Results for 'Henning Gibbons'

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  1.  17
    Evaluative Priming From Subliminal Emotional Words: Insights From Event-Related Potentials and Individual Differences Related to Anxiety.Henning Gibbons - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):383-400.
    The present ERP study investigated effects of subliminal emotional words on preference judgments about subsequent visual target stimuli . Each target was preceded by a masked 17-ms emotional adjective. Four classes of prime words were distinguished according to the combinations of positive/negative valence and high/low arousal. Targets were liked significantly more after positive-arousing primes , relative to negative-arousing , positive-nonarousing , and negative-nonarousing primes . In the target ERP, amplitude of right-hemisphere positive slow wave was increased after positive-arousing compared to (...)
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  2. Assessing and Correcting for Regression Toward the Mean in Deviance-Induced Social Conformity.Robert Schnuerch, Martin Schnuerch & Henning Gibbons - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  3.  43
    The Norm of Belief.John Gibbons - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    John Gibbons presents a new account of epistemic normativity. Belief seems to come with a built-in set of standards or norms--truth and reasonableness, for example--but which one is the fundamental norm of belief? He explains both the norms of knowledge and of truth in terms of the fundamental norm, the one that tells you to be reasonable.
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  4. Kant's Theory of Imagination: Bridging Gaps in Judgement and Experience.Sarah L. Gibbons - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    This book departs from much of the scholarship on Kant by demonstrating the centrality of imagination to Kant's philosophy as a whole. In Kant's works, human experience is simultaneously passive and active, thought and sensed, free and unfree: these dualisms are often thought of as unfortunate byproducts of his system. Gibbons, however, shows that imagination performs a vital function in "bridging gaps" between the different elements of cognition and experience. Thus, the role imagination plays in Kant's works expresses his (...)
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  5.  30
    Missing the Obvious: Reply to Moon.J. Gibbons - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):153-158.
    In Gibbons 2006, I presented a counterexample to epistemic internalism, the view that justification supervenes on the internal. Andrew Moon has replied to this paper, asking what generates the intuition behind the counterexample. In this note, I try to answer that question.
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  6.  5
    Wirklich ganz tot? Neue Gedanken zur Unsterblichkeit der Seele vor dem Hintergrund der Ganztodtheorie.Christian Henning - 2001 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 43 (2):236-252.
    This essay describes a problem, that German protestant theology has faced for nearly a hundred years. The problem derives from a theory of death, which spread among theologians in the first decades of the 20th century. In contradiction to traditional doctrine they interpreted death not as the moment, when the immortal soul seperates from the body, but as the moment in time, when human life comes to its absolute end. That means, they denied the idea of an immortal soul. Accordingly (...)
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  7. Political Poetry and the Example of Ernesto Cardenal.Reginald Gibbons - 1987 - Critical Inquiry 13 (3):648-671.
    In Latin America Cardenal is generally regarded as an enduring poet. He brought a recognizably Latin American material into his poetry, and he introduced to Spanish-language poetry in general such poetic techniques as textual collage, free verse lines shaped in Poundian fashion, and, especially, a diction that is concrete and detailed, textured with proper names and the names of things in preference to the accepted poetic language, which was more abstract, general, and vaguely symbolic. But what is notable in Spanish-language (...)
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  8.  4
    The Ethics of Creativity: Beauty, Morality, and Nature in a Processive Cosmos.Brian G. Henning - 2014 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    A central concern of nearly every environmental ethic is its desire to extend the scope of direct moral concern beyond human beings to plants, nonhuman animals, and the systems of which they are a part. Although nearly all environmental philosophies have long since rejected modernity’s conception of individuals as isolated and independent substances, few have replaced this worldview with an alternative that is adequate to the organic, processive world in which we find ourselves. In this context, Brian G. Henning (...)
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  9.  4
    The Ethics of Creativity: Beauty, Morality, and Nature in a Processive Cosmos.Brian G. Henning - 2005 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    A central concern of nearly every environmental ethic is its desire to extend the scope of direct moral concern beyond human beings to plants, nonhuman animals, and the systems of which they are a part. Although nearly all environmental philosophies have long since rejected modernity’s conception of individuals as isolated and independent substances, few have replaced this worldview with an alternative that is adequate to the organic, processive world in which we find ourselves. In this context, Brian G. Henning (...)
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  10.  39
    The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies.Michael Gibbons (ed.) - 1994 - Sage Publications.
