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Herman Paul [38]Hermann Paul [2]Herman J. Paul [1]
  1.  28
    Performing History: How Historical Scholarship is Shaped by Epistemic Virtues.Herman Paul - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (1):1-19.
    Philosophers of history in the past few decades have been predominantly interested in issues of explanation and narrative discourse. Consequently, they have focused consistently and almost exclusively on the historian’s output, thereby ignoring that historical scholarship is a practice of reading, thinking, discussing, and writing, in which successful performance requires active cultivation of certain skills, attitudes, and virtues. This paper, then, suggests a new agenda for philosophy of history. Inspired by a “performative turn” in the history and philosophy of science, (...)
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  2.  25
    Virtue Language in Historical Scholarship: The Cases of Georg Waitz, Gabriel Monod and Henri Pirenne.Herman Paul, Sarah Keymeulen, Pieter Huistra & Camille Creyghton - 2016 - History of European Ideas 42 (7):924-936.
    SUMMARYHistorians of historiography have recently adopted the language of ‘epistemic virtues’ to refer to character traits believed to be conducive to good historical scholarship. While ‘epistemic virtues’ is a modern philosophical concept, virtues such as ‘objectivity’, ‘meticulousness’ and ‘carefulness’ historically also served as actors' categories. Especially in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, historians frequently used virtue language to describe what it took to be a ‘good’, ‘reliable’ or ‘professional’ scholar. Based on three European case studies—the German historian Georg (...)
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  3.  22
    Distance and Self‐Distanciation: Intellectual Virtue and Historical Method Around 1900.Herman Paul - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (4):104-116.
    ABSTRACTWhat did “historical distance” mean to historians in the Rankean tradition? Although historical distance is often equated with temporal distance, an analysis of Ernst Bernheim's Lehrbuch der historischen Methode reveals that for German historians around 1900 distance did not primarily refer to a passage of time that would enable scholars to study remote pasts from retrospective points of view. If Bernheim's manual presents historical distance as a prerequisite for historical interpretation, the metaphor rather conveys a need for self‐distanciation. Self‐distanciation is (...)
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  4.  88
    Weak Historicism: On Hierarchies of Intellectual Virtues and Goods.Herman Paul - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):369-388.
    This article seeks to reconcile a historicist sensitivity to how intellectually virtuous behavior is shaped by historical contexts with a non-relativist account of historical scholarship. To that end, it distinguishes between hierarchies of intellectual virtues and hierarchies of intellectual goods . The first hierarchy rejects a one-size-fits-all model of historical virtuousness in favor of a model that allows for significant varieties between the relative weight that historians must assign to intellectual virtues in order to acquire justified historical understanding. It grounds (...)
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  5.  28
    The Heroic Study of Records: The Contested Persona of the Archival Historian.Herman Paul - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):67-83.
    The archival turn in 19th-century historical scholarship – that is, the growing tendency among 19th-century historians to equate professional historical studies with scholarship based on archival research – not only affected the profession’s epistemological assumptions and day-to-day working manners, but also changed the persona of the historian. Archival research required the cultivation and exercise of such dispositions, virtues, or character traits as carefulness, meticulousness, diligence and industry. This article shows that a growing significance attached to these qualities made the archival (...)
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  6.  43
    A Collapse of Trust: Reconceptualizing the Crisis of Historicism.Herman Paul - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (1):63-82.
    This essay redefines the crisis of historicism as a collapse of trust. Following Friedrich Jaeger, it suggests that this crisis should be understood, not as a crisis caused by historicist methods, but as a crisis faced by the classical historicist tradition of Ranke. The "nihilism" and "moral relativism" feared by Troeltsch's generation did not primarily refer to the view that moral universals did not exist; rather, they expressed that the historical justification of bildungsbürgerliche values offered by classical historicism did no (...)
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  7.  26
    Naturalized Epistemology and/as Historicism: A Brief Introduction.Herman Paul & Mark Bevir - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):299-303.
  8.  7
    Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2001 - Polity.
    This new book offers a clear and accessible exposition of Hayden White's thought. In an engaging and wide-ranging analysis, Herman Paul discusses White's core ideas and traces the development of these ideas from the mid-1950s to the present. Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, (...)
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  9.  51
    Hayden White: The Making of a Philosopher of History.Herman Paul - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (1):131-145.
  10.  2
    Denial of Coevalness: Charges of Dogmatism in the Nineteenth-Century Humanities.Herman Paul & Caroline Schep - 2022 - History of European Ideas 48 (6):778-794.
    ABSTRACT Since the seventeenth century, scholars have been accusing each other of ‘dogmatism’. But what exactly did this mean? In exploring this question, this article focuses on philosophy and Biblical scholarship in nineteenth-century Germany. Scholars in both of these fields habitually contrasted Dogmatismus with Kritik, to the point of emplotting the history of their field as a gradual triumph of critical thinking over dogmatic belief. The article shows that charges of dogmatism derived much of their rhetorical force from such progressive (...)
