Results for 'Homosexuality, Male'

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  1.  1
    Sexual Indifference and the Homosexual Male Imaginary.Trevor Hope - 1994 - Diacritics 24 (2/3):169-183.
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  2.  35
    Institutionalized Male Transvestism, the Couvade, and Homosexual Behavior.J. Patrick Gray & Jane E. Ellington - 1984 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 12 (1):54-63.
  3.  13
    Male Homosexual Desire: Neurological Investigations and Scientific Bias.Michael R. Gorman - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 38 (1):61.
  4. The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality.Pieter2 Adriaens & Andreas De Block - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):570-585.
    Male homosexuality has been viewed by evolutionary psychologists as a Darwinian paradox, and by other social scientists as a social construction. We argue that it is better understood as an evolutionary social construction. Male homosexuality as we now know it is an 18th-century invention, but nonexclusive same-sex sexual behavior has a long evolutionary history. According to the alliance-formation hypothesis, same-sex sexuality evolved by natural selection because it created or strengthened male-male alliances and allowed low-status males to (...)
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  5.  9
    Male Homosexuality in Contemporary Spain: Signposts for a Sociological Analysis.Richard Cleminson - 1999 - Paragraph 22 (1):35-54.
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  6. Acquiring Gender in Melanesia: Homosexuality and its Relationship to Maleness.Richard Goulden - 1981 - Nexus 2 (1):4.
  7.  19
    Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence.Michael Rocke.Samuel K. Cohn - 1999 - Speculum 74 (2):481-483.
  8.  28
    Two Hypotheses on the Causes of Male Homosexuality and Paedophilia.William H. James - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (6):745-761.
  9.  7
    The Cause of the Fraternal Birth Order Effect in Male Homosexuality.William H. James - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):51-59.
  10.  37
    Homosexual Signs.Harold Beaver - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 8 (1):99-119.
    Just consider, for sheer paranoia, the range of synonyms when the mask is ripped, the silence broken, the deferment brutally concluded: angel-face, arse-bandit, auntie, bent, bessie, bugger, bum-banger, bum boy, chicken, cocksucker, daisie, fag, faggot, fairy, flit, fruit, jasper, mincer; molly, nancy boy, nelly, pansy, patapoof, poofter, cream puff, powder puff, queen, queer, shit-stirrer, sissie, swish, sod, turd-burglar, pervert. For Aristophanes, as for Norman Mailer and Mary Whitehouse, buggery equaled coprophagy: a corrupt, destructive, hypocritical, excremental, urban scatology. Heterosexuality equalled the (...)
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  11.  85
    Philosophy and the Biology of Male Homosexuality.Olivier Lemeire & Andreas De Block - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (7):479-488.
    This paper is a review of how biological as well as other scientific theories, concepts and findings have been used to answer philosophical questions regarding the nature of male homosexuality. We argue that while these sciences are certainly relevant for present philosophical debates, few of the different philosophical issues surrounding male homosexuality can be settled by science alone. In the first section, we introduce a number of various essentialist and constructivist views on (male) homosexuality. The second section (...)
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  12. Darwinizing Sexual Ambivalence: A New Evolutionary Hypothesis of Male Homosexuality.Andreas De Block & Pieter Adriaens - 2004 - Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):59 – 76.
    At first sight, homosexuality has little to do with reproduction. Nevertheless, many neo-Darwinian theoreticians think that human homosexuality may have had a procreative value, since it enabled the close kin of homosexuals to have more viable offspring than individuals lacking the support of homosexual siblings. In this article, however, we will defend an alternative hypothesis - originally put forward by Freud in "A phylogenetic phantasy" - namely that homosexuality evolved as a means to strengthen social bonds. Consequently, from an evolutionary (...)
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  13.  1
    Male Love: A Problem in Greek Ethics and Other Writings.John Addington Symonds - 1983 - Pagan Press.
  14.  20
    Male Androphilia in the Ancestral Environment.Doug P. VanderLaan, Zhiyuan Ren & Paul L. Vasey - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (4):375-401.
    The kin selection hypothesis posits that male androphilia (male sexual attraction to adult males) evolved because androphilic males invest more in kin, thereby enhancing inclusive fitness. Increased kin-directed altruism has been repeatedly documented among a population of transgendered androphilic males, but never among androphilic males in other cultures who adopt gender identities as men. Thus, the kin selection hypothesis may be viable if male androphilia was expressed in the transgendered form in the ancestral past. Using the Standard (...)
