Results for 'History of Physics'

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  1.  65
    What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics?Thomas Ryckman - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.
    Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of physical theories (...)
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  2.  23
    Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Dover Publications.
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, (...)
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  3.  45
    Teaching the Conceptual History of Physics to Physics Teachers.Peter Garik, Luciana Garbayo, Yann Benétreau-Dupin, Charles Winrich, Andrew Duffy, Nicholas Gross & Manher Jariwala - 2015 - Science and Education 24 (4):387-408.
    For nearly a decade we have taught the history and philosophy of science as part of courses aimed at the professional development of physics teachers. The focus of the history of science instruction is on the stages in the development of the concepts and theories of physics. For this instruction, we designed activities to help the teachers organize their understanding of this historical development. The activities include scientific modeling using archaic theories. We conducted surveys to gauge (...)
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  4.  8
    The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy.J. L. Heilbron (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    With over 150 alphabetically arranged entries about key scientists, concepts, discoveries, technological innovations, and learned institutions, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy traces the history of physics and astronomy from the Renaissance to the present. For students, teachers, historians, scientists, and readers of popular science books such as Galileo's Daughter, this guide deciphers the methods and philosophies of physics and astronomy as well as the historical periods from which they emerged. Meant to serve the lay (...)
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  5.  59
    A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW]Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous (...)
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  6. History of Physics and the Thought of Jacob Klein.Richard F. Hassing - 2011 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 11:214-248.
    Aristotelian, classical, and quantum physics are compared and contrasted in light of Jacob Klein’s account of the algebraicization of thought and the resultingdetachment of mind from world, even as human problem-solving power is greatly increased. Two fundamental features of classical physics are brought out: species-neutrality, which concerns the relation between the intelligible and the sensible, and physico-mathematical secularism, which concerns the question of the difference between mathematical objects and physical objects, and whether any differences matter. In contrast to (...)
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  7. Demonstrative Induction: Its Significant Role in the History of Physics.Jon Dorling - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):360-372.
    It is argued in this paper that the valid argument forms coming under the general heading of Demonstrative Induction have played a highly significant role in the history of theoretical physics. This situation was thoroughly appreciated by several earlier philosophers of science and deserves to be more widely known and understood.
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  8.  89
    1. The Most Underrated Discovery in the History of Physics?Huw Price - unknown
    Late in the nineteenth century, physics noticed a puzzling conflict between the laws of physics and what actually happens. The laws make no distinction between past and future—if they allow a process to happen one way, they allow it in reverse.1 But many familiar processes are in practice ‘irreversible’, common in one orientation but unknown ‘backwards’. Air leaks out of a punctured tyre, for example, but never leaks back in. Hot drinks cool down to room temperature, but never (...)
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  9.  42
    The Strong and Weak Senses of Theory-Ladenness of Experimentation: Theory-Driven Versus Exploratory Experiments in the History of High-Energy Particle Physics.Koray Karaca - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (1):93-136.
    In the theory-dominated view of scientific experimentation, all relations of theory and experiment are taken on a par; namely, that experiments are performed solely to ascertain the conclusions of scientific theories. As a result, different aspects of experimentation and of the relation of theory to experiment remain undifferentiated. This in turn fosters a notion of theory-ladenness of experimentation that is too coarse-grained to accurately describe the relations of theory and experiment in scientific practice. By contrast, in this article, I suggest (...)
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  10.  14
    Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões: Neither Physics nor Chemistry. A History of Quantum Chemistry.Jean-Pierre Llored - 2016 - Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):81-84.
    In line with their previous studies dedicated to quantum chemistry (Gavroglu and Simões 1994, 2000; Simões and Gavroglu 1997, 2001), the last joint publication by Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simões provides the readers not only with a fine-grained, rigorous, and highly valuable book on the history of science but also with stimulating epistemological insights about the way ‘in-between’ disciplines, to use the authors’ turn of phrase, emerge from the convergence of diverging ‘styles’ of research and heterogeneous practices. To make (...)
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  11.  1
    Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century.Brian Pippard - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (1):143-145.
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  12.  10
    The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics.Jed Z. Buchwald & Robert Fox (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    part. I. Physics and the new science -- part. II. The long eighteenth century -- part III. Fashioning the discipline : from natural philosophy to physics -- part IV. Modern physics.
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  13.  10
    From Quanta to Quarks: More Anecdotal History of Physics.Anton Z. Capri - 2007 - World Scientific.
    Chapter Prologue “The scientific theory I like the best is that the rings of Saturn are composed entirely of lost airline baggage.” Max Born Ever since, ...
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  14.  7
    From Clockwork to Crapshoot: A History of Physics.Roger G. Newton - 2007 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    From Clockwork to Crapshoot provides the perspective needed to understand contemporary developments in physics in relation to philosophical traditions as far ...
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  15.  27
    Quantum Theory as an Indication of a New Order in Physics. Part A. The Development of New Orders as Shown Through the History of Physics.D. Bohm - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (4):359-381.
