Results for 'Hein Berg'

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Hein Van Den Berg
University of Amsterdam
  1.  49
    Kant's Conception of Proper Science.Hein Berg - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):7-26.
    Kant is well known for his restrictive conception of proper science. In the present paper I will try to explain why Kant adopted this conception. I will identify three core conditions which Kant thinks a proper science must satisfy: systematicity, objective grounding, and apodictic certainty. These conditions conform to conditions codified in the Classical Model of Science. Kant’s infamous claim that any proper natural science must be mathematical should be understood on the basis of these conditions. In order to substantiate (...)
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  2.  21
    Precis of Jonathan Berg, Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief.Jonathan Berg - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):7-17.
    In Direct Belief I argue for the Theory of Direct Belief, which treats having a belief about an individual as an unmediated relation between the believer and the individual the belief is about. After a critical review of alternative positions, I use Grice’s theory of conversational implicature to provide a detailed pragmatic account of substitution failure in belief ascriptions and go on to defend this view against objections, including those based on an unwarranted “Inner Speech” Picture of Thought. The work (...)
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  3.  12
    Jan Berg: Die theoretische Philosophie Kants. Unter Berücksichtigung der Grundbegriffe seiner Ethik.Edgar Morscher & Jan Berg - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):105-112.
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  4. Theory of Science. Edited, with an Introd., by Jan Berg. Translated From the German by Burnham Terrell. --.Bernard Bolzano & Jan Berg - 1973 - Holland, D. Reidel.
     
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  5.  6
    Hein van den Berg. Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus Postumum. Dordrecht: Springer, 2015. Pp. 283. $129.00 ; $99.00. [REVIEW]Andrea Gambarotto - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):364-367.
  6.  64
    Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief.Jonathan Berg - 2012 - De Gruyter Mouton.
    Jonathan Berg argues for the Theory of Direct Belief, which treats having a belief about an individual as an unmediated relation between the believer and the individual the belief is about. After a critical review of alternative positions, Berg uses Grice's theory of conversational implicature to provide a detailed pragmatic account of substitution failure in belief ascriptions and goes on to defend this view against objections, including those based on an unwarranted "Inner Speech" Picture of Thought. The work (...)
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  7.  17
    Public Art: Thinking Museums Differently.Hilde Hein - 2006 - Altamira Press.
    By considering the museum itself as art, rather than as a receptacle, Hein's Public Art: Thinking Museums Differently argues for an improved understanding of the role museums play in shaping public discourse.
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  8.  39
    Eros and the Intoxications of Enlightenment: On Plato's Symposium.Steven Berg - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
    Author Steven Berg offers an interpretation of this dialogue wherein all the speakers at the banquetwith the exception of Socratesnot only offer their views on ...
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  9.  88
    Holism: A Consumer Update.Jonathan Berg (ed.) - 1993 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    Contents: Preface. Johannes BRANDL: Semantic Holism Is Here To Stay. Michael DEVITT: A Critique of the Case for Semantic Holism. Georges REY: The Unavailability of What We Mean: A Reply to Quine, Fodor and LePore. Joseph LEVINE: Intentional Chemistry. Louise ANTHONY: Conceptual Connection and the Observation/Theory Distinction. Gilbert HARMAN: Meaning Holism Defended. Kirk A. LUDWIG: Is Content Holism Incoherent? Anne BEZUIDENHOUT: The Impossibility of Punctate Mental Representations. Takashi YAGISAWA: The Cost of Meaning Solipsism. Alberto PERUZZI: Holism: The Polarized Spectrum. Jonathan (...)
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  10. Philosophy for Aliens: Discovering the Philosophical Black Hole.Geoffrey Berg - 2013 - Intellect Publishing.
    Geoffrey Berg finds a previously undiscovered 'black hole' at the very core of Philosophy. This must cause extensive 'universal uncertainty' that is insurmountable by any human or any intelligence.This book strips away common human delusions about 'goodness', God and the ultimate knowability of the Universe. It focuses on the logical limitations to knowledge for humans, aliens and even artificial intelligences.The book is original and radical, yet entirely logical in its approach. It presents and justifies in quite simple language an (...)