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  15. The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality.Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):570-585.
  16.  13
    Clothing as Signifier in the Perceptions of College Male Homosexuals.Nancy Ann Rudd - 1992 - Semiotica 91 (1-2):67-78.
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  17.  4
    A Further Note on the Causes of the Fraternal Birth Order Effect in Male Homosexuality.William H. James - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):61-62.
  18.  5
    De L’« Amour Vieux-Jeune ». Âge, Classe Et Homosexualité Masculine En Chine Post-Maoïste“Old-Young” Love: Age, Class and Male Homosexuality in Post-Maoist China.Lucas Monteil - 2015 - Clio 42:147-164.
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  19.  13
    The Death of the Homosexual: On Grzegorz Musial's Late Work and the Limits of Modernism in Poland.Blazej Warkocki - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (5-6):139.
    Grzegorz Musiał’s late work is exemplary of the Modernist coupling of desire and death, which German Ritz linked to the way that homosexual sensibility has been encoded in Polish literary Modernism. This reading of Musiał is paradoxical at heart, as the writer’s literary output must also be ridden with tensions, because his clinging to a bygone aesthetic in order to render homosexual desire seems quaint in an era in which the idea of gay emancipation is widespread. Musiał’s literary alter ego, (...)
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  20.  21
    The Death of the Homosexual.Błażej Warkocki & Piotr Mierzwa - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (5-6):139-152.
    Grzegorz Musiał’s late work is exemplary of the Modernist coupling of desire and death, which German Ritz linked to the way that homosexual sensibility has been encoded in Polish literary Modernism. This reading of Musiał is paradoxical at heart, as the writer’s literary output must also be ridden with tensions, because his clinging to a bygone aesthetic in order to render homosexual desire seems quaint in an era in which the idea of gay emancipation is widespread. Musiał’s literary alter ego, (...)
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  21.  76
    Coming Out in Weimar: Crisis and Homosexuality in the Weimar Republic.Peter Morgan - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 111 (1):48-65.
    The perception of the Weimar Republic as the high-point of ‘classical modernity’ in which all areas of society were permeated by a fatal sense of crisis has been revised as an explanatory model in recent historiography. Historians have returned to this period with a new sense of the openness of the crisis environment, particularly in areas of social and cultural history. Male homosexuality emerged as a central theme of Weimar social and cultural crisis as it became possible for homosexual (...)
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  22.  9
    Law Made Flesh: Homosexual Acts.Leslie J. Moran - 1999 - Body and Society 5 (1):39-55.
    This article examines the intelligibilities and unintelligibilities through which the sense and nonsense of the male body in its sexual relations with other male bodies is made in law. Taking as its point of departure a recent high profile prosecution against seven men, `the Bolton Seven', for consensual sexual relations, its particular focus is the metaphors of space through which the truth of this male body is imagined within the law. The article examines the simultaneous production of (...)
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  23.  4
    Coming Out in Weimar: Crisis and Homosexuality in the Weimar Republic.Peter Morgan - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 111 (1):48-65.
    The perception of the Weimar Republic as the high-point of ‘classical modernity’ in which all areas of society were permeated by a fatal sense of crisis has been revised as an explanatory model in recent historiography. Historians have returned to this period with a new sense of the openness of the crisis environment, particularly in areas of social and cultural history. Male homosexuality emerged as a central theme of Weimar social and cultural crisis as it became possible for homosexual (...)
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  24.  27
    Chastity and Homosexuality.James McTavish - 2014 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 14 (4):637-645.
    Despite billions of dollars spent in risk-reduction measures, the HIV rate in men who have sex with men continues to soar. Although MSM represent approximately 4 percent of the male population in the United States, in 2010 male-to-male sex accounted for 78 percent of new HIV infections among males. More emphasis needs to be given to risk-avoidance measures. The Catholic Church is both courageous and medically correct in stating that homosexual acts are harmful. The health risks of (...)
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  25.  9
    Xenophon on Male Love.Clifford Hindley - 1999 - Classical Quarterly 49 (01):74-99.
    In a previous article I attempted to trace the way in which, for Xenophon, homosexual liaisons might or might not affect the discipline of military life, and the emphasis which he placed upon the virtue of self-control in dealing with desires of this kind. The present paper seeks to broaden the enquiry into a study of Xenophon's attitude to male same-sex affairs in general.
