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Heather L. Reid [34]Heather Reid [20]Heather Lynne Reid [1]
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Heather Reid
Exedra Mediterranean Center, Siracusa, Sicily
  1. Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport.Heather Reid - 2012 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport begins with the history of sport, delves into both the metaphysics and ethics of sport, and also addresses dimensions of the social and political elements of sport. This book is a comprehensive introduction to the philosophy of sport with a straightforward layout that professors can plan and build their courses around.
     
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  2. Aretism: An Ancient Sports Philosophy for the Modern Sports World.Heather Reid & Mark Holowchak - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    Aretism: An Ancient Sports Philosophy for the Modern Sports World provides a tripartite model of sports ethics founded on ancient Greek principles and focused on personal, civic, and global integration. Heather Reid and Mark Holowchak apply these concepts as a "golden mean" between the extremes of the commercialist and recreational models of competition. This treatment is most applicable to students and academics concerned with the philosophy of sport, but will also be of interest to those in sports professions.
     
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  3.  71
    Plato's Gymnastic Dialogues.Heather Reid - 2020 - In Mark Ralkowski Heather Reid (ed.), Athletics, Gymnastics, and Agon in Plato. Sioux City, IA, USA: pp. 15-30.
    It is not mere coincidence that several of Plato’s dialogues are set in gymnasia and palaistrai (wrestling schools), employ the gymnastic language of stripping, wrestling, tripping, even helping opponents to their feet, and imitate in argumentative form the athletic contests (agōnes) commonly associated with that place. The main explanation for this is, of course, historical. Sophists, orators, and intellectuals of all stripes, including the historical Socrates, really did frequent Athens’ gymnasia and palaistrai in search of ready audiences and potential students. (...)
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  4.  9
    Why Olympia Matters for Modern Sport.Heather L. Reid - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (2):159-173.
    From the modern scientific perspective, Olympia is a ruin at the far end of a fading sense of history that represents little more than the origins from which sport has continuously evolved. Quantitative measurements show continued increases in human performance, equipment efficiency and funding. But some question this athletic evolution. We worry about qualitative issues, such as virtue, meaning and beauty. The source of this contrast is a difference in values: Olympic vs. Efficiency values. Such values establish an ethos in (...)
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  5.  48
    Athletes as Heroes and Role Models: An Ancient Model.Heather Reid - 2017 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 11 (1):40-51.
    A common argument for the social value of sport is that athletes serve as heroes who inspire people – especially young people – to strive for excellence. This argument has been questioned by sport philosophers at a variety of levels. Not only do athletes seem unsuited to be heroes or role models in the conventional sense, it is unclear more generally what the social and educational value of athletic excellence could be. In this essay, I construct an argument for the (...)
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  6.  36
    Sport and Moral Education in Plato’s Republic.Heather L. Reid - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (2):160-175.
  7.  7
    Plato on Women in Sport.Heather Reid - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (3):344-361.
    In a way, there is nothing surprising about Plato’s promotion of sport for women in Republic and Laws; it is logically implied by his philosophical theories. In another way, Plato’s vision of femal...
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  8.  20
    Olympic Sport and Its Lessons for Peace.Heather L. Reid - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (2):205-214.
  9.  8
    Responsibility, Inefficiency, and the Spirit of Sport.Heather L. Reid - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):22-23.
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  10.  29
    Sport, Philosophy, and the Quest for Knowledge.Heather L. Reid - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (1):40-49.
  11.  33
    Athletic Beauty in Classical Greece: A Philosophical View.Heather Reid - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (2):281-297.
    Classical Greece is famous for its athletic art, particularly the image of the nude male athlete. But how did the Greeks understand athletic beauty? Plato, Aristotle, Xenophon, and others discuss athletes? beauty, while the educational ideal of kalokagathia conceptually connects athletic beauty with the good. More questions need to be answered, however, if we are to understand ancient athletic beauty. We need to ask ourselves what the Greeks appreciated when they looked at athletic bodies. What did those qualities mean to (...)
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  12. The Philosophical Athlete.Heather L. Reid - 2002
     
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  13.  41
    Athletic Virtue: Between East and West.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (1):16 – 26.
