Results for 'Helge Janicke'

335 found
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  1.  38
    Critical Theory as an Approach to the Ethics of Information Security.Bernd Carsten Stahl, Neil F. Doherty, Mark Shaw & Helge Janicke - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):675-699.
    Information security can be of high moral value. It can equally be used for immoral purposes and have undesirable consequences. In this paper we suggest that critical theory can facilitate a better understanding of possible ethical issues and can provide support when finding ways of addressing them. The paper argues that critical theory has intrinsic links to ethics and that it is possible to identify concepts frequently used in critical theory to pinpoint ethical concerns. Using the example of UK electronic (...)
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  2.  49
    Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology.Helge S. Kragh - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents the history of how the universe at large became the object of scientific understanding. Starting with the ancient creation myths, it offers an integrated and comprehensive account of cosmology that covers all major events from Aristotle's Earth-centred cosmos to the recent discovery of the accelearting universe.
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  3.  4
    The Periodic System and the Idea of a Chemical Element: From Mendeleev to Superheavy Elements.Helge Kragh - 2019 - Centaurus 61 (4):329-344.
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  4.  28
    Making a Difference: A Qualitative Study on Care and Priority Setting in Health Care. [REVIEW]Helge Skirbekk & Per Nortvedt - 2011 - Health Care Analysis 19 (1):77-88.
    The focus of the study is the conflict between care and concern for particular patients, versus considerations that take impartial considerations of justice to be central to moral deliberations. To examine these questions we have conducted qualitative interviews with health professionals in Norwegian hospitals. We found a value norm that implicitly seemed to overrule all others, the norm of ‘making a difference for the patients’. We will examine what such a statement implies, aiming to shed some light over moral dilemmas (...)
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  5.  51
    A SOLUTION TO FITCH'S PARADOX OF KNOWABILITY.Helge Rückert - 2004 - In S. Rahman J. Symons (ed.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Kluwer Academic Publisher. pp. 351--380.
    There is an argument (first presented by Fitch), which tries to show by formal means that the anti-realistic thesis that every truth might possibly be known, is equivalent to the unacceptable thesis that every truth is actually known (at some time in the past, present or future). First, the argument is presented and some proposals for the solution of Fitch's Paradox are briefly discussed. Then, by using Wehmeier's modal logic with subjunctive marks (S5*), it is shown how the derivation can (...)
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  6. Contemporary History of Cosmology and the Controversy Over the Multiverse.Helge Kragh - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (4):529-551.
    Cosmology has always been different from other areas of the natural sciences. Although an observationally supported standard model of the universe emerged in the 1960s, more speculative models and conceptions continued to attract attention. During the last decade, ideas of multiple universes based on anthropic reasoning have become very popular among cosmologists and theoretical physicists. This had led to a major debate within the scientific community of the epistemic standards of modern cosmology. Is the multiverse a scientific hypothesis, or is (...)
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  7.  2
    From Transuranic to Superheavy Elements: A Story of Dispute and Creation.Helge Kragh - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  8.  15
    Body and Practice in Kant.Helge Svare - 2006 - Springer.
    Kant is generally conceived to have offered little attention to the fact that we experience the world in and through our bodies. This book argues that this standard image of the great German philosopher is radically wrong. Not only does Kant - throughout his career and in works published before and after the Critique of pure reason - reflect constantly upon the fact that human life is embodied, but the Critique of pure reason itself may be read as a critical (...)
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  9.  41
    “The Most Philosophically Important of All the Sciences”: Karl Popper and Physical Cosmology.Helge Kragh - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (3):325-357.
    While Karl Popper’s philosophy of science has only few followers among modern philosophers, it is easily the view of science with the biggest impact on practicing scientists. According to Peter Medawar, Nobel laureate and eminent physiologist, Popper was the greatest authority ever on the scientific method. He praised the “great strength of Karl Popper’s conception of the scientific process,” a main reason for the praise being “that it is realistic—it gives a pretty fair picture of what goes on in real (...)
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  10.  28
    Inadequate Treatment for Elderly Patients: Professional Norms and Tight Budgets Could Cause “Ageism” in Hospitals.Helge Skirbekk & Per Nortvedt - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 22 (2):192-201.
