Results for 'Hedda M��rch'

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  1. Panpsychism and Causation: A New Argument} and a Solution to the Combination Problem.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2014 - Dissertation, Oslo
    Panpsychism is the view that every concrete and unified thing has some form of phenomenal consciousness or experience. It is an age-old doctrine, which, to the surprise of many, has recently taken on new life. In philosophy of mind, it has been put forth as a simple and radical solution to the mind–body problem (Chalmers 1996, 2003;Strawson 2006; Nagel 1979, 2012). In metaphysics and philosophy of science, it has been put forth as a solution to the problem of accounting for (...)
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  2. Does Dispositionalism Entail Panpsychism?Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2018 - Topoi:1-16.
    According to recent arguments for panpsychism, all (or most) physical properties are dispositional, dispositions require categorical grounds, and the only categorical properties we know are phenomenal properties. Therefore, phenomenal properties can be posited as the categorical grounds of all (or most) physical properties – in order to solve the mind–body problem and/or in order avoid noumenalism about the grounds of the physical world. One challenge to this case comes from dispositionalism, which agrees that all physical properties are dispositional, but denies (...)
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  3. The Argument for Panpsychism From Experience of Causation.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2019 - In William Seager (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Panpsychism. Routledge.
    In recent literature, panpsychism has been defended by appeal to two main arguments: first, an argument from philosophy of mind, according to which panpsychism is the only view which successfully integrates consciousness into the physical world (Strawson 2006; Chalmers 2013); second, an argument from categorical properties, according to which panpsychism offers the only positive account of the categorical or intrinsic nature of physical reality (Seager 2006; Adams 2007; Alter and Nagasawa 2012). Historically, however, panpsychism has also been defended by appeal (...)
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  4. Is the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness Compatible with Russellian Panpsychism?Hedda Mørch - 2018 - Erkenntnis 84 (5):1065-1085.
    The Integrated Information Theory is a leading scientific theory of consciousness, which implies a kind of panpsychism. In this paper, I consider whether IIT is compatible with a particular kind of panpsychism, known as Russellian panpsychism, which purports to avoid the main problems of both physicalism and dualism. I will first show that if IIT were compatible with Russellian panpsychism, it would contribute to solving Russellian panpsychism’s combination problem, which threatens to show that the view does not avoid the main (...)
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  5. The Evolutionary Argument for Phenomenal Powers.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2017 - Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1):293-316.
    Epiphenomenalism is the view that phenomenal properties – which characterize what it is like, or how it feels, for a subject to be in conscious states – have no physical effects. One of the earliest arguments against epiphenomenalism is the evolutionary argument (James 1890/1981; Eccles and Popper 1977; Popper 1978), which starts from the following problem: why is pain correlated with stimuli detrimental to survival and reproduction – such as suffocation, hunger and burning? And why is pleasure correlated with stimuli (...)
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  6. Is Consciousness Intrinsic?: A Problem for the Integrated Information Theory.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (1-2):133-162(30).
    The Integrated Information Theory of consciousness (IIT) claims that consciousness is identical to maximal integrated information, or maximal Φ. One objection to IIT is based on what may be called the intrinsicality problem: consciousness is an intrinsic property, but maximal Φ is an extrinsic property; therefore, they cannot be identical. In this paper, I show that this problem is not unique to IIT, but rather derives from a trilemma that confronts almost any theory of consciousness. Given most theories of consciousness, (...)
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  7. Phenomenal Knowledge Why: The Explanatory Knowledge Argument Against Physicalism.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2019 - In Sam Coleman (ed.), The Knowledge Argument. Cambridge University Press.
    Phenomenal knowledge is knowledge of what it is like to be in conscious states, such as seeing red or being in pain. According to the knowledge argument (Jackson 1982, 1986), phenomenal knowledge is knowledge that, i.e., knowledge of phenomenal facts. According to the ability hypothesis (Nemirow 1979; Lewis 1983), phenomenal knowledge is mere practical knowledge how, i.e., the mere possession of abilities. However, some phenomenal knowledge also seems to be knowledge why, i.e., knowledge of explanatory facts. For example, someone who (...)
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  8. The Phenomenal Powers View and the Meta-Problem of Consciousness.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (5-6):131-142.
