Results for 'Hc Lau'

465 found
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  1. How Something Can Be Said About Telling More Than We Can Know: On Choice Blindness and Introspection. Commentary and Authors' Reply.James Moore, Patrick Haggard, Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker SIKSTRÖM, Betty TÄRNING, Andreas Lind, Cd Frith & Hc Lau - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4).
  2. Confucius: The Analects.D. C. Lau (ed.) - 2000 - Columbia University Press.
    A record of the words and teachings of Confucius, _The Analects_ is considered the most reliable expression of Confucian thought. However, the original meaning of Confucius's teachings have been filtered and interpreted by the commentaries of Confucianists of later ages, particularly the Neo-Confucianists of the Song dynasty, not altogether without distortion.In this monumental translation by Professor D. C. Lau, an attempt has been made to interpret the sayings as they stand. The corpus of the sayings is taken as an organic (...)
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  3.  72
    Mencius.D. C. Lau - 2003 - Penguin Classics.
    Mencius, who lived in the 4th century B.C., is second only to Confucius in importance in the Confucian tradition. The _Mencius_ consists of sayings of Mencius and conversations he had with his contemporaries. When read side by side with the _Analects_, the _Mencius_ throws a great deal of light on the teachings of ConfuciusMencius developed many of the ideas of Confucius and at the same time discussed problems not touched upon by Confucius. He drew out the implications of Confucius' moral (...)
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  4. The Emperor's New Phenomenology? The Empirical Case for Conscious Experience Without First-Order Representations.Hakwan Lau & Richard Brown - 2019 - In Adam Pautz & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), Blockheads! Essays on Ned Block's Philosophy of Mind and Consciousness. MIT Press.
    We discuss cases where subjects seem to enjoy conscious experience when the relevant first-order perceptual representations are either missing or too weak to account for the experience. Though these cases are originally considered to be theoretical possibilities that may be problematical for the higher-order view of consciousness, careful considerations of actual empirical examples suggest that this strategy may backfire; these cases may cause more trouble for first-order theories instead. Specifically, these cases suggest that (I) recurrent feedback loops to V1 are (...)
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  5.  60
    How to Choose Normative Concepts.Ting Cho Lau - 2022 - Analytic Philosophy.
    Matti Eklund (2017) has argued that ardent realists face a serious dilemma. Ardent realists believe that there is a mind-independent fact as to which normative concepts we are to use. Eklund claims that the ardent realist cannot explain why this is so without plumping in favor of their own normative concepts or changing the topic. The paper first advances the discussion by clarifying two ways of understanding the question of which normative concepts to choose: a theoretical question about which concepts (...)
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  6. The Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 233-260.
    In this chapter, we discuss a selection of current views of the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). We focus on the different predictions they make, in particular with respect to the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) during visual experiences, which is an area of critical interest and some source of contention. Our discussion of these views focuses on the level of functional anatomy, rather than at the neuronal circuitry level. We take this approach because we currently understand more about experimental (...)
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  7.  42
    How to Measure Metacognition.Stephen M. Fleming & Hakwan C. Lau - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  8.  30
    Visual Expectations Change Subjective Experience Without Changing Performance.Lau Møller Andersen, Morten Overgaard & Frank Tong - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 71:59-69.
  9. Understanding the Higher-Order Approach to Consciousness.Richard Brown, Hakwan Lau & Joseph E. LeDoux - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):754-768.
    Critics have often misunderstood the higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global The higher-order theory (HOT) of consciousness has often been misunderstood by critics. Here we clarify its position on several issues, and distinguish it from other views such as the global workspace theory (GWT) and early sensory models (e.g. first-order local recurrency theories). For example, HOT has been criticized for over-intellectualizing consciousness. We show (...)
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  10.  35
    Mencius.Ke Meng, Mencius & D. C. Lau - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    Consequently, Mencius's impact was felt not only in the thought of the intellectual and social elite but also in the value and belief systems of all Chinese people.
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  11.  18
    HC of an Admissible Set.Sy D. Friedman - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (1):95-102.
    If A is an admissible set, let HC(A) = {x∣ x ∈ A and x is hereditarily countable in A}. Then HC(A) is admissible. Corollaries are drawn characterizing the "real parts" of admissible sets and the analytical consequences of admissible set theory.
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  12. Is Blindsight Possible Under Signal Detection Theory? Comment on Phillips (2021).Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):585-591.
    Phillips argues that blindsight is due to response criterion artefacts under degraded conscious vision. His view provides alternative explanations for some studies, but may not work well when one considers several key findings in conjunction. Empirically, not all criterion effects are decidedly non-perceptual. Awareness is not completely abolished for some stimuli, in some patients. But in other cases, it was clearly impaired relative to the corresponding visual sensitivity. This relative dissociation is what makes blindsight so important and interesting.
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  13. HC Ørsted, Immanuel Kant and the Thought Experiment. [REVIEW]Johannes Witt-Hansen - 1976 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 13:48-65.
     