    We have studied ethical considerations of care among health professionals when treating and setting priorities for elderly patients in Norway. The views of medical doctors and nurses were analysed using qualitative methods. We conducted 21 in depth interviews and 3 focus group interviews in hospitals and general practices. Both doctors and nurses said they treated elderly patients different from younger patients, and often they were given lower priorities. Too little or too much treatment, in the sense of too many interventions (...)
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  11.  23
    Negotiated or Taken-for-Granted Trust? Explicit and Implicit Interpretations of Trust in a Medical Setting.Helge Skirbekk - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):3-7.
    Trust between a patient and a medical doctor is normally both justified and taken for granted, but sometimes it may need to be negotiated. In this paper I will present how trust can be interpreted as both an explicit and implicit phenomenon, drawing on literature from the social sciences and philosophy. The distinction between explicit and implicit interpretations of trust will be used to address problems that may arise in clinical consultations. Negotiating trust in any way very easily brings distrust (...)
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  12. Dialogues as a Dynamic Framework for Logic.Helge Rückert - unknown
    Dialogical logic is a game-theoretical approach to logic. Logic is studied with the help of certain games, which can be thought of as idealized argumentations. Two players, the Proponent, who puts forward the initial thesis and tries to defend it, and the Opponent, who tries to attack the Proponent’s thesis, alternately utter argumentative moves according to certain rules. For a long time the dialogical approach had been worked out only for classical and intuitionistic logic. The seven papers of this dissertation (...)
     
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  13.  19
    The Vortex Atom: A Victorian Theory of Everything.Helge Kragh - 2002 - Centaurus 44 (1-2):32-114.
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  14.  15
    Erwin Schrödinger and the Wave Equation: The Crucial Phase.Helge Kragh - 1982 - Centaurus 26 (2):154-197.
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  15.  40
    Conceptual Changes in Chemistry: The Notion of a Chemical Element, Ca. 1900–1925.Helge Kragh - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (4):435-450.
  16.  62
    From Time Atoms to Space-Time Quantization: The Idea of Discrete Time, Ca 1925–1936.Helge Kragh & Bruno Carazza - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (3):437-462.
  17.  6
    Magic Number: A Partial History of the Fine-Structure Constant.Helge Kragh - 2003 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 57 (5):395-431.
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  18.  14
    A Sense of History: History of Science and the Teaching of Introductory Quantum Theory.Helge Kragh - 1992 - Science & Education 1 (4):349-363.
  19.  16
    1. Introduction: Multiple Times and the Work of Synchronization.Helge Jordheim - 2014 - History and Theory 53 (4):498-518.
  20.  26
    The Concept of the Monopole. A Historical and Analytical Case-Study.Helge Kragh - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):141.
  21.  42
    Against Periodization: Koselleck's Theory of Multiple Temporalities.Helge Jordheim - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (2):151-171.
    In this essay I intend to flesh out and discuss what I consider to be the groundbreaking contribution by the German historian and theorist of history Reinhart Koselleck to postwar historiography: his theory of historical times. I begin by discussing the view, so prominent in the Anglophone context, that Koselleck's idea of the plurality of historical times can be grasped only in terms of a plurality of historical periods in chronological succession, and hence, that Koselleck's theory of historical times is (...)
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  22.  22
    Who Discovered the Expanding Universe?Helge Kragh & Robert W. Smith - 2003 - History of Science 41 (2):141-162.
  23.  14
    Georges Lemaître, Pioneer of Modern Theoretical Cosmology.Helge Kragh - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (10):1333-1348.
    No other scientist may have had a greater impact on modern cosmology than the Belgian physicist, astronomer and priest Georges Lemaître. In 1927 he predicted the expansion of the universe on the basis of the cosmological field equations; and four years later he proposed what he called the primeval-atom hypothesis, the first version of the later big bang universe. In all his work on cosmology the cosmological constant Λ played a significant role. A recognized expert in the theory of general (...)
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  24.  37
    Testability and Epistemic Shifts in Modern Cosmology.Helge Kragh - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):48-56.
    During the last decade new developments in theoretical and speculative cosmology have reopened the old discussion of cosmology's scientific status and the more general question of the demarcation between science and non-science. The multiverse hypothesis, in particular, is central to this discussion and controversial because it seems to disagree with methodological and epistemic standards traditionally accepted in the physical sciences. But what are these standards and how sacrosanct are they? Does anthropic multiverse cosmology rest on evaluation criteria that conflict with (...)
