Results for 'Hendrik Heuer'

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  1.  16
    Machine learning in tutorials – Universal applicability, underinformed application, and other misconceptions.Andreas Breiter, Juliane Jarke & Hendrik Heuer - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    Machine learning has become a key component of contemporary information systems. Unlike prior information systems explicitly programmed in formal languages, ML systems infer rules from data. This paper shows what this difference means for the critical analysis of socio-technical systems based on machine learning. To provide a foundation for future critical analysis of machine learning-based systems, we engage with how the term is framed and constructed in self-education resources. For this, we analyze machine learning tutorials, an important information source for (...)
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  2.  93
    Natural Goals of Actions in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (4):583--600.
    ABSTRACT:I argue that there are, according to Aristotle, two importantly different kinds of goals or ends in the domain of human agency and that one of these two kinds has been frequently, though not universally, overlooked. Apart from psychological goals, goals that agents adopt as their purposes, there are also, I submit, goals that actions have by being the kinds of actions they are and, in some cases, by occurring in the circumstances in which they do. These latter goals belong (...)
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  3.  10
    Hendrik Petrus Berlage: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909: Thoughts on Style, 1886-1909.Hendrik Petrus Berlage - 1996 - The Getty Center for the History of Art.
    An architect and architectural philosopher, Berlage created a series of buildings and a body of writings that probed the problems and possibilities of Modernism. His principal texts, given here in English for the first time, present a vital chapter in the history of European Modernism.
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  4.  49
    Responsibility, second opinions and peer-disagreement: ethical and epistemological challenges of using AI in clinical diagnostic contexts.Hendrik Kempt & Saskia K. Nagel - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (4):222-229.
    In this paper, we first classify different types of second opinions and evaluate the ethical and epistemological implications of providing those in a clinical context. Second, we discuss the issue of how artificial intelligent could replace the human cognitive labour of providing such second opinion and find that several AI reach the levels of accuracy and efficiency needed to clarify their use an urgent ethical issue. Third, we outline the normative conditions of how AI may be used as second opinion (...)
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  5. The brute within: appetitive desire in Plato and Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Hendrik Lorenz presents a comprehensive study of Plato's and Aristotle's conceptions of non-rational desire. They see this as something that humans share with animals, and which aims primarily at the pleasures of food, drink, and sex. Lorenz explores the cognitive resources that both philosophers make available for the explanation of such desires, and what they take rationality to add to the motivational structure of human beings. In doing so, he finds conceptions of the mind that are coherent and deeply (...)
  6.  3
    5. Ausblick – kein Schluss.Hendrik Wallat - 2009 - In Das Bewusstsein der Krise: Marx, Nietzsche Und Die Emanzipation des Nichtidentischen in der Politischen Theorie. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag. pp. 517-570.
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  7. The lambda calculus: its syntax and semantics.Hendrik Pieter Barendregt - 1981 - New York, N.Y.: Sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
    The revised edition contains a new chapter which provides an elegant description of the semantics. The various classes of lambda calculus models are described in a uniform manner. Some didactical improvements have been made to this edition. An example of a simple model is given and then the general theory (of categorical models) is developed. Indications are given of those parts of the book which can be used to form a coherent course.
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  8. Optimality theoretic semantics.Petra Hendriks & Helen de Hoop - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):1-32.
    The aim of this article is to elucidate the processes that characterize natural language interpretation. The basic hypothesis is that natural language interpretation can be characterized as an optimization problem. This innovative view on interpretation is shown to account for the crucial role of contextual information while avoiding certain well-known problems associated withcompositionality. This will become particularly clear in the context of incomplete expressions. Our approach takes as a point of departure total freedom ofinterpretation in combination with the parallel application (...)
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  9.  17
    Optimality Theoretic Semantics.Petra Hendriks & Helen De Hoop - 2001 - Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (1):1 - 32.
    The aim of this article is to elucidate the processes that characterize natural language interpretation. The basic hypothesis is that natural language interpretation can be characterized as an optimization problem. This innovative view on interpretation is shown to account for the crucial role of contextual information while avoiding certain well-known problems associated with compositionality. This will become particularly clear in the context of incomplete expressions. Our approach takes as a point of departure total freedom of interpretation in combination with the (...)
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  10.  49
    Management of financial conflicts of interests in clinical practice guidelines in Germany: results from the public database GuidelineWatch.Hendrik Napierala, Luise Schäfer, Gisela Schott, Niklas Schurig & Thomas Lempert - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):65.
    The reliability of clinical practice guidelines has been disputed because guideline panel members are often burdened with financial conflicts of interest. Current recommendations for COI regulation advise not only detailed declaration but also active management of conflicts. To continuously assess COI declaration and management in German guidelines we established the public database LeitlinienWatch. We analyzed all German guidelines at the highest methodological level that included recommendations for pharmacological therapy according to five criteria: declaration and assessment of COI, composition of the (...)