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  26.  10
    Normal Enough? Krafft-Ebing, Freud, and Homosexuality.Birgit Lang - 2021 - History of the Human Sciences 34 (2):90-112.
    This article analyses the slippery notions of the normal and normality in select works of Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Sigmund Freud and argues that homosexuality became a ‘boundary object’ between the normal and the abnormal in their works. Constructing homosexuality as ‘normal enough’ provided these two key thinkers of the fin de siècle with an opportunity to challenge societal and medical norms: Krafft-Ebing did this through mapping perversions; Freud, by challenging perceived norms about sexual development more broadly. The article submits (...)
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  27.  57
    Gay Gene: If There is One, is It the Last Frontier to Be Crossed by Homosexual to Find Their Complete Access to Every Sphere of Society?Luis Branco - 2014 - Lisboa, Portugal: Verdade na Prática.
    When we think about postmodernism we have to consider its implication in every aspect of society and none would doubt that homosexuality is one of these major implication especially for the contemporary church. The influence of relativism and the paradigm shift in humanity made homosexuality not just acceptable, but in many cases a norm. For a long time the church barricaded herself not only behind her Jewish-christian worldview and theological values, but also behind the absolutes of science that just has (...)
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  28.  15
    Possible Balancing Selection in Human Female Homosexuality.Andrea Camperio Ciani, Umberto Battaglia, Linda Cesare, Giorgia Camperio Ciani & Claudio Capiluppi - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (1):14-32.
    A growing number of researchers suggest that female homosexuality is at least in part influenced by genetic factors. Unlike for male homosexuality, few familial studies have attempted to explore maintenance of this apparently fitness-detrimental trait in the population. Using multiple recruitment methods, we explored fecundity and sexual orientation within the pedigrees of 1,458 adult female respondents. We compared 487 homosexual and 163 bisexual with 808 heterosexual females and 30,203 of their relatives. Our data suggest that the direct fitness of (...)
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  29.  26
    Doctor Anonymous : Creating Contexts for Homosexuality as Mental Illness.Guy Fredrick Glass - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (1):101-109.
    In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud’s supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as “Dr. H Anonymous” at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year (...)
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  30.  9
    The Role of Conditioning on Heterosexual and Homosexual Partner Preferences in Rats.Genaro A. Coria-Avila - 2012 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 2.
    Partner preferences are expressed by many social species, including humans. They are commonly observed as selective contacts with an individual, more time spent together, and directed courtship behavior that leads to selective copulation. This review discusses the effect of conditioning on the development of heterosexual and homosexual partner preferences in rodents. Learned preferences may develop when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is associated in contingency with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) that functions as a reinforcer. Consequently, an individual may display preference for (...)
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  31.  20
    Some Ethical Questions Relating to Homosexuality.Wang Xiaobo - 1999 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 30 (3):69-72.
    In 1992, when Li Yinhe and I had completed our collaborative study of male homosexuality in China, we published a monograph and wrote a few articles. We remained in touch with some of the friends we had made in the course of the research, and also received many letters from readers. Over the past few years, even though we have not carried out any more detailed research into it, we have been constantly thinking about this social issue.
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  32. Is Sexual Abuse by Catholic Clergy Related to Homosexuality?D. Paul Sullins - 2018 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 18 (4):671-697.
    Sexual abuse of minors by Catholic priests has been a persistent and widespread problem in the Church. Although more than 80 percent of victims have been boys, prior studies have rejected the idea that the abuse is related to homosexuality among priests. Available data show, however, that the proportion of homosexual men in the priesthood is correlated almost perfectly with the percentage of male victims and with the overall incidence of abuse. Data also show that while the incidence of (...)
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  33. Moral Ambivalence and Irregular Practices: Contextualizing Male-to-Male Sexualities in Calcutta/India.Paul Boyce - 2006 - Feminist Review 83 (1):79-98.
    Male-to-male sexuality in India has been described as both heavily stigmatized and implicitly tolerated. This paper examines these apparently contradictory attitudes, arguing that they reflect broader moral ambivalence about homosexuality in Indian culture and society. While the effects of homophobia in India are very real, simultaneous social latitude allows for relatively un-scrutinized same-sex sexual contact. The paper explores this scenario as a post-colonial legacy and considers the consequences for contemporary sexual subjectivity, particularly in respect of irregular responses to (...)