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  14.  71
    A Signal Detection Theoretic Approach for Estimating Metacognitive Sensitivity From Confidence Ratings.Brian Maniscalco & Hakwan Lau - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):422-430.
    How should we measure metacognitive sensitivity, i.e. the efficacy with which observers’ confidence ratings discriminate between their own correct and incorrect stimulus classifications? We argue that currently available methods are inadequate because they are influenced by factors such as response bias and type 1 sensitivity . Extending the signal detection theory approach of Galvin, Podd, Drga, and Whitmore , we propose a method of measuring type 2 sensitivity that is free from these confounds. We call our measure meta-d′, which reflects (...)
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  15. Empirical Support for Higher-Order Theories of Conscious Awareness.Hakwan Lau & David Rosenthal - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):365-373.
  16. Lenins Auseinandersetzung mit der Philosophie des Empiriokritizismus.Hc Oeser - 1980 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 14 (33):12-23.
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  17. The Uses of Neo-Confucianism Revisited-a Reply to Debary, William, Theodore.Hc Tillman - 1994 - Philosophy East and West 44 (1):135-142.
     
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  18. Attention and Measures of Perceptual Latency.Hc Hughes & Ld Zimba - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):347-347.
  19. A Model for Processing Patterns at Multiple Spatial Scales.Hc Hughes & Jc Baird - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):348-349.
     
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  20. Some Thoughts on Mao Tse-Tungs Views of Man, Society and Human Knowledge.Hc Kim - 1972 - Journal of Thought 7 (2):77-84.
     
