Results for 'Heidi L. Styrk'

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  1.  18
    Children’s Speech-Drawing: External Manifestations of Critical and Creative Thinking.Julia M. Matuga & Heidi L. Styrk - 2005 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 24 (4):29-35.
    Vygotsky (1997) coined the term speech-drawing to describe what he saw as the most significant moment in intellectual development, the moment when two psychological tools intersect each other. This paper resurrects the utilization of speech-drawing as a methodological tool to investigate children’s thinking. Specifically, this paper will examine children’s drawings of make-believe houses and the private speech, or spontaneous self-directed speech, children produccd while drawing. These instances of speech-drawing will be utilized to illuminate critical and creative thinking from a Vygotskian (...)
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  2. What Can Philosophers Learn From Psychopathy?Heidi L. Maibom - 2018 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 14 (1):63-78.
    Many spectacular claims about psychopaths are circulated. This contribution aims at providing the reader with the more complex reality of the phenomenon (or phenomena), and to point to issues of particular interest to philosophers working in moral psychology and moral theory. I first discuss the current evidence regarding psychopaths’ deficient empathy and decision-making skills. I then explore what difference it makes to our thinking whether we regard their deficit dimensionally (as involving abilities that are on or off) and whether we (...)
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  3. The Mad, the Bad, and the Psychopath.Heidi L. Maibom - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (3):167-184.
    It is common for philosophers to argue that psychopaths are not morally responsible because they lack some of the essential capacities for morality. In legal terms, they are criminally insane. Typically, however, the insanity defense is not available to psychopaths. The primary reason is that they appear to have the knowledge and understanding required under the M’Naghten Rules. However, it has been argued that what is required for moral and legal responsibility is ‘deep’ moral understanding, something that psychopaths do not (...)
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  4. Empathy and Morality.Heidi L. Maibom (ed.) - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    This volume contains twelve original papers about the importance of empathy and sympathy to morality, with perspectives from philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, anthropology, and neuroscience.
     
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  5. The Descent of Shame.Heidi L. Maibom - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (3):566 - 594.
    Shame is a painful emotion concerned with failure to live up to certain standards, norms, or ideals. The subject feels that she falls in the regard of others; she feels watched and exposed. As a result, she feels bad about the person that she is. The most popular view of shame is that someone only feels ashamed if she fails to live up to standards, norms, or ideals that she, herself, accepts. In this paper, I provide support for a different (...)
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  6.  14
    Moral Unreason: The Case of Psychopathy.Heidi L. Maibom - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (2):237-257.
    : Psychopaths are renowned for their immoral behavior. They are ideal candidates for testing the empirical plausibility of moral theories. Many think the source of their immorality is their emotional deficits. Psychopaths experience no guilt or remorse, feel no empathy, and appear to be perfectly rational. If this is true, sentimentalism is supported over rationalism. Here, I examine the nature of psychopathic practical reason and argue that it is impaired. The relevance to morality is discussed. I conclude that rationalists can (...)
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  7. Social Systems.Heidi L. Maibom - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):557 – 578.
    It used to be thought that folk psychology is the only game in town. Focusing merely on what people do will not allow you to predict what they are likely to do next. For that, you must consider their beliefs, desires, intentions, etc. Recent evidence from developmental psychology and fMRI studies indicates that this conclusion was premature. We parse motion in an environment as behavior of a particular type, and behavior thus construed can feature in systematizations that we know. Building (...)
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  8.  73
    To Treat a Psychopath.Heidi L. Maibom - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):31-42.
    Some people are now quite optimistic about the possibility of treating psychopathy with drugs that directly modulate brain function. I argue that this optimism is misplaced. Psychopathy is a global disorder in an individual’s worldview, including his social and moral outlook. Because of the unity of this Weltanschauung, it is unlikely to be treatable in a piecemeal fashion. Recent neuroscientific methods do not give us much hope that we can replace, in a wholesale manner, problematic views of the world with (...)
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  9.  25
    The Descent of Shame1.Heidi L. Maibom - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (3):566-594.
    Shame is a painful emotion concerned with failure to live up to certain standards, norms, or ideals. The subject feels that she falls in the regard of others; she feels watched and exposed. As a result, she feels bad about the person that she is. The most popular view of shame is that someone only feels ashamed if she fails to live up to standards, norms, or ideals that she, herself, accepts. In this paper, I provide support for a different (...)
