Results for 'Helena Carvalho'

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Helena Costa Carvalho
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa
  1.  3
    Preludes to the Inquisition: Self-Censorship in Medieval Astrological Discourse.Helena Avelar de Carvalho - 2020 - Annals of Science 77 (1):10-25.
    ABSTRACTAstrologers have exercised self-censorship throughout the centuries in order to fend off criticism. This was largely for religious reasons, but social, political, and ethical motivations also have to be taken into account. This paper explores the main reasons that led astrologers to increase censorship in their writings in the decades that preceded the Church’s regulations and offers some examples of this self-imposed restraint in astrological judgements.
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  2.  18
    [Recensão a] Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira, Averróis, A Arte de Governar. Uma Leitura Aristotelizante da ‘República’.Mário Santiago de Carvalho - 2013 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 22 (43):285-286.
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  3.  20
    Recensão a: Pereira, Maria Helena da Rocha; Correia, Francisco Carvalho; Moreira, Álvaro de Brito - Rudesindus: pastor egrégio, monge piedoso, defensor do solo pátrio.Paula Barata Dias - 2010 - Humanitas 62:430-437.
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  4.  7
    Age-Diversity Practices and Retirement Preferences Among Older Workers: A Moderated Mediation Model of Work Engagement and Work Ability.Inês C. Sousa, Sara Ramos & Helena Carvalho - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  5.  18
    Helena Lorenzová-Kolegyně a Přítelkyně.Helena Jarošová - 2006 - Estetika 42 (4):264-265.
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  6.  17
    Helena Antipoff: Science as a Passport for a Woman’s Career Between Europe and Latin America.Regina Regina Helena de Freitas Campos & Erika Lourenço - 2019 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 6:15.
    Helena Antipoff was one of the pioneers in the constitution of the fields of knowledge of educational psychology and special education in Brazil. Born in Russia, Antipoff received her education in Paris and Geneva. Researches in the history of education and of psychology have revealed the innovative character of Antipoff’s work as a researcher, as a professor and as a founder of different educational institutions in Brazil, with a focus on educational and psychological care for children with disabilities or (...)
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  7. Interview with Helena Cronin.Helena Cronin - 2000 - The Philosophers' Magazine 11:46-48.
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  8.  74
    An Algebraic Approach to Non-Classical Logics.Helena Rasiowa - 1974 - Warszawa, Pwn - Polish Scientific Publishers.
  9. Teoria do Conhecimento e Educação no Pensamento de Jean-Jacques Rousseau.Manoel Carvalho - 2017 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal Do Ceará
    The initial problem which motivated the writing of this thesis arose from reading of Emile by Rousseau. In this work, it was possible to detect the influence of different theoretical approaches, such as rationalism and empiricism, inspiring the development of the educational plan designed by Rousseau for his imaginary student (Emile). The very core question of the present thesis regards to whether there was a theory of knowledge pertaining to Rousseau’s philosophical thinking and, if so, how it was related to (...)
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  10. Social Affordance.Eros Carvalho - 2020 - Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior.
    A short entry on social affordance. Social affordances are possibilities for social interaction or possibilities for action that are shaped by social practices and norms.
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  11.  75
    The Mathematics of Metamathematics.Helena Rasiowa - 1963 - Warszawa, Państwowe Wydawn. Naukowe.
  12. Sintonizando com o mundo: uma abordagem ecológica das habilidades sensoriomotoras.Eros Carvalho - 2020 - In Giovanni Rolla & Gerson Araújo Neto (eds.), Ciência e Conhecimento. Teresina: pp. 81-108.
    In this chapter, I put forward and sustain an articulation of the notion of bodily skill based on ecological psychology, and I show how it is relevant for the debate between Dreyfus and McDowell about the skillful coping and also for the debate about whether know-how is reducible or not to propositional knowledge. The right metaphor to understand bodily skills is not the computer metaphor but the radio metaphor. These skills results from a process of organism attunement to its environment.
