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  1.  47
    Conflict of Interest and the Talmud.Joshua Fogel & Hershey H. Friedman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):237-246.
    A core value of Judaism is leading an ethical life. The Talmud, an authoritative source on Jewish law and tradition, has a number of discussions that deal with honesty in business and decision-making. One motive that can cause individuals to be unscrupulous is the presence of a conflict of interest. This paper will define, discuss, and review five Talmudic concepts relevant to conflict of interest. They are (1) Nogea B’Davar (being an interested party), (2) V’hiyitem N’keyim (behaving to ensure that (...)
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  2.  47
    Ethical Behavior in Business: A Hierarchical Approach From the Talmud. [REVIEW]Hershey H. Friedman - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):117 - 129.
    The Talmud, the compilation of Jewish oral law, is over 1500 years old and includes extensive discussions of business ethics. This paper presents four levels of ethical behavior in business gleaned from the words of the Talmud. At the lowest level, an individual is just barely inside the law; the highest level is the way of the pious. The author has attempted to relate the ethics in ancient business situations to business practices today.
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  3.  8
    Tone-at-the-Top Lessons From Abrahamic Justice.Hershey H. Friedman & Dov Fischer - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):209-225.
    Abraham’s “leadership by example” provides a template for business leaders to implement a tone at the top based on a balance of tzedek and mishpat. The former expresses the generosity of spirit required of leaders, while the latter expresses the sound judgement in conformity with both ethics and enacted law. We relate the two constructs to several contemporary theories of justice and jurisprudence. We also relate the development of Abrahamic Justice in the Jewish tradition from antiquity through Maimonides in the (...)
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  4.  33
    A Framework for Organizational Success.Hershey H. Friedman & Linda Weiser Friedman - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (3):219 - 221.
    The contention of this paper is that the marketing concept is but one aspect of a philosophy of business referred to by the authors as the framework for organizational success. This framework maintains that the marketing concept must work together with good management approaches and with ethical business practices in order to satisfy the needs and wants of the various publics of the organization — customers, employees, suppliers, society — and, in the long run, ensure the satisfaction of the needs (...)
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  5.  13
    What’s So Funny About Arguing with God? A Case for Playful Argumentation From Jewish Literature.Don Waisanen, Hershey H. Friedman & Linda Weiser Friedman - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (1):57-80.
    In this paper, we show that God is portrayed in the Hebrew Bible and in the Rabbinic literature—some of the very Hebrew texts that have influenced the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—as One who can be argued with and even changes his mind. Contrary to fundamentalist positions, in the Hebrew Bible and other Jewish texts God is omniscient but enjoys good, playful argumentation, broadening the possibilities for reasoning and reasonability. Arguing with God has also had a (...)
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