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  10. Feeling for Others: Empathy, Sympathy, and Morality.Heidi L. Maibom - 2009 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (5):483-499.
    An increasingly popular suggestion is that empathy and/or sympathy plays a foundational role in understanding harm norms and being motivated by them. In this paper, I argue these emotions play a rather more moderate role in harms norms than we are often led to believe. Evidence from people with frontal lobe damage suggests that neither empathy, nor sympathy is necessary for the understanding of such norms. Furthermore, people's understanding of why it is wrong to harm varies and is by no (...)
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  11.  11
    Sans Goût : L'Art Et le Psychopathe.Heidi L. Maibom, James Harold & Jean-Claude Hugon - 2010 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 6 (2):151.
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  12.  22
    Psychopathy.Heidi L. Maibom - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
  13. Rationalism, Emotivism, and the Psychopath.Heidi L. Maibom - 2010 - In Luca Malatesti & John McMillan (eds.), Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
  14. Imagining Others.Heidi L. Maibom - 2010 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 5 (1):34-49.
    It is often argued that the ability to imagine what others think and feel is central to moral functioning. In this paper, I consider to what extent this is true. I argue that neither the ability to think of others as having representational mental states, nor the ability to imagine being in their position, is necessary for moral understanding or moral motivation. I go on to argue that the area in which thinking about others’ thoughts and feelings appears to play (...)
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  15. Imagining Others.Heidi L. Maibom - 2010 - Les Ateliers de L’Ethique 5 (1):34-49.
    It is often argued that the ability to imagine what others think and feel is central to moral func- tioning. In this paper, I consider to what extent this is true. I argue that neither the ability to think of others as having representational mental states, nor the ability to imagine being in their position, is necessary for moral understanding or moral motivation. I go on to argue that the area in which thinking about others’ thoughts and feelings appears to (...)
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  16.  13
    More Examples of Chimpanzees Teaching.Matthew H. Scheel, Heidi L. Shaw & R. Allen Gardner - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  17.  36
    Taking Sides: Ethics, Politics, and Fieldwork in Anthropology.Heidi Armbruster & Anna Lærke (eds.) - 2008 - Berghahn Books.
    This volume, written by a new generation of scholars engaged with contemporary global movements for social justice and peace, reflects their efforts in trying ...
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  18.  13
    " But Why Must Readers Be Made to Feel....": Repulsing Readerly Sympathy for Ethical Ends in the Victorian Realist Novel. [REVIEW]Heidi L. Pennington - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 7 (19):33-47.
    In this article, I investigate the ethical potential of Victorian literature that markedly discourages readerly sympathy with the protagonists. Generating sympathy for fictional characters was, and often still is, considered to be the primary way in which the novel promotes ethical thoughts, feelings, and behavior in readers. For this reason, the ethical prospects of novels that fail or refuse to make their main characters appealing and instead inspire aversion in readers have received very little critical attention. Taking an unpopular novel (...)
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  19.  14
    “But Why Must Readers Be Made to Feel....”: Repulsing Readerly Sympathy for Ethical Ends in the Victorian Realist Novel.Heidi L. Pennington - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 8 (19):33-47.
    In this article, I investigate the ethical potential of Victorian literature that markedly discourages readerly sympathy with the protagonists. Generating sympathy for fictional characters was, and often still is, considered to be the primary way in which the novel promotes ethical thoughts, feelings, and behavior in readers. For this reason, the ethical prospects of novels that fail or refuse to make their main characters appealing and instead inspire aversion in readers have received very little critical attention. Taking an unpopular novel (...)
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  20.  17
    Bagnoli, Carla, Ed. Morality and the Emotions.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. 304. $65.00.Heidi L. Maibom - 2014 - Ethics 124 (2):384-388.
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  21.  25
    Compassionate Moral Realism, by Colin Marshall.Heidi L. Maibom - 2020 - Mind 129 (514):631-631.
    Compassionate Moral Realism, by MarshallColin. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 265 + xi.
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  22. David E. Ohreen, The Scope and Limits of Folk Psychology: A Socio-Linguistic Approach Reviewed By.Heidi L. Maibom - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (4):288-290.
     
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  23.  6
    Empathy and Emotion Regulation.Heidi L. Maibom - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (2):149-163.