    Despite the rich philosophical heritage of the East, the connection between athletics and education for character or virtue is more commonly associated with the West. Classical Eastern philosophy does focus on virtue, but it seems to exclude sport as a means of cultivation since the Confucian is uninterested in victory and the Daoist seeks passivity and avoids contention. A closer look reveals, however, that Eastern conceptions of virtue have much in common with those of Ancient Greece so often linked to (...)
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  14.  31
    Was the Roman Gladiator an Athlete?Heather L. Reid - 2006 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 33 (1):37-49.
  15.  13
    Plato's Gymnasium.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):170-82.
  16.  18
    Aristotle's Pentathlete.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):183-94.
  17.  18
    Wrestling with Socrates.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):157-69.
  18.  9
    Boxing with Tyrants.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):146-56.
  19.  6
    Olympia: Running Towards Truth.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):136-45.
  20. Looking at Beauty to Kalon in Western Greece: Selected Essays From the 2018 Symposium on the Heritage of Western Greece.Heather L. Reid & Tony Leyh (eds.) - 2019 - Parnassos Press-Fonte Aretusa.
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  21.  2
    Defining Sport: Conceptions and Borderlines.Shawn E. Klein, Chad Carlson, Francisco Javier López Frías, Kevin Schieman, Heather L. Reid, John McClelland, Keith Strudler, Pam R. Sailors, Sarah Teetzel, Charlene Weaving, Chrysostomos Giannoulakis, Lindsay Pursglove, Brian Glenney, Teresa González Aja, Joan Grassbaugh Forry, Brody J. Ruihley, Andrew Billings, Coral Rae & Joey Gawrysiak (eds.) - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    This book examines influential conceptions of sport and then analyses the interplay of challenging borderline cases with the standard definitions of sport. It is meant to inspire more thought and debate on just what sport is, how it relates to other activities and human endeavors, and what we can learn about ourselves by studying sport.
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  22.  34
    Athlete Agency and the Spirit of Olympic Sport.Heather Reid - 2020 - Journal of Olympic Studies 1 (1):22-36.
    A debate has arisen over whether “the spirit of sport” is an appropriate criterion for determining whether a substance should be banned. In this paper, I argue that the criterion is crucial for Olympic sport because Olympism celebrates humanity, specifically human agency, so we need to preserve the degree to which athletes are personally and morally responsible for their performances. This emphasis on what I call “athlete agency” is reflected metaphysically in the structure of sport, which characteristically prescribes inefficiencies in (...)
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  23. Athletics and Philosophy in Ancient Greece and Rome: Contests of Virtue.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (2):109-234.
     
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  24.  96
    Athletics, Gymnastics, and Agon in Plato.Heather Reid, Mark Ralkowski & Coleen P. Zoller - 2020 - Sioux City, IA, USA: Parnassos Press.
    In the Panathenaic Games, there was a torch race for teams of ephebes that started from the altars of Eros and Prometheus at Plato’s Academy and finished on the Acropolis at the altar of Athena, goddess of wisdom. It was competitive, yes, but it was also sacred, aimed at a noble goal. To win, you needed to cooperate with your teammates and keep the delicate flame alive as you ran up the hill. Likewise, Plato’s philosophy combines competition and cooperation in (...)
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  25.  3
    Athletic Virtue and Aesthetic Values in Aristotle’s Ethics.Heather Reid - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 47 (1):63-74.
    ABSTRACTWhen Aristotle praises pentathletes’ beauty at Rhetoric 1361b, it is not the idle observation of a sports fan. In fact, the balanced and harmonious beauty of athletes’ bodies reflects Aristotle’s ideal of a virtuous soul in the Nicomachean Ethics: one which discerns noble ends and means, then acts accordingly. At Eudemian Ethics 1248b, he takes it a step further, characterizing kalokagathia as ‘the virtue that arises from a combination’ of virtues. These passages raise important questions about the relationship between ethics, (...)
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  26.  26
    Contemporary Athletics and Ancient Greek Ideals.Heather L. Reid - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (3):359-361.
  27.  10
    Plato at Syracuse: Essays on Plato in Western Greece with a New Translation of the Seventh Letter by Jonah Radding.Heather Reid & Mark Ralkowski (eds.) - 2019 - Parnassos Press- Fonte Aretusa.
