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  1.  20
    Does a Molecule Have Structure?Hirofumi Ochiai - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):197-207.
    The classical model of the molecule assumes that it has a definite shape and structure like a mechanical object in the world of possible experience. This study deals with this assumption so as to shed some light on the foundations of the model. Arguments based on Kant’s theory of transcendental idealism suggest that neither shape nor structure are attributes of the molecule, but are rather contributions of the subject. This claim has great relevance to the questions of whether or not (...)
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  2.  8
    Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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    Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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    Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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    Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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  6.  7
    Understanding Molecular Structure Requires Constructive Realism.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (3):457-465.
    Since molecules are inaccessible to immediate observation, our conception of the molecule is brought about by transdiction which entails invention of various transcendental ideas. In organic chemistry we think that molecules consist of atoms, bonds, functional groups, etc. This is, however, not the unique description of the molecule as is shown by quantum mechanical calculations, for example. Then, what description represents the real molecule? Before asking this question, we have to consider what the real molecule is in the first place. (...)
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