14 found
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  1.  6
    What Makes People Revise Their Beliefs Following Contradictory Anecdotal Evidence?: The Role of Systemic Variability and Direct Experience.Henry Markovits & Christophe Schmeltzer - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):535-547.
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  2.  25
    Rationale and Guidelines for Empirical Adversarial Collaboration: A Thinking & Reasoning Initiative.Tim Rakow, Valerie Thompson, Linden Ball & Henry Markovits - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (2):167-175.
  3.  35
    A Mental Model Analysis of Young Children's Conditional Reasoning with Meaningful Premises.Henry Markovits - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):335 – 347.
    Mental model theory has been used to explain many differing phenomena in adult reasoning, including the extensively studied case of conditional reasoning. However, the current theory makes predictions about the development of conditional reasoning that are not consistent with data. In this article, young children's performance on conditional reasoning problems and the justifications given are analysed. A mental model account of conditional reasoning is proposed that assumes that (1) young children can reason with two models and (2) the fleshing out (...)
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  4.  28
    Conditional Reasoning with Causal Premises: Evidence for a Retrieval Model.Stephane Quinn & Henry Markovits - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):179 – 191.
    This study examined the hypothesis that a key process in conditional reasoning with concrete premises involves on-line retrieval of information about potential alternate antecedents. Participants were asked to solve reasoning problems with causal conditional premises (If cause P then effect Q). These premises were inserted into short contexts. The availability of potential alternatives was varied from one context to another by adding statements that explicitly invalidated one or more of these alternatives (i.e., other causes that lead to the effect Q). (...)
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  5.  65
    Conditional Reasoning Under Time Constraint: Information Retrieval and Inhibition.Henry Markovits & Hugues Lortie Forgues - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):221-232.
    A total of 152 students were asked to respond to a series of causal conditional (“If P then Q”) inferences with major premises for which there was variable access to information contradicting the premises. Half the students were given 12.5 s for each inference, the other half were given 8.5 s. The percentage of accepted inferences was significantly lower when the time was shorter for the MP and MT inferences, but no effect was observed for the AC and DA inferences. (...)
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  6.  26
    Individual Differences in Working Memory and Conditional Reasoning with Concrete and Abstract Content.Henry Markovits, Celine Doyon & Michael Simoneau - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):97 – 107.
    This study examined the hypothesis that conditional reasoning involves visual short-term memory resources (Johnson-Laird, 1985). A total of 147 university students were given measures of verbal and visual short-term memory capacity and a series of concrete and abstract conditional reasoning problems. Results indicate that there is a positive correlation between verbal working memory capacity and reasoning with both concrete and abstract premises. A positive correlation was also obtained between visual working memory capacity and reasoning with concrete premises.
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  7.  60
    Is the Self-Organizing Consciousness Framework Compatible with Human Deductive Reasoning?Pierre Barrouillet & Henry Markovits - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):330-331.
    As stressed by Perruchet & Vinter, the SOC model echoes Johnson-Laird's mental model theory. Indeed, the latter rejects rule-based processing and assumes that reasoning is achieved through the manipulation of conscious representations. However, the mental model theory as well as its modified versions resorts to the abstraction of complex schemas and some form of implicit logic that seems incompatible with the SOC approach.
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  8.  19
    Belief Bias is Stronger When Reasoning is More Difficult.Janie Brisson, Pier-Luc de Chantal, Hugues Lortie Forgues & Henry Markovits - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (3):385-403.
  9.  7
    : Introduction: Why is Understanding the Development of Reasoning Important?Henry Markovits & Pierre Barrouillet - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):113-121.
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  10.  10
    Imagination as a Source of Rationality in Development.Henry Markovits - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):462-463.
    Byrne's book makes a strong case for the important role of imagination as a creator of possibilities that are used to understand complex relations, while remaining rational. I suggest that imagination also serves a critical developmental role by creating possibilities that are not rational, and that act to modify the nature of the cognitive processes that are used to define rationality.
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  11.  3
    Development and Necessary Norms of Reasoning.Henry Markovits - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  12.  20
    The Effect of Instructions and Information Retrieval on Accepting the Premises in a Conditional Reasoning Task.Isabelle Vadeboncoeur & Henry Markovits - 1999 - Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):97 – 113.
    Some studies have reported that, under some circumstances, participants sometimes reject the truth of conditional premises and give incorrect uncertain conclusions to MP and MT, despite the standard instructions to assume the truth of the premises. Instructions that emphasise the logical nature of the task, on the other hand, increase the number of valid conclusions to these two inferences. In this paper, we examine two possible explanations for the influence of instructions on the production of valid conclusions: (1) instructions trigger (...)
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  13.  2
    Males Outperform Females in Translating Social Relations Into Spatial Positions.Henry Markovits & Joyce F. Benenson - 2010 - Cognition 117 (3):332-340.
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  14. Semantic Memory Retrieval, Mental Models, and the Development of Conditional Inferences in Children.Henry Markovits - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oxford University Press.
     
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