Results for 'Hon Giora'

303 found
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  1. Towards a Typology of Experimental Errors: An Epistemological View.Giora Hon - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (4):469.
    This paper is concerned with the problem of experimental error. The prevalent view that experimental errors can be dismissed as a tiresome but trivial blemish on the method of experimentation is criticized. It is stressed that the occurrence of errors in experiments constitutes a permanent feature of the attempt to test theories in the physical world, and this feature deserves proper attention. It is suggested that a classification of types of experimental error may be useful as a heuristic device in (...)
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  2.  42
    Kepler's Optical Part of Astronomy (1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (3):pp. 307-345.
    The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of one of the most revolutionary scientific texts ever written. In this book, appropriately entitled, Astronomia nova, Johannes Kepler developed an astronomical theory which departs fundamentally from the systems of Ptolemy and Copernicus. One of the great innovations of this theory is its dependence on the science of optics. The declared goal of Kepler in his earlier publication, Paralipomena to Witelo whereby The Optical Part of Astronomy is Treated, was to (...)
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  3.  24
    Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science. Peter Achinstein, Owen Hannaway.Giora Hon - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (3):482-486.
  4.  30
    Unpacking "For Reasons of Symmetry": Two Categories of Symmetry Arguments.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):419-439.
  5.  43
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  6.  22
    On Kepler's Awareness of the Problem of Experimental Error.Giora Hon - 1987 - Annals of Science 44 (6):545-591.
    This paper is an account of Kepler's explicit awareness of the problem of experimental error. As a study of the Astronomia nova shows, Kepler exploited his awareness of the occurrences of experimental errors to guide him to the right conclusion. Errors were thus employed, so to speak, perhaps for the first time, to bring about a major physical discovery: Kepler's laws of planetary motion. ‘Know then’, to use Kepler's own words, ‘that errors show us the way to truth.’ With a (...)
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  7.  42
    Going Wrong: To Make a Mistake, to Fall Into an Error.Giora Hon - 1995 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (1):3 - 20.
    It is ironic that the prototype of the oscilloscope--for that is what Hertz's apparatus amounted to--should be instrumental in demonstrating that cathode rays have no closer relation to electricity than has light produced by an electric lamp. Indeed, Hertz argued that since "cathode rays are electrically indifferent,... the phenomenon most nearly allied to them is light.".
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  8.  36
    From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  9.  10
    The Optics of Giambattista Della Porta : A Reassessment.Yaakov Zik, Giora Hon & Arianna Borrelli (eds.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume contains essays that examine the optical works of Giambattista Della Porta, an Italian natural philosopher during the Scientific Revolution. Coverage also explores the science and technology of early modern optics. Della Porta's groundbreaking book, Magia Naturalis, includes a prototype of the camera. Yet, because of his obsession with magic, Della Porta's scientific achievements are often forgotten. As the contributors argue, his work inspired such great minds as Johanes Kepler and Francis Bacon. After reading this book, researchers, historians, and (...)
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  10.  90
    Is There a Concept of Experimental Error in Greek Astronomy?Giora Hon - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (2):129-150.
    The attempt to narrow the general discourse of the problem of error and to focus it on the specific problem of experimental error may be approached from different directions. One possibility is to establish a focusing process from the standpoint of history; such an approach requires a careful scrutiny of the history of science with a view to identifying the juncture when the problem of experimental error was properly understood and accounted for. In a study of this kind one would (...)
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  11.  33
    History of Science and Science Combined: Solving a Historical Problem in Optics—the Case of Galileo and His Telescope.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (4):337-344.
    The claim that Galileo Galilei transformed the spyglass into an astronomical instrument has never been disputed and is considered a historical fact. However, the question what was the procedure which Galileo followed is moot, for he did not disclose his research method. On the traditional view, Galileo was guided by experience, more precisely, systematized experience, which was current among northern Italian artisans and men of science. In other words, it was a trial-and-error procedure—no theory was involved. A scientific analysis of (...)
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  12.  90
    A Critical Note on J. S. Mill's Classification of Fallacies.Giora Hon - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2):263-268.
  13.  39
    ‘Natures’ and ‘Laws’: The Making of the Concept of Law of Nature – Robert Grosseteste and Roger Bacon.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:21-31.
  14.  5
    Putting Error to (Historical) Work: Error as a Tell-Tale in the Studies of Kepler and Galileo.Giora Hon - 2004 - Centaurus 46 (1):58-81.
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  15.  29
    H. Hertz: 'The Electrostatic and Electromagnetic Properties of the Cathode Rays Are Either "Nil" or Very Feeble.' A Case-Study of an Experimental Error.Giora Hon - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):367.