    In this paper, we discuss the general significance of order in physics, as a first step toward the development of new notions of order. We begin with a brief historical discussion of the notions of order underlying ancient Greek views, and then go on to show how these changed in key ways with the rise of classical physics. This leads to a broader view of the significance of order, which helps to indicate what is to be meant by (...)
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  16. Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics.Max Jammer - 1954 - Dover Publications.
    Newly updated study surveys concept of space from standpoint of historical development. Space in antiquity, Judeo-Christian ideas about space, Newton’s concept of absolute space, space from 18th century to present. Extensive new chapter (6) reviews changes in philosophy of space since publication of second edition (1969). Numerous original quotations and bibliographical references. "...admirably compact and swiftly paced style."—Philosophy of Science. Foreword by Albert Einstein. Bibliography.
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  17.  3
    Interactions Between Mathematics and Physics: The History of the Concept of Function—Teaching with and About Nature of Mathematics.Ricardo Karam - 2015 - Science and Education 24 (5 - 6):543-559.
    In this paper, we discuss the history of the concept of function and emphasize in particular how problems in physics have led to essential changes in its definition and application in mathematical practices. Euler defined a function as an analytic expression, whereas Dirichlet defined it as a variable that depends in an arbitrary manner on another variable. The change was required when mathematicians discovered that analytic expressions were not sufficient to represent physical phenomena such as the vibration of (...)
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  18. The Extension of Man: A History of Physics Before 1900.J. D. Bernal - 1972 - London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
  19. The Extension of Man: A History of Physics Before the Quantum.J. D. Bernal - 1972 - Cambridge: M.I.T. Press.
  20. A Short History of Physics.Harry Fawcett Buckley - 1927 - London: Methuen & Co..
  21. The History of Physics: A Biographical Approach.Howard T. Milhorn - 2008 - Virtualbookworm.Com.
     
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  22. Physics and Astronomy: Aristotle's Physics II.2.193b22–194a12this Paper Was Prepared as the Basis of a Presentation at a Conference Entitled “Writing and Rewriting the History of Science, 1900–2000,” Les treilLes, France, September, 2003, Organized by Karine Chemla and Roshdi Rashed. I Have Compared Aristotle's and Ptolemy's Views of the Relationship Between Astronomy and Physics in a Paper Called “Astrologogeômetria and Astrophysikê in Aristotle and Ptolemy,” Presented at a Conference Entitled “Physics and Mathematics in Antiquity,” Leiden, the Netherlands, June, 2004, Organized by Keimpe Algra and Frans de Haas. For a Discussion of Hellenistic Views of This Relationship See Ian Mueller, “Remarks on Physics and Mathematical Astronomy and Optics in Epicurus, Sextus Empiricus, and Some Stoics,” in Philippa Lang , Re-Inventions: Essays on Hellenistic and Early Roman Science, Apeiron 37, 4 : 57–87. I Would Like to Thank Two Anonymous Readers of This Essay for Meticulous Corrections and Th. [REVIEW]Ian Mueller - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):175-206.
    In the first part of chapter 2 of book II of the Physics Aristotle addresses the issue of the difference between mathematics and physics. In the course of his discussion he says some things about astronomy and the ‘ ‘ more physical branches of mathematics”. In this paper I discuss historical issues concerning the text, translation, and interpretation of the passage, focusing on two cruxes, the first reference to astronomy at 193b25–26 and the reference to the more physical branches at (...)
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  23. The History of Physics.Anne Rooney - 2013 - Rosen.
     
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  24.  1
    A History of the Ideas of Theoretical Physics: Essays on the 19th and 20th Century Physics.Alfred Nordmann - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (4):677-679.
  25.  4
    Einstein and Relativistic Thermodynamics in 1952: A Historical and Critical Study of a Strange Episode in the History of Modern Physics.Chuang Liu - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (2):185-206.
    Over forty years after the foundations of the special theory of relativity had been securely laid, a heated debate, beginning in 1965, about the correct formulation of relativistic thermodynamics raged in the physics literature. Prior to 1965, relativistic thermodynamics was considered one of the most secure relativistic theories and one of the most simple and elegant examples of relativization in physics. It is, as its name apparently suggests, the result of the application of the special theory of relativity (...)
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  26.  50
    Analysis of the Development of Wave Mechanics: Aspects From the History of Physics and the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Wilfried Kuhn - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (3):379-399.
  27.  1
    The Concept of Hard Bodies in the History of Physics.Thomas L. Hankins - 1971 - History of Science 9:119.
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  28.  6
    Physics Teachers’ Challenges in Using History and Philosophy of Science in Teaching.Dietmar Höttecke & Andreas Henke - 2015 - Science and Education 24 (4):349-385.
    The inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching is widely accepted, but the actual state of implementation in schools is still poor. This article investigates possible reasons for this discrepancy. The demands science teachers associate with HPS-based teaching play an important role, since these determine teachers’ decisions towards implementing its practices and ideas. We therefore investigate the perceptions of 8 HPS-experienced German middle school physics teachers within and beyond an HPS implementation project. Within focused (...)