    As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the ways in which knowledge--scientific, social, and cultural--is produced are undergoing fundamental changes. In The New Production of Knowledge, a distinguished group of authors analyze these changes as marking the transition from established institutions, disciplines, practices, and policies to a new mode of knowledge production. Identifying such elements as reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, and heterogeneity within this new mode, the authors consider their impact and interplay with the role of knowledge in social relations. (...)
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  11. From Choice to Chance? Saving People, Fairness, and Lotteries.Tim Henning - 2015 - Philosophical Review 124 (2):169-206.
    Many authors in ethics, economics, and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, that is, the following thesis: where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good. This article defends skepticism about the Lottery Requirement. It distinguishes three broad strategies of defending such a requirement: the surrogate satisfaction account, the procedural account, and the ideal consent account, and argues that none of these (...)
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  12. Things That Make Things Reasonable.John Gibbons - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):335-361.
  13. Sensitivity to Interpersonal Timing at 3 and 6 Months of Age.Tricia Striano, Anne Henning & Daniel Stahl - 2006 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (2):251-271.
  14. Mental Causation Without Downward Causation.John Gibbons - 2006 - Philosophical Review 115 (1):79-103.
    to counterintuitive results. Suppose a mental event, m1, causes another mental event, m2. Unless the mental and the physical are completely independent, there will be a physical event in your brain or your body or the physical world as a whole that underlies this event. The mental event occurs at least partly in virtue of the physical event’s occurring. And the same goes for m2 [2] and p2. Let’s not worry about what exactly “underlying” or “in virtue of” means here. (...)
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  15.  69
    Access Externalism.John Gibbons - 2006 - Mind 115 (457):19-39.
    This paper argues for externalism about justification on the basis of thought experiments. I present cases in which two individuals are intrinsically and introspectively indistinguishable and in which intuitively, one is justified in believing that p while the other is not. I also examine an argument for internalism based on the ideas that we have privileged access to whether or not our own beliefs are justified and that only internalism is compatible with this privilege. I isolate what I take to (...)
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  16.  24
    Introduction: `Mode 2' Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Helga Nowotny, Peter Scott & Michael Gibbons - 2003 - Minerva 41 (3):179-194.
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  17. Sympathetic Reactions to the Bait Dog in a Film of Dog Fighting: The Influence of Personality and Gender.Stephen D. Short, Jeffrey A. Gibbons & Sherman A. Lee - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (2):107-125.
    Media sources brought international attention to dog fighting during the Michael Vick case. Although a significant number of people who watched footage of the abused dogs used in the Vick case may have felt sympathy for them, the characteristics associated with those types of individuals are not known. The current study examined personality and gender as predictors of sympathetic reactions to the mistreatment of a bait dog depicted in a film clip. The results supported the predictions that animal-oriented sympathy, trait (...)
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  18. Knowledge in Action.John Gibbons - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):579-600.
    This paper argues that the role of knowledge in the explanation and production of intentional action is as indispensable as the roles of belief and desire. If we are interested in explaining intentional actions rather than intentions or attempts, we need to make reference to more than the agent’s beliefs and desires. It is easy to see how the truth of your beliefs, or perhaps, facts about a setting will be involved in the explanation of an action. If you believe (...)
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  19. Moral Realism and Two-Dimensional Semantics.Tim Henning - 2011 - Ethics 121 (4):717-748.
    Moral realists can, and should, allow that the truth-conditional content of moral judgments is in part attitudinal. I develop a two-dimensional semantics that embraces attitudinal content while preserving realist convictions about the independence of moral facts from our attitudes. Relative to worlds “considered as counterfactual,” moral terms rigidly track objective, response-independent properties. But relative to different ways the actual world turns out to be, they nonrigidly track whatever properties turn out to be the objects of our relevant attitudes. This theory (...)
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  20.  80
    Externalism and Knowledge of Content.John Gibbons - 1996 - Philsophical Review 105 (3):287-310.
    Many bclicvc that content cxtcrnalism is inconsistent with commonscnsc views about our kmowlcdgc of thc contents of our own thoughts} Content cxtcrnalism is thc vicw that thc propositional contents of an individual’s thoughts do not supcrvcnc on thc intrinsic properties of that individual. Relations bctwccn you and your social and physical environment partly dctcrminc thc comtents of your thoughts.? But if what dctcrmimcs thc content of your thoughts lics partly outside your mind, it might sccm that you have to investigate (...)
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  21. Allen Buchanan, Beyond Humanity? The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 286 Pp. ISBN 978-0-1958781-0, Hardback, £20.00. [REVIEW]Christoph Henning - 2012 - Journal of Critical Realism 11 (3):395-400.