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  11.  16
    Systemic Explanations of Scientific Misconduct: Provoked by Spectacular Cases of Norm Violation?Pieter Huistra & Herman Paul - 2022 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (1):51-65.
    In the past two decades, individual explanations of scientific misconduct have increasingly given way to systemic explanations. Where did this interest in systemic factors come from? Given that research ethicists often present their interventions as responses to scientific misconduct, this article tests the hypothesis that these systemic explanations were triggered by high-visibility cases of scientific norm violation. It does so by examining why Dutch scientists in 2011 explained Diederik Stapel’s grand-scale data fabrication largely in systemic terms, whereas only fifteen years (...)
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  12.  70
    Virtue Ethics and/or Virtue Epistemology: A Response to Anton Froeyman.Herman Paul - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):432-446.
    In response to Anton Froeyman's paper, “Virtues of Historiography,“ this article argues that philosophers of history interested in why historians cherish such virtues as carefulness, impartiality, and intellectual courage would do wise not to classify these virtues unequivocally as either epistemic or moral virtues. Likewise, in trying to grasp the roles that virtues play in the historian's professional practice, philosophers of history would be best advised to avoid adopting either an epistemological or an ethical perspective. Assuming that the historian's virtuous (...)
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  13.  29
    Who Suffered From the Crisis of Historicism? A Dutch Example.Herman Paul - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (2):169-193.
    Was the crisis of historicism an exclusively German affair? Or was it a “narrowly academic crisis,” as is sometimes assumed? Answering both questions in the negative, this paper argues that crises of historicism affected not merely intellectual elites, but even working-class people, not only in Germany, but also in the Netherlands. With an elaborated case study, the article shows that Dutch “neo-Calvinist” Protestants from the 1930s onward experienced their own crisis of historicism. For a variety of reasons, this religious subgroup (...)
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  14.  34
    Historians in the Archive: An Introduction.Pieter Huistra, Herman Paul & Jo Tollebeek - 2013 - History of the Human Sciences 26 (4):3-7.
    Historians in the 19th-century were not the first to discover the importance of source materials kept in archival depositories. More than their predecessors, however, scholars working in the historical discipline that the 19th century saw emerge tended to equate professional historical knowledge with knowledge based on primary source research, that is, practically speaking, on knowledge gained from source material that was usually kept in archives. While previous scholarship had paid ample attention to the methods that 19th-century historians employed for the (...)
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  15.  73
    Religion and the Crisis of Historicism: Protestant and Catholic Perspectives.Herman Paul - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):172-194.
    This paper raises the question to what extent the crisis of historicism is to be seen as a religious problem. There is, of course, no need to argue that religion in a broad sense of the word - ultimate concerns and fundamental values - played major roles in the debates over historicism. However, virtually no studies have been conducted on how the crisis of historicism can be "mapped" on the religious landscape in a more specific sense. Which theological schools and (...)
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  16. Hermeneutics and the Humanities: Dialogues with Hans-Georg Gadamer.Madeleine Kasten, Herman Paul & Rico Sneller (eds.) - 2012 - Amsterdam University Press.
    Published in 1960, Hans-Georg Gadamer’s _Truth and Method_ is one of the most influential books on interpretation to have appeared in the past half century. Scholars across the humanities have applied, discussed, and criticized its insights. This volume aims to continue this conversation between hermeneutics and the humanities and tries to map Gadamer’s influence on the humanities, while identifying the possibilities for further interaction between his ideas and contemporary scholarship. This bilingual collection is essential reading for scholars interested in issues (...)
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  17. Historicism: A Travelling Concept.Herman Paul & Adriaan van Veldhuizen (eds.) - 2020 - London ; New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Throughout the twentieth century, scholars, artists and politicians have accused each other of "historicism." But what exactly did this mean? Judging by existing scholarship, the answers varied enormously. Like many other "isms," historicism could mean nearly everything, to the point of becoming meaningless. Yet the questions remain: What made generations of scholars throughout the humanities and social sciences worry about historicism? Why did even musicians and members of parliament warn against historicism? And what explains this remarkable career of the term (...)
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  18.  1
    Het Moeras van de Geschiedenis: Nederlandse Debatten Over Historisme.Herman Paul - 2012 - Bert Bakker.
    Overzicht van de discussies in Nederland in de twintigste eeuw over historisch besef, gevoerd vanuit verschillende wetenschappelijke disciplines en invalshoeken.