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  28.  14
    Ethics & Sport.Heather L. Reid - 1999 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 26 (1):113-116.
  29.  1
    Heroic Parthenoi and the Virtues of Independence: A Feminine Philosophical Perspective on the Origins of Women’s Sport.Heather Reid - 2020 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (4):511-524.
    Her name was Flavia Thalassia and she came from Ephesus. She won the stadion for parthenoi at the Isolympic Sebasta Games in Naples during Domitian’s reign in the late 1st c. C...
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  30.  21
    Olympic Epistemology.Heather L. Reid - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 47:19-28.
    The ancient world witnessed a meaningful transition in the conception of human thought and belief. What some have called the “discovery” of the mind can also be understood as a release from dependence on oracular wisdom and mythological explanation, made possible by the invention of more reliable and democratic methods for discovering and explaining truths. During roughly the same epoch, Hellenic sport distinguished itself by developing objective mechanisms for selecting single winners from varied pools of contestants. Is there a connection? (...)
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  31.  8
    Olympic Epistemology: The Athletic Roots of Philosophical Reasoning.Heather Reid - 2007 - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 18 (1-2):19-28.
    The ancient world witnessed a meaningful transition in the conception of human thought and belief. What some have called the “discovery” of the mind can also be understood as a release from dependence on oracular wisdom and mythological explanation, made possible by the invention of more reliable and democratic methods for discovering and explaining truths. During roughly the same epoch, Hellenic sport distinguished itself by developing objective mechanisms for selecting single winners from varied pools of contestants. Is there a connection? (...)
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  32.  92
    Olympic Philosophy: The Ideas and Ideals Behind the Ancient and Modern Olympic Games.Heather Reid - 2020 - Sioux City, IA, USA: Parnassos Press.
    The Olympic Games are a sporting event guided by philosophy. The modern Olympic Charter calls this philosophy “Olympism” and boldly states its goal as nothing less than “the harmonious development of humankind” and the promotion of “a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity.” The ideas and ideals behind Olympism, however, are ancient—tracing their roots to archaic and classical Greece, just like the Games do. This collection of essays explores the ancient Hellenic roots of Olympic philosophy and explain (...)
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  33.  43
    Olympic Sacrifice: A Modern Look at an Ancient Tradition: Heather L. Reid.Heather L. Reid - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:197-210.
    The inspiration for this paper came rather unexpectedly. In February 2006, I made the long trip from my home in Sioux City, Iowa, to Torino, Italy in order to witness the Olympic Winter Games. Barely a month later, I found myself in California at the newly-renovated Getty Villa, home to one of the world's great collections of Greco-Roman antiquities. At the Villa I attended a talk about a Roman mosaic depicting a boxing scene from Virgil's Aeneid. The tiny tiles showed (...)
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  34. Politics and Performance in Western Greece: Essays on the Hellenic Heritage of Sicily and Southern Italy (The Heritage of Western Greece Book 2).Heather Reid (ed.) - 2017 - Sioux City, Iowa: Parnassos Press.
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  35. Politics and Performance in Western Greece: Essays on the Hellenic Heritage of Sicily and Southern Italy. The Heritage of Western Greece, Book 2.Heather Reid (ed.) - 2017 - Parnassos Press.
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  36.  40
    Plato’s Socrates as Educator. [REVIEW]Heather L. Reid - 2003 - Teaching Philosophy 26 (2):188-192.
  37.  2
    Sport, Education, and the Meaning of Victory.Heather L. Reid - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 38:26-31.
    Sport was included in ancient educational systems because it was thought to promote aretê or human excellence which could be applied to almost any endeavor in life. The goal of most modern scholastic athletic programs might be better summed up in a word: winning. Is this a sign that we have lost touch with the age-old rationale for including sport in education? I argue that it need not be by showing that we value winning precisely for the virtues associated with (...)
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  38.  18
    Sages, Heroes, and The Battle for Cycling’s Soul.Heather L. Reid - 2016 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 43 (1-2):51-66.
