Results for 'Hiroshi Masuya'

360 found
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  1.  8
    The Ontology of the Genetics.Hiroshi Masuya & Riichiro Mizoguchi - 2014 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 29 (3):311-327.
  2. Promoting Coherent Minimum Reporting Guidelines for Biological and Biomedical Investigations: The MIBBI Project.Chris F. Taylor, Dawn Field, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Jan Aerts, Rolf Apweiler, Michael Ashburner, Catherine A. Ball, Pierre-Alain Binz, Molly Bogue, Tim Booth, Alvis Brazma, Ryan R. Brinkman, Adam Michael Clark, Eric W. Deutsch, Oliver Fiehn, Jennifer Fostel, Peter Ghazal, Frank Gibson, Tanya Gray, Graeme Grimes, John M. Hancock, Nigel W. Hardy, Henning Hermjakob, Randall K. Julian, Matthew Kane, Carsten Kettner, Christopher Kinsinger, Eugene Kolker, Martin Kuiper, Nicolas Le Novere, Jim Leebens-Mack, Suzanna E. Lewis, Phillip Lord, Ann-Marie Mallon, Nishanth Marthandan, Hiroshi Masuya, Ruth McNally, Alexander Mehrle, Norman Morrison, Sandra Orchard, John Quackenbush, James M. Reecy, Donald G. Robertson, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Henry Rodriguez, Heiko Rosenfelder, Javier Santoyo-Lopez, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith & Jason Snape - 2008 - Nature Biotechnology 26 (8):889-896.
    Throughout the biological and biomedical sciences there is a growing need for, prescriptive ‘minimum information’ (MI) checklists specifying the key information to include when reporting experimental results are beginning to find favor with experimentalists, analysts, publishers and funders alike. Such checklists aim to ensure that methods, data, analyses and results are described to a level sufficient to support the unambiguous interpretation, sophisticated search, reanalysis and experimental corroboration and reuse of data sets, facilitating the extraction of maximum value from data sets (...)
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  3.  31
    Philosophical Pictures About Mathematics: Wittgenstein and Contradiction.Hiroshi Ohtani - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):2039-2063.
    In the scholarship on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy of mathematics, the dominant interpretation is a theoretical one that ascribes to Wittgenstein some type of ‘ism’ such as radical verificationism or anti-realism. Essentially, he is supposed to provide a positive account of our mathematical practice based on some basic assertions. However, I claim that he should not be read in terms of any ‘ism’ but instead should be read as examining philosophical pictures in the sense of unclear conceptions. The contrast here is (...)
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  4. Nihon Ni Okeru Yuibutsuron No Kaitakusha: Nagata Hiroshi No Shōgai to Gyōseki.Hiroshi Nagata - 2008 - Gakushū No Tomosha.
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  5.  41
    Chang’s Conjecture and Weak Square.Hiroshi Sakai - 2013 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 52 (1-2):29-45.
    We investigate how weak square principles are denied by Chang’s Conjecture and its generalizations. Among other things we prove that Chang’s Conjecture does not imply the failure of ${\square_{\omega_1, 2}}$ , i.e. Chang’s Conjecture is consistent with ${\square_{\omega_1, 2}}$.
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  6.  7
    On Katětov and Katětov–Blass Orders on Analytic P-Ideals and Borel Ideals.Hiroshi Sakai - 2018 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 57 (3-4):317-327.
    Minami–Sakai :883–898, 2016) investigated the cofinal types of the Katětov and the Katětov–Blass orders on the family of all \ ideals. In this paper we discuss these orders on analytic P-ideals and Borel ideals. We prove the following:The family of all analytic P-ideals has the largest element with respect to the Katětov and the Katětov–Blass orders.The family of all Borel ideals is countably upward directed with respect to the Katětov and the Katětov–Blass orders. In the course of the proof of (...)
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  7.  7
    Robust Real-Coded GA with Toroidal Search Space Conversion.Hiroshi Someya & Masayuki Yamamura - 2001 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 16 (3):333-343.