    In this paper, I evaluate one of the most prominent accounts of how emotion regulation features in empathy. According to this account, by Nancy Eisenberg and colleagues, empathy develops into either personal distress or sympathy depending on the ability to regulate one’s empathic distress. I argue that recent evidence suggests that empathic distress and sympathy co-occur throughout the empathic episode, that a certain degree of empathic distress may be necessary for prosocial motivation, as high emotion regulation leads to loss of (...)
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  24.  16
    Review: Carla Bagnoli, Ed., Morality and the Emotions. [REVIEW]Heidi L. Maibom - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
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  25. The Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy.Heidi L. Maibom (ed.) - 2017
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  26.  25
    Empathy is Not a Thermometer.Kyle Furlane & Heidi L. Maibom - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):861-866.
    We raise two objections to Slote’s article. First, empathy cannot provide information about the world in the direct way Slote proposes. Emotional contagion might be able to do so, but this type of process is different from the empathic one. Second, even if we accept his view of empathy, his claim that we make moral judgments via empathizing with the ‘warmth’ or ‘coldness’ of the actor seems misguided because, we usually empathize with the patient, and we empathize with emotions, not (...)
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  27.  12
    Review: Carla Bagnoli, Ed., Morality and the Emotions. [REVIEW]Review by: Heidi L. Maibom - 2014 - Ethics 124 (2):384-388,.
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  28.  20
    A Critical Response to Heidi C. Giannini.L. Philip Barnes - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (4):784-792.
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  29.  40
    Morally Managing Medical Mistakes.Martin L. Smith & Heidi P. Forster - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (1):38-53.
    Mistakes and errors happen in most spheres of human life and activity, including in medicine. A mistake can be as simple and benign as the collection of an extra and unnecessary urine sample. Or a mistake can cause serious but reversible harm, such as an overdose of insulin in a patient with diabetes, resulting in hypoglycemia, seizures, and coma. Or a mistake can result in serious and permanent damage for the patient, such as the failure to consider epiglottitis in an (...)
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  30.  13
    Reframing Medicine’s Publics: The Local as a Public of Vaccine Refusal.Heidi Y. Lawrence, Bernice L. Hausman & Clare J. Dannenberg - 2014 - Journal of Medical Humanities 35 (2):111-129.
    Although medical and public health practitioners aim for high rates of vaccination, parent vaccination concerns confound doctors and complicate doctor-patient interactions. Medical and public health researchers have studied and attempted to counter antivaccination sentiments, but recommended approaches to dispel vaccination concerns have failed to produce long-lasting effects. We use observations made during a small study in a rural area in a southeastern state to demonstrate how a shift away from analyzing vaccination skepticism as a national issue with a global remedy (...)
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  31.  1
    The Significance of Race and Gender in School Success Among Latinas and Latinos in College.Jennifer L. Pierce & Heidi Lasley Barajas - 2001 - Gender and Society 15 (6):859-878.
    This article considers how race and gender shape latina and Latino paths to school success in college. A purposive sample of successful high school and college students was selected. Through interviews, fieldwork, and school records, the researchers find that Latinas navigate successfully through negative stereotypes by maintaining positive definitions of themselves and by emphasizing their group membership as Latina. Young Latino men also see themselves as part of a larger cultural group but tend to have less positive racial and ethnic (...)
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  32.  16
    Cortical Tracking of Constituent Structure in Language Acquisition.Heidi Getz, Nai Ding, Elissa L. Newport & David Poeppel - 2018 - Cognition 181:135-140.
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  33. Recognition, Responsibility, and Rights: Feminist Ethics and Social Theory.Heidi Grasswick, Cressida J. Heyes, Cheryl L. Hughes, Alison M. Jaggar, Marìa Pìa Lara, Bonnie Mann, Norah Martin, Diana Tietjens Meyers, Kate Parsons, Misha Strauss, Margaret Urban Walker, Abby Wilkerson & IrisMarion Young - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection of papers by prominent feminist thinkers advances the positive feminist project of remapping the moral by developing theory that acknowledges the diversity of women.
     
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  34.  5
    Agreement With Conjoined NPs Reflects Language Experience.Heidi Lorimor, Nora C. Adams & Erica L. Middleton - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35.  6
    Narrating Transgressions in Longwood: The Discourses, Meanings, and Paradoxes of an American Socializing Practice.Peggy J. Miller, Todd L. Sandel, Chung-Hui Liang & Heidi Fung - 2001 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 29 (2):159-186.
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  36.  23
    Narrating Transgressions in Longwood: The Discourses, Meanings, and Paradoxes of an American Socializing Practice.Peggy J. Miller, Todd L. Sandel, Chung-Hui Liang & Heidi Fung - 2001 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 29 (2):159-186.
