Results for 'Helen L. Neilens'

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  1.  67
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Helen L. Neilens, Simon J. Handley & Stephen E. Newstead - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37 – 68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  2.  31
    Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes.Stephen E. Newstead, Simon J. Handley & Helen L. Neilens - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37-68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  3. Functional Imaging of 'Theory of Mind'.Helen L. Gallagher & Christopher D. Frith - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):77-83.
  4.  16
    Remembering and Knowing: Using Another’s Subjective Report to Make Inferences About Memory Strength and Subjective Experience.Helen L. Williams, Martin A. Conway & Chris Ja Moulin - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):572-588.
    The Remember–Know paradigm is commonly used to examine experiential states during recognition. In this paradigm, whether a Know response is defined as a high-confidence state of certainty or a low-confidence state based on familiarity varies across researchers, and differences in definitions and instructions have been shown to influence participants’ responding. Using a novel approach, in three internet-based questionnaires participants were placed in the role of ‘memory expert’ and classified others’ justifications of recognition decisions. Results demonstrated that participants reliably differentiated between (...)
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  5.  50
    Sex, Vagueness, and the Olympics.Helen L. Daly - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):708-724.
    Sex determines much about one's life, but what determines one's sex? The answer is complicated and incomplete: on close examination, ordinary notions of female and male are vague. In 2012, the International Olympic Committee further specified what they mean by woman in response to questions about who, exactly, is eligible to compete in women's Olympic events. I argue, first, that their stipulation is evidence that the use of vague terms is better described by semantic approaches to vagueness than by epistemic (...)
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  6. On Insults.Helen L. Daly - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (4):510-524.
    Some bemoan the incivility of our times, while others complain that people have grown too quick to take offense. There is widespread disagreement about what counts as an insult and when it is appropriate to feel insulted. Here I propose a definition and a preliminary taxonomy of insults. Namely, I define insults as expressions of a lack of due regard. And I categorize insults by whether they are intended or unintended, acts or omissions, and whether they cause offense or not. (...)
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  7.  4
    Reliability of Listener Judgments of Infant Vocal Imitation.Helen L. Long, D. Kimbrough Oller & Dale A. Bowman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  16
    Networks of Autobiographical Memories.Helen L. Williams & Martin A. Conway - 2009 - In Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.), Memory in Mind and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 33--61.
  9.  9
    When Can We Say ‘If’?Jonathan StB. T. Evans, Helen Neilens, Simon J. Handley & David E. Over - 2008 - Cognition 108 (1):100-116.
  10.  18
    Longitudinal Impact of an Inquiry‐Based Science Program on Middle School Students' Attitudes Toward Science.Helen L. Gibson & Christopher Chase - 2002 - Science Education 86 (5):693-705.
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  11.  10
    Modeling Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation-Induced Electric Fields in Children and Adults.Patrick Ciechanski, Helen L. Carlson, Sabrina S. Yu & Adam Kirton - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  12.  13
    Effects of Earnings Forecasts and Heightened Professional Skepticism on the Outcomes of Client–Auditor Negotiation.Helen L. Brown-Liburd, Jeffrey Cohen & Greg Trompeter - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (2):311-325.
    Ethics has been identified as an important factor that potentially affects auditors’ professional skepticism. For example, prior research finds that auditors who are more concerned with professional ethics exhibit greater professional skepticism. Further, the literature suggests that professional skepticism may lead the auditor to more vigilantly resist the client’s position in financial reporting disputes. These reporting disputes are generally resolved through negotiations between the auditor and client to arrive at the final reported amounts. To date, the role that professional skepticism (...)
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  13.  12
    The Irreducible Generating Sets of $2$-Place Functions in the $2$-Valued Logic. [REVIEW]Helen L. Skala - 1966 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 7 (4):341-343.
  14.  15
    The Fortunes of a Lollard Sermon-Cycle in the Later Fifteenth Century.Helen L. Spencer - 1986 - Mediaeval Studies 48 (1):352-396.
  15.  19
    Vernacular and Latin Versions of a Sermon for Lent: 'A Lost Penitential Homily' Found.Helen L. Spencer - 1982 - Mediaeval Studies 44 (1):271-305.
  16.  13
    Implications of Structure Versus Agency for Addressing Health and Well-Being in Our Ecologically Constrained World: With a Focus on Prospects for Gender Equity.Helen L. Walls, Colin D. Butler, Jane Dixon & Indira Samarawickrema - 2015 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (2):47-69.