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  19. Historians' Virtues: From Antiquity to the Twenty-First Century.Herman Paul - 2022 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Why do historians so often talk about objectivity, empathy, and fair-mindedness? What roles do such personal qualities play in historical studies? And why does it make sense to call them virtues rather than skills or habits? Historians' Virtues is the first publication to explore these questions in some depth. With case studies from across the centuries, the Element identifies major discontinuities in how and why historians talked about the marks of a good scholar. At the same time, it draws attention (...)
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  20.  6
    Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2011 - Polity.
    This new book offers a clear and accessible exposition of Hayden White's thought. In an engaging and wide-ranging analysis, Herman Paul discusses White's core ideas and traces the development of these ideas from the mid-1950s to the present. Starting with White's medievalist research and youthful fascination for French existentialism, Paul shows how White became increasingly convinced that historical writing is a moral activity. He goes on to argue that the critical concepts that have secured White's fame – trope, plot, discourse, (...)
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  21. The Specter of Historicism: A Discourse of Fear.Herman Paul - 2020 - In Herman Paul & Adriaan van Veldhuizen (eds.), Historicism: a travelling concept. Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  22.  31
    Edwin Koster, In betovering gevangen? Over verhaal en rationaliteit, religie en irrationaliteit. Budel 2005: Damon. 508 pagina’s. ISBN 9055735159. [REVIEW]Herman J. Paul - 2006 - Philosophia Reformata 71 (2):182-184.
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  23.  18
    A Loosely Knit Network: Philosophy of History After Hayden White.Herman Paul - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (1):3-20.
    Does the death of Hayden White mark the end of an era in philosophy of history? Although White’s personal presence is sorely missed, White’s work is unlikely soon to lose its prominent position in philosophy of history. This is because no other author occupies a position in the field that is remotely as central as White’s. His oeuvre serves as a shared reference point for scholars working on issues ranging from explanation and representation to deconstruction and presence. From whatever school (...)
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  24.  28
    What Defines a Professional Historian?Herman Paul - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 11 (2):229-245.
  25.  26
    How Historians Learn to Make Historical Judgments Historical Judgement: The Limits of Historiographical Choice.Herman Paul - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):90-108.
  26.  19
    What Defines a Professional Historian?Herman Paul - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Journal of the Philosophy of History.
  27.  30
    The Meaning of Historicism for Our Time.Frank Ankersmit, Herman Paul & Reinbert A. Krol - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):119-120.
  28.  11
    The Scientific Self: Reclaiming Its Place in the History of Research Ethics.Herman Paul - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1379-1392.
    How can the history of research ethics be expanded beyond the standard narrative of codification—a story that does not reach back beyond World War II—without becoming so broad as to lose all distinctiveness? This article proposes a history of research ethics focused on the “scientific self,” that is, the role-specific identity of scientists as typically described in terms of skills, competencies, qualities, or dispositions. Drawing on three agenda-setting texts from nineteenth-century history, biology, and sociology, the article argues that the “revolutions” (...)
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  29.  14
    Introduction: The Metaphor of Historical Distance.Jaap den Hollander, Herman Paul & Rik Peters - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (4):1-10.
  30.  5
    A Missing Link in the History of Historiography: Scholarly Personae in the World of Alfred Dove.Herman Paul - 2019 - History of European Ideas 45 (7):1011-1028.
    ABSTRACTDrawing on the case of Alfred Dove, this article contributes to an emerging line of research on scholarly personae in the history of historiography. It does so by addressing the important but so far neglected question: What exactly does the prism of scholarly personae add to existing historiographical perspectives? The German historian Alfred Dove is an appropriate case study for this exercise, because historical scholarship in Wilhelmine Germany has been relatively well studied, from various angles. Most notably, it has been (...)
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  31.  14
    The Life and Thought of Herbert Butterfield: History, Science and God.Herman Paul - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):232-235.
    (2012). The Life and Thought of Herbert Butterfield: History, Science and God. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 232-235. doi: 10.1080/02698595.2012.703485.
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  32.  9
    What Could It Mean for Historians to Maintain a Dialogue With the Past?Herman Paul - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (3):445-463.
  33.  4
    In Dialogue With the Past.Gert-Jan van der Heiden & Herman Paul - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (3):333-342.
  34.  18
    Virtue Language in Nineteenth-Century Orientalism: A Case Study in Historical Epistemology.Herman Paul - 2017 - Modern Intellectual History 14 (3):689-715.
    Historical epistemology is a form of intellectual history focused on “the history of categories that structure our thought, pattern our arguments and proofs, and certify our standards for explanation”. Under this umbrella, historians have been studying the changing meanings of “objectivity,” “impartiality,” “curiosity,” and other virtues believed to be conducive to good scholarship. While endorsing this historicization of virtues and their corresponding vices, the present article argues that the meaning and relative importance of these virtues and vices can only be (...)
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