Results for 'Heinrich Lau'

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  1. The Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Jorge Morales & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 233-260.
    In this chapter, we discuss a selection of current views of the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). We focus on the different predictions they make, in particular with respect to the role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) during visual experiences, which is an area of critical interest and some source of contention. Our discussion of these views focuses on the level of functional anatomy, rather than at the neuronal circuitry level. We take this approach because we currently understand more about experimental (...)
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  2. Confucius: The Analects.D. C. Lau (ed.) - 2000 - Columbia University Press.
    A record of the words and teachings of Confucius, _The Analects_ is considered the most reliable expression of Confucian thought. However, the original meaning of Confucius's teachings have been filtered and interpreted by the commentaries of Confucianists of later ages, particularly the Neo-Confucianists of the Song dynasty, not altogether without distortion.In this monumental translation by Professor D. C. Lau, an attempt has been made to interpret the sayings as they stand. The corpus of the sayings is taken as an organic (...)
     
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  3.  81
    Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
  4. Raven Consciousness.Bernd Heinrich - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 47-52.
     
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  5. A Higher Order Bayesian Decision Theory of Consciousness.Hakwan Lau - 2008 - In Rahul Banerjee & B. K. Chakrabarti (eds.), Models of Brain and Mind: Physical, Computational, and Psychological Approaches. Elsevier.
    It is usually taken as given that consciousness involves superior or more elaborate forms of information processing. Contemporary models equate consciousness with global processing, system complexity, or depth or stability of computation. This is in stark contrast with the powerful philosophical intuition that being conscious is more than just having the ability to compute. I argue that it is also incompatible with current empirical findings. I present a model that is free from the strong assumption that consciousness predicts superior performance. (...)
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  6. Are We Studying Consciousness Yet?Hakwan Lau - 2008 - In Lawrence Weiskrantz & Martin Davies (eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. pp. 2008--245.
    It has been over a decade and half since Christof Koch and the late Francis Crick first advocated the now popular NCC project (Crick and Koch, 1990), in which one tries to find the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) for perceptual processes. In his chapter in this book Chris Frith provides a splendid review of how neuroimaging has contributed greatly to this project. For the sake of contrast, this chapter takes a more critical stance on what we have actually learned. (...)
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  7. Volition and the Function of Consciousness.Hakwan Lau - 2009 - Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):537-552.
    People have intuitively assumed that many acts of volition are not influenced by unconscious information. However, the available evidence suggests that under suitable conditions, unconscious information can influence behavior and the underlying neural mechanisms. One possibility is that stimuli that are consciously perceived tend to yield strong signals in the brain, and this makes us think that consciousness has the function of sending such strong signals. However, if we could create conditions where the stimuli could produce strong signals but not (...)
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  8. Externalism About Mental Content.Joe Lau - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Externalism with regard to mental content says that in order to have certain types of intentional mental states (e.g. beliefs), it is necessary to be related to the environment in the right way.
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  9.  42
    Direct Assessment of Qualia in a Blindsight Participant.Navindra Persaud & Hakwan Lau - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1046-1049.
    Experimenters generally infer whether participants have visual experiences based on metacognitive responses. We showed a well-studied blindsight participant, GY, several definitions of the term “qualia” and then questioned him about whether he felt or he experienced qualia in his normal and blind fields. We found, contrary to others who have used different methods for measuring qualia, that GY does not have qualia for stationary stimuli in his blind field. This novel method for directly assessing qualia embraces the idea that experiences (...)
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  10.  70
    Enfranchising Incompetents: Suretyship and the Joint Authorship of Laws.Robert E. Goodin & Joanne C. Lau - 2011 - Ratio 24 (2):154-166.
    Proposals to lower the age of voting, to 15 for example, are regularly met with worries that people that age are not sufficiently ‘competent’. Notice however that we allow people that age to sign binding legal contracts, provided that those contracts are co-signed by their parents. Notice, further, that in a democracy voters are collectively ‘joint authors’ of the laws that they enact. Enfranchising some less competent voters is no worry, the Condorcet Jury Theorem assures us, so long as the (...)
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  11. Teaching Engineering Ethics to First-Year College Students.Andrew Lau - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):359-368.
    One of the methods used at Penn State to teach engineering students about ethics is a one-credit First-Year Seminar entitled “How Good Engineers Solve Tough Problems.” Students meet in class once a week to understand ethical frameworks, develop ethical problem-solving skills, and to better understand the professional responsibilities of engineers. Emphasis is on the ubiquity of ethical problems in professional engineering. A learning objective is the development of moral imagination, similar to the development of technical imagination in engineering design courses. (...)
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  12. The Nature of Emotions: Comments on Martha Nussbaum's Upheavals of Thought.Joe Lau - 2007 - In Martha Craven Nussbaum, Joseph Chan, Jiwei Ci & Joe Lau (eds.), The Ethics and Politics of Compassion and Capabilities. Hong Kong: Faculty of Law, The University of Hong Kong.
    Nussbaum’s theory of the emotions draws heavily on the Stoic account. In her theory, emotions are a kind of value judgment or thought. This is in stark contrast to the well-known proposal from William James, who took emotions to be bodily feelings. There are various motivations for taking emotions as judgments. One main reason is that emotions are intentional mental states. They are always about something, directed at particular objects or state of affairs. For example, fear seems to involve the (...)
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  13. Dissociating Response Selection and Conflict in the Medial Frontal Surface.Hakwan Lau - manuscript
    aFunctional Imaging Laboratory, Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK bDepartment of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK cOxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, UK dDepartment of Psychiatry and Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Oxford, UK..
     
