Results for 'History of science'

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  1. History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions.Imre Lakatos - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:91-136.
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  2. History of Science and its Rational Reconstructions.Imre Lakatos - 1971 - In R. C. Buck & R. S. Cohen (eds.), PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. D. Reidel. pp. 91-108.
  3. The History of Science as a Graveyard of Theories: A Philosophers’ Myth?Moti Mizrahi - 2016 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 30 (3):263-278.
    According to the antirealist argument known as the pessimistic induction, the history of science is a graveyard of dead scientific theories and abandoned theoretical posits. Support for this pessimistic picture of the history of science usually comes from a few case histories, such as the demise of the phlogiston theory and the abandonment of caloric as the substance of heat. In this article, I wish to take a new approach to examining the ‘history of (...) as a graveyard of theories’ picture. Using JSTOR Data for Research and Springer Exemplar, I present new lines of evidence that are at odds with this pessimistic picture of the history of science. When rigorously tested against the historical record of science, I submit, the pessimistic picture of the history of science as a graveyard of dead theories and abandoned posits may turn out to be no more than a philosophers’ myth. (shrink)
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  4.  26
    History of Science and its Sociological Reconstructions.Steven Shapin - 1982 - History of Science 20 (3):157-211.
  5.  15
    Using History of Science to Teach Nature of Science to Elementary Students.Valarie Akerson, Heidi Masters & Khadija Fouad - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1103-1140.
    Science lessons using inquiry only or history of science with inquiry were used for explicit reflective nature of science instruction for second-, third-, and fourth-grade students randomly assigned to receive one of the treatments. Students in both groups improved in their understanding of creative NOS, tentative NOS, empirical NOS, and subjective NOS as measured using VNOS-D as pre- and post-test surveys. Social and cultural context of science was not accessible for the students. Students in second, (...)
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  6.  26
    Translation, History of Science, and Items Not on the Menu: A Response to Susan Carey.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In “Conceptual Differences Between Children and Adults,” Susan Carey discusses phlogiston theory in order to defend the view that there can be non-translatability between scientific languages. I present an objection to her defence.
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  7.  33
    History of Science-with Labs.Douglas Allchin, Elizabeth Anthony, Jack Bristol, Alan Dean, David Hall & Carl Lieb - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (6):619-632.
    We describe here an interdisciplinary lab science course for non-majors using the history of science as a curricular guide. Our experience with diverse instructors underscores the importance of the teachers and classroom dynamics, beyond the curriculum. Moreover, the institutional political context is central: are courses for non-majors valued and is support given to instructors to innovate? Two sample projects are profiled.
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  8.  12
    History of Science in Physics Teaching.Wagner Tadeu Jardim, Andreia Guerra & Hermann Schiffer - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (3):609-638.
  9.  44
    Counterfactual Histories of Science and the Contingency Thesis.Luca Tambolo - 2016 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Claudia Casadio (eds.), Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues. Springer Verlag. pp. 619-637.
    Within the debate on the inevitability versus contingency of science for which Hacking’s writings have provided the basic terminology, the devising of counterfactual histories of science is widely assumed by champions of the contingency thesis to be an effective way to challenge the inevitability thesis. However, relatively little attention has been devoted to the problem of how to defend counterfactual history of science against the criticism that it is too speculative an endeavor to be worth bothering (...)
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  10.  1
    History of Science in Hungary: Stewardship and Audience in Periods of Institutional and Political Change.Gábor Á Zemplén - 2021 - Centaurus 63 (3):585-602.
  11.  34
    History of Science in Science Education: Development and Validation of a Checklist for Analysing the Historical Content of Science Textbooks.Laurinda Leite - 2002 - Science & Education 11 (4):333-359.
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  12.  11
    History of Science in a National Context.Maurice Crosland - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):95-113.
    The history of science can be approached in several different ways. It may be studied, as in the classification once favoured in the long-established Department of History and Philosophy of Science at University College London, by considering separately the history of individual sciences: physics, chemistry, biology, etc.—Partington's monumental History of chemistry is a good example of the cross-section of history of science obtained by considering a single discipline. This approach is understandable when (...)
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  13.  16
    The History of Science and Medicine in the Context of COVID ‐19.Erica Charters & Richard A. McKay - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (2):223-233.
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  14.  34
    History of Science as Interdisciplinary Education in American Colleges: Its Origins, Advantages, and Pitfalls.Paula Viterbo - 2007 - Journal of Research Practice 3 (2):Article M16.
    Before 1950, history of science did not exist as an independent academic branch, but was instead pursued by practitioners across various humanities and scientific disciplines. After professionalization, traces of its prehistory as a cross-disciplinary area of interest bound to an interdisciplinary, educational philosophy have remained. This essay outlines the development of history of science as an interdisciplinary academic field, and argues that it constitutes an obvious choice for inclusion in an interdisciplinary academic program, provided faculty and (...)
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  15.  18
    The History of Science as Oxymoron: From Scientific Exceptionalism to Episcience.Ken Alder - 2013 - Isis 104 (1):88-101.
  16. History of Science and the Material Theory of Induction: Einstein’s Quanta, Mercury’s Perihelion.John D. Norton - 2007 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):3-27.