    Individual choice and freedom are repeatedly invoked in contemporary policy debates, including those with a focus on risk behaviors such as smoking and health insurance coverage. The idea of making the right choice with regard to health and well-being has been fortified by the neoliberal discourse of self-reliance, personal autonomy, and responsibility. This neoliberal view, stemming from the conceptualization of freedom of philosopher John Stuart Mill justifying the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control, holds that success, (...)
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  17.  13
    Bugge and Bréal on the Latin Element in Teutonic Mythology and Speech.Helen L. Webster - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (10):445-447.
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  18.  17
    Book Review:Propaganda: Its Psychology and Technique. L. W. Doob. [REVIEW]Helen L. Koch - 1936 - Ethics 46 (4):515-.
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  19.  5
    Propaganda: Its Psychology and Technique. L. W. Doob.Helen L. Koch - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 46 (4):515-517.
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  20.  15
    Insurance Ovulation, Embryo Mortality and Twinning.Helen L. Ball & Catherine M. Hill - 1999 - Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (2):245-255.
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  21.  2
    Principles of Abnormal Psychology.Helen L. Koch - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (1):120-121.
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  22. Modelling Sex/Gender.Helen L. Daly - 2017 - Think 16 (46):79-92.
    People often assume that everyone can be divided by sex/gender (that is, by physical and social characteristics having to do with maleness and femaleness) into two tidy categories: male and female. Careful thought, however, leads us to reject that simple ‘binary’ picture, since not all people fall precisely into one group or the other. But if we do not think of sex/gender in terms of those two categories, how else might we think of it? Here I consider four distinct models; (...)
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  23.  3
    Book Review:Readings in Mental Hygiene. Ernest R. Groves, Phyllis Blanchard. [REVIEW]Helen L. Koch - 1936 - Ethics 47 (1):119-.
  24.  3
    Book Review:Principles of Abnormal Psychology. Edmund S. Conklin. [REVIEW]Helen L. Koch - 1936 - Ethics 47 (1):120-.
  25.  5
    Book Review:Social Psychology. Ellis Freeman. [REVIEW]Helen L. Koch - 1937 - Ethics 47 (2):253-.
  26.  14
    Health Risks and the Health Care Professional.Helen L. Treanor - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):251-254.
    Health care professionals are one of a large group of individuals who are exposed to significant risks by virtue of their occupation, such as the police, mountain rescuers, fire-service. The types of risk to which health care professionals are exposed are numerous, many of which remain largely unrecognised by the public and may even be underestimated by the professionals themselves. Examples of these health risks include fatigue, emotional/psychological trauma, physical injury caused by the use of machinery, back injuries, possible even (...)
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  27.  5
    Harvey A. Carr: 1873-1954.Helen L. Koch - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (2):81-82.
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  28.  2
    Principles of Abnormal Psychology. Edmund S. Conklin.Helen L. Koch - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (1):120-121.
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  29.  16
    Readings in Mental Hygiene. Ernest R. Groves, Phyllis Blanchard.Helen L. Koch - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (1):119-120.
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  30.  10
    Social Psychology. Ellis Freeman.Helen L. Koch - 1937 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (2):253-255.
  31.  6
    Models for Psychiatry: Icons or Effigies?Helen L. Morrison - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (2):220-230.
  32.  78
    W. Hansen : Anthology of Ancient Popular Literature. Pp. Xxix + 349. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1998. Paper, £15.99. ISBN: 0-253-21157-3. [REVIEW]Helen L. Morales - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):308-308.
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  33. Origin of the Alexithymia Construct.Graeme J. Taylor & Helen L. Taylor - 1997 - In M. McCallum & W. Piper (eds.), Psychological Mindedness: A Contemporary Understanding. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 77.
  34. Social Psychology. By Helen L. Koch. [REVIEW]Ellis Freeman - 1936 - Ethics 47:253.
     
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  35.  9
    A Cross-Sectional Survey to Investigate Community Understanding of Medical Research Ethics Committees.Lin Fritschi, Helen L. Kelsall, Bebe Loff, Claudia Slegers, Deborah Zion & Deborah C. Glass - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):545-548.
  36.  3
    Abnormal Births and Other “Ill Omens”.Catherine M. Hill & Helen L. Ball - 1996 - Human Nature 7 (4):381-401.
    We summarize the ethnographic literature illustrating that “abnormal birth” circumstances and “ill omens” operate as cues to terminate parental investment. A review of the medical literature provides evidence to support our assertion that ill omens serve as markers of biological conditions that will threaten the survival of infants. Daly and Wilson (1984) tested the prediction that children of demonstrably poor phenotypic quality will be common victims of infanticide. We take this hypothesis one stage further and argue that some children will (...)