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  22. Seeing What You 'Re Doing'.John Gibbons - 2010 - In T. Szabo Gendler & J. Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    Do we have privileged access to what we’re intentionally doing? Well, that probably depends on what privileged access is. One way to think about privileged access is to try to identify a true formal principle. One thing you’ll need to do when identifying the formal principle is to specify the relevant range of propositions to which you have privileged access. These ranges are usually specified by subject matter: propositions about your own current, conscious propositional attitudes, propositions about your own sensations, (...)
     
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  23. Reason in Action.John Gibbons - 2009 - In Lucy O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.), Mental Actions. Oxford University Press. pp. 72.
    There is a problem with a very common theory of the nature of action. The problem stems from the fact that causation by practical reasons may be a necessary condition for being an intentional action, but it can’t be a sufficient condition. After all, desires and intentions are caused by practical reasons that rationalize them, but they’re clearly not actions. Even if all actions are events or changes and desires and intentions aren’t, the acquistion of a desire or an intention (...)
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  24.  87
    Normative Reasons Contextualism.Tim Henning - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):593-624.
    This article argues for the view that statements about normative reasons are context-sensitive. Specifically, they are sensitive to a contextual parameter specifying a relevant person's or group's body of information. The argument for normative reasons contextualism starts from the context-sensitivity of the normative “ought” and the further premise that reasons must be aligned with oughts. It is incoherent, I maintain, to suppose that someone normatively ought to φ but has most reason not to φ. So given that oughts depend on (...)
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  25.  3
    Like a Stone: A Happy Death and the Search for Knowledge.Andrew Gibbons - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1092-1103.
  26. Higher-Order One–Many Problems in Plato's Philebus and Recent Australian Metaphysics.S. Gibbons & C. Legg - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):119 - 138.
    We discuss the one?many problem as it appears in the Philebus and find that it is not restricted to the usually understood problem about the identity of universals across particulars that instantiate them (the Hylomorphic Dispersal Problem). In fact some of the most interesting aspects of the problem occur purely with respect to the relationship between Forms. We argue that contemporary metaphysicians may draw from the Philebus at least three different one?many relationships between universals themselves: instantiation, subkind and part, and (...)
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  27.  14
    Beyond Mechanism: Putting Life Back Into Biology.Brian G. Henning & Adam Scarfe - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    It has been said that new discoveries and developments in the human, social, and natural sciences hang “in the air” (Bowler, 1983; 2008) prior to their consummation. While neo-Darwinist biology has been powerfully served by its mechanistic metaphysic and a reductionist methodology in which living organisms are considered machines, many of the chapters in this volume place this paradigm into question. Pairing scientists and philosophers together, this volume explores what might be termed “the New Frontiers” of biology, namely contemporary areas (...)
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  28. You Gotta Do What You Gotta Do.John Gibbons - 2009 - Noûs 43 (1):157-177.
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  29.  99
    Qualia: They 'Re Not What They Seem'.John Gibbons - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (3):397-428.
    Whether or not qualia are ways things seem, the view that qualia have the properties typically attributed to them is unjustified. Ways things seem do not have many of the properties commonly attributed to them. For example, inverted ways things seem are impossible. If ways things seem do not have the features commonly attributed to them, and qualia do have those same features, this looks like good reason to distinguish the two. But if your reasons for believing that qualia have (...)
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  30.  23
    Verteilungskonflikte, Gleichachtung und Zufallsverfahren.Tim Henning - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 70 (2):262-268.
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  31. Standing in Livestock's 'Long Shadow': The Ethics of Eating Meat on a Small Planet.Brian G. Henning - 2011 - Ethics and the Environment 16 (2):63-93.
    A primary contribution of this essay is to provide a survey of the human and environmental impacts of livestock production. We will find that the mass consumption of animals is a primary reason why humans are hungry, fat, or sick and is a leading cause behind the depletion and pollution of waterways, the degradation and deforestation of the land, the extinction of species, and the warming of the planet. Recognizing these harms, this essay will consider various solutions being proposed to (...)
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  32.  18
    The Fading Affect Bias Across Alcohol Consumption Frequency for Alcohol-Related and Non-Alcohol-Related Events.Jeffrey A. Gibbons, Angela Toscano, Stephanie Kofron, Christine Rothwell, Sherman A. Lee, Timothy D. Ritchie & W. Richard Walker - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1340-1351.
  33.  83
    Why Be Yourself? Kantian Respect and Frankfurtian Identification.Tim Henning - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (245):725-745.
    Harry Frankfurt has claimed that some of our desires are ‘internal’, i.e., our own in a special sense. I defend the idea that a desire's being internal matters in a normative, reasons-involving sense, and offer an explanation for this fact. The explanation is Kantian in spirit. We have reason to respect the desires of persons in so far as respecting them is a way to respect the persons who have them (in some cases, ourselves). But if desires matter normatively in (...)