    The meta-problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining why we have the intuition that there is a hard problem of consciousness. David Chalmers briefly notes that my phenomenal powers view may be able to answer to this challenge in a way that avoids problems (having to do with avoiding coincidence) facing other realist views. In this response, I will briefly outline the phenomenal powers view and my main arguments for it and—drawing in part on a similar view developed by (...)
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  9.  19
    Does Dispositionalism Entail Panpsychism?Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2020 - Topoi 39 (5):1073-1088.
    According to recent arguments for panpsychism, all physical properties are dispositional, dispositions require categorical grounds, and the only categorical properties we know are phenomenal properties. Therefore, phenomenal properties can be posited as the categorical grounds of all physical properties—in order to solve the mind–body problem and/or in order avoid noumenalism about the grounds of the physical world. One challenge to this case comes from dispositionalism, which agrees that all physical properties are dispositional, but denies that dispositions require categorical grounds. In (...)
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  10. Is Matter Conscious?Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2017 - Nautilus 47:90-96.
    Why the central problem in neuroscience is mirrored in physics.
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  11. The Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2017 - Philosophy Now 121:12-16.
    Non-technical introduction to Giulio Tononi's Integrated Information Theory of consciousness.
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  12.  43
    Review of Re-Emergence: Locating Conscious Properties in a Material World by Gerald Vision. [REVIEW]Philip Goff & Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  13.  36
    Dedekind's Logicism.Ansten Mørch Klev - 2015 - Philosophia Mathematica:nkv027.
    A detailed argument is provided for the thesis that Dedekind was a logicist about arithmetic. The rules of inference employed in Dedekind's construction of arithmetic are, by his lights, all purely logical in character, and the definitions are all explicit; even the definition of the natural numbers as the abstract type of simply infinite systems can be seen to be explicit. The primitive concepts of the construction are logical in their being intrinsically tied to the functioning of the understanding.
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  14.  36
    Infinite Time Extensions of Kleene’s $${\mathcal{O}}$$.Ansten Mørch Klev - 2009 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 48 (7):691-703.
    Using infinite time Turing machines we define two successive extensions of Kleene’s ${\mathcal{O}}$ and characterize both their height and their complexity. Specifically, we first prove that the one extension—which we will call ${\mathcal{O}^{+}}$ —has height equal to the supremum of the writable ordinals, and that the other extension—which we will call ${\mathcal{O}}^{++}$ —has height equal to the supremum of the eventually writable ordinals. Next we prove that ${\mathcal{O}^+}$ is Turing computably isomorphic to the halting problem of infinite time Turing computability, (...)
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  15.  18
    Learning to Become Youth. An Action Theory Approach.Sven Mørch - 2006 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 8 (1):3-18.
    Youth is a historical construction and an answer to a specific challenge of individualisation in biography. And, as a historical and social construction, youth has to be learned. This article focuses on youth development from an action or activity theory perspective and as a learning process. It demonstrates how different youth problems and forms of youth differentiation follow forms of youth learning. Moreover, it shows how late modern development creates the demand for a new non-formal learning perspective to secure the (...)
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  16.  43
    Perceptions, Values and Behaviour: The Case of Organic Foods.Mette Wier, Laura Mørch Andersen, Katrin Millock, Katherine O'Doherty Jensen & Lars Rosenkvist - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values.
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  17.  49
    Revelation, Consciousness+ and the Phenomenal Powers View.Philip Goff - 2020 - Topoi 39 (5):1089-1092.
    Revelation is roughly the thesis that we have introspective access to the essential nature of our conscious states. This thesis is appealed to in arguments against physicalism. Little attention has been given to the problem that Revelation is a source of pressure in the direction of epiphenomenalism, as introspection does not seem to reveal our conscious states as being essentially causal. I critique Hedda Hassel Mørch’s ‘phenomenal powers view’ response to this difficulty, before defending a form of the ‘consciousness+’ (...)
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  18.  87
    Towards a Unitary Case for Russellian Panpsychism.Luca Dondoni - 2021 - Philosophia 2021:1-22.