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  13.  10
    Action‐Monitoring Alterations as Indicators of Predictive Deficits in Schizophrenia.Helena Storchak, Ann-Christine Ehlis & Andreas J. Fallgatter - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):142-163.
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  14.  22
    Physicians’ Personal Values in Determining Medical Decision-Making Capacity: A Survey Study.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):739-744.
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  15.  45
    The Extinction and De-Extinction of Species.Helena Siipi & Leonard Finkelman - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (4):427-441.
    In this paper, we discuss the following four alternative ways of understanding the outcomes of resurrection biology. Implications of each of the ways are discussed with respect to concepts of species and extinction. Replication: animals created by resurrection biology do not belong to the original species but are copies of it. The view is compatible with finality of extinction as well as with certain biological and ecological species concepts. Re-creation: animals created are members of the original species but, despite their (...)
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  16. A Role for the Prefrontal Cortex in Supporting Singular Demonstrative Reference.Felipe Nogueira de Carvalho & Albert Newen - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (11-12):133-156.
    One of the most pressing questions concerning singular demonstrative mental contents is what makes their content singular: that is to say, what makes it the case that individual objects are the representata of these mental states. Many philosophers have required sophisticated intellectual capacities for singular content to be possible, such as the possession of an elaborate scheme of space and time. A more recent reaction to this strategy proposes to account for singular content solely on the basis of empirical models (...)
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  17.  38
    The Effects of Women on Corporate Boards on Firm Value, Financial Performance, and Ethical and Social Compliance.Helena Isidro & Márcia Sobral - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (1):1-19.
    The European Commission has recently proposed the introduction of legally binding quotas for women on corporate boards of European companies. This proposal has put the spotlight on the question of whether increasing female representation on the board brings economic benefits to the firm. In order to shed light on the issue, this study investigates the direct and indirect effects of women on the board on firm value. We use a simultaneous equation model to estimate the effects of women on the (...)
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  18.  32
    Illusions of Causality: How They Bias Our Everyday Thinking and How They Could Be Reduced.Helena Matute, Fernando Blanco, Ion Yarritu, Marcos Díaz-Lago, Miguel A. Vadillo & Itxaso Barberia - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  19.  16
    Assembling Upstream Engagement: The Case of the Portuguese Deliberative Forum on Nanotechnologies.António Carvalho & João Arriscado Nunes - 2018 - NanoEthics 12 (2):99-113.
    This article analyzes a deliberative forum on nanotechnologies, organized in Portugal within the scope of the research project DEEPEN—Deepening Ethical Engagement and Participation in Emerging Nanotechnologies. This event included scientists, science communicators and members of the “lay public”, and resulted in a position document which summarizes collective aspirations and concerns related to nano. Drawing upon our previous experience with focus groups on nanotechnologies—characterized by methodological innovations that aimed at suspending epistemological inequalities between participants—this paper delves into the performativity of the (...)
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  20.  27
    Emotion and Value in the Evaluation of Medical Decision-Making Capacity: A Narrative Review of Arguments.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel, Bernice S. Elger & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    ver since the traditional criteria for medical decision-making capacity (understanding, appreciation, reasoning, evidencing a choice) were formulated, they have been criticized for not taking sufficient account of emotions or values that seem, according to the critics and in line with clinical experiences, essential to decision-making capacity. The aim of this paper is to provide a nuanced and structured overview of the arguments provided in the literature emphasizing the importance of these factors and arguing for their inclusion in competence evaluations. Moreover, (...)
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  21.  26
    Recta Ratio Agibilium in a Medical Context: The Role of Virtue in the Physician-Patient Relationship.Helena M. Olivieri - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13 (1):9.
    Acting for the good of the patient is the most fundamental and universally acknowledged principle of medical ethics. However, given the complexity of modern medicine as well as the moral fragmentation of contemporary society, determining the good is far from simple. In his philosophy of medicine, Edmund Pellegrino develops a conception of the good that is derived from the internal morality of medicine via the physician-patient relationship. It is through this healing relationship that rights, duties, and privileges are defined for (...)