  16.  20
    Roger Bacon (C. 1220–1292) and His System of Laws of Nature: Classification, Hierarchy and Significance.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (6):719-745.
    The idea that nature is governed by laws and that the goal of science is to discover and formulate these laws, rose to prominence during the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. It was manifestly held by the most significant actors of that revolution such as Galileo, Descartes, Kepler, Boyle, and Newton. But this idea was not new. In fact, it made an appearance in the Middle Ages, and it is likely to have emerged already in Antiquity.1In this paper we (...)
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  17.  34
    Kepler's Move From.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    : This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. (...)
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  18.  9
    Maxwell’s Methodological Odyssey in Electromagnetism.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - unknown
    In addition to his scientific achievements, James Clerk Maxwell was an innovator in methodologies in physics. In fact, in his hands methodology and theory mutually inform one another, an aspect of his work that has not been properly appreciated. We examine closely from a methodological perspective Maxwell’s contributions to electromagnetism and uncover a trajectory of great interest, which we call Maxwell’s methodological odyssey. There are four principal stations along the fifteen-year trajectory of Maxwell’s published writings devoted to electromagnetism. These contributions (...)
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  19.  75
    The Why and How of Explanation: An Analytical Exposition.Giora Hon - 2001 - In Giora Hon & Sam Rakover (eds.), Explanation: Theoretical Approaches and Application. Springer. pp. 1--39.
  20.  45
    Exploiting Errors.Giora Hon - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (3):465-480.
  21.  36
    Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] and models , by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three (...)
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  22.  27
    Geometry of Light and Shadow: Francesco Maurolyco (1494–1575) and the Pinhole Camera.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2007 - Annals of Science 64 (4):549-578.
    In his Theoremata de lumine, et umbre , Francesco Maurolyco discussed, inter alia, the problem of the pinhole camera. Maurolyco outlined a framework based on Euclidean geometry in which he applied the rectilinear propagation of light to the casting of shadow on a screen behind a pinhole. We limit our discussion to the problem of how the image behind an aperture is formed, and follow the way Maurolyco combined theory with instrument to solve the problem of the projection of light (...)
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  23.  54
    Searching for Asses, Finding a Kingdom: The Story of the Invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM).Galina Granek & Giora Hon - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (1):101-125.
    Summary We offer a novel historical-philosophical framework for discussing experimental practice which we call ?Generating Experimental Knowledge?. It combines three different perspectives: experimental systems, concept formation, and the pivotal role of error. We then present an historical account of the invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM), or Raster-Tunnelmikroskop, and interpret it within the proposed framework. We show that at the outset of the STM project, Binnig and Rohrer?the inventors of the machine?filed two patent disclosures; the first is dated 22 (...)
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  24.  15
    Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science.Giora Hon - 1985
  25.  1
    How Einstein Made Asymmetry Disappear: Symmetry and Relativity in 1905.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 59 (5):437-544.
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  26.  62
    Disturbing, but Not Surprising: Did Gödel Surprise Einstein with a Rotating Universe and Time Travel? [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (4):501-521.
    The question is raised as to the kind of methodology required to deal with foundational issues. A comparative study of the methodologies of Gödel and Einstein reveals some similar traits which reflect a concern with foundational problems. It is claimed that the interest in foundational problems stipulates a certain methodology, namely, the methodology of limiting cases.
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  27.  31
    Gödel, Einstein, Mach: Casting Constraints on All-Embracing Concepts. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (1):25-64.
    Can a theory turn back, as it were, upon itselfand vouch for its own features? That is, canthe derived elements of a theory be the veryprimitive terms that provide thepresuppositions of the theory? This form of anall-embracing feature assumes a totality inwhich there occurs quantification over thattotality, quantification that is defined bythis very totality. I argue that the Machprinciple exhibits such a feature ofall-embracing nature. To clarify the argument,I distinguish between on the one handcompleteness and on the other wholeness andtotality, (...)
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  28.  58
    Can Error Imply Existence?: St. Augustine, the Skeptics, and Descartes.Rami Raveh & Giora Hon - 2006 - Philosophy and Theology 18 (2):201-218.
    Descartes’s Cogito, “I am thinking, therefore I exist,” is perhaps the most famous assertion in the history of philosophy. Thirteen hundred years earlier, St. Augustine formulated a similar claim, arguing “if I am mistaken, I am.” Did St. Augustine anticipate Descartes? We show that Descartes’s dictum is a novel insight and less vulnerable to criticism than the claim of St. Augustine. Whereas Descartes searched for one true proposition on which he could base scientificknowledge, St. Augustine sought to refute the skeptics (...)
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  29.  49
    Histories of Kinematics and Einstein’s Relativity Theory: A Collage of Historiographies: Alberto A. Martínez: Kinematics: The Lost Origins of Einstein’s Relativity. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009, 488pp, $65.00 HB. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):131-134.