    The use of the material theory of induction to vindicate a scientist's claims of evidential warrant is illustrated with the cases of Einstein's thermodynamic argument for light quanta of 1905 and his recovery of the anomalous motion of Mercury from general relativity in 1915. In a survey of other accounts of inductive inference applied to these examples, I show that, if it is to succeed, each account must presume the same material facts as the material theory and, in addition, some (...)
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  17. A History of Science, Technology, and Philosophy in the 16th, 17th, and 18th Centuries.Abraham Wolf - 1935 - Thoemmes Press.
    Wolf's study represents an incredible work of scholarship. A full and detailed account of three centuries of innovation, these two volumes provide a complete portrait of the foundations of modern science and philosophy. Tracing the origins and development of the achievements of the modern age, it is the story of the birth and growth of the modern mind. A thoroughly comprehensive sourcebook, it deals with all the important developments in science and many of the innovations in the social (...)
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  18.  66
    A History of Science and its Relations with Philosophy & Religion.William Dampier - 1929 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    This famous book, first published in 1929 was considerably revised and enlarged in its fourth edition, which is being reprinted now.
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  19.  6
    History of Science and Instructional Design: The Case of Electromagnetism.Fanny Seroglou, Panagiotis Koumaras & Vassilis Tselfes - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (3):261-280.
  20.  21
    History of Science and History of Philologies.Lorraine Daston & Glenn W. Most - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):378-390.
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  21.  1
    Cultural History of Science: An Overview with Reflections.Peter Dear - 1995 - Science, Technology and Human Values 20 (2):150-170.
    The increased popularity of the label "cultural" within science studies, especially in relation to "cultural studies, " invites consideration of how it is and can be used in historical work. A lot more seems now to be invested in the notion of "cultural history. " This article examines some recent historiography of science as a means of considering what counts as cultural history in that domain and attempts to coordinate it with the sociologically informed studies of (...)
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  22.  25
    History of Science as Explanation.William H. Dray - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (2):331-333.
  23.  13
    The History of Science and the New Humanism.George Sarton - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (2):223-224.
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  24. Philosophy of Science, History of Science a Selection of Contributed Papers of the 7th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, 1983.C. Pühringer, Paul Weingartner & Methodology and Philosophy of Science International Congress of Logic - 1984 - A. Hain.
  25.  19
    History of Science in the National Science Curriculum: A Critical Review of Resources and Their Aims.Stephen Pumfrey - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (1):61-78.
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    History of Science in Russia: The IIET in Moscow and St. Petersburg.Dimitri A. Bayuk - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (4):205-228.
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    Introduction: History of Science and Philosophy of Science.Friedrich Steinle & Richard M. Burian - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (4):391-397.
    Introduces a series of articles which deals with the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science.; Introduces a series of articles which deals with the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science.
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  28.  15
    History of Science and the Science of History.Maria Turchetto - 1993 - In E. Ann Kaplan & Michael Sprinker (eds.), The Althusserian Legacy. Verso. pp. 73.
    I am proposing here an examination o f the text Reading Capital, written by Louis Althusser in 1965. I will consider it as a text in the history o f philosophy. In Reading Capital Althusser explicitly asks which philosophy provides the basis, the foundation, for Marx’s scientific work? In this sense, Reading Capital is, at the same time, a text in the history o f philosophy and a text in the philosophy o f science. In research on (...)
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  29.  59
    Neuroscience, Neurohistory, and the History of Science: A Tale of Two Brain Images.Steve Fuller - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):100-109.
    This essay introduces a Focus section on “Neurohistory and History of Science” by distinguishing images of the brain as governor and as transducer: the former treat the brain as the executive control center of the body, the latter as an interface between the organism and reality at large. Most of the consternation expressed in the symposium about the advent of neurohistory derives from the brain-as-governor conception, which is rooted in a “biologistic” understanding of humanity that in recent years (...)
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  30.  36
    The History of Science and the Philosophy of Science.Larry Laudan - 1990 - In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge. pp. 47--59.
  31.  46
    History of Science and Science Combined: Solving a Historical Problem in Optics—the Case of Galileo and His Telescope.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (4):337-344.
    The claim that Galileo Galilei transformed the spyglass into an astronomical instrument has never been disputed and is considered a historical fact. However, the question what was the procedure which Galileo followed is moot, for he did not disclose his research method. On the traditional view, Galileo was guided by experience, more precisely, systematized experience, which was current among northern Italian artisans and men of science. In other words, it was a trial-and-error procedure—no theory was involved. A scientific analysis (...)
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  32.  8
    A History of Science. Ancient Science Through the Golden Age of Greece. By G. Sarton. London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, 1953. Pp. Xxvi + 646, 101 Text Figs. £3 3s. [REVIEW]E. D. Phillips & G. Sarton - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:218-219.
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    The History of Science.George Sarton - 1916 - The Monist 26 (3):321-365.
  34. The Paranoid Style in American History of Science.George Reisch - 2012 - Theoria 27 (3):323-342.
    Historian Richard Hofstadter’s observations about American cold-war politics are used to contextualize Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions and argue that substantive claims about the nature of scientific knowledge and scientific change found in Structure were adopted from this cold-war political culture.