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  22.  29
    Public Ethics of Care—AGeneralPublic Ethics.Helena Olofsdotter Stensöta - 2015 - Ethics and Social Welfare 9 (2):183-200.
  23.  24
    It Would Be Pretty Immoral to Choose a Random Algorithm.Helena Webb, Menisha Patel, Michael Rovatsos, Alan Davoust, Sofia Ceppi, Ansgar Koene, Liz Dowthwaite, Virginia Portillo, Marina Jirotka & Monica Cano - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):210-228.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on empirical work conducted to open up algorithmic interpretability and transparency. In recent years, significant concerns have arisen regarding the increasing pervasiveness of algorithms and the impact of automated decision-making in our lives. Particularly problematic is the lack of transparency surrounding the development of these algorithmic systems and their use. It is often suggested that to make algorithms more fair, they should be made more transparent, but exactly how this can be (...)
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  24. Emotions and Social Movements.Helena Flam & Debra King - 2010 - In Ann Brooks (ed.), Social Theory in Contemporary Asia. Routledge.
  25.  35
    Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf? The Interweaving of Values and Science.Helena Likwornik - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):382-403.
    The role of values in the scientific process is widely debated. But evidence and values cannot be neatly separated. Instead, values infuse the entire scientific process, starting with the choice of research questions. Research avenues are selected based on prior beliefs about the workings of the world. In fact, informally assigned prior probabilities and normalizing constants play an essential role in distinguishing causes from correlations and ignoring irrelevant associations that would otherwise be suggested by raw data. But since these initial (...)
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  26.  9
    Introduction to Special Issue on the Reflective Conservatoire.Helena Gaunt - 2016 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 15 (3-4):269-275.
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  27.  15
    Educational Epistemologies and Methods in a More-Than-Human World.Helena Pedersen & Barbara Pini - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (11):1051-1054.
  28. Dimensions of Naturalness.Helena Siipi - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (1):pp. 71-103.
    This paper presents a way of classifying different forms of naturalness and unnaturalness. Three main forms of (un)naturalness are found as the following: history- based (un)naturalness, property-based (un)naturalness and relation-based (un)naturalness. Numerous subforms (and some subforms of the subforms) of each are presented. The subforms differ with respect to the entities that are found (un)natural, with respect to their all-inclusiveness, and whether (un)naturalness is seen as all-or-nothing affair, or a continuous gradient. This kind of conceptual analysis is needed, first, because (...)
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  29.  15
    The Masculinisation of Ethical Leadership Dis/Embodiment.Helena Liu - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (2):263-278.
    This article argues that while ethical leadership in mainstream theorising is assumed to be a cognitive exercise, leaders’ bodies in fact play a significant role in the social construction of ethical leadership. Their bodies become particularly potent when leaders are depicted via the interplay between visual and verbal modes in the media. In order to extend current understandings of ethical leadership, this study employs a discourse analytic approach to examine how visual and verbal devices convey ethical leadership for two of (...)
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  30.  6
    Ensemble Practices in the Arts: A Reflective Matrix to Enhance Team Work and Collaborative Learning in Higher Education.Helena Gaunt & Danielle Shannon Treacy - 2019 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 19 (4):419-444.
    Ensemble practices have been essential to the performing and visual fine arts over centuries. The skills of working in ensembles, including team work and collaborative learning, are increasingly understood to be critical and transferable professional attributes. However, much teaching of ensembles is practical and embodied, relying on tacit knowledge within a focused specialism. This kind of approach champions depth of expertise in a particular field, but may have limitations, particularly where more explicit awareness is needed to support transferring practical skills (...)
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  31.  16
    Thriving and Surviving: Approach and Avoidance Motivation and Lateralization.Helena J. V. Rutherford & Annukka K. Lindell - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):333-343.