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  8.  64
    The Uncanny Advantage of Using Androids in Cognitive and Social Science Research.Karl F. MacDorman & Hiroshi Ishiguro - 2006 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 7 (3):297-337.
    The development of robots that closely resemble human beings can contribute to cognitive research. An android provides an experimental apparatus that has the potential to be controlled more precisely than any human actor. However, preliminary results indicate that only very humanlike devices can elicit the broad range of responses that people typically direct toward each other. Conversely, to build androids capable of emulating human behavior, it is necessary to investigate social activity in detail and to develop models of the cognitive (...)
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  9.  89
    Wittgenstein on Context and Philosophical Pictures.Hiroshi Ohtani - 2016 - Synthese 193 (6).
    In this paper, I will investigate Wittgenstein’s idea about the context-sensitivity of utterance. It is the idea that there is a big gap between understanding a sentence in the sense of knowing the idioms and discerning the grammar in it, and what is said by using it in a particular context. Although context-sensitivity in this moderate sense is a familiar idea in Wittgensteinian scholarship, it has mainly been studied as an idea in “Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language.” However, Wittgenstein’s interest in (...)
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  10.  38
    Matching Versus Optimal Data Selection in the Wason Selection Task.Hiroshi Yama - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (3):295 – 311.
    It has been reported as a robust effect that people are likely to select a matching case in the Wason selection task. For example, they usually select the 5 case, in the Wason selection task with the conditional "if an E, then a not-5". This was explained by the matching bias account that people are likely to regard a matching case as relevant to the truth of the conditional (Evans, 1998). However, because a positive concept usually constructs a smaller set (...)
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  11.  29
    Wittgenstein on Context and Philosophical Pictures.Hiroshi Ohtani - 2016 - Synthese 193 (6):1795-1816.
    In this paper, I will investigate Wittgenstein’s idea about the context-sensitivity of utterance. It is the idea that there is a big gap between understanding a sentence in the sense of knowing the idioms and discerning the grammar in it, and what is said by using it in a particular context. Although context-sensitivity in this moderate sense is a familiar idea in Wittgensteinian scholarship, it has mainly been studied as an idea in “Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language.” However, Wittgenstein’s interest in (...)
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  12.  33
    Semistationary and Stationary Reflection.Hiroshi Sakai - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (1):181-192.
    We study the relationship between the semistationary reflection principle and stationary reflection principles. We show that for all regular cardinals Λ ≥ ω₂ the semistationary reflection principle in the space [Λ](1) implies that every stationary subset of $E_{\omega}^{\lambda}\coloneq \{\alpha \in \lambda \,|\,{\rm cf}(\alpha)=\omega \}$ reflects. We also show that for all cardinals Λ ≥ ω₃ the semistationary reflection principle in [Λ](1) does not imply the stationary reflection principle in [Λ](1).
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  13.  74
    LK, LJ, Dual Intuitionistic Logic, and Quantum Logic.Hiroshi Aoyama - 2004 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 45 (4):193-213.
    In this paper, we study the relationship among classical logic, intuitionistic logic, and quantum logic . These logics are related in an interesting way and are not far apart from each other, as is widely believed. The results in this paper show how they are related with each other through a dual intuitionistic logic . Our study is completely syntactical.
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  14.  38
    World‐Pictures and Wittgensteinian Certainty.Hiroshi Ohtani - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (1-2):115-136.
    Although certainty is a fundamental notion in epistemology, it is less studied in contemporary analytic epistemology than other important notions such as knowledge or justification. This paper focuses on Wittgensteinian certainty, according to which the very basic dimension of our epistemic practices, the elements of our world-pictures, are objectively certain, in that we cannot legitimately doubt them. The aim of the paper is to offer the best philosophical way to clarify Wittgensteinian certainty, in a way that is consonant with Wittgenstein's (...)
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  15.  8
    From Lorenzen Through Husserl to Whitehead.Hiroshi Endo - 1990 - Process Studies 19 (4):235-239.
  16.  9
    The weakly compact reflection principle need not imply a high order of weak compactness.Brent Cody & Hiroshi Sakai - 2020 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 59 (1-2):179-196.