    One of the most pressing challenges that occupy the Russellian panpsychist’s agenda is to come up with a way to reconcile the traditional argument from categorical properties (Seager, 2006; Alter & Nagasawa, 2015) with H. H. Mørch’s dispositionalism-friendly argument from the experience of causation (2014, 2018, 2020) — on the way to a unitary, all-encompassing case for the view. In this regard, Mørch claims that, via the commitment to the Identity theory of properties, one can consistently hold both panpsychist arguments (...)
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  19.  37
    The Role of Mental Powers in Panpsychism.Fabian Klinge - 2020 - Topoi 39 (5):1103-1112.
    Constitutive Russellian panpsychism seems to combine the strengths of its rivals, physicalism and dualism, while avoiding their weaknesses: by acknowledging the irreducibility of phenomenal properties yet grounding macro- in microphenomenality, the view can avoid both anti-physicalist arguments and the causal exclusion problem for dualism. However, two severe objections have been raised: the combination problem for phenomenal constitution, and the structural exclusion problem for the position’s account of microphenomenal causation. It is currently hotly debated whether the combination problem can be overcome. (...)
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  20.  20
    Algumas notas sobre “realismo” e “ultrarealismo” em Sartre.Alexandre de Oliveira Torres Carrasco - 2006 - Doispontos 3 (2).
    This paper int e nds to re s e a rch the possibility of thinking the several elements of Sartre’s works according to one axe named “realism”. It is important to explain what “realism” means here. Not intending find out a definitive definit ion of “realism”, he re “realism” means the struc t u ral tre nd of west letters towards “representing the reality”. Otherwise, the main objective of this paper is not de f i n i ng strictly the (...)
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  21.  8
    Granularity as a Parameter of Context.Hedda R. Schmidtke - 2005 - In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 450--463.
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  22. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  23.  73
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  24.  54
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  25.  45
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  26. Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  27. H. M. Hyndman: A Rereading and a Reassessment.M. Bevir - 1991 - History of Political Thought 12 (1):125.
  28. Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca M. Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia De Fazio, Adele Bono, Saverio Ruberti & Maurizio Tirassa - 2009 - Cogprints 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others. We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (...)
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  29. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  30.  51
    G. M. A. Richter: Catalogue of Greek and Roman Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. Pp. 77; 27 Plates. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press , 1956. Cloth, 40s. Net. [REVIEW]J. M. C. Toynbee - 1957 - The Classical Review 7 (3-4):272-273.
  31.  51
    G. M. A. Richter: Greek Portraits, Ii: To What Extent Were They Faithful Likenesses. Pp. 47; 16 Half-Tone Plates. Brussels: Latomus, 1959. Paper, 100 B. Fr. [REVIEW]J. M. C. Toynbee - 1961 - The Classical Review 11 (3):310-311.
  32.  33
    G. M. A. Richter: Greek Portraits, Ii: To What Extent Were They Faithful Likenesses. Pp. 47; 16 Half-Tone Plates. Brussels: Latomus, 1959. Paper, 100 B. Fr. [REVIEW]J. M. C. Toynbee - 1961 - The Classical Review 11 (1):92-93.
  33. The Moral Magic of Consent: Heidi M. Hurd.Heidi M. Hurd - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (2):121-146.
    We regularly wield powers that, upon close scrutiny, appear remarkably magical. By sheer exercise of will, we bring into existence things that have never existed before. With but a nod, we effect the disappearance of things that have long served as barriers to the actions of others. And, by mere resolve, we generate things that pose significant obstacles to others' exercise of liberty. What is the nature of these things that we create and destroy by our mere decision to do (...)
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  34. Measuring the Consequences of Rules: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):413-433.
    Recently two distinct forms of rule-utilitarianism have been introduced that differ on how to measure the consequences of rules. Brad Hooker advocates fixed-rate rule-utilitarianism, while Michael Ridge advocates variable-rate rule-utilitarianism. I argue that both of these are inferior to a new proposal, optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism. According to optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism, an ideal code is the code whose optimum acceptance level is no lower than that of any alternative code. I then argue that all three forms of rule-utilitarianism fall prey to two fatal (...)
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  35.  33
    I–T. M. Scanlon.T. M. Scanlon - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):301-317.
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  36.  63
    ‘Saints and Heroes’: Elizabeth M. Pybus.Elizabeth M. Pybus - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (220):193-199.