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  11. Bevrijdend denken.Hendrik Willem Dunnewolt - 1964 - Amsterdam,: Driehoek.
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  12. De greep der rechtswetenschap.Hendrik Gerard Pieter Duyfjes - 1930 - Leiden,: S. C. van Doesburgh.
     
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  13.  25
    Christian philosophy: transformation or inner reformation.Hendrik G. Geertsema - 1987 - Philosophia Reformata 52 (2):139-165.
  14.  14
    Philosophy as Responsibility: A Celebration of Hendrik Hart's Contribution to the Discipline.James H. Olthuis, Hendrik M. Vroom, John H. Kok, Dirk H. Th Vollenhoven, Nicholas John Ansell, Stoffel N. D. Francke, Gary R. Shahinian, Jeffrey Dudiak, Lambert Zuidervaart, D. Vaden House, Carroll Guen Hart, Janet Catherina Wesselius & Perry Recker (eds.) - 2002 - Upa.
    This festschrift collects a number of insightful essays by a group of accomplished Christian scholars, all of who have either worked with or studied under Hendrik Hart during his 35-year tenure as Senior Member in Systematic Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada.
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  15. The analysis of the soul in Plato's republic.Hendrik Lorenz - 2006 - In Gerasimos Xenophon Santas (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Plato's Republic. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 146--165.
  16.  81
    Legal Progress Through Pragma-Dialectics? Prospects Beyond Analogy and E Contrario.Hendrik Kaptein - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (4):497-507.
    Pragma-dialectical approaches to legal argumentation seem to be rather different from traditional approaches appealing to standards of propositional logic. Pragma-dialectical analysis of arguments by analogy and e contrario seem to fall foul to the rigors of logical analysis, in which problems or even concepts of analogy and e contrario seem to disappear. The brunt of both types of special legal argumentation appears to be borne by often implicit general principles and an appeal to the system of the law as a (...)
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  17. Aristotle’s Empiricist Theory of Doxastic Knowledge.Hendrik Lorenz & Benjamin Morison - 2019 - Phronesis 64 (4):431-464.
    Aristotle takes practical wisdom and arts or crafts to be forms of knowledge which, we argue, can usefully be thought of as ‘empiricist’. This empiricism has two key features: knowledge does not rest on grasping unobservable natures or essences; and knowledge does not rest on grasping logical relations that hold among propositions. Instead, knowledge rests on observation, memory, experience and everyday uses of reason. While Aristotle’s conception of theoretical knowledge does require grasping unobservable essences and logical relations that hold among (...)
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  18.  33
    Homo Respondens on the Historical Nature of Human Reason.Hendrik Geertsema - 1993 - Philosophia Reformata 58 (2):120-152.
    The central theme of this essay concerns the historical character of human nature and especially of human reason. This theme I will develop first of all by discussing briefly that aspect of the present-day philosophical debate, in which this theme takes pride of place. Thus, in the first section, I will try to show which predicament the participants of this debate face in the defense of their position. In the second section, I will discuss the main ideas of Herman Dooyeweerd’s (...)
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  19.  46
    Pauline Chazan, the moral self and Johannes A. Van der ven, formation of the moral self.Hendrik Y. Hutter - 2001 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (4):427-429.
  20.  53
    Re-Reading Robert E. Park on Social Evolution: An Early Darwinian Conception of Society.Hendrik Wortmann - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (1):69-79.
    Although Darwinian concepts have largely been banned from the social sciences of the last century, they have recently seen a revival in several disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, or economics. Most of the current proponents of evolutionary theorizing in the social sciences avoid references to the older literature on social evolution. On that background, this article presents a contribution to Darwinist thinking in early American sociology that has mainly been overlooked in the literature. As the leading figure of the Human (...)
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  21.  35
    A New Ethical Framework for Assessing the Unique Challenges of Fetal Therapy Trials: Response to Commentaries.Saskia Hendriks, Christine Grady, David Wasserman, David Wendler, Diana W. Bianchi & Benjamin Berkman - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):45-61.
    New fetal therapies offer important prospects for improving health. However, having to consider both the fetus and the pregnant woman makes the risk–benefit analysis of fetal therapy trials challenging. Regulatory guidance is limited, and proposed ethical frameworks are overly restrictive or permissive. We propose a new ethical framework for fetal therapy research. First, we argue that considering only biomedical benefits fails to capture all relevant interests. Thus, we endorse expanding the considered benefits to include evidence-based psychosocial effects of fetal therapies. (...)