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  14.  94
    An Empirical Study of Software Piracy.Eric Kin Wai Lau - 2003 - Business Ethics 12 (3):233–245.
  15. Free Choice and the Human Brain.Richard E. Passingham & Hakwan C. Lau - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 53-72.
  16. The Problem of Introspection.Christopher D. Frith & Hakwan C. Lau - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):761-764.
  17.  81
    Is Banning Direct to Consumer Advertising of Prescription Medicine Justified Paternalism?Uvonne Lau - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):69-74.
    New Zealand is one of two OECD countries in the world where direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicine (DTCA-PM) is permitted. Increase in such activity in recent years has resulted in a disproportionate increase in dispensary volume of heavily advertised medicines. Concern for the potential harm to healthcare consumers and the public healthcare system has prompted the medical profession to call for a ban on DTCA-PM as the best way of protecting the public interest. Such blanket prohibition however also interferes with (...)
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  18.  19
    Logic (Key Concepts In Philosophy).L. Goldstein, A. Brennan, ME Deutsch & JYF Lau - unknown
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  19.  47
    Regulation Retrieval Using Industry Specific Taxonomies.Chin Pang Cheng, Gloria T. Lau, Kincho H. Law, Jiayi Pan & Albert Jones - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (3):277-303.
    Increasingly, taxonomies are being developed and used by industry practitioners to facilitate information interoperability and retrieval. Within a single industrial domain, there exist many taxonomies that are intended for different applications. Industry specific taxonomies often represent the vocabularies that are commonly used by the practitioners. Their jobs are multi-faceted, which include checking for code and regulatory compliance. As such, it will be very desirable if industry practitioners are able to easily locate and browse regulations of interest. In practice, multiple sources (...)
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  20.  18
    The Gray Zones of Privatized Imaging.Patricia W. Lau & Judy Illes - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):21-22.
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  21.  14
    Using Turn Taking to Mitigate Coordination and Conflict Problems in the Repeated Battle of the Sexes Game.Sau-Him Paul Lau & Vai-Lam Mui - 2008 - Theory and Decision 65 (2):153-183.
    The Battle of the Sexes game, which captures both coordination and conflict problems, has been applied to a wide range of situations. We show that, by reducing distributional conflict and enhancing coordination, turn taking supported by a “turn taking with independent randomizations” strategy allows players to engage in intertemporal sharing of the gain from cooperation. Using this insight, we decompose the benefit from turn taking into conflict-mitigating and coordination-enhancing components. Our analysis suggests that an equilibrium measure of the “degree of (...)
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  22.  20
    Das Kapital. Kritik der politischen Ökonomie, Dritter Band.Micheal Heinrich - 2007 - Historical Materialism 15 (4):195-210.
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  23.  38
    Is the Evidence for Hyperbolic Discounting in Humans Just an Experimental Artefact?Glenn W. Harrison & Morten Igel Lau - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):657-657.
    We question the behavioral premise underlying Ainslie's claims about hyperbolic discounting theory. The alleged evidence for humans can be easily explained as an artefact of experimental procedures that do not control for the credibility of payment over different time horizons. In appropriately controlled and financially motivated settings, human behavior is consistent with conventional exponential preferences.
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  24.  36
    Elementary Equivalence of Cσ(K) Spaces for Totally Disconnected, Compact Hausdorff K.S. Heinrich, C. Ward Henson & L. C. Moore - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):135 - 146.
  25.  18
    A Note on Elementary Equivalence of C(K) Space.S. Heinrich, C. Ward Henson & L. C. Moore - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):368-373.
  26.  79
    Forschungsmethodik einer Integrationsdisziplin: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Wirtschaftsinformatik.Lutz J. Heinrich - 2005 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 13 (2):104-117.
    .Es wird über eine Untersuchung zur Forschungsmethodik der Wirtschaftsinformatik berichtet. Untersuchungsziel war es, den Stellenwert von Forschungsmethodik in der Wirtschaftsinformatik zu bestimmen und den Befund dazu zu erklären. Das Untersuchungsziel wurde mit einer Stichprobenanalyse verfolgt. Als Stichprobe wurden die vierzehn Jahrgänge 1990 bis 2003 der Zeitschrift WIRTSCHAFTSINFORMATIK verwendet. Im Ergebnis wird festgestellt, dass die Wirtschaftsinformatik erhebliche forschungsmethodische Anstrengungen unternehmen muss, wenn sie auf dem Weg von einer Kunstlehre zur Wissenschaft zügig vorankommen will.
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  27. Should Scientists Think?Hakwan Lau - manuscript
    In my field of consciousness research, scientists frequently mock philosophers for their apparent uselessness. There are many issues about which philosophers have debated for centuries, and yet there are no satisfying resolutions. However, sometimes one thinks: what really is philosophy but careful thinking? Certainly that cannot be completely useless? It is therefore particularly refreshing to read Machado and Silva's article in this issue, which emphasizes the role of conceptual analysis in psychological research.
     