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  34.  4
    Moral Vegetarianism.Brian G. Henning - 2016 - Process Studies 45 (2):236-249.
    In this article the work of a recent critic of moral vegetarianism is analyzed: Andrew F. Smith. Smith s work is significant for process thinkers who defend moral vegetarianism for various reasons. One of these is that he forces process thinkers to consider in more depth Whitehead’s view of plant ontology; another is that Smith adds insightfully to the conversation within process thought regarding the relationship between claims regarding animal rights and the ecoholistic concerns of environmental ethicists.
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  35.  20
    On the Emotions That Accompany Autobiographical Memories: Dysphoria Disrupts the Fading Affect Bias.W. Richard Walker, John Skowronski, Jeffrey Gibbons, Rodney Vogl & Charles Thompson - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):703-723.
  36.  12
    The Ethics of Food, Fuel, and Feed.Brian G. Henning - 2015 - Daedalus 144 (4):90-98.
    As the collective impact of human activity approaches Earth’s biophysical limits, the ethics of food become increasingly important. Hundreds of millions of people remain undernourished, yet only 60 percent of the global harvest is consumed by humans, while 35 percent is fed to livestock and 5 percent is used for biofuels and other industrial products. This essay considers the ethics of such use of edible nutrition for feedstock and biofuel. How humanity uses Earth’s land is a reflection of its values. (...)
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  37.  3
    Introduction: Camus and Education.Peter Roberts, Andrew Gibbons & Richard Heraud - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1085-1091.
  38.  2
    Beyond Education: Meursault and Being Ordinary.Andrew Gibbons - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1104-1115.
  39.  1
    Tragedy and Teaching: The Education of Narrative.Andrew Gibbons - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1162-1174.
  40.  1
    The Teaching of Tragedy: Narrative and Education.Andrew Gibbons - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1150-1161.
  41.  3
    Introduction.Helga Nowotny, Peter Scott & Michael Gibbons - 2003 - Minerva 41 (3):179-194.
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  42.  67
    Externalism and Knowledge of the Attitudes.John Gibbons - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (202):13-28.
    Knowledge of your own propositional attitudes requires at least two things. You need to know the content of the relevant mental state, and you need to know what attitude you take towards that content. If it is possible to mistake a wish for a belief, this is a mistake about the attitude, not the content. One need not believe that we are generally infallible about our mental states to hold that, typically, when I sincerely say..
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  43.  71
    Is There an Ethics of Creativity?Brian G. Henning - 2006 - Chromatikon: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès / Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 2:161-173.
    Is there an ethics of creativity? Though this question appears innocent enough, it proves surprisingly difficult to answer. A survey of the literature on the topic reveals that process ethics has variously been categorized as or seen as compatible with: moral interest theory, ecological virtue ethics, utilitarianism, Confucian virtue ethics, and even deontology. What can account for such divergent and even contradictory conclusions? On one level we might blame Whitehead, whose sporadic comments on morality may appear to be more suggestive (...)
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  44. Science as a Commodity: Threats to the Open Community of Scholars.Michael Gibbons & Björn Wittrock (eds.) - 1985 - Longman.
     
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  45.  38
    The Catholic Rural Movement.William J. Gibbons - 1949 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):22-24.
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  46.  21
    Selective Looking by 12-Month-Olds to a Temporally Contingent Partner.Tricia Striano, Anne Henning & Amrisha Vaish - 2006 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (2):233-250.
  47.  37
    Bankenkrise, Wirtschaftskrise, Sinnkrise?Christoph Henning - 2010 - Philosophische Rundschau 57 (3):254 - 271.
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  48. Patronage and Style in the Arts: A Suggestion Concerning Their Relations.Edward B. Henning - 1960 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (4):464-471.
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  49.  54
    The Maximum Tension Principle in General Relativity.G. W. Gibbons - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (12):1891-1901.
    I suggest that classical General Relativity in four spacetime dimensions incorporates a Principal of Maximal Tension and give arguments to show that the value of the maximal tension is $\frac{{c^4 }}{{4G}}$ . The relation of this principle to other, possibly deeper, maximal principles is discussed, in particular the relation to the tension in string theory. In that case it leads to a purely classical relation between G and the classical string coupling constant α′ and the velocity of light c which (...)
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  50.  33
    Moralischer Partikularismus und die moralischen Grundsätze Kants und Scanlons.Tim Henning - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (1):84-90.
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