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  21. Metaphertheorien der Antike Und Ihre Philosophischen Prinzipien: Ein Beitrag Zur Grundlagenforschung in der Literaturwissenschaft.Dieter Lau - 2006 - Lang.
    Der Autor analysiert die wichtigsten antiken Metaphertheorien unter dem Gesichtspunkt ihrer philosophischen Prinzipien. Er behandelt im ersten Hauptteil seines Buches die fur die Bildung der spateren Metaphertheorien grundlegenden ontologischen, sprachphilosophischen, begriffs- und urteilslogischen Erkenntnisse vorsokratischer Denker und Platons, im zweiten die Vertiefung, Systematisierung und partielle Modifikation dieser Einsichten durch Aristoteles. Er zeigt weiter, wie Aristoteles wesentliche Elemente dieses Wissens instrumentalisiert, um bestimmte sprachliche Ausdrucksformen als Metaphern zu identifizieren und in ihrer dialektischen Grundstruktur zu erschliessen. Der Interpretation der aristotelischen Metaphertheorie folgt (...)
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  22. Toward a Holistic Communication Approach to an Automated Vehicle's Communication With Pedestrians: Combining Vehicle Kinematics With External Human-Machine Interfaces for Differently Sized Automated Vehicles.Merle Lau, Meike Jipp & Michael Oehl - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Future automated vehicles of different sizes will share the same space with other road users, e. g., pedestrians. For a safe interaction, successful communication needs to be ensured, in particular, with vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians. Two possible communication means exist for AVs: vehicle kinematics for implicit communication and external human-machine interfaces for explicit communication. However, the exact interplay is not sufficiently studied yet for pedestrians' interactions with AVs. Additionally, very few other studies focused on the interplay of vehicle (...)
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  23.  5
    Error-Driven Retrieval in Agreement Attraction Rarely Leads to Misinterpretation.Zoe Schlueter, Dan Parker & Ellen Lau - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  24.  7
    HCs and ASDs.Justin Donhauser - 2020 - Medical Hypotheses 141.
    This paper defends the hypothesis of a potential causal link between increased usage of hormonal contraceptives (HCs) and significant rises in instances of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) worldwide. It develops a background theory that supports this hypothesis through analysis of: observed correlations between increased usage of HCs and increased instances of ASDs; consistent evidence from independent studies linking “birth spacing” intervals and ASD-risk; evidence from studies on the effects of HCs on folate and B12 absorption; and hypotheses concerning disruptions to (...)
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  25. Lau, Beth, Ed. 2018. Jane Austen and Sciences of the Mind. London: Routledge. 237 Pages. 8 B/W Illustrations. [REVIEW]Brian Boyd - 2018 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 2 (2):143-146.
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  26.  55
    The Theory of Reflexive Modernization.Ulrich Beck, Wolfgang Bonss & Christoph Lau - 2003 - Theory, Culture and Society 20 (2):1-33.
    How can one distinguish the concept of second modernity from the concept of postmodernity? Postmodernists are interested in deconstruction without reconstruction, second modernity is about deconstruction and reconstruction. Social sciences need to construct new concepts to understand the world dynamics at the beginning of the 21st century. Modernity has not vanished, we are not post it. Radical social change has always been part of modernity. What is new is that modernity has begun to modernize its own foundations. This is what (...)
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  27.  80
    Enfranchising Incompetents: Suretyship and the Joint Authorship of Laws.Robert E. Goodin & Joanne C. Lau - 2011 - Ratio 24 (2):154-166.
    Proposals to lower the age of voting, to 15 for example, are regularly met with worries that people that age are not sufficiently ‘competent’. Notice however that we allow people that age to sign binding legal contracts, provided that those contracts are co-signed by their parents. Notice, further, that in a democracy voters are collectively ‘joint authors’ of the laws that they enact. Enfranchising some less competent voters is no worry, the Condorcet Jury Theorem assures us, so long as the (...)
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  28. The Mnemonic Basis of Subjective Experience.Hakwan Lau, Matthias Michel, Joseph LeDoux & Stephen Fleming - 2022 - Nature Reviews Psychology.
    Conscious experiences involve subjective qualities, such as colours, sounds, smells and emotions. In this Perspective, we argue that these subjective qualities can be understood in terms of their similarity to other experiences. This account highlights the role of memory in conscious experience, even for simple percepts. How an experience feels depends on implicit memory of the relationships between different perceptual representations within the brain. With more complex experiences such as emotions, explicit memories are also recruited. We draw inspiration from work (...)
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  29.  15
    On the Dangers of Conflating Strong and Weak Versions of a Theory of Consciousness.Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (II).
    Some proponents of the Integrated Information Theory of consciousness profess strong views on the Neural Correlates of Consciousness, namely that large swathes of the neocortex, the cerebellum, at least some sensory cortices, and the so-called limbic system are all not essential for any form of conscious experiences. We argue that this connection is not incidental. Conflation between strong and weak versions of the theory has led these researchers to adopt definitions of NCC that are inconsistent with their own previous definitions, (...)
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  30.  84
    Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
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  31.  76
    Domain-General and Domain-Specific Patterns of Activity Support Metacognition in Human Prefrontal Cortex.Jorge Morales, Hakwan Lau & Stephen M. Fleming - 2018 - The Journal of Neuroscience 38 (14):3534-3546.
    Metacognition is the capacity to evaluate the success of one's own cognitive processes in various domains; for example, memory and perception. It remains controversial whether metacognition relies on a domain-general resource that is applied to different tasks or if self-evaluative processes are domain specific. Here, we investigated this issue directly by examining the neural substrates engaged when metacognitive judgments were made by human participants of both sexes during perceptual and memory tasks matched for stimulus and performance characteristics. By comparing patterns (...)
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  32.  17
    Problem Families in Southampton.Hc Maurice Williams - 1956 - The Eugenics Review 47 (4):217.
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  33. A Meaning of Presbeuesthai+ an Attestation for the Meaning to Go as an Ambassador.Hc Avery - 1990 - Classical Quarterly 40 (2):545-546.
     