    Two core motivational systems have been conceptualized as underlying emotion and behavior. The approach system drives the organism toward stimuli or events in the environment, and the avoidance system instead deters the organism away from these stimuli or events. This approach—avoidance dichotomy has been central to theories of emotion. Advances in neuroscience complementing well-designed behavioral experiments have begun to elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying approach—avoidance motivation, suggesting that these two systems exist in parallel and are lateralized in the brain. This (...)
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  32.  6
    Decision-Making Capacity: From Testing to Evaluation.Helena Hermann, Martin Feuz, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (2):253-259.
    Decision-making capacity is the gatekeeping element for a patient’s right to self-determination with regard to medical decisions. A DMC evaluation is not only conducted on descriptive grounds but is an inherently normative task including ethical reasoning. Therefore, it is dependent to a considerable extent on the values held by the clinicians involved in the DMC evaluation. Dealing with the question of how to reasonably support clinicians in arriving at a DMC judgment, a new tool is presented that fundamentally differs from (...)
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  33.  17
    Just the Servant: An Intersectional Critique of Servant Leadership.Helena Liu - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (4):1099-1112.
    Servant leadership offers a compelling ideal of self-sacrificing individuals who put the needs of others before their own and cultivate a culture of growth in their organisations. Although the theory’s attempts to emphasise the moral, emotional and relational dimensions of leadership are laudable, it has primarily assumed a decontextualised view of leadership untouched by power. This article aims to problematise servant leadership by undertaking an intersectional analysis of an Asian cis-male heterosexual senior manager in Australia. Through in-depth interviews with the (...)
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  34.  3
    Hanging Our Knickers Up: Asserting Autonomy and Cross-Border Solidarity in the #RepealThe8th Campaign.Helena Walsh - 2020 - Feminist Review 124 (1):144-151.
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  35. Finding Treasures: Is the Community of Philosophical Inquiry a Methodology?Magda Costa Carvalho & Walter Kohan - 2019 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 38 (3):275-289.
    In the world of Philosophy for Children, the word “method” is found frequently in its literature and in its practitioner’s handbooks. This paper focuses on the idea of community of philosophical inquiry as P4C’s methodological framework for educational purposes, and evaluates that framework and those purposes in light of the question, what does it mean to bring children and philosophy together, and what methodological framework, if any, is appropriate to that project? Our broader aim is to highlight a problem with (...)
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  36.  8
    Graphic Complexity in Writing Systems.Helena Miton & Olivier Morin - 2021 - Cognition 214:104771.
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  37.  13
    Ordinary Aristocrats: The Discursive Construction of Philanthropists as Ethical Leaders.Helena Liu & Christopher Baker - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (2):261-277.
    Philanthropic giving among leaders is often assumed to be an expression of ethical leadership in both academic and media discourses; however, this assumption can overlook the ways in which philanthropy produces and is underpinned by inequality. In order to extend current understandings of ethical leadership, this study employs a critical discourse analytic approach to examine how the link between philanthropy and ethical forms of leadership is verbally and visually constructed in the media. Based on the analysis, the article demonstrates how (...)
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  38.  32
    Cognitive Obstacles to Pro-Vaccination Beliefs.Helena Miton & Hugo Mercier - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (11):633-636.
  39.  6
    Body-Extension Versus Body-Incorporation: Is There a Need for a Body-Model?Helena Preester & Manos Tsakiris - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):307-319.
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  40.  60
    Finding Treasures: Is the Community of Philosophical Inquiry a Methodology?Walter Omar Kohan & Magda Costa Carvalho - 2019 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 38 (3):275-289.
    In the world of Philosophy for Children, the word “method” is found frequently in its literature and in its practitioner’s handbooks. This paper focuses on the idea of community of philosophical inquiry as P4C’s methodological framework for educational purposes, and evaluates that framework and those purposes in light of the question, what does it mean to bring children and philosophy together, and what methodological framework, if any, is appropriate to that project? Our broader aim is to highlight a problem with (...)
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  41.  47
    Consumer Autonomy and Availability of Genetically Modified Food.Helena Siipi & Susanne Uusitalo - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):147-163.