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  28.  70
    A More Substantive Neuron Doctrine.Joe Y. F. Lau - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):843-844.
    (1) It is not clear from Gold and Stoljar’s definition of biological neuroscience whether it includes computational and representational concepts. If so, then their evaluation of Kandel’s theory is problematic. If not, then a more direct refutation of the radical neuron doctrine is available. (2) Objections to the psychological sciences might derive not just from the conflation of the radical and the trivial neuron doctrine. There might also be the implicit belief that for many mental phenomena, adequate theories must invoke (...)
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  29.  72
    Possible Worlds Semantics for Belief Sentences.Joe Lau - 1997 - In Logica Yearbook.
    This paper is about possible worlds semantics for propositional attitude sentences. In particular I shall focus on belief reports in English such as "Lusina believes that tofu is nutritious." It is well-known that possible worlds semantics for such reports suffers from the so-called _problem of equivalence_ . In this paper I shall examine some attempts to deal with this problem and argue that they are unsatisfactory.
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  30.  39
    Anti-Externalism.Joe Y. F. Lau - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):174-177.
  31. Perceptual Invariance of Nonlinear Focus+Context Transformations.Keith Lau - unknown
    Focus+Context techniques are commonly used in visualization systems to simultaneously provide both the details and the context of a particular dataset. This paper proposes a new methodology to empirically investigate the effect of various Focus+Context transformations on human perception. This methodology is based on the shaker paradigm, which tests performance for a visual task on an image that is rapidly alternated with a transformed version of itself. An important aspect of this technique is that it can determine two different kinds (...)
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  32. Truth in Perjury.Joanne Lau - manuscript
    of (from British Columbia Philosophy Graduate Conference) In moral reasoning, we sometimes encounter situations where what our ethical principles tell us to do and what we actually do conflict. In legal ethics, such anomalies arise for lawyers in defending a client who commits perjury. Wallace argues that such lawyers have not mastered the practice of truth-telling, and thus suffer from some sort of moral deficiency. However, due to the complexities of legal practice, particularly the value of truth and evidence, lawyers (...)
     