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  34.  5
    ""Constructing Identities, Mediating Desires III Desire" to Have" and Desire" to Be": The Influence of Representations of the Idealized Masculine Body on the Subject and the Object in Male Same-Sex Attraction.Robert Pralat - 2010 - Dialogue and Universalism 20 (5-6):101.
    In this essay, I attempt to consider a difficult issue: the triangular relationship between the subject, the object and the visual representations of masculinity in the context of male homosexual desire. I outline contemporary circumstances of society’s interaction with popular culture in which gay men form two images of an idealized masculine body: a concept of their own body and a concept of the body they feel sexually attracted to. My concern is to theorize these two kinds of desire (...)
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  35.  18
    Sexualism and the Citizen of the World: Wycherley, Sterne, and Male Homosocial Desire.Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick - 1984 - Critical Inquiry 11 (2):226-245.
    Surprisingly, when Laurence Sterne’s Yorick sets his head toward Dover, it is with no developed motive of connoisseurship or curiosity: the gentleman dandy ups with his portmanteau at the merest glance of “civil triumph” from a male servant. Perhaps we are in the world of P. G. Wodehouse, with a gentleman’s gentleman who happens, like Jeeves, to be the embodiment of all the prescriptive and opportunistic shrewdness necessary to maintain his master’s innocent privileges—but it is impossible to tell; the (...)
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  36.  6
    Fags, Hags and Queer Sisters: Gender Dissent and Heterosocial Bonds in Gay Culture.Stephen Maddison - 2000 - St. Martin's Press.
    Fags, Hags and Queer Sisters is a provocative account of the importance of women and cross-gender identification in "gay" male culture. It offers a range of cultural readings from Tennessee William's classic A Streetcar Named Desire and Forster's 'gay' novel Maurice through Pulp Fiction, queer lifestyle magazines, Roseanne, slash fan fiction, and Jarman's Edward II to Almodovar's camp classic Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown. Theoretically sophisticated, yet passionate, accessible and opinionated, Fags, Hags and Queer Sisters takes (...)
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  37.  1
    The High Priesthood of Being Gay: An Ontology.James Hagerty - 2000 - Factor Press.
    In the tradition of Persig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, James Hagerty weaves a philosophy of gay ontology -- the nature of being, or reality -- around his own life experiences. He traces individual gay existence from its origin ("Homosexuality precedes sexuality") through three ordinations to an ideal in which "the gay man perceives and takes responsibility for his inherent station of High Priest..". Drawing from the work of Sartre (Being and Nothingness), Hagerty builds a functional philosophy/religion with (...)
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  38.  49
    Measuring Gender.Christopher D. Horvath - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (4):505-519.
    Over the past several years, various operational definitions of gender have been used in studies of gender conformity in homosexual males. The goal of these studies is to demonstrate that childhood gender nonconformity (CGN) is either the proximate cause of adult homosexuality or an intermediate step in a biologically mediated process. The hypothesis of a causal connection between the development of gender and sexual orientation is embedded within the context of a biological (evolutionary) understanding of human behavior. Thus, testing the (...)
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  39. Mapping Desire: Geographies of Sexualities.David Bell & Gill Valentine (eds.) - 1994 - Routledge.
    Discover the truth about sex in the city (and the country). Mapping Desire explores the places and spaces of sexuality from body to community, from the "cottage" to the Barrio, from Boston to Jakarta, from home to cyberspace. Mapping Desire is the first book to explore sexualities from a geographical perspective. The nature of place and notions of space are of increasing centrality to cultural and social theory. Mapping Desires presents the rich and diverse world of contemporary sexuality, exploring how (...)
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  40.  26
    Politics and Eros in Aristophanes' Speech: Symposium 191e-192a and the Comedies.P. W. Ludwig - 1996 - American Journal of Philology 117 (4):537-562.
  41.  68
    On Sociosexual Cognitive Architecture.Thomas E. Dickins - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):280-281.
    Schmitt has equivocated about the underlying psychology of sociosexuality, but from the data presented in the target article, it would appear that he has drawn out the underlying cognitive architecture. In this commentary, I describe this architecture and discuss two emerging hypotheses about heterosexual and homosexual male sociosexuality.
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  42.  17
    Evaluation of the Condom Distribution Program in New South Wales Prisons, Australia.Kate Dolan, David Lowe & James Shearer - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):124-128.