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  25.  18
    Conceptual Changes in Chemistry: The Notion of a Chemical Element, Ca. 1900–1925.Helge Kragh - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (4):435-450.
  26.  12
    Anatomy of a Priority Conflict: The Case of Element 72.Helge Kragh - 1980 - Centaurus 23 (4):275-301.
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  27.  15
    Julius Thomsen and Classical Thermochemistry.Helge Kragh - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):255-272.
    Classical thermochemistry is inextricably bound up with the problem of chemical affinity. In 1851, when Julius Thomsen began his career in thermochemistry, the concept of chemical affinity had been in the centre of chemical enquiry for more than a century. In spite of many suggestions, preferably to explain affinity in terms of electrical or gravitational forces, almost nothing was known about the cause and nature of affinity. In this state of puzzling uncertainty some chemists felt it more advantageous to establish (...)
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  28.  5
    Concept and Controversy: Jean Becquerel and the Positive Electron.Helge Kragh - 1989 - Centaurus 32 (2):203-240.
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  29.  21
    The Art of Gate-Crashing: Bringing HRI Into Users' Homes.Helge Huttenrauch, Elin A. Topp & Kerstin Severinson Eklundh - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (3):274-297.
  30.  21
    Julius Thomsen and 19th-Century Speculations on the Complexity of Atoms.Helge Kragh - 1982 - Annals of Science 39 (1):37-60.
    In the history of chemistry, the Danish chemist Julius Thomsen is best known for his contributions to thermochemistry. Throughout his life, he was a pronounced atomist and a tireless advocate of neo-Proutian views as to the constitution of matter. On many occasions, especially in his later years, he engaged in speculations concerning the unity of matter and the complexity of atoms. In this engagement, Thomsen was alone in Danish chemistry, but his works were representative of a large number of 19th-century (...)
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  31.  22
    “The Most Philosophically of All the Sciences”: Karl Popper and Physical Cosmology.Helge Kragh - unknown
    Problems of scientific cosmology only rarely occur in the works of Karl Popper. Nevertheless, it was a subject that interested him and which he occasionally commented on. What is more important, his general claim of falsifiability as a criterion that demarcates science from non-science has played a significant role in periods of the development of modern physical cosmology. The paper examines the historical contexts of the interaction between cosmology and Popperian philosophy of science. Apart from covering Popper’s inspiration from Einstein (...)
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  32. Learning From Others: Exchange of Classification Rules in Intelligent Distributed Systems.Dominik Fisch, Martin Jänicke, Edgar Kalkowski & Bernhard Sick - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence 187:90-114.
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  33.  10
    Testability and Epistemic Shifts in Modern Cosmology.Helge Kragh - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46:48-56.
    During the last decade new developments in theoretical and speculative cosmology have reopened the old discussion of cosmology’s scientific status and the more general question of the demarcation between science and non-science. The multiverse hypothesis, in particular, is central to this discussion and controversial because it seems to disagree with methodological and epistemic standards traditionally accepted in the physical sciences. But what are these standards and how sacrosanct are they? Does anthropic multiverse cosmology rest on evaluation criteria that conflict with (...)
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  34.  8
    On Modern Cosmology and its Place in Science Education.Helge Kragh - 2011 - Science & Education 20 (3-4):343-357.
  35.  34
    The Solar Element: A Reconsideration of Helium's Early History.Helge Kragh - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (2):157-182.
    Apart from hydrogen, helium is the most abundant chemical element in the universe, and yet it was only discovered on the Earth in 1895. Its early history is unique because it encompasses astronomy as well as chemistry, two sciences which the spectroscope brought into contact during the second half of the nineteenth century. In the modest form of a yellow spectral line known as D3, ‘helium’ was sometimes supposed to exist in the Sun's atmosphere, an idea which is traditionally ascribed (...)
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  36.  26
    Is Publicity Always Better Than Advertising? The Role of Brand Reputation in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility.Siv Skard & Helge Thorbjørnsen - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (1):1-12.
    Previous studies on corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication suggest that firms’ social initiatives should be communicated through third-party, non-corporate sources because they are perceived as unbiased and therefore reduce consumer skepticism. In this article, we extend existing research by showing that source effects in the communication of social sponsorships are contingent on the brand’s pre-existing reputation. We argue that the congruence between the credibility and trustworthiness of the message source and the brand helps predict consumer responses to a social sponsorship. (...)