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  33.  39
    The 'Obligation' to Screen and its Effect on Autonomy.Yvonne Lau & Chrystal Jaye - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):495-505.
    In the United States, disease screening is offered to the public as a consumer service. It has been proposed that the act of “consumption” is a manifestation of agency and that the decision to consume is an exercise of autonomy. The enthusiasm of the American public for disease screening and the expansion in the demand for all sorts of disease screening in recent years can be viewed as an expression of such autonomy. Here, we argue that the enthusiasm for disease (...)
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  34.  39
    Some Critical Issues in Cognitive Science.Joe Lau - unknown
    Cognitive science aims to provide scientific explanations of various mental phenomena. Attempts to study the mind, however, go back thousands of years, and what is distinctive about cognitive science is not its aim but the use of computations and representations in psychological explanations. We shall discuss whether the computational approach comes under challenge from dynamics, and look at some of the main themes in recent developments in cognitive science. In the final part of this paper we shall look at two (...)
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  35. Belief Reports and Interpreted-Logical Forms.Joe Lau - unknown
    One major obstacle in providing a compositional semantics for natural languages is that it is not clear how we should deal with propositional attitude contexts. In this paper I will discuss the Interpreted Logical Form proposal , focusing on the case of belief. This proposal has been developed in different ways by authors such as Harman (1972), Higginbotham (1986,1991), Segal (1989) and Larson and Ludlow (1993). On this approach, the that-clause of a belief report is treated as a singular term, (...)
     
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  36.  25
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Wansing Heinrich - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (3):415-418.
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  37. Three Motivations for Narrow Content.Joe Lau - manuscript
    In everyday life, we typically explain what people do by attributing mental states such as beliefs and desires. Such mental states belong to a class of mental states that are _intentional_, mental states that have content. Hoping that Johnny will win, and believing that Johnny will win are of course rather different mental states that can lead to very different behaviour. But they are similar in that they both have the same content : what is being hoped for and believed (...)
     
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  38.  25
    Chinese Philosophy.D. C. Lau - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (23):169-173.
  39.  18
    Logica : Conceptos Clave En Filosofia (Logic: Key Concepts in Philosophy).Jyf Lau, Me Deutsch, L. Goldstein & A. Brennan - unknown
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  40.  13
    Economic Determination in the Last Instance: China's Political- Economic Development Under the Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis.Raymond Lau - 2001 - Historical Materialism 8 (1):215-252.
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  41.  13
    Belief Sentences and Interpreted Logical Form.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  42.  10
    Report From Hong Kong.Shelley Lau - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (3):364.
    Hong Kong is a territory of only 400 square miles in size, but with a large population of six million people. We have excellent medical facilities in both the public and private sector and the general health indices of the population are good, with low infant mortality rates and long life expectancies.
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  43.  9
    The Philosophy of Food (1).Jyf Lau - unknown
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  44.  9
    Cognitivist Theories of Emotions, Representations and Affects.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  45.  9
    Representational Theories of Consciousness.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  46.  8
    Animal Rights.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  47.  7
    Structured Representations and Systematic Revision in Conscious Mental Processes.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  48.  5
    The Nature of Emotions'.Jyf Lau - unknown
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  49. Book Review Anthropology and Philosophy Vol III Issue 2, 1999. [REVIEW]Joe Lau - unknown
    Michael Tye’s book is a powerful defense of the controversial theory that the phenomenal properties of our conscious mental states are representational in character. The theory is introduced and defended through discussing ten philosophical problems about consciousness. The book is clearly written and arguments are illustrated with interesting thought-experiments and empirical findings. It is one of those delightful occasions where a book is of interest both to professional philosophers and students.
     
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  50. How Do We Know?: Evidence, Ethnography, and the Making of Anthropological Knowledge.Liana Chua, Casey High & Timm Lau (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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