     
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  11.  19
    Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus Postumum.Hein van den Berg - 2014 - Springer Science + Business Media.
    Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus postumum Hein van den Berg. Parts of Chap. 2 have been previously published in Hein van den Berg (2011), “ Kant's Conception of Proper Science.” Synthese 183 (1): 7–26. Parts of Chap.
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  12.  12
    Surrogate Decision Making in the Internet Age.Jessica Berg - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (10):28-33.
    The computer revolution has had an enormous effect on all aspects of the practice of medicine, yet little thought has been given to the role of social media in identifying treatment choices for incompetent patients. We are currently living in the ?Internet age? and many people have integrated social media into all aspects of their lives. As use becomes more prevalent, and as users age, social media are more likely to be viewed as a source of information regarding medical care (...)
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  13.  47
    Informed Consent Instead of Assent is Appropriate in Children From the Age of Twelve: Policy Implications of New Findings on Children’s Competence to Consent to Clinical Research.Irma M. Hein, Martine C. De Vries, Pieter W. Troost, Gerben Meynen, Johannes B. Van Goudoever & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundFor many decades, the debate on children’s competence to give informed consent in medical settings concentrated on ethical and legal aspects, with little empirical underpinnings. Recently, data from empirical research became available to advance the discussion. It was shown that children’s competence to consent to clinical research could be accurately assessed by the modified MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research. Age limits for children to be deemed competent to decide on research participation have been studied: generally children of 11.2 (...)
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  14.  16
    Why is It Hard to Make Progress in Assessing Children’s Decision-Making Competence?Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Alice Broersma, Martine C. De Vries, Joost G. Daams & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1.
    For decades, the discussion on children’s competence to consent to medical issues has concentrated around normative concerns, with little progress in clinical practices. Decision-making competence is an important condition in the informed consent model. In pediatrics, clinicians need to strike a proper balance in order to both protect children’s interests when they are not fully able to do so themselves and to respect their autonomy when they are. Children’s competence to consent, however, is currently not assessed in a standardized way. (...)
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  15. Divine Passions: The Social Construction of Emotions in India.Norvin Hein & Owen M. Lynch - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):592.
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  16.  20
    The Consistency and Ecological Rationality Approaches to Normative Bounded Rationality.Nathan Berg - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (4):375-395.
    This paper focuses on tacit versus explicit uses of plural performance metrics as a primary methodological characteristic. This characteristic usefully distinguishes two schools of normative analysis and their approaches to normative interpretations of bounded rationality. Both schools of thought make normative claims about bounded rationality by comparing the performance of decision procedures using more than one performance metric. The consistency school makes tacit reference to performance metrics outside its primary axiomatic framework, but lexicographically promotes internal axiomatic consistency as the primary, (...)
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  17. Human Brain Cells in Animal Brains: Philosophical and Moral Considerations.Rev Thomas Berg - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (1):89-107.
     
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  18.  8
    Key Factors in Children’s Competence to Consent to Clinical Research.Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Robert Lindeboom, Marc A. Benninga, C. M. Zwaan, Johannes B. Van Goudoever & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):74.
    Although law is established on a strong presumption that persons younger than a certain age are not competent to consent, statutory age limits for asking children’s consent to clinical research differ widely internationally. From a clinical perspective, competence is assumed to involve many factors including the developmental stage, the influence of parents and peers, and life experience. We examined potential determining factors for children’s competence to consent to clinical research and to what extent they explain the variation in competence judgments.
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  19.  3
    Strategies for Handling Ethical Problems in End of Life Care: Obstacles and Possibilities.A. Rejno & L. Berg - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (7):778-789.
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  20.  22
    Facts and Values in Psychotherapy-A Critique of the Empirical Reduction of Psychotherapy Within Evidence-Based Practice.Henrik Berg & Rasmus Slaattelid - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1075-1080.
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  21.  95
    Abortion and Miscarriage.Amy Berg - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1217-1226.
    Opponents of abortion sometimes hold that it is impermissible because fetuses are persons from the moment of conception. But miscarriage, which ends up to 89 % of pregnancies, is much deadlier than abortion. That means that if opponents of abortion are right, then miscarriage is the biggest public-health crisis of our time. Yet they pay hardly any attention to miscarriage, especially very early miscarriage. Attempts to resolve this inconsistency by adverting to the distinction between killing and letting die or to (...)
