Results for 'Hilary Callahan'

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  1. Developmental Phenotypic Plasticity: Where Ecology and Evolution Meet Molecular Biology.Hilary Callahan, Massimo Pigliucci & Carl Schlichting - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (6):519-525.
    An exploration of the nexus between ecology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology, via the concept of phenotypic plasticity.
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  2. A Theory of Esthetic According to the Principles of St. Thomas Aquinas ... By Leonard Callahan.John Leonard Callahan - 1927 - Washington: The Catholic University of America.
     
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  3. Daniel Callahan Replies.Daniel Callahan - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (6):6.
     
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  4. In Conversation: Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan, and Frances Kissling Discuss the Marlise Munoz Case, Advance Directives, and Pregnant Women.Ruth Macklin, Alison Reiheld, Robyn Bluhm, Sidney Callahan & Frances Kissling - forthcoming - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 8 (1).
    Feminist bioethicists of a variety of persuasions discuss the 2013 case of Marlise Munoz, a pregnant woman whose medical care was in dispute after she became brain dead.
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  5. Same-Sex Marriage: Why It Matters—At Least for Now.Joan Callahan - 2009 - Hypatia 24 (1):70 - 80.
    This paper addresses the progressive, feminist critique of same-sex marriage as articulated by Claudia Card. Although agreeing with Card that the institution of marriage as we know it is profoundly morally flawed in its origins and effects, Callahan disagrees with Card's suggestion that queer activists in the United States should not be working for the inclusion of same-sex couples in the institution.
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  6. Setting Limits: Medical Goals in an Aging Society.Daniel Callahan & Norman Daniels - 1989 - Ethics 100 (1):169-176.
    In Setting Limits, Daniel Callahan advances the provocative thesis that age be a limiting factor in decisions to allocate certain kinds of health services to the elderly. However, when one looks at available data, one discovers that there are many more elderly women than there are elderly men, and these older women are poorer, more apt to live alone, and less likely to have informal social and personal supports than their male counterparts. Older women, therefore, will make the heaviest (...)
     
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  7.  22
    Medicine and the Market: Equity V. Choice.Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Much has been written about medicine and the market in recent years. This book is the first to include an assessment of market influence in both developed and developing countries, and among the very few that have tried to evaluate the actual health and economic impact of market theory and practices in a wide range of national settings. Tracing the path that market practices have taken from Adam Smith in the eighteenth century into twenty-first-century health care, Daniel Callahan and (...)
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  8.  16
    The Hastings Center and the Early Years of Bioethics.Daniel Callahan - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (1):53-71.
    The Hastings Center was founded in 1969 to study ethical problems in medicine and biology. The Center arose from a confluence of three social currents: the increased public scrutiny of medicine and its practices, the concern about the moral problems being generated by technological developments, and the desire of one of its founders (Callahan) to make use of his philosophical training in a more applied way. The early years of the Center were devoted to raising money, developing an early (...)
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  9.  2
    Education and the Cult of Efficiency.Raymond E. Callahan - 1964 - University of Chicago Press.
    Raymond Callahan's lively study exposes the alarming lengths to which school administrators went, particularly in the period from 1910 to 1930, in sacrificing educational goals to the demands of business procedures.
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  10.  7
    Ethical & Policy Issues in Rehabilitation Medicine.Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel Callahan & Janet Haas - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (4):1-20.
    The field of medical rehabilitation is relatively new.... Until recently, the ethical problems of this new field were neglected. There seemed to be more pressing concerns as rehabilitation medicine struggled to establish itself, sometimes in the face of considerable skepticism or hostility. There also seemed no pressing moral questions of the kind and intensity to be encountered, say, in high-technology acute care medicine or genetic engineering.... Those in biomedical ethics could and did easily overlook the quiet, less obtrusive issues of (...)
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  11. Medicine and the Market: Equity V.Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Much has been written about medicine and the market in recent years. This book is the first to include an assessment of market influence in both developed and developing countries, and among the very few that have tried to evaluate the actual health and economic impact of market theory and practices in a wide range of national settings. Tracing the path that market practices have taken from Adam Smith in the eighteenth century into twenty-first-century health care, Daniel Callahan and (...)
     