    The European Union’s policies regarding genetically modified food are based on the precautionary principle and the requirement of respecting consumers’ autonomy. We ask whether the requirement of respecting consumers’ autonomy regarding GMF implies that both GMF and non-GMF products should be available in the market. According to one line of thought, consumers’ choices may be autonomous even when the both types of products are not available. A food market with only GMF or only non-GMF products does not strictly speaking compel (...)
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  42.  11
    Near-Death Experience Memories Include More Episodic Components Than Flashbulb Memories.Helena Cassol, Estelle A. C. Bonin, Christine Bastin, Ninon Puttaert, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Steven Laureys & Charlotte Martial - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  43.  23
    Public Participation in Genetic Databases: Crossing the Boundaries Between Biobanks and Forensic DNA Databases Through the Principle of Solidarity.Helena Machado & Susana Silva - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):820-824.
  44.  10
    Substance‐Induced Psychosis: Clinical‐Racial Subjectivities and Capital in Diagnostic Apartheid.Helena Hansen - 2019 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 47 (1):73-88.
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  45.  13
    Accounting for Intuition in Decision-Making Capacity: Rethinking the Reasoning Standard?Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):313-324.
    A patient’s decision-making capacity or competence is among the prerequisites for valid consent to medical treatment, and is regarded as the gatekeeping element in ensuring respect for patients’ self-determination. The issue is especially relevant in the case of vulnerable persons, such as patients who are cognitively or mentally impaired, and where medical decisions carry far-reaching consequences. As a grounding principle, DMC is a priori assumed, and challenged only when substantial doubts arise owing to observed or assumed deficiencies of the capacities (...)
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  46.  32
    Justice and International Trade.Helena Bres - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):570-579.
    This article identifies the main issues of justice that arise in international trade and critically evaluates contemporary philosophical debates over how to understand them. I focus on three central questions of distributive justice, as applied to trade. What is it about trade that makes it a subject of justice? Which aspects of the international trading system should our principles of justice regulate? What do duties of justice or fairness in trade demand? I show how debates over these questions turn not (...)
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  47.  15
    Using Sound-Taste Correspondences to Enhance the Subjective Value of Tasting Experiences.Felipe Reinoso Carvalho, Raymond Van Ee, Monika Rychtarikova, Abdellah Touhafi, Kris Steenhaut, Dominique Persoone & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  48.  87
    Is Natural Food Healthy?Helena Siipi - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):797-812.
    Is food’s naturalness conceptually connected to its healthiness? Answering the question requires spelling out the following: (1) What is meant by the healthiness of food? (2) What different conceptual meanings the term natural has in the context of food? (3) Are some of those meanings connected to the healthiness of food? In this paper the healthiness of food is understood narrowly as food’s accordance with nutritional needs of its eater. The connection of healthiness to the following five food-related senses of (...)
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  49.  1
    Marxism and the Philosophy of Science: A Critical History.Helena Sheehan - 1985 - Humanities Press.
    A masterful survey of the history of Marxist philosophy of science. Now with a new afterword. Skillfully deploying a large cast of characters, Sheehan retraces the development of Marxist philosophy of science through detailed and highly readable accounts of the debates that have characterized it. Approaching Marxism from the perspective of the philosophy of science, Sheehan shows how Marx's and Engel's ideas on the development and structure of natural science had a crucial impact on the work of early twentieth-century natural (...)
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  50.  20
    Re-Evaluating Benjamin Constant's Liberalism: Industrialism, Saint-Simonianism and the Restoration Years.Helena Rosenblatt - 2004 - History of European Ideas 30 (1):23-37.
    This essay contests the notion that there was a necessary and fundamental opposition between republicanism and liberalism during the post-Revolutionary period in France. Constant's writings of the Restoration years show his abiding interest in both the construction of viable political institutions and the promotion of a vibrant political life. Worried about what he saw as growing authoritarian trends within the liberal camp, Constant wrote about the need to keep political liberty alive in commercial republics. His refutations of Auguste Comte and (...)
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