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  22.  3
    Using Children's Voice to Optimize Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making.Petronella Grootens-Wiegers, Irma Hein & Mira Staphorst - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):14-16.
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  23.  7
    Intentions and Values in Animal Welfare Legislation and Standards.Frida Lundmark, C. Berg, O. Schmid, D. Behdadi & H. Röcklinsberg - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):991-1017.
    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and values are described that were expressed in 14 animal welfare legislation and standards in four European countries; Sweden, United Kingdom, Germany and Spain. It is also discussed if the legislation and standards actually accomplish what they, in (...)
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  24.  50
    The Family Covenant and Genetic Testing.David J. Doukas & Jessica W. Berg - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):2 – 10.
    The physician-patient relationship has changed over the last several decades, requiring a systematic reevaluation of the competing demands of patients, physicians, and families. In the era of genetic testing, using a model of patient care known as the family covenant may prove effective in accounting for these demands. The family covenant articulates the roles of the physician, patient, and the family prior to genetic testing, as the participants consensually define them. The initial agreement defines the boundaries of autonomy and benefit (...)
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  25. Control of Epithelial Cell Structure and Developmental Fate: Lessons From Helicobacter Pylori.Hitomi Mimuro, Douglas E. Berg & Chihiro Sasakawa - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (6):515-520.
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  26.  12
    Kate Greasley, Arguments About Abortion: Personhood, Morality, and Law. [REVIEW]Amy Berg - 2018 - Ethics 128 (4):814-818.
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  27.  4
    Questions of Athletic Excellence and Justice in Sport.Adam Berg - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (3):292-303.
    This essay delineates and analyzes two kinds of questions that sport ethicists tend to ask: questions about athletic excellence and questions about justice. To pass ethical judgements when delving into questions concerning athletic excellence, sportspeople rely largely on a sport’s internal values, primary skills, or sport-specific athletic excellences. In contrast, questions about justice do not and should not include the reference or application of principles derived from the nature of a sport. Instead, sportspeople must refer to general theories, most often (...)
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  28.  18
    How Epigenetic Mutations Can Affect Genetic Evolution: Model and Mechanism.Filippos D. Klironomos, Johannes Berg & Sinéad Collins - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):571-578.
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  29. Reflections on Asilomar 2 at Asilomar 3: Twenty-Five Years Later.Paul Berg - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (2):183-185.
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  30.  85
    On Defining Disposition Predicates.Jan Berg - 1954 - Analysis 15 (4):85-89.
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  31.  17
    Solidaroty and Equity : New Ethical Frameworks for Genetic Databases.Ruth Chadwick & Kåre Berg - 2001 - .
    Genetic database initiatives have given rise to considerable debate about their potential harms and benefits. The question arises as to whether existing ethical frameworks are sufficient to mediate between the competing interests at stake. One approach is to strengthen mechanisms for obtaining informed consent and for protecting confidentiality. However, there is increasing interest in other ethical frameworks, involving solidarity — participation in research for the common good — and the sharing of the benefits of research.
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  32.  23
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-549.
    The protection of human subjects in biomedical research relies on two principal mechanisms: assessing and comparing the risks and potential benefits of proposed research, and obtaining potential subjects' informed consent. While these have been discussed extensively in the literature, no attention has been paid to whether the processes should be different when the objective of an experimental biomedical intervention is to improve individual appearance, performance, or capability rather than to prevent, cure, or mitigate disease . This essay examines this question (...)
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  33.  19
    Addressing Global Health Governance Challenges Through a New Mechanism: The Proposal for a Committee C of the World Health Assembly.Ilona Kickbusch, Wolfgang Hein & Gaudenz Silberschmidt - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):550-563.
    The field of global health has reached a critical juncture, where both its visibility and the complexity of its challenges are unprecedented. The World Health Organization, as the only global health actor possessing both democratic and formal legal legitimacy, is best positioned to capitalize on this new, precarious situation in public health and respond with the governance innovation that is needed to bring the increasingly chaotic network of activities and entities affecting health outcomes under the fold of a centralized, standard-setting (...)
