26 found
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  1.  18
    The Life of Concepts:: Georges Canguilhem and the History of Science.Henning Schmidgen - 2014 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (2):232-253.
    Twelve years after his famous Essay on Some Problems Concerning the Normal and the Pathological (1943), the philosopher Georges Canguilhem (1904–1995) published a book-length study on the history of a single biological concept. Within France, his Formation of the Reflex Concept in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (1955) contributed significantly to defining the “French style” of writing on the history of science. Outside of France, the book passed largely unnoticed. This paper re-reads Canguilhem’s study of the reflex concept with respect (...)
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  2.  13
    Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology.Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477-513.
    This paper addresses the visual culture of late-19th-century experimental physiology. Taking the case of Johann Nepomuk Czermak as a key example, it argues that images played a crucial role in acquiring experimental physiological skills. Czermak, Emil Du Bois-Reymond and other late-19th-century physiologists sought to present the achievements and perspective of their discipline by way of "immediate visual perception." However, the images they produced and presented for this purpose were strongly mediated. By means of specifically designed instruments, such as the "cardioscope," (...)
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  3.  21
    Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology. [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477 - 513.
    This paper addresses the visual culture of late-19th-century experimental physiology. Taking the case of Johann Nepomuk Czermak (1828-1873) as a key example, it argues that images played a crucial role in acquiring experimental physiological skills. Czermak, Emil Du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and other late-19th-century physiologists sought to present the achievements and perspective of their discipline by way of "immediate visual perception (unmittelbare Anschauung)." However, the images they produced and presented for this purpose were strongly mediated. By means of specifically designed instruments, (...)
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  4.  41
    The Materiality of Things? Bruno Latour, Charles Péguy and the History of Science.Henning Schmidgen - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):3-28.
    This article sheds new light on Bruno Latour’s sociology of science and technology by looking at his early study of the French writer, philosopher and editor Charles Péguy (1873–1914). In the early 1970s, Latour engaged in a comparative study of Péguy’s Clio and the four gospels of the New Testament. His 1973 contribution to a Péguy colloquium (published in 1977) offers rich insights into his interest in questions of time, history, tradition and translation. Inspired by Gilles Deleuze’s philosophy of difference, (...)
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  5.  13
    General Physiology, Experimental Psychology, and Evolutionism.Judy Johns Schloegel & Henning Schmidgen - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):614-645.
  6.  17
    Cerebral Drawings Between Art and Science: On Gilles Deleuze’s Philosophy of Concepts.Henning Schmidgen - 2015 - Theory, Culture and Society 32 (7-8):123-149.
    In What Is Philosophy?, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari distinguish the functions of philosophy, art and science. According to this distinction, the primary purpose of philosophy is to invent concepts, the purpose of art to bring forth percepts, or sensorial aggregates, and that of science to delineate functions. This article aims to show that these distinctions are not as clear-cut as they appear. Using Deleuze and Guattari’s proposition that ‘philosophy is the art of forming, inventing, and fabricating concepts’ as a (...)
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  7.  14
    Leviathan and the Myograph: Hermann Helmholtz's “Second Note” on the Propagation Speed of Nervous Stimulations.Henning Schmidgen - 2015 - Science in Context 28 (3):357-396.
    ArgumentIn the winter of 1849–1850 in Königsberg, German physiologist Hermann von Helmholtz conducted pioneering measurements concerning the propagation speed of stimulations in the living nerve. While recent historians of science have paid considerable attention to Helmholtz's uses of the graphic method, in particular his construction of an instrument called “myographion,” this paper draws attention to theinscription surfacesthat he used in effective ways for capturing and transmitting his findings. Against the background of recent archival findings, I show that Helmholtz used isinglass (...)
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  8.  15
    Time and Noise: The Stable Surroundings of Reaction Experiments, 1860–1890.Henning Schmidgen - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):237-275.
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  9.  49
    Inside the Black Box: Simondon’s Politics of Technology.Henning Schmidgen - 2012 - Substance 41 (3):16-31.
    In 1923, Paul Valéry created an artificial world of antiquity. In it the sea could wash up things which, because of their brilliance, hardness, and unfamiliar form, interrupted and irritated well-established habits of thought. Nature or art? Given or created? Earthly or heavenly? Eupalinos, the architect, does not find himself in the position to decide. He throws back into the sea the shiny, ball-like thing he had picked up from the shore only seconds before.1 In the 1950s, the situation has (...)
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  10. Surface Media: McLuhan, the Bauhaus and the Tactile Values of TV.Henning Schmidgen - 2022 - Body and Society 28 (1-2):121-153.
    Marshall McLuhan understood television as a tactile medium. This understanding implied what Bruno Latour might call a ‘symmetrical’ conception of tactility. According to McLuhan, not only human actors are endowed with the sense of touch. In addition, TV, digital computers and other ‘electric media’ use light beams and similar scanning techniques for ceaselessly ‘caressing the contours’ of their surroundings. This notion of tactility was crucially shaped by the holistic aesthetics of the early Bauhaus. To get at the specific features of (...)