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  22. How People Evaluate Anti-Corona Measures for Their Social Spheres: Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control.Hendrik Godbersen, Laura Anna Hofmann & Susana Ruiz-Fernández - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  23.  24
    How Does the Stock Market Value Female Directors? International Evidence.Hendrik Rupertus & Thomas R. Loy - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (1):117-154.
    We analyze investors’ perception and long-term effects of board gender diversity on firms’ stock market performance in an international setting. Our results, controlling for the endogenous nature of board compositions, indicate that female board representation neither improves nor reduces firms’ long-term stock performance. Hence, we argue that it is imperative to go beyond the conventional thinking in terms of the business case for gender diversity and broaden the perspective also to incorporate societal and ethical aspects in the strive to board (...)
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  24.  10
    Facing forward: art & theory from a future perspective.Hendrik Folkerts, Christoph Lindner & Margriet Schavemaker (eds.) - 2015 - Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
    The project 'Facing Forward' started with a collaboration between five institutions: the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, the Amsterdam School for Cultural Analysis at the University of Amsterdam, De Appel arts centre, W139, the Stedelijk Museum Bureau Amsterdam and the art magazine Metroplis M. Having previously organized the lecture series and publications 'Right About Now: Art & Theory in the 1990s' (2005/2006) and 'Now is the Time: Art & Theory in the 21st Century' (2008/2009), the organizing committee decided to take the final (...)
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  25.  54
    Strategic investment decisions in multi-stage contests with heterogeneous players.Hendrik Sonnabend, Sandra Schneemann, Marco Sahm & Christian Deutscher - 2021 - Theory and Decision 93 (2):281-317.
    When heterogeneous players make strategic investment decisions in multi-stage contests, they might conserve resources in a current contest to spend more in a subsequent contest, if the degree of heterogeneity in the current contest is sufficiently large. We confirm these predictions using data from German professional soccer, in which players are subject to a one-match ban if they accumulate five yellow cards. Players with four yellow cards facing the risk of being suspended for the next match are less likely to (...)
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  26. The assimilation of sense to sense-object in Aristotle.Hendrik Lorenz - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 33:179-220.
  27.  21
    Dichtung oder wahrheit – der autor der epiktetischen predigten.Hendrik Selle - 2001 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 145 (2):269-290.
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  28.  49
    Philosophiehistorie als Rezeptionsgeschichte: Die Reaktion auf Aristoteles' De Anima-Noetik: Der fruhe Hellenismus (review).Hendrik Lorenz - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (1):122-123.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 41.1 (2003) 122-123 [Access article in PDF] Andreas Kamp. Philosophiehistorie als Rezeptionsgeschichte. Die Reaktion auf Aristoteles' De Anima-Noetik. Der frühe Hellenismus. Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner, 2001. Pp. viii + 315. Cloth, $82.00. This book is the first installment of an extraordinarily ambitious project. The plan is to investigate the reception of Aristotle's conception of the intellect, set out in De Anima 3.4-5, in (...)
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  29.  32
    Raden Adjeng Kartini: Letters of a Javanese Princess.Hendrik M. J. Maier, Agnes L. Symmers, Hildred Geertz & Raden Adjeng Kartini - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (1):195.
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  30.  18
    Aphrodite's gift: Theognidea 1381–5 and the genesis of ‘book 2’.Hendrik Selle - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (2):461-472.
    When Immanuel Bekker, the editor to whom Aristotle owes his page numbers, travelled to Paris in search of manuscripts between 1810 and 1812, Theognis had been a mainstay of classical scholarship for many hundreds of years. Even so, the small tenth-century parchment volume Bekker discovered there came as a surprise. Not only did it contain a text of theTheognideawhich was four hundred years older than the earliest codex known so far; it also added an entirely new section of 176 lines. (...)
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  31. Ancient theories of soul.Hendrik Lorenz - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Ancient philosophical theories of soul are in many respects sensitive to ways of speaking and thinking about the soul psuchê] that are not specifically philosophical or theoretical. We therefore begin with what the word ‘soul’ meant to speakers of Classical Greek, and what it would have been natural to think about and associate with the soul. We then turn to various Presocratic thinkers, and to the philosophical theories that are our primary concern, those of Plato (first in the Phaedo, then (...)
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  32. The inner reformation of philosophy and science and the dialogue of Christian faith with a secular culture: a critical assessment of Dooyeweerd's transcendental critique of theoretical thought.Hendrik G. Geertsema - 1995 - In Sander Griffioen & Bert Balk (eds.), Christian Philosophy at the Close of the Twentieth Century. pp. 11--28.
  33. Virtue of Character in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Hendrik Lorenz - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 37:177 - 212.
  34.  30
    “I’m afraid I can’t let you do that, Doctor”: meaningful disagreements with AI in medical contexts.Hendrik Kempt, Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Saskia K. Nagel - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-8.