    Male to male unprotected anal sex is the main route of HIV transmission in Australia. The Australian Study of Health and Relationships, a large, representative population survey of sexual health behaviors, found that six percent of males in the general population have engaged in homosexual activity. These findings were consistent with studies in Europeand North America. Condoms have been shown to reduce the transmission of HIV in the community. Barriers to the use of condoms include access,stigma,and cost? Nevertheless, (...)
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  43.  8
    Evaluation of the Condom Distribution Program in New South Wales Prisons, Australia.Kate Dolan, David Lowe & James Shearer - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):124-128.
    Male to male unprotected anal sex is the main route of HIV transmission in Australia. The Australian Study of Health and Relationships, a large, representative population survey of sexual health behaviors, found that six percent of males in the general population have engaged in homosexual activity. These findings were consistent with studies in Europeand North America. Condoms have been shown to reduce the transmission of HIV in the community. Barriers to the use of condoms include access,stigma,and cost? Nevertheless, (...)
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  44.  39
    Endless Sex: The Gender Recognition Act 2004 and the Persistence of a Legal Category. [REVIEW]Andrew N. Sharpe - 2007 - Feminist Legal Studies 15 (1):57-84.
    This paper challenges a view of the Gender Recognition Act 2004 as involving an unequivocal shift from the concept of sex to the concept of gender in law’s understanding of the distinction between male and female. While the Act does move in the direction of gender, and ostensibly in an obvious way through abandoning surgical preconditions for legal recognition, it will be argued that the Act retains and deploys the concept of sex. Moreover, it will be argued that the (...)
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  45.  36
    The Ever-Moving Soul in Plato's Phaedrus.D. Blyth - 1997 - American Journal of Philology 118 (2):185-217.
  46.  16
    Book Review: 'A Simple Matter of Justice?' Angelia R Wilson (Ed) & 'The Geography of Perversion' by Rudi C Bleys. [REVIEW]Frederick Danny - 1996 - Free Life 25:11-13.
    The authors of the papers in A Simple Matter of Justice? reject something they label “heterosexism.” Their writing is obscure, but it seems they desire a state-regimented conformity, with state-approved roles for gays, for lesbians and for others, with state hand-outs and other privileges for all manner of favoured groups, and with no possibility of anyone indulging in the pleasures of “commercial consumerism.” None of the authors appears concerned with the demand that, provided he/she does not violate anyone’s rights, the (...)
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  47. The Evidence of Experience.Joan W. Scott - 1991 - Critical Inquiry 17 (4):773-797.
    There is a section in Samuel Delany’s magnificent autobiographical meditation, The Motion of Light in Water, that dramatically raises the problem of writing the history of difference, the history, that is, of the designation of “other,” of the attribution of characteristics that distinguish categories of people from some presumed norm.1 Delany recounts his reaction to his first visit to the St. Marks bathhouse in 1963. He remembers standing on the threshold of a “gym-sized room” dimly lit by blue bulbs. The (...)
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  48. Spanish Slurs and Stereotypes for Mexican-Americans in the USA: A Context-Sensitive Account of Derogation and Appropriation [Peyorativos y Estereotipos Para Los Mexicano-Americanos En EE. UU.: Una Consideración Contextual Del Uso Despectivo y de Apropiación].Adam M. Croom - 2014 - Pragmática Sociocultural 2 (2):145-179.
    Slurs such as spic, slut, wetback, and whore are linguistic expressions that are primarily understood to derogate certain group members on the basis of their descriptive attributes and expressions of this kind have been considered to pack some of the nastiest punches natural language affords. Although prior scholarship on slurs has uncovered several important facts concerning their meaning and use –including that slurs are potentially offensive, are felicitously applied towards some targets yet not others, and are often flexibly used not (...)
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  49. Taking Law Seriously: Starting Points of the Hart/Devlin Debate.Peter Cane - 2006 - The Journal of Ethics 10 (1-2):21-51.
    The famous mid-20th century debate between Patrick Devlin and Herbert Hart about the relationship between law and morality addressed the limits of the criminal law in the context of a proposal by the Wolfenden Committee to decriminalize male homosexual activity in private. The original exchanges and subsequent contributions to the debate have been significantly constrained by the terms in which the debate was framed: a focus on criminal law in general and sexual offences in particular; a preoccupation with the (...)
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  50. L'amour Philosophique: L'Homosexualité Masculine au Siècle des Lumières.Didier Godard - 2005 - H&O.
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