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  37.  1
    International Consensus Based Review and Recommendations for Minimum Reporting Standards in Research on Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation.Adam D. Farmer, Adam Strzelczyk, Alessandra Finisguerra, Alexander V. Gourine, Alireza Gharabaghi, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas M. Burger, Andrés M. Jaramillo, Ann Mertens, Arshad Majid, Bart Verkuil, Bashar W. Badran, Carlos Ventura-Bort, Charly Gaul, Christian Beste, Christopher M. Warren, Daniel S. Quintana, Dorothea Hämmerer, Elena Freri, Eleni Frangos, Eleonora Tobaldini, Eugenijus Kaniusas, Felix Rosenow, Fioravante Capone, Fivos Panetsos, Gareth L. Ackland, Gaurav Kaithwas, Georgia H. O'Leary, Hannah Genheimer, Heidi I. L. Jacobs, Ilse Van Diest, Jean Schoenen, Jessica Redgrave, Jiliang Fang, Jim Deuchars, Jozsef C. Széles, Julian F. Thayer, Kaushik More, Kristl Vonck, Laura Steenbergen, Lauro C. Vianna, Lisa M. McTeague, Mareike Ludwig, Maria G. Veldhuizen, Marijke De Couck, Marina Casazza, Marius Keute, Marom Bikson, Marta Andreatta, Martina D'Agostini, Mathias Weymar, Matthew Betts, Matthias Prigge, Michael Kaess, Michael Roden, Michelle Thai, Nathaniel M. Schuster & Nico Montano - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Given its non-invasive nature, there is increasing interest in the use of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation across basic, translational and clinical research. Contemporaneously, tVNS can be achieved by stimulating either the auricular branch or the cervical bundle of the vagus nerve, referred to as transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation and transcutaneous cervical VNS, respectively. In order to advance the field in a systematic manner, studies using these technologies need to adequately report sufficient methodological detail to enable comparison of results between (...)
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  38.  1
    International Consensus Based Review and Recommendations for Minimum Reporting Standards in Research on Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation.Adam D. Farmer, Adam Strzelczyk, Alessandra Finisguerra, Alexander V. Gourine, Alireza Gharabaghi, Alkomiet Hasan, Andreas M. Burger, Andrés M. Jaramillo, Ann Mertens, Arshad Majid, Bart Verkuil, Bashar W. Badran, Carlos Ventura-Bort, Charly Gaul, Christian Beste, Christopher M. Warren, Daniel S. Quintana, Dorothea Hämmerer, Elena Freri, Eleni Frangos, Eleonora Tobaldini, Eugenijus Kaniusas, Felix Rosenow, Fioravante Capone, Fivos Panetsos, Gareth L. Ackland, Gaurav Kaithwas, Georgia H. O'Leary, Hannah Genheimer, Heidi I. L. Jacobs, Ilse Van Diest, Jean Schoenen, Jessica Redgrave, Jiliang Fang, Jim Deuchars, Jozsef C. Széles, Julian F. Thayer, Kaushik More, Kristl Vonck, Laura Steenbergen, Lauro C. Vianna, Lisa M. McTeague, Mareike Ludwig, Maria G. Veldhuizen, Marijke De Couck, Marina Casazza, Marius Keute, Marom Bikson, Marta Andreatta, Martina D'Agostini, Mathias Weymar, Matthew Betts, Matthias Prigge, Michael Kaess, Michael Roden, Michelle Thai, Nathaniel M. Schuster & Nico Montano - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Given its non-invasive nature, there is increasing interest in the use of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation across basic, translational and clinical research. Contemporaneously, tVNS can be achieved by stimulating either the auricular branch or the cervical bundle of the vagus nerve, referred to as transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation and transcutaneous cervical VNS, respectively. In order to advance the field in a systematic manner, studies using these technologies need to adequately report sufficient methodological detail to enable comparison of results between (...)
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  39.  9
    Clearing Up Some Misunderstandings: A Reply to L. Philip Barnes.Heidi Chamberlin Giannini - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (4):793-798.