    The weakly compact reflection principle\\) states that \ is a weakly compact cardinal and every weakly compact subset of \ has a weakly compact proper initial segment. The weakly compact reflection principle at \ implies that \ is an \-weakly compact cardinal. In this article we show that the weakly compact reflection principle does not imply that \ is \\)-weakly compact. Moreover, we show that if the weakly compact reflection principle holds at \ then there is a forcing extension preserving (...)
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  17. Android Science: Conscious and Subconscious Recognition.Hiroshi Ishiguro - 2006 - Connection Science 18 (4):319-332.
  18.  9
    Simple Proofs of $${\mathsf{SCH}}$$ SCH From Reflection Principles Without Using Better Scales.Hiroshi Sakai - 2015 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (5-6):639-647.
    We give simple proofs of the Singular Cardinal Hypothesis from the Weak Reflection Principle and the Fodor-type Reflection Principle which do not use better scales.
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  19.  12
    La conception herdérienne des chants populaires et une invention du goût universel.Hiroshi Yoshida - 2003 - Horizons Philosophiques 13 (2):51-58.
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  20.  4
    Reflective Equilibrium from a Wittgensteinian Perspective.Hiroshi Ohtani - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1631-1649.
    The lingering mystery of John Rawls’s reflective equilibrium is that its nature is unclear. Rawls at times suggests he is merely describing people’s conceptions of justice, whereas at other times he implies that his reflective equilibrium is a way to justify his conception of justice. Faced with seemingly conflictual passages, most scholars privilege the justificatory ones. However, I argue that this is not an effective strategy because understanding how the descriptive and justificatory aspects of reflective equilibrium fit together is the (...)
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  21. Hiroshi Ishii: Tangiblebits. Una nueva visión de la relación entre personas y computadoras.Adolfo Plasencia - 2005 - Contrastes: Revista Cultural 38:135-141.
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  22. Self-Deception in and Out of Illness: Are Some Subjects Responsible for Their Delusions?Quinn Hiroshi Gibson - 2017 - Palgrave Communications 15 (3):1-12.
    This paper raises a slightly uncomfortable question: are some delusional subjects responsible for their delusions? This question is uncomfortable because we typically think that the answer is pretty clearly just ‘no’. However, we also accept that self-deception is paradigmatically intentional behavior for which the self-deceiver is prima facie blameworthy. Thus, if there is overlap between self-deception and delusion, this will put pressure on our initial answer. This paper argues that there is indeed such overlap by offering a novel philosophical account (...)
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  23.  1
    Variation in Event-Related Potentials by State Transitions.Hiroshi Higashi, Tetsuto Minami & Shigeki Nakauchi - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  24.  6
    Regulation of the Ras Signalling Network.Hiroshi Maruta & Antony W. Burgess - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (7):489-496.
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  25.  17
    The Semantic Completeness of a Global Intuitionistic Logic.Hiroshi Aoyama - 1998 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 44 (2):167-175.
    In this paper we will study a formal system of intuitionistic modal predicate logic. The main result is its semantic completeness theorem with respect to algebraic structures. At the end of the paper we will also present a brief consideration of its syntactic relationships with some similar systems.
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  26.  13
    On the Existence of Skinny Stationary Subsets.Yo Matsubara, Hiroshi Sakai & Toshimichi Usuba - 2019 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 170 (5):539-557.
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  27.  46
    The Strong Completeness of a System Based on Kleene's Strong Three-Valued Logic.Hiroshi Aoyama - 1994 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (3):355-368.
    The present work, which was inspired by Kripke and McCarthy, is about a non-classical predicate logic system containing a truth predicate symbol. In this system, each sentence A is referred to not by a Gödel number but by its quotation name 'A'.
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  28.  8
    Optic-Flow Selective Cortical Sensory Regions Associated with Self-Reported States of Vection.Maiko Uesaki & Hiroshi Ashida - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  29. Concepts of Seeds and Nature in the Work of Marsilio Ficino.Hiroshi Hirai - 2002 - In Michael J. B. Allen, Valery Rees & Martin Davies (eds.), Marsilio Ficino: His Theology, His Philosophy, His Legacy. Brill. pp. 257--284.