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  29.  2
    History of Physics Benjamin Thompson—Count Rumford. Count Rumford on the Nature of Heat. By Sanborn C. Brown. Pp. Ix + 207. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1967. 21s. [REVIEW]Robert Fox - 1969 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (3):290.
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  30.  1
    Jed Z. Buchwald and Robert Fox , The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. Ix + 945. ISBN 978-0-19-969625-3. £95.00. [REVIEW]Cornelis Schilt - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Science 48 (2):384-385.
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  31.  2
    Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century. [REVIEW]Steven French - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):220-221.
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  32.  2
    A Short History Of Physics In The American Century. [REVIEW]William Thomas - 2012 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 103:614-615.
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  33.  1
    Essay Review: The Concept of Hard Bodies in the History of Physics: The Conflict Between Atomism and Conservation Theory 1644 to 1860.T. L. Hankins - 1970 - History of Science 9 (1):119-128.
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  34.  1
    John L. Heilbron , The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Pp. Xxi+358. ISBN 0-19-517198-5. $35.00. [REVIEW]Charlotte Bigg - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4).
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  35.  1
    History of Physics The Atomists . By Sir Basil Schonland. Pp. Viii + 198. London: Oxford University Press: Clarendon Press. 1968. 35s. [REVIEW]W. H. Brock - 1969 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (3):291.
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  36.  1
    John Roche . Physicists Look Back: Studies in the History of Physics. Bristol and New York: Adam Hilger, 1990. Pp. Xii + 393. ISBN 0-85274-001-8. [REVIEW]Elspeth Crawford - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (2):290.
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  37.  1
    Helge Kragh, Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. Pp. XIV+494. Isbn 0-691-09552-3. 13.95. [REVIEW]Steven French - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):220-221.
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  38.  1
    Mathematical Sciences J. L. Heilbron & Bruce R. Wheaton, Literature on the History of Physics in the Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Office for History of Science and Technology, 1981. Pp. Xi + 485. No Price Stated. ISBN 0-918102-012-2. David De Vorkin, The History of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics. A Selected, Annotated, Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishing, 1982. Pp. Xxvii + 434. $65.00. ISBN 0-8240-9283-X. [REVIEW]John Hendry - 1983 - British Journal for the History of Science 16 (3):292.
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  39.  1
    General History in the Teaching of Physics. Ed. By Stephen G. Brush and Allen L. King. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 1972. Pp. Xii + 116. No Price Stated. Resources for the History of Physics. Ed. By Stephen G. Brush. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 1972. Pp. 176. $3.50. [REVIEW]David Layton - 1974 - British Journal for the History of Science 7 (2):184.
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  40.  1
    Stephen G. Brush . History of Physics: Selected Reprints. College Park, MD: American Association of Physics Teachers, 1988. Pp. 235. ISBN 0-917853-29-6. $16.00.Stephen G. Brush, The History of Modern Science. A Guide to the Second Scientific Revolution, 1800–1950. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, Pp. Xv + 544. ISBN 0-8138-0883-9. $39.95. [REVIEW]Crosbie Smith - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):119.
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  41.  1
    David C. Cassidy, A Short History of Physics in the American Century. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2011. Pp. 211. ISBN 978-0-674-04936-9. £22.95. [REVIEW]Peter J. Westwick - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (3):472-473.
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  42.  1
    Leibniz's Place in the History of Physics.Joseph Agassi - 1969 - Journal of the History of Ideas 30 (3):331.
  43.  1
    Professor Whittaker and the History of Physics.C. Hardie - 1943 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 34:344-346.
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  44.  1
    The History of Physics and the Philosophy of Science: Selected Essays by Armin Teske. [REVIEW]P. Heimann - 1978 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 69:100-100.
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  45.  1
    Literature on the History of Physics in the Twentieth Century. [REVIEW]John Hendry - 1983 - British Journal for the History of Science 16 (3):292-293.
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  46.  1
    Physical Sciences and History of Physics by R. S. Cohen; M. W. Wartofsky. [REVIEW]Edward Mackinnon - 1986 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 77:110-111.
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  47.  1
    History of Physics: Selected Reprints. [REVIEW]Crosbie Smith - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):119-120.
  48.  1
    Literature on the History of Physics in the 20th Century by J. L. Heilbron; Bruce R. Wheaton; J. G. May; Robin Rider; David Robinson. [REVIEW]Thaddeus Trenn - 1983 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 74:418-419.
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  49. Essay Review: The Concept of Hard Bodies in the History of Physics: The Conflict Between Atomism and Conservation Theory 1644 to 1860The Conflict Between Atomism and Conservation Theory 1644 to 1860. ScottWilson L. . Pp. Xiv + 312. £5. [REVIEW]Thomas L. Hankins - 1970 - History of Science 9 (1):119-128.
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  50.  21
    Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century - Helge Kragh; Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1999, Pp. XIV+494, $18.95, ISBN 0-691-09552-. [REVIEW]B. Pippard - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (1):143-145.
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