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  34. Effects of Scanning Direction on Reading Time-a Developmental-Study.Hc Chen & Mj Chen - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):337-337.
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  35.  14
    Preface.M. I. Lau, T. Neugebauer & U. Schmidt - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (3):287-290.
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  36.  29
    On the Necessity of Consciousness for Sophisticated Human Action.Roy F. Baumeister, Stephan Lau, Heather M. Maranges & Cory J. Clark - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  37. Controlling for Performance Capacity Confounds in Neuroimaging Studies of Conscious Awareness.Jorge Morales, Jeffrey Chiang & Hakwan Lau - 2015 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 1:1-11.
    Studying the neural correlates of conscious awareness depends on a reliable comparison between activations associated with awareness and unawareness. One particularly difficult confound to remove is task performance capacity, i.e. the difference in performance between the conditions of interest. While ideally task performance capacity should be matched across different conditions, this is difficult to achieve experimentally. However, differences in performance could theoretically be corrected for mathematically. One such proposal is found in a recent paper by Lamy, Salti and Bar-Haim [Lamy (...)
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  38.  16
    What Type of Awareness Does Binocular Rivalry Assess?Nathan Giles, Hakwan Lau & Brian Odegaard - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (10):719-720.
  39. The Utopia and Latin-America.Hc Guldberg - 1992 - Filosoficky Casopis 40 (6):993-1006.
  40.  10
    Report From Hong Kong.Shelley Lau - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):364.
    Hong Kong is a territory of only 400 square miles in size, but with a large population of six million people. We have excellent medical facilities in both the public and private sector and the general health indices of the population are good, with low infant mortality rates and long life expectancies.
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  41. A Cortical Network for Semantics: (De)Constructing the N400.E. Lau, C. Phillips & D. Poeppel - 2008 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9:920-933.
    Measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) has been fundamental to our understanding of how language is encoded in the brain. One particular ERP response, the N400 response, has been especially influential as an index of lexical and semantic processing. However, there remains a lack of consensus on the interpretation of this component. Resolving this issue has important consequences for neural models of language comprehension. Here we show that evidence bearing on where the N400 response is generated provides key insights into what it (...)
     
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  42. Generation Difficulty and Retrieval.Hc Ellis & Km Gordon - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):330-330.
     
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  43. Thought Listing, Mood, and Memory.Hc Ellis, Ps Seibert & Bj Herbert - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):485-485.
  44.  56
    A Step Forward: Ethics Education Matters!Cubie L. L. Lau - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):565-584.
    Ethics education matters! Contrary to some common beliefs that ethical behavior is inborn, this study suggests that education does matter. This paper examines ethics education and its relationship with students’ ethical awareness and moral reasoning. Attitudes Towards Business Ethics Questionnaire and 10 vignettes were deployed as the major measurement instruments. It is hypothesized that students with ethics education will have both a greater ethical awareness and ability to make more ethical decisions. Hypotheses were tested in two undergraduate business courses at (...)
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  45. Confidence Tracks Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - forthcoming - In Joshua Weisberg (ed.), Qualitative Consciousness: Themes from the Philosophy of David Rosenthal.
    Consciousness and confidence seem intimately related. Accordingly, some researchers use confidence ratings as a measure of, or proxy for, consciousness. Rosenthal discusses the potential connections between the two, and rejects confidence as a valid measure of consciousness. He argues that there are better alternatives to get at conscious experiences such as direct subjective reports of awareness (i.e. subjects’ reports of perceiving something or of the degree of visibility of a stimulus). In this chapter, we offer a different perspective. Confidence ratings (...)
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  46.  55
    The Sovereignty of Reason: Making Sense of Hegel's Philosophy of Objective Spirit.Chong-Fuk Lau - 2011 - Idealistic Studies 41 (3):167-185.
    This paper aims to make better sense of Hegel’s Philosophy of Objective Spirit and defend it against the charge of political conservatism and optimism. I will argue for the left Hegelian position in the theological-philosophical respect, thereby leaving the left-right divide in the social-political respect largely open. I will explain that Hegel’s commitment to the inherent rationality of the state and the course of human history as the progress of freedom does not imply blind optimism, since his thesis is not (...)
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  47. A Higher Order Bayesian Decision Theory of Consciousness.Hakwan Lau - 2008 - In Rahul Banerjee & B. K. Chakrabarti (eds.), Models of Brain and Mind: Physical, Computational, and Psychological Approaches. Elsevier.
    It is usually taken as given that consciousness involves superior or more elaborate forms of information processing. Contemporary models equate consciousness with global processing, system complexity, or depth or stability of computation. This is in stark contrast with the powerful philosophical intuition that being conscious is more than just having the ability to compute. I argue that it is also incompatible with current empirical findings. I present a model that is free from the strong assumption that consciousness predicts superior performance. (...)
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  48. Externalism About Mental Content.Joe Lau - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Externalism with regard to mental content says that in order to have certain types of intentional mental states (e.g. beliefs), it is necessary to be related to the environment in the right way.
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  49.  13
    Economic Determination in the Last Instance: China's Political- Economic Development Under the Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis.Raymond Lau - 2001 - Historical Materialism 8 (1):215-252.
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  50. An Unpublished Letter by Hegel and a Letter Concept by Goritz-an-Mademoiselle-Christiane-Hegel.Hc Lucas - 1987 - Hegel-Studien 22:9-16.
     
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