     
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  30.  5
    The Structure of Detachment: The Aesthetic Vision of Kuki Shuzo.Hiroshi Nara (ed.) - 2004 - University of Hawaii Press.
    The philosopher's controversial link with Heidegger is explored by Jon Mark Mikkelsen in the final essay, which concludes that, although Heidegger's view of art is consistent, both historically and conceptually, with his political involvement with fascism, the same cannot be said of Kuki.".
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  31.  1
    Divorce in Contemporary Japan.Hiroshi Fukurai & Jon Alston - 1990 - Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (4):453-464.
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  32.  35
    Context, Goal, Utility, and Relevance: A Reply to Evans (2002) Considering Oaksford (2002).Hiroshi Yama - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):225 – 230.
    Yama (2001) argued that the matching bias effect was an amalgam of a genuine matching effect and a set size effect. However, Evans (2002) pointed out some problems with Yama's argument. One was on the matching index used in Yama (2001). The others concerned a gap between Yama's (2001) interpretation of matching bias and Evans' (1998) recent discussions that had placed emphasis on the problem of implicit negation. I reply to these claims taking Oaksford (2002) into consideration. Further, I propose (...)
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  33.  57
    What is a Human?: Toward Psychological Benchmarks in the Field of Human–Robot Interaction.Peter H. Kahn, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Batya Friedman, Takayuki Kanda, Nathan G. Freier, Rachel L. Severson & Jessica Miller - 2007 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 8 (3):363-390.
    In this paper, we move toward offering psychological benchmarks to measure success in building increasingly humanlike robots. By psychological benchmarks we mean categories of interaction that capture conceptually fundamental aspects of human life, specified abstractly enough to resist their identity as a mere psychological instrument, but capable of being translated into testable empirical propositions. Nine possible benchmarks are considered: autonomy, imitation, intrinsic moral value, moral accountability, privacy, reciprocity, conventionality, creativity, and authenticity of relation. Finally, we discuss how getting the right (...)
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  34.  74
    What is a Human? Toward Psychological Benchmarks in the Field of Humanrobot Interaction.Peter H. Kahn, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Batya Friedman, Takayuki Kanda, Nathan G. Freier, Rachel L. Severson & Jessica Miller - 2007 - Interaction Studies 8 (3):363-390.
  35.  7
    Quantification, Games and Existence.Hiroshi Endo - 1974 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 4 (4):231-234.
  36. Constructive Proof of the Existence of Bound State in One Dimension.Hiroshi Ezawa - 1997 - Foundations of Physics 27 (11):1495-1509.
    A proof is given for the theorem that at least one bound state exists in a one-dimensional attractive potential however weak it may be. The proof is constructive in that it provides a method to explicitly solve the eigenvalue problem for the eigenvalues as well as the eigenfunctions. The method is well suited to precise numerical calculations.
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  37.  1
    Sur l'idée de la germanité en musique aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles.Hiroshi Yoshida - 2005 - Horizons Philosophiques 16 (1):125-135.
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  38.  22
    Twenty-First-Century Management and the Complexity Paradigm.Hiroshi Tasaka - 1999 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 1 (4):115-123.
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  39.  19
    Who is a Proper Opponent? The Tibetan Buddhist Concept of Phyi Rgol Yang Dag.Hiroshi Nemoto - 2013 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 41 (2):151-165.
    This paper examines the role of a proper opponent (phyi rgol yang dag) in debate from the standpoint of the Tibetan Buddhist theory of argumentation. A proper opponent is a person who is engaged in the process of truth-seeking. He is not a debater who undertakes to refute the tenets of a proponent. But rather, he is the model debater to whom a proponent can teach truth by using a probative argument in the most effective way. A proper opponent is (...)
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  40.  13
    Undetachability of Propositional Content and Its Process of Construction: Another Aspect of Brouwer's Intuitionism.Hiroshi Kaneko - 2006 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 14 (2):101-112.