    Histories of kinematics and Einstein’s relativity theory: A collage of historiographies Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9532-6 Authors Giora Hon, Department of Philosophy, University of Haifa, 31905 Haifa, Israel Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  30.  8
    Error and Uncertainty in Scientific Practice.Marcel Boumans, Giora Hon & Arthur Petersen (eds.) - 2014 - Pickering & Chatto.
    Assessment of error and uncertainty is a vital component of both natural and social science. This edited volume presents case studies of research practices across a wide spectrum of scientific fields. It compares methodologies and presents the ingredients needed for an overarching framework applicable to all.
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  31.  5
    Adding Velocities Without Exceeding the Velocity of Light: Wilhelm Wien's Algorithm (1904) and Albert Einstein's Light Postulate.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Centaurus 48 (2):89-113.
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  32. “Baseline” and “Snapshot”: Philosophical Reflections on an Approach to Historical Case Studies.Giora Hon - 2016 - In Raphael Scholl & Tilman Sauer (eds.), The Philosophy of Historical Case Studies. Springer.
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  33. Conclusion: A Reassessment.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2017 - In Yaakov Zik, Giora Hon & Arianna Borrelli (eds.), The Optics of Giambattista Della Porta : A Reassessment. Springer Verlag.
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  34.  37
    Can the Monster Errour Be Slain?Giora Hon - 1991 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 5 (3):257 – 268.
    Abstract One cannot discount experimental errors and turn the attention to the logicomathematical structure of a physical theory without distorting the nature of the scientific method. The occurrence of errors in experiments constitutes an inherent feature of the attempt to test theories in the physical world. This feature deserves proper attention which has been neglected. An attempt is made to address this problem.
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  35.  6
    Does a Living System Have a State?Giora Hon - 2003 - In A. Rojszczak, J. Cachro & G. Kurczewski (eds.), Philosophical Dimensions of Logic and Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 139--150.
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  36.  26
    In Pursuit of Conceptual Change: The Case of Legendre and Symmetry.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (4):288-293.
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  37. Is the Identification of Experimental Error Contextually Dependent? The Case of Kaufmann's Experiment and its Varied Reception.Giora Hon - 1995 - In Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.), Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. University of Chicago Press. pp. 170--223.
     
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  38.  25
    Kepler's Optical Part of Astronomy (1604): Introducing the Ecliptic Instrument.Giora Hon & Yaakov Zik - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (3):307-345.
    The year 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the publication of one of the most revolutionary scientific texts ever written. In this book, appropriately entitled, Astronomia nova, Johannes Kepler developed an astronomical theory which departs fundamentally from the systems of Ptolemy and Copernicus. One of the great innovations of this theory is its dependence on the science of optics. The declared goal of Kepler in his earlier publication, Paralipomena to Witelo whereby The Optical Part of Astronomy is Treated , was (...)
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  39.  40
    Kant Vs. Legendre on Symmetry: Mirror Images in Philosophy and Mathematics.Giora Hon - 2005 - Centaurus 47 (4):283-297.
  40.  7
    Models and Precision: The Quality of Ptolemy's Observations and Parameters by John Phillips Britton. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 1995 - Isis 86:469-470.
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  41.  12
    Models and Precision: The Quality of Ptolemy's Observations and ParametersJohn Phillips Britton.Giora Hon - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):469-470.
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  42. Mapping Going Amiss.Giora Hon, Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle - 2009 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 267:1-7.
  43.  8
    Milton’s Thomistic Distinction: On the Usefulness of the Distinction Between Mistake and Error in ‘Samson Agonistes’.Giora Hon & Ayelet C. Langer - 2018 - In Maxime Mauriège & Andreas Speer (eds.), Irrtum – Error – Erreur. De Gruyter. pp. 743-756.
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  44.  9
    Paving Ways - the Pittsburgh Center for the Philosophy of Science and the Case of Philosophy of Science in Israel.Giora Hon - unknown
    A view of the Center for Philosophy of Science from an Israeli perspective.
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  45.  28
    Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
  46.  6
    The Art of Conjecturing, Together with Letter to a Friend on Sets in Court Tennis - by Jacob Bernoulli.Giora Hon - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (4):335-337.
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  47.  15
    The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis.Giora Hon - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):338-340.
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  48.  5
    The Modeling of Nature: Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Nature in Synthesis. [REVIEW]Giora Hon - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):338-340.
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  49.  95
    The Unnatural Nature of the Laws of Nature: Symmetry and Asymmetry.Giora Hon - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 171--187.
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  50.  20
    What Keeps the Earth in Its Place? The Concept of Stability in Plato and Aristotle.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (4):305-323.
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