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  12. Individual Good and Common Good: A Communitarian Approach to Bioethics.Daniel Callahan - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (4):496-507.
  13.  26
    Principlism and Communitarianism.D. Callahan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):287-291.
    The decline in the interest in ethical theory is first outlined, as a background to the author’s discussion of principlism. The author’s own stance, that of a communitarian philosopher, is then described, before the subject of principlism itself is addressed. Two problems stand in the way of the author’s embracing principlism: its individualistic bias and its capacity to block substantive ethical inquiry. The more serious problem the author finds to be its blocking function. Discussing the four scenarios the author finds (...)
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  14. When Self‐Detertnination Runs Amok.Daniel Callahan - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (2):52-55.
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  15.  31
    Rationing: Theory, Politics, and Passions.Daniel Callahan - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):23-27.
    A confession is in order. As did almost everyone else of a certain persuasion, I recoiled when Sarah Palin invoked the notion of a "death panel" to characterize reform efforts to improve end-of-life counseling. That was wrong and unfair. But I was left uneasy by her phrase. Had I not been one of a handful of bioethicists over the years who had pushed to bring the need for rationing of health care to public attention and proposed ways to carry it (...)
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  16.  49
    On Harming the Dead.Joan C. Callahan - 1987 - Ethics 97 (2):341-352.
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  17. Employee Attitudes Toward Whistleblowing: Management and Public Policy Implications. [REVIEW]Elletta Sangrey Callahan & John W. Collins - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (12):939 - 948.
    Managers of organizations should be aware of the attitudes of employees concerning whistleblowing. Employee views should affect how employers choose to respond to whistleblowers through the evolving law of wrongful discharge.This article reports on a survey of employee attitudes toward the legal protection of whistleblowers and presents an analysis of the results of that survey.
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  18. Organized Obfuscation: Advocacy for Physician-Assisted Suicide.Daniel Callahan - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (5):pp. 30-33.
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  19.  86
    Response to Rebecca Dresser's 'Involuntary Confinement: Legal and Psychiatric Perspectives'.Joan C. Callahan - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (2):199-202.
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  20.  22
    Comment on Confucian Family Love From a Christian Perspective.Sidney Callahan - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (2):145-149.
  21.  13
    Judging the Future: Whose Fault Will It Be?Daniel Callahan - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (6):677 – 687.
    This paper looks at the future from the perspective of the way in which present thinking can influence what the future might be. It assumes that history shapes the future and that the present generation is in a position to shape it. It looks at the future of medicine as a science and a professional discipline, of health care as policy and politics, of culture and ideology as forces shaping medicine and health care, and of biomedical ethics as an influential (...)
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  22.  30
    Response to Roger W. Hunt.D. Callahan - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):24-27.
    A response to a critique by Roger W. Hunt of my views on the eventual likely need to use age as a standard for the allocation of expensive, high-technology, life-extending medical care for the elderly. The response encompasses three elements: 1. that while the elderly have a substantial claim to publicly-provided health care, it cannot be an unlimited claim; 2. that a health care system which provided a decent, coherent set of medical and social services for the elderly would be (...)
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  23.  28
    Bioethics and the Culture Wars.Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (4):424-431.
    American bioethics began in the late 1960s, stimulated by a plethora of new medical technologies and biological knowledge and by a scandal-induced interest in human subject research. Although it was understood that there would be ethical debate , no one thought the disputes would be ideological in character, as if part of one's voting pattern as liberal or conservative, Democrat or Republican. There were arguments, often sharp, but no culture wars.
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  24.  12
    Medicine and the Market: A Research Agenda.Daniel Callahan - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):224 – 242.
    One of the most important developments in international medicine over the past two decades has been a turn to the market as a way of coping with rising costs and responding to calls for more freedom from government control. A full moral evaluation of the relationship of medicine and the market requires asking a wide range of questions bearing on the meaning and impact of market strategies on the economics of health care and on the clinical and public health outcomes (...)
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  25.  16
    Bioethics and Ideology.Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (1):3-3.
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  26.  19
    Health Care for Children: A Community Perspective.Daniel Callahan - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (2):137 – 146.
  27.  5
    Ethics Committees and Social Issues: Potentials and Pitfalls.Daniel Callahan - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (1):5.
    When the Karen Ann Quinlan case emerged in the mid-1970s and the New Jersey Supreme Court made mention of the role that ethics committees might play in such cases, no one could have predicted at the time what the consequences of that observation might be. It took a while for momentum to build, but we are now seeing the flowering of what is an important movement in the field of bioethics: the interplay of ethics committees and broader societal issues.
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  28.  49
    Ethics and Population.Daniel Callahan - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (3):11-13.
  29.  37
    Academic Paternalism.Joan C. Callahan - 1986 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):21-31.
  30. Euthanasia: Where is the Debate Going?Daniel Callahan & Response by Paul Weithman - 2007 - In Margaret Monahan Hogan & David Solomon (eds.), Medical Ethics at Notre Dame: The J. Philip Clarke Family Lectures, 1988-1999. [South Bend, Ind.?]The Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture.
     