    This paper explores the role and resolution of disagreements between physicians and their diagnostic AI-based decision support systems. With an ever-growing number of applications for these independently operating diagnostic tools, it becomes less and less clear what a physician ought to do in case their diagnosis is in faultless conflict with the results of the DSS. The consequences of such uncertainty can ultimately lead to effects detrimental to the intended purpose of such machines, e.g. by shifting the burden of proof (...)
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  35.  4
    On the historical nature of human reason.Hendrik Geertsema - 1993 - Philosophia Reformata 58 (2):120-152.
    The central theme of this essay concerns the historical character of human nature and especially of human reason. This theme I will develop first of all by discussing briefly that aspect of the present-day philosophical debate, in which this theme takes pride of place. Thus, in the first section, I will try to show which predicament the participants of this debate face in the defense of their position. In the second section, I will discuss the main ideas of Herman Dooyeweerd’s (...)
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  36.  8
    Fenomenologie a lingvistika.Hendrik Josephus Pos - 2013 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 34 (4):429-438.
    Translation:Hendrik Josephus POS, „Phénoménologie et linguistique.“ In: Keur uit de verspreide geschrift en van Dr. H. J. Pos. Vol. I. Assen: Van Loghum Slaterus 1957, p. 131–141.
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  37. Reasons for actions and desires.Ulrike Heuer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 121 (1):43–63.
    It is an assumption common to many theories of rationality that all practical reasons are based on a person's given desires. I shall call any approach to practical reasons which accepts this assumption a "Humean approach". In spite of many criticisms, the Humean approach has numerous followers who take it to be the natural and inevitable view of practical reason. I will develop an argument against the Humean view aiming to explain its appeal, as well as to expose its mistake. (...)
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  38.  20
    From “Street” to “Piazza”: Urban Politics, Public Ceremony, and the Redefinition of platea in Communal Italy and Beyond.Hendrik Dey - 2016 - Speculum 91 (4):919-944.
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  39.  33
    Collection and dissemination of fisheries data in support of the EU Common Fisheries Policy.Hendrik Dörner, John Casey, Natacha Carvalho, Dimitrios Damalas, Norman Graham, Jordi Guillen, Steven J. Holmes, Fabrizio Natale, Giacomo C. Osio, Hans-Joachim Rätz, Cristina Ribeiro & Paraskevas Vasilakopoulos - 2018 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 18:15-25.
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  40.  6
    Abkürzungsverzeichnis.Hendrik Klinge - 2018 - In Die Moralische Stufenleiter: Kant Über Teufel, Menschen, Engel Und Gott. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 251-251.
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  41.  6
    Zwischen Mietpreisbremse und Möbelhaus: Prolegomena zu einer Ethik des Wohnens.Hendrik Klinge - 2022 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 66 (4):293-298.
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  42. Reasons and impossibility.Ulrike Heuer - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):235 - 246.
    In this paper, I argue that a person can have a reason to do what she cannot do. In a nutshell, the argument is that a person can have derivate reasons relating to an action that she has a non-derivative reason to perform. There are clear examples of derivative reasons that a person has in cases where she cannot do what she (non-derivatively) has reason to do. She couldn’t have those derivative reasons, unless she also had the non-derivative reason to (...)
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  43. Königliche Gerichtsbarkeit und Landfriedenssorge im deutschen Spätmittelalter. Eine Geschichte der Verfahren und Delegationsformen zur Konfliktbehandlung.Hendrik Baumbach - 2017
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  44.  5
    De bedreigde mens in de moderne samenleving.Hendrik Thierry - 1956 - Den Haag,: J.N. Voorhoeve.
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  45.  36
    On the space group of MgAl2O4spinel.L. Hwang, A. H. Heuer & T. E. Mitchell - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (1):241-243.
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  46.  8
    Top-down induction of first-order logical decision trees.Hendrik Blockeel & Luc De Raedt - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 101 (1-2):285-297.
  47.  12
    A church with character and its social capital for projects amongst the poor.Hendrik J. C. Pieterse - 2011 - HTS Theological Studies 67 (3).
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  48.  33
    Coming to terms with subjectivity.Hendrik De Smet & Jean-Christophe Verstraete - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (3).
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  49.  11
    De pansofie van Comenius: zijn zoektocht naar een allesomvattende wijsheid.Hendrik Egbert Sipke Woldring - 2016 - Budel: Damon.
    Overzicht van het gedachtegoed van de Tsjechisch-Nederlandse geleerde (1592-1670), die streefde naar een synthese van wetenschap, waarden en wijsheid.
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  50. Desire and reason in Plato's Republic.Hendrik Lorenz - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 27:83-116.
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