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  35. The Study of the History of Science.George Sarton - 1936 - Dover Publications.
  36.  17
    Comparative History of Science.Lewis Pyenson - 2002 - History of Science 40 (1):1-34.
  37.  18
    History of Science Through Koyré's Lenses.James B. Stump - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (2):243-263.
    Alexandre Koyré was one of the most prominent historians of science of the twentieth century. The standard interpretation of Koyré is that he falls squarely within the internalist camp of historians of science—that he focuses on the history of the ideas themselves, eschewing cultural and sociological interpretations regarding the influence of ideologies and institutions on the development of science. When we read what Koyré has to say about his historical studies , we find him embracing and (...)
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  38.  38
    What Is the History of Science the History Of?: Early Modern Roots of the Ideology of Modern Science.Peter Dear - 2005 - Isis 96:390-406.
    The mismatch between common representations of “science” and the miscellany of materials typically studied by the historian of science is traced to a systematic ambiguity that may itself be traced to early modern Europe. In that cultural setting, natural philosophy came to be rearticulated as involving both contemplative and practical knowledge. The resulting tension and ambiguity are illustrated by the eighteenth‐century views of Buffon. In the nineteenth century, a new enterprise called “science” represents the establishment of an (...)
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  39.  40
    Carnap, Kuhn, and the History of Science: A Reply to Thomas Uebel.J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):215-223.
    The purpose of this article is to respond to Thomas Uebel’s criticisms of my comments regarding the current revisionism of Carnap’s work and its relations to Kuhn. I begin by pointing out some misunderstandings in the interpretation of my article. I then discuss some aspects related to Carnap’s view of the history of science. First, I emphasize that it was not due to a supposed affinity between Kuhn’s conceptions and those of logical positivists that Kuhn was invited to (...)
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  40.  19
    Applied History of Science.J. L. Heilbron - 1987 - Isis 78 (4):552-563.
  41.  31
    History of Science and the Material Theory of Induction: Einstein’s Quanta, Mercury’s Perihelion.John Norton - manuscript
    The use of the material theory of induction to vindicate a scientist’s claims of evidential warrant is illustrated with the cases of Einstein’s thermodynamic argument for light quanta of 1905 and his recovery of the anomalous motion of Mercury from general relativity in 1915. In a survey of other accounts of inductive inference applied to these examples, I show that, if it is to succeed, each account must presume the same material facts as the material theory and, in addition, some (...)
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  42.  3
    The History of Science and the Science of History: Computational Methods, Algorithms, and the Future of the Field.Abraham Gibson & Cindy Ermus - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):555-566.
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  43. A History of Science Technology, and Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century.A. Wolf - 1938 - Philosophy 14 (56):471-471.
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  44.  5
    The History of Science and the History of Bureaucratic Knowledge: Saxon Mining, Circa 1770.Sebastian Felten - 2018 - History of Science 56 (4):403-431.
    This article looks into mining in central Germany in the late eighteenth century as one area of highly charged exchange between science and the state. It describes bureaucratic knowledge as socially distributed cognition by following the steps of a high-ranking official that led him to discover a rich silver ore deposit. Although this involved hybridization of practical/artisanal and theoretical/scientific knowledge, and knowers, the focus of this article is on purification or boundary work that took place when actors in and (...)
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  45.  23
    The History of Science and the Working Scientist.John Rg Turner - 1990 - In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge.
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  46.  40
    Science Studies and the History of Science.Lorraine Daston - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):798-813.
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    Computational Perspectives in the History of Science: To the Memory of Peter Damerow.Manfred Laubichler, Jane Maienschein & Jürgen Renn - 2013 - Isis 104:119-130.
    Computational methods and perspectives can transform the history of science by enabling the pursuit of novel types of questions, dramatically expanding the scale of analysis , and offering novel forms of publication that greatly enhance access and transparency. This essay presents a brief summary of a computational research system for the history of science, discussing its implications for research, education, and publication practices and its connections to the open-access movement and similar transformations in the natural and (...)
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  48.  35
    How Can History of Science Matter to Scientists?Jane Maienschein, Manfred Laubichler & Andrea Loettgers - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):341-349.
    History of science has developed into a methodologically diverse discipline, adding greatly to our understanding of the interplay between science, society, and culture. Along the way, one original impetus for the then newly emerging discipline—what George Sarton called the perspective “from the point of view of the scientist”—dropped out of fashion. This essay shows, by means of several examples, that reclaiming this interaction between science and history of science yields interesting perspectives and new insights (...)
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    Guest Editorial: History of Science in Italy.Ferdinando Abbri & Paolo Rossi - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):213-218.
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    The Irrelevance of History of Science to the Philosophy of Science.Norwood Russell Hanson - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (21):574-585.
    History of science and philosophy of science are not logically related: to claim that they are would be either to underestimate or to misunderstand the genetic fallacy. But one risk of inferring that there is no connection at all between the two is the risk that philosophers of science may not know what they are talking about. The philosopher of science who does not know intimately the history of the scientific problem with which he (...)
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