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  37.  14
    Mathematics and Physics: The Idea of a Pre-Established Harmony.Helge Kragh - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (5-6):515-527.
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  38.  4
    A Controversial Molecule: The Early History of Triatomic Hydrogen.Helge Kragh - 2011 - Centaurus 53 (4):257-279.
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  39.  10
    Children's and Adolescents' Snacking: Interplay Between the Individual and the School Class.Helge Giese, Diana Tãut, Hanna Ollila, Adriana S. Baban, Pilvikki Absetz, Harald T. Schupp & Britta Renner - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40.  13
    Exploring the Role of Identification and Moral Disengagement in the Enjoyment of an Antihero Television Series.Arthur A. Raney & Sophie H. Janicke - 2015 - Communications 40 (4):485-495.
    Affective disposition theory explains well the process of enjoying hero narratives but not the appeal of narratives featuring antiheroes. Recent antihero studies suggest that character identification and moral disengagement might be important factors in the enjoyment of such fare. The current study builds on this work. A sample of 101 self-identified fans and nonfans of the television series 24 viewed a condensed version of Season 1, providing evaluation of various protagonist perceptions, moral judgments, and emotional responses to the narrative, as (...)
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  41.  5
    Back to WHAT? The Role of Research Ethics in Pandemic Times.Jan Helge Solbakk, Heidi Beate Bentzen, Søren Holm, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Bjørn Hofmann, Annette Robertsen, Anne Hambro Alnæs, Shereen Cox, Reidar Pedersen & Rose Bernabe - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (1):3-20.
    The Covid-19 pandemic creates an unprecedented threatening situation worldwide with an urgent need for critical reflection and new knowledge production, but also a need for imminent action despite prevailing knowledge gaps and multilevel uncertainty. With regard to the role of research ethics in these pandemic times some argue in favor of exceptionalism, others, including the authors of this paper, emphasize the urgent need to remain committed to core ethical principles and fundamental human rights obligations all reflected in research regulations and (...)
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  42.  5
    The Art of Gate-Crashing: Bringing HRI Into Users’ Homes.Helge Hüttenrauch, Elin A. Topp & Kerstin Severinson-Eklundh - 2009 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (3):274-297.
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  43.  84
    The First Subatomic Explanations of the Periodic System.Helge Kragh - 2001 - Foundations of Chemistry 3 (2):129-143.
    Attempts to explain the periodic system as a manifestation of regularities in the structure of the atoms of the elements are as old as the system itself. The paper analyses some of the most important of these attempts, in particular such works that are historically connected with the recognition of the electron as a fundamental building block of all matter. The history of the periodic system, the discovery of the electron, and ideas of early atomic structure are closely interwoven and (...)
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  44.  10
    Death Substrates Come Alive.Alan G. Porter, Patrick Ng & Reiner U. Jänicke - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (6):501-507.
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  45.  16
    Logiques dialogiques ‘multivalentes’.Helge Rückert - 2004 - Philosophia Scientiae 8 (2):59-87.
    Aim of this paper is to show how so-called multi-valued logics can be formulated within the framework of Dialogical Logic. In order to formulate the particle rules for multi-valued logics the concept of different assertion modes is introduced. Then, by giving appropriate particle and structural rules standard systems of multi-valued logics can be reconstructed dialogically. This is done explicitly for Łukasiewicz’ logic with three values . By replacing the classical structural rule by its intuitionistic counterpart one obtains intuitionistic versions of (...)
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  46. Between Physics and Chemistry: Helmholtz's Route to a Theory of Chemical Thermodynamics.Helge Kragh - 1993 - In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press. pp. 403--431.
  47.  9
    Logiques dialogiques ‘multivalentes’.Helge Rückert - 2004 - Philosophia Scientae 8:59-87.
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  48.  8
    The Beginning of the World: Georges Lemaître and the Expanding Universe.Helge Kragh - 1987 - Centaurus 30 (2):114-139.
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  49.  15
    Arthur March, Werner Heisenberg, and the Search for a Smallest Length/Arthur March, Werner Heisenberg, Et la Notion de Longueur Minimale.Helge Kragh - 1995 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (4):401-434.
  50.  13
    Does Conceptual History Really Need a Theory of Historical Times?Helge Jordheim - 2011 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 6 (2):21-41.
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