy is the discipline of thinking that makes the effort to think beyond the human condition so as to extend our perception of the universe. In the book I explore Bergson on time and freedom, on memory, on his reformation of philosophy in Creative Evolution, on religion, on ethics, and on education and the art of life.
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  50.  52
    Mental Imagery: Functional Mechanisms and Clinical Applications.Joel Pearson, Thomas Naselaris, Emily A. Holmes & Stephen M. Kosslyn - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (10):590-602.
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