  41.  90
    Studying Laughter in Combination with Two Humanoid Robots.Christian Becker-Asano, Takayuki Kanda, Carlos Ishi & Hiroshi Ishiguro - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):291-300.
    To let humanoid robots behave socially adequate in a future society, we started to explore laughter as an important para-verbal signal known to influence relationships among humans rather easily. We investigated how the naturalness of various types of laughter in combination with different humanoid robots was judged, first, within a situational context that is suitable for laughter and, second, without describing the situational context. Given the variety of human laughter, do people prefer a certain style for a robot’s laughter? And (...)
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  42. Experimental Ordinary Language Philosophy: A Cross-Linguistic Study of Defeasible Default Inferences.Eugen Fischer, Paul E. Engelhardt, Joachim Horvath & Hiroshi Ohtani - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):1029-1070.
    This paper provides new tools for philosophical argument analysis and fresh empirical foundations for ‘critical’ ordinary language philosophy. Language comprehension routinely involves stereotypical inferences with contextual defeaters. J.L. Austin’s Sense and Sensibilia first mooted the idea that contextually inappropriate stereotypical inferences from verbal case-descriptions drive some philosophical paradoxes; these engender philosophical problems that can be resolved by exposing the underlying fallacies. We build on psycholinguistic research on salience effects to explain when and why even perfectly competent speakers cannot help making (...)
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  43.  22
    Brouwer's Conception of Language, Mind and Mathematics'.Hiroshi Kaneko - 2002 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):35-49.
  44.  3
    Beauty and Cuteness in Peripheral Vision.Kana Kuraguchi & Hiroshi Ashida - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45. Hiroshi Kojima's Phenomenological Ontology.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino - 2008 - Philosophy East and West 58 (2):163-189.
    : In his book Monad and Thou: Phenomenological Ontology of the Human Being, Japanese philosopher Hiroshi Kojima proposes to redefine the I-Thou relation, first extensively investigated by Martin Buber, and to reconcile the notions of ‘individuality’ and ‘community’ in terms of his new phenomenological ontology of the human being as monad. In this essay, Kojima’s ideas are examined concerning the monad and intersubjectivity, and it is shown how these ideas can be extended and brought to bear on issues concerning (...)
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  46.  25
    Toward Social Mechanisms of Android Science.Karl F. MacDorman & Hiroshi Ishiguro - 2006 - Interaction Studies 7 (2):289-296.
  47.  55
    Perceptions of Men on Role of Religious Leaders in Reproductive Health Issues in Rural Pakistan.Moazzam Ali & Hiroshi Ushijima - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (1):115-122.
    Religion holds unique importance in peoplereligious factor effectiveness in rural areas. They thought that religious leaders could contribute positively to community education, and suggested ways in which they could educate the community in reproductive health issues. They also suggested various channels through which religious leaders could be approached to convince them to cooperate in reproductive health programmes. The study concludes that involving religious leaders in rural settings could enable reproductive health programmes and services to reach more conservative groups in society, (...)
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  48.  8
    Fertility Differentials of Japanese Agricultural Settlers in Eastern Boliveia.Hiroshi Kashiwazaki - 1979 - Journal of Biosocial Science 11 (1):27-37.
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  49.  4
    Fertility Pattern of Japanese Agricultural Settlers in Eastern Bolivia.Hiroshi Kashiwazaki - 1977 - Journal of Biosocial Science 9 (1):53-60.
    SummaryThe fertility of Japanese agricultural immigrants settled in eastern Bolivia was studied in comparison with Japanese populations in South Brazil and in Japan. The fertility of the Japanese in Bolivia was found to be high compared with the contemporary Japanese living in Japan, and lay between the levels for South Brazil in 1952 and for Japan in 1970. It is supposed that the Japanese immigrant women in Bolivia maintained the high level of fertility which was prevailing in Japan at the (...)
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  50.  7
    Theoretical Basis for Stochastic Optimization Starting From a Single Point in the Search Space Formed by Real DNA Molecules.Hiroshi Someya, Masayuki Yamamura & Kensaku Sakamoto - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22 (4):405-415.
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