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  34. What is Public Art?: Time, Place, and Meaning.Hilde Hein - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (1):1-7.
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  35.  12
    Ethical Problems: In the Face of Sudden and Unexpected Death.A. Rejno, L. Berg & E. Danielson - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (5):642-653.
    When people die suddenly and unexpectedly ethical issues often come to the fore. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of members of stroke teams in stroke units of ethical problems and how the teams manage the situation when caring for patients faced with sudden and unexpected death from stroke. Data were collected through four focus group interviews with 19 team members in stroke-unit teams, and analysed using interpretive content analysis. Three themes emerged from the analysis characterized by (...)
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  36.  74
    A Behavioral Analysis of Degree of Reinforcement and Ease of Shifting to New Responses in a Weigl-Type Card-Sorting Problem.David A. Grant & Esta Berg - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):404.
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  37. Addressing Global Health Governance Challenges Through a New Mechanism: The Proposal for a Committee C of the World Health Assembly.Ilona Kickbusch, Wolfgang Hein & Gaudenz Silberschmidt - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):550-563.
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  38. Writing in, Speaking Out: Communicating Qualitative Research Findings.Lawrence Berg & Juliana Mansvelt - 2000 - In Iain Hay (ed.), Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography. Oxford University Press.
  39.  63
    The Ethical Challenges of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing.Cheryl Berg & Kelly Fryer-Edwards - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):17 - 31.
    Genetic testing is currently subject to little oversight, despite the significant ethical issues involved. Repeated recommendations for increased regulation of the genetic testing market have led to little progress in the policy arena. A 2005 Internet search identified 13 websites offering health-related genetic testing for direct purchase by the consumer. Further examination of these sites showed that overall, biotech companies are not providing enough information for consumers to make well-informed decisions; they are not consistently offering genetic counseling services; and some (...)
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  40.  2
    Sample Size and the Detection of Correlation--A Signal Detection Account: Comment on Kareev and Juslin and Olsson.Richard B. Anderson, Michael E. Doherty, Neil D. Berg & Jeff C. Friedrich - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):268-279.
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  41.  3
    Apollo, Eros, and Epic Allusions in Empedocles, Frr. 134 And 29 DK.Jean-Claude Picot & William Berg - 2018 - American Journal of Philology 139 (3):365-396.
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  42.  11
    Emotion Regulation of Fear and Disgust: Differential Effects of Reappraisal and Suppression.Bunmi O. Olatunji, Hannah E. Berg & Zidong Zhao - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (2).
  43.  12
    Finding Wilderness Through Games.Adam Berg - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (1):137-151.
    In forms of physical recreation associated with ‘wilderness experiences’, such as backcountry hiking or mountain climbing, technology is omnipresent. As a result, some may wonder whether genuine wilderness experiences are possible. In this essay, I argue that wilderness experiences are possible and that they can be enhanced through games. That is, I contend there are often physically challenging aspects to wilderness experiences that certain games can help to promote. This analysis will stress the fact that Bernard Suits delineated two comparable (...)
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  44.  35
    Bolzano's Logic.Jan Berg - 1962 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  45.  71
    The Pragmatics of Substitutivity.Jonathan Berg - 1988 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):355 - 370.
  46.  12
    Democracy Under Uncertainty: The Wisdom of Crowds and the Free-Rider Problem in Group Decision Making.Tatsuya Kameda, Takafumi Tsukasaki, Reid Hastie & Nathan Berg - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):76-96.
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  47.  15
    Plato’s Bedroom: Ancient Wisdom and Modern Love.Steven Berg - 2017 - Ancient Philosophy 37 (2):456-462.
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  48. The Role of Personal Purpose and Personal Goals in Symbiotic Visions.Jodi L. Berg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  49.  9
    Universalizing Corporate Social Responsibility? South African Challenges to the International Organization for Standardization's New Social Responsibility Standard.Ralph Hamann, Tagbo Agbazue, Paul Kapelus & Anders Hein - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (1):1-19.
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  50.  22
    The Endurance of the Mechanism: Vitalism Controversy.Hilde Hein - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):159 - 188.
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