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  40.  52
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Ronald Neufeldt, Michael H. Fisher, Alan Lowenschuss, R. Blake Michael, Jennifer B. Saunders, Will Sweetman, Jason D. Fuller, Christopher Key Chapple, M. Whitney Kelting, Heidi Pauwels, D. Dennis Hudson, Kate Romanoff, Thomas Forsthoefel, Sonya L. Jones, Frank J. Korom & Kathleen D. Morrison - 1999 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 3 (1):83-107.
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  41.  37
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Kate Brittlebank, Kathleen D. Morrison, Christopher Key Chapple, D. L. Johnson, Fritz Blackwell, Carl Olson, Chenchuramaiah T. Bathala, Gail Hinich Sutherland, Gail Hinich Sutherland, Ashley James Dawson, Nancy Auer Falk, Carl Olson, Dan Cozort, Karen Pechilis Prentiss, Tessa Bartholomeusz, Katharine Adeney, D. L. Johnson, Heidi Pauwels, Paul Waldau, Paul Waldau, C. Mackenzie Brown, David Kinsley, John E. Cort, Jonathan S. Walters, Christopher Key Chapple, Helene T. Russell, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Dermot Killingley, Dorothy M. Figueira & John S. Strong - 1998 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (1):117-156.
  42. The Moral Magic of Consent: Heidi M. Hurd.Heidi M. Hurd - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (2):121-146.
    We regularly wield powers that, upon close scrutiny, appear remarkably magical. By sheer exercise of will, we bring into existence things that have never existed before. With but a nod, we effect the disappearance of things that have long served as barriers to the actions of others. And, by mere resolve, we generate things that pose significant obstacles to others' exercise of liberty. What is the nature of these things that we create and destroy by our mere decision to do (...)
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  43.  54
    When is Negligent Inadvertence Culpable?: Introduction to Symposium, Negligence in Criminal Law and Morality.Kenneth W. Simons - 2011 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (2):97-114.
    Doug Husak suggests that sometimes an actor should be deemed reckless, and not merely negligent, with respect to the risks that she knowingly created but has forgotten at the moment of action. The validity of this conclusion, he points out, depends crucially on what it means to be aware of a risk. Husak’s neutral prompt and counterfactual actual belief criteria are problematic, however. More persuasive is his suggestion that we understand belief, in this moral and criminal law context, as a (...)
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  44.  17
    Heidi M. Hurd.Heidi M. Hurd - 2000 - Legal Theory 6 (4):423-455.
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  45.  24
    Serious Ethical Violations in Medicine: A Statistical and Ethical Analysis of 280 Cases in the United States From 2008–2016. [REVIEW]Heidi A. Walsh, Jessica Mozersky, John T. Chibnall, Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (1):16-34.
    Serious ethical violations in medicine, such as sexual abuse, criminal prescribing of opioids, and unnecessary surgeries, directly harm patients and undermine trust in the profession of medicine. We review the literature on violations in medicine and present an analysis of 280 cases. Nearly all cases involved repeated instances of intentional wrongdoing, by males in nonacademic medical settings, with oversight problems and a selfish motive such as financial gain or sex. More than half of cases involved a wrongdoer with a suspected (...)
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  46. Proper Names and Their Fictional Uses.Heidi Tiedke - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (4):707 - 726.
    Fictional names present unique challenges for semantic theories of proper names, challenges strong enough to warrant an account of names different from the standard treatment. The theory developed in this paper is motivated by a puzzle that depends on four assumptions: our intuitive assessment of the truth values of certain sentences, the most straightforward treatment of their syntactic structure, semantic compositionality, and metaphysical scruples strong enough to rule out fictional entities, at least. It is shown that these four assumptions, taken (...)
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  47.  21
    The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems.Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Value theory : the nature of the good life -- Epicurus letter to Menoeceus -- John Stuart Mill, Hedonism -- Aldous Huxley, Brave new world -- Robert Nozick, The experience machine -- Richard Taylor, The meaning of life -- Jean Kazez, Necessities -- Normative ethics : theories of right conduct -- J.J.C. Smart, Eextreme and restricted utilitarianism -- Immanuel Kant the good will & the categorical imperative -- Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan -- Philippa Foot, Natural goodness -- Aristotle, Nicomachean (...)
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  48.  9
    The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy.Heidi Maibom (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Empathy plays a central role in the history and contemporary study of ethics, interpersonal understanding, and the emotions, yet until now has been relatively underexplored. _The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy_ is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting field and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the _Handbook_ is divided into six parts: Core issues History of empathy Empathy and understanding (...)
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  49. Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge.Heidi Grasswick - 2011 - Springer.
  50. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
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