    Using my experience at a stage of the 2014 Giro d'Italia, I argue that de is the soul of cycling and that ancient Chinese philosophy's insight into the conditions that promote de may help the sport. I compare the relationship between sages and virtuous practitioners, to the ancient Greek relationship between heroes and athletes, both of which depend on the performance of de. I also criticize modern cycling for its focus on technology, stark commercialism, and emphasis on the individual, prescribing (...)
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  39.  9
    Sports, Virtues and Vices: Morality Plays: By Mike McNamee. Published 2007 by Routledge, London and New York.Heather L. Reid - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):263-265.
  40.  5
    Sports, Virtues and Vices: Morality Plays: By Mike McNamee. Published 2007 by Routledge, London and New York.Heather L. Reid - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):263-265.
  41.  43
    The Athletic Aesthetic in Rome's Imperial Baths.Heather Reid - 2020 - Estetica. Studi E Ricerche 1 (1):255-274.
    The Greek gymnasium was replicated in the architecture, art, and activities of the Imperial Roman thermae. This mimēsis was rooted in sincere admiration of traditional Greek paideia – especially the glory of Athens’ Academy and Lyceum – but it did not manage to replicate the gymnasium’s educational impact. This article reconstructs the aesthetics of a visit to the Roman baths, explaining how they evoked a glorious Hellenic past, offering the opportunity to Romans to imagine being «Greek». But true Hellenic paideia (...)
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  42. The Art of Teaching Philosophy in Plato’s Lysis.Heather Reid - 2005 - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 16 (1-2).
  43.  16
    The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Sport.Heather L. Reid - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (1):83-86.
  44.  15
    The Beginnings of Professional Sport - Roubineau Milon de Crotone Ou l'Invention du Sport. Pp. 355, Ills, Maps. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2016. Paper, €22. Isbn: 978-2-13-065369-1. [REVIEW]Heather L. Reid - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):457-459.
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  45.  2
    The Ethics of Efficiency.Heather L. Reid - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 63:25-32.
    Ethics in sport demand not only that we respect ourselves and others, but also that we respect sport itself. But the question of respecting sport seems to create a kind of moral dilemma between the obligation to “play one’s best” by maximizing performance, and the obligation to follow rules and traditions that ban the use of ergogenic aids. It is often argued that bans on performance-enhancing substances, equipment, and training techniques are paternalistic and violate athletes’ liberty to rationally accept risks (...)
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  46.  2
    The Educational Value of Plato’s Early Socratic Dialogues.Heather L. Reid - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 43:113-118.
    When contemplating the origins of philosophical paideia one is tempted to think of Socrates, perhaps because we feel that Socrates has been a philosophical educator to us all. But it is Plato and his literary genius that we have to thank as his dialogues preserve not just Socratic philosophy, but also the Socratic educational experience. Educators would do well to better understand Plato's pedagogical objectives in the Socratic dialogues so that we may appreciate and utilize them in our own educational (...)
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  47. The Freedom of the Long-Distance Runner.Heather L. Reid - 2007 - In Michael W. Austin (ed.), Running and Philosophy: A Marathon for the Mind. Blackwell.
     
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  48.  13
    The “Hand of God”'S: Essays in the Philosophy of Sport By Claudio M. Tamburrini. Published 2000 by Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Box 222, SE-405 30, Sweden. [REVIEW]Heather L. Reid - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):182-186.
  49.  1
    The “Hand of God”?: Essays in the Philosophy of Sport.Heather L. Reid - 2002 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 29 (2):182-186.
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  50. The Many Faces of Mimesis: Selected Essays From the 2017 Symposium on the Hellenic Heritage of Western Greece (Heritage of Western Greece Series, Book 3).Heather Reid & Jeremy DeLong (eds.) - 2018 - Sioux city, Iowa: Parnassos Press.
    Mimesis can refer to imitation, emulation, representation, or reenactment - and it is a concept that links together many aspects of ancient Greek Culture. The Western Greek bell-krater on the cover, for example, is painted with a scene from a phlyax play with performers imitating mythical characters drawn from poetry, which also represent collective cultural beliefs and practices. One figure is shown playing a flute, the music from which might imitate nature, or represent deeper truths of the cosmos based upon (...)
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