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  37.  22
    The Ethical Implications of Using Artificial Intelligence in Auditing.Ivy Munoko, Helen L. Brown-Liburd & Miklos Vasarhelyi - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (2):209-234.
    Accounting firms are reporting the use of Artificial Intelligence in their auditing and advisory functions, citing benefits such as time savings, faster data analysis, increased levels of accuracy, more in-depth insight into business processes, and enhanced client service. AI, an emerging technology that aims to mimic the cognitive skills and judgment of humans, promises competitive advantages to the adopter. As a result, all the Big 4 firms are reporting its use and their plans to continue with this innovation in areas (...)
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  38. Propaganda: Its Psychology and Technique. By Helen L. Koch. [REVIEW]L. W. Doob - 1935 - Ethics 46:515.
     
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  39.  43
    Zur Gutturalfrage Im Gotischen. Inaugural Dissertation. Von Helen L. Webster. Boston, U.S.A. 1889. Pp. 90.E. S. Sheldon - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (8):380-381.
  40.  14
    Dragmalogia de eligibili vite genere. Giovanni di Conversino da Ravenna, Helen L. Eaker.Ronald Witt - 1982 - Speculum 57 (3):611-613.
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  41.  19
    Worrying About the Future: An Episodic Specificity Induction Impacts Problem Solving, Reappraisal, and Well-Being.Helen G. Jing, Kevin P. Madore & Daniel L. Schacter - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (4):402-418.
  42.  13
    Preparing for What Might Happen: An Episodic Specificity Induction Impacts the Generation of Alternative Future Events.Helen G. Jing, Kevin P. Madore & Daniel L. Schacter - 2017 - Cognition 169:118-128.
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  43.  27
    Intense, Passionate, Romantic Love: A Natural Addiction? How the Fields That Investigate Romance and Substance Abuse Can Inform Each Other.Helen E. Fisher, Xiaomeng Xu, Arthur Aron & Lucy L. Brown - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  44.  12
    Interpolated Testing Influences Focused Attention and Improves Integration of Information During a Video-Recorded Lecture.Helen G. Jing, Karl K. Szpunar & Daniel L. Schacter - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (3):305-318.
  45.  9
    Reappraising Reappraisal.Andero Uusberg, Jamie L. Taxer, Jennifer Yih, Helen Uusberg & James J. Gross - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (4):267-282.
    What psychological mechanisms enable people to reappraise a situation to change its emotional impact? We propose that reappraisal works by shifting appraisal outcomes—abstract representations of ho...
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  46.  13
    Independent Component Analysis of Gait-Related Movement Artifact Recorded Using EEG Electrodes During Treadmill Walking.Kristine L. Snyder, Julia E. Kline, Helen J. Huang & Daniel P. Ferris - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47. Readings in Mental Hygiene. By Helen L. Koch. [REVIEW]Phyllis Blanchard - 1936 - Ethics 47:119.
     
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  48.  11
    Principles of Abnormal Psychology. By Helen L. Koch. [REVIEW]Edmund S. Conklin - 1936 - Ethics 47:120.
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  49.  2
    Caregivers’ Understanding of Informed Consent in a Randomized Control Trial.Dorothy Helen Boyd, Yinan Zhang, Lee Smith, Lee Adam, L. Foster Page & W. M. Thomson - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):141-150.
    There are differences in caregivers’ literacy and health literacy levels that may affect their ability to consent to children participating in clinical research trials. This study aimed to explore the effectiveness, and caregivers’ understandings, of the process of informed consent that accompanied their child’s participation in a dental randomized control trial. Telephone interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of ten caregivers who each had a child participating in the RCT. Pre-tested closed and open-ended questions were used, and the findings (...)
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  50. Development of FuGO: An Ontology for Functional Genomics Investigations.Patricia L. Whetzel, Ryan R. Brinkman, Helen C. Causton, Liju Fan, Dawn Field, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Tanya Gray, Mervi Heiskana, Tina Hernandez-Boussard & Barry Smith - 2006 - Omics: A Journal of Integrative Biology 10 (2):199-204.
    The development of the Functional Genomics Investigation Ontology (FuGO) is a collaborative, international effort that will provide a resource for annotating functional genomics investigations, including the study design, protocols and instrumentation used, the data generated and the types of analysis performed on the data. FuGO will contain both terms that are universal to all functional genomics investigations and those that are domain specific. In this way, the ontology will serve as the “semantic glue” to provide a common understanding of data (...)
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