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  11. Symmetries of Touch: Reconsidering Tactility in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing.Henning Schmidgen & Rebekka Ladewig - 2022 - Body and Society 28 (1-2):3-23.
    Engaging with the specific ways current media technologies interact with, or directly access the human body, we suggest developing a ‘symmetrical’ theory of touch. Critically referring to Bruno Latour’s invocation of ‘symmetrical anthropology’, we reconsider tactile agency as ‘technological agency’, arguing that the concept of touch – traditionally viewed as an exclusively human ability – should be extended to non-human actors and analysed in view of the cultural logic of capitalism. Its systematic focus, then, is on the productive intersections and (...)
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  12.  21
    The Uncertainty of Philosophical Experiments: Philosophy of Experimental Biology Marcel Weber Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2005 (358 Pp; $75.00 Hbk; ISBN 0521829453).Henning Schmidgen - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):434-435.
  13.  16
    Successful Paranoia: Friedrich Kittler, Lacanian Psychoanalysis, and the History of Science.Henning Schmidgen - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (1):107-131.
    With studies like Discourse Networks 1800/1900 and Gramophone, Film, Typewriter, Friedrich A. Kittler contributed significantly to transforming the history of media into a vital field of inquiry. This essay undertakes to more precisely characterize Kittler’s historiographical approach. When we look back on his early contributions to studies of the relationship between literature, madness and truth – among others, his doctoral dissertation on the Swiss poet and writer Conrad Ferdinand Meyer – what strikes us is the significance that Jacques Lacan’s structuralist (...)
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  14.  34
    Das Konzert der Maschinen Simondons politisches Programm.Henning Schmidgen - 2012 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 2012 (2):117-134.
    Gilbert Simondon's essay Du mode d'existence des objets techniques (1958 [On the mode of being of technical objects]) operates in the transitional space between Heidegger's philosophy of technology and contemporary cybernetics. Furthermore, Simondon outlines an explicitly political program that culminates in the demand to emphasize the status of technical objects in the culture of contemporary society by way of human representatives. The basis for this program is his conception of the technical »thing« as a medium. German Gilbert Simondons Abhandlung Du (...)
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  15.  7
    Cybernetic Times: Norbert Wiener, John Stroud, and the ‘Brain Clock’ Hypothesis.Henning Schmidgen - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):80-108.
    In 1955, Norbert Wiener suggested a sociological model according to which all forms of culture ultimately depended on the temporal coordination of human activities, in particular their synchronization. The basis for Wiener’s model was provided by his insights into the temporal structures of cerebral processes. This article reconstructs the historical context of Wiener’s ‘brain clock’ hypothesis, largely via his dialogues with John W. Stroud and other scholars working at the intersection of neurophysiology, experimental psychology, and electrical engineering. Since the 19th (...)
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  16.  15
    Culturing Life: How Cells Became Technologies (Review).Henning Schmidgen - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):312-315.
  17.  18
    Between the Laboratory and the Museum: Claude Bernard and the Problem of Time.Henning Schmidgen - 2012 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (1):33-37.
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  18.  7
    Jean Oury Und Die Ästhetische Konation. Ein Erkundungsgang Zwischen Sartre, Goldstein Und Lacan.Henning Schmidgen - 2018 - Internationales Jahrbuch für Philosophische Anthropologie 8 (1):143-156.
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  19.  8
    Bruno Latour. An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns. Translated by, Catherine Porter. Xxvii + 486 Pp. Cambridge, Mass./London: Harvard University Press, 2013. $39.95. [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2014 - Isis 105 (3):673-675.
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  20.  4
    Das Konzert der Maschinen.Henning Schmidgen - 2012 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 3 (2).
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  21.  7
    Stephen Hilgartner, Science on Stage: Expert Advice as Public Drama. Writing Science. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000. Pp. XV+214. Isbn 0-8047-3646-4. £11.95, $18.95. [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (1):87-127.
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  22.  6
    Die Geschwindigkeit von Gefühlen und Gedanken.Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 12 (2):100-115.
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  23.  5
    Leben und Erkenntnis. Über eine Entwicklung im Werk von Georges Canguilhem.Henning Schmidgen - 2009 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 17 (2).
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  24.  9
    Culturing Life: How Cells Became Technologies (Review). [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (2):312-315.
  25.  2
    Die Geschwindigkeit von Gefühlen und Gedanken: Die Entwicklung psychophysiologischer Zeitmessungen, 1850–1865.Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 12 (2):100-115.
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  26.  2
    Circulations: A Virtual Laboratory and its Elements.Henning Schmidgen & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger - 2010 - Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science 8:1-11.
    This paper presents and discusses the website. Under the title “The Virtual Laboratory: Essays and Resources on the Experimentalization of Life” it gives access to a massive collection of texts and images concerning the experimental life sciences of the 19th and early 20th century. The main focus is on physiology and psychology. Plant breeding is an additional theme. As of now, the Virtual Laboratory gives access to some 12,000 digital items, i.e. historical text books, journal articles, manuscripts, trade catalogs, photos, (...)
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