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  31.  21
    Paternalism and Voluntariness.Joan C. Callahan - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (2):199 - 219.
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  32.  9
    Discourse and Perspective in Daoism: A Linguistic Interpretation of Ziran.W. A. Callahan - 1989 - Philosophy East and West 39 (2):171-189.
  33.  45
    Death: "The Distinguished Thing".Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6 Supplement):sr5-s8.
  34.  27
    End-of-Life Care: A Philosophical or Management Problem?Daniel Callahan - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (2):114-120.
    End-of-life care became an important issue in the late 1960s and early 1970s. It was in great part driven by complaints about the care of the dying: lack of patient autonomy, indifferent or insensitive physicians, and inadequate pain control. The main task of those who worked to improve the situation centered on changing each of those variables, assuming that would do the job. But it has worked to a moderate extent only and the problem is not fully solved. The main (...)
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  35.  28
    Cloning: Then and Now.Daniel Callahan - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):141-144.
    The possibility of human cloning first surfaced in the 1960s, stimulated by the report that a salamander had been cloned. James D. Watson and Joshua Lederberg, distinguished Nobel laureates, speculated that the cloning of human beings might one day be within reach; it was only a matter of time. Bioethics was still at that point in its infancybioethicsand cloning immediately caught the eye of a number of those beginning to write in the field. They included Paul Ramsey, Hans Jonas, and (...)
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  36.  27
    Death, Mourning, and Medical Progress.Daniel Callahan - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):103-115.
  37.  25
    Longer Lives-Whose Good?Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (3):567-575.
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  38.  28
    Editors' Introduction To.Joan C. Callahan, Bonnie Mann & Sara Ruddick - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (1).
  39.  10
    Evaluating Religious Practices.Joan C. Callahan - 1994 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 3 (2):37-56.
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  40.  22
    Moral Oneupmanship.Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):c3-c3.
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  41.  7
    Ethics Without Abstraction: Squaring the Circle.D. Callahan - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):69-71.
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  42.  23
    Before He Wakes.Hilde Lindemann Nelson & Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4):15-16.
  43.  16
    Book Review: Leslie Pickering Francis and Anita Silvers. Americans with Disabilities: Exploring Implications of the Law for Individuals and Institutions New York: Routledge, 2000. [REVIEW]Joan Callahan - 2001 - Hypatia 16 (4):147-155.
  44.  7
    Privatizing the Department of Defense: A Proposal.Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (6):c2-c2.
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  45.  14
    Liberty, Beneficence, and Involuntary Confinement.Joan C. Callahan - 1984 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):261-294.
    My purpose in this paper is to show that current legal criteria for paternalistic involuntary psychiatric confinement of the mentally ill are both too narrow and too broad. I do this by first developing a principle of justified paternalistic interference with adults, which I take to be acceptably protective of individual liberty, but which does not require unnecessary sacrifices of individual welfare. After offering an analysis of current legal criteria for involuntary confinement, 1 argue that an acceptable theory of paternalistic (...)
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  46.  13
    Universal Health Care: From the States to the Nation?Daniel Callahan - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (5):28-29.
    When I first heard of the Massachusetts state legislation, two things came to mind. One of them was a piece of Canadian history little known to Americans: universal care in that country began with the Canadian provinces, gradually spreading to its federal government. Is that kind of development possible in the United States? The other was the famous 1932 phrase of Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis that the states are the “laboratories of democracy.” Could the Massachusetts law serve as a (...)
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  47.  12
    Symposium: A Roundtable on Feminism and Philosophy in the Mid-1990s: Taking Stock: Introduction.Joan Callahan - 1996 - Metaphilosophy 27 (1-2):184-188.
  48.  10
    Moral Problems in Nursing.Joan M. Callahan - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):75-82.
  49.  6
    Response to Jan H. Blits.Daniel Callahan - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (3):246-248.
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  50.  13
    In Memoriam: Marc Lappé.Daniel Callahan - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4):10-10.
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