    In his article ‘Saints and Heroes’, Urmson argues that traditional moral theories allow at most for a threefold classification of actions in terms of their worth, and that they are therefore unsatisfactory. Since the conclusion of his argument has led to the widespread use of the term ‘acts of supererogation’, and since I do not believe that such acts exist, I propose to argue that the actions with which he is concerned not only can, but should, be contained within the (...)
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  37.  25
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  38.  37
    M.G. Flaherty, A Watched Pot: How We Experience Time. [REVIEW]M. Holmer Nadesan - 2002 - Human Studies 25 (2):257-265.
  39.  6
    Bezem, M., see Barendsen, E.G. M. Bierman, M. DZamonja, S. Shelah, S. Feferman, G. Jiiger, M. A. Jahn, S. Lempp, Sui Yuefei, S. D. Leonhardi & D. Macpherson - 1996 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 79 (1):317.
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  40.  34
    A. M. Mayer's Experiments with Floating Magnets and Their Use in the Atomic Theories of Matter.H. A. M. Snelders - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (1):67-80.
    In the years 1878 and 1879 the American physicist Alfred Marshall Mayer published his experiments with floating magnets as a didactic illustration of molecular actions and forms. A number of physicists made use of this analogy of molecular structure. For William Thomson they were a mechanical illustration of the kinetic equilibrium of groups of columnar vortices revolving in circles round their common centre of gravity . A number of modifications of Mayer's experiments were described, which gave configurations which were more (...)
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  41.  20
    How to Combine Hermeneutics and Wide Reflective Equilibrium?: A Comment on M. Ebbesen and B. Pedersen, How to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles by Use of Empirical Investigations Within Biomedicine.Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):49-52.
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  42.  35
    I–Frances M. Kamm.Frances M. Kamm - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):21-39.
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  43.  5
    Hedda Gabler and the Uses of Beauty.Tom Stern - 2018 - In Kristin Gjesdal (ed.), Ibsen's Hedda Gabler: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 71-91.
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  44.  42
    M. Peterson, The Dimensions of Consequentialism: Ethics, Equality and Risk, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 217 Pp., GBP 55.00/ Euro 90.00 , ISBN 9781107033030. [REVIEW]Ralf M. Bader - 2014 - Dialectica 68 (4):620-625.
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  45.  3
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Academica.M. Warren & James S. Reid - 1885 - American Journal of Philology 6 (3):355.
  46. R. M. Adams’s Theodicy of Grace.Richard M. Gale - 1998 - Philo 1 (1):36-44.
    R. M. Adams’s essay, “Must God Create the Best?” can be interpreted as offering a theodicy for God’s creating morally less perfect beings than he could have created. By creating these morally less perfect beings, God is bestowing grace upon them, which is an unmerited or undeserved benefit. He does so, however, in advance of the free moral misdeeds that render them undeserving. This requires that God have middle knowledge, pace Adams’s version of the Free Will Theodicy, of what would (...)
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  47. Examples in Epistemology: Socrates, Theaetetus and G. E. Moore: M. F. Burnyeat.M. F. Burnyeat - 1977 - Philosophy 52:381.
    Theaetetus, asked what knowledge is, replies that geometry and the other mathematical disciplines are knowledge, and so are crafts like cobbling. Socrates points out that it does not help him to be told how many kinds of knowledge there are when his problem is to know what knowledge itself is, what it means to call geometry or a craft knowledge in the first place—he insists on the generality of his question in the way he often does when his interlocutor, asked (...)
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  48.  31
    J. M. H. Fritz, Professional Civility: Communicative Virtue at Work: Peter Lang, New York, 2013, XIV, 273 Pp, ISBN 978-1-4331-1985-9 Hb. [REVIEW]Annette M. Holba - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):645-649.
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  49.  8
    S + T + M = E as a Convergent Model for the Nature of STEM.Candice M. Quinn, Joshua W. Reid & Grant E. Gardner - 2020 - Science & Education 29 (4):881-898.
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  50.  17
    The Sophists. By M. Untersteiner. Translated From the Italian by K. Freeman. Pp. Xvi + 368. Oxford: Blackwell, 1954. 31s. 6d. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd, M. Untersteiner & K. Freeman - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:166-167.
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