Results for 'Horacio Barreda'

327 found
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  1.  7
    Ethnomedical Implications of Wierzbicka’s Theory and Method.Horacio Fabrega - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):318-319.
    Pain is a biological and subjective phenomenon. Clear understanding of its features is essential. Wierzbicka’s analysis accomplishes this. This comment discusses the relevance of her approach for the study of early evolution of medicine. The comment has six parts: (a) Wierzbicka’s theory and method; (b) its application to pain; (c) relevance of pain for the study of ethnomedicine, the cultural understanding of sickness and healing; (d) significance of natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) for understanding the evolution of human thought and behavior; (...)
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  2.  6
    Towards a Broader Understanding of Agency in Biomedical Ethics.Rodrigo López Barreda, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):475-483.
    With advances in medical science, the concept of agency has received increasing attention in biomedical ethics. However, most of the ethical discussion around definitions of agency has focused either on patients suffering from mental disorders or on patients receiving cutting-edge medical treatments in developed countries. Very little of the discussion around concepts of agency has focused on the situation of patients suffering from common diseases that affect populations worldwide. Therefore, the most widely-used definitions of agency may be not appropriate to (...)
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  3.  28
    Rationality and Value: The Epistemological Role of Indeterminate and Agent-Dependent Values.Horacio Arló Costa - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (1):7-48.
    An important trend in contemporary epistemology centers on elaborating an old idea of pragmatist pedigree: theory selection (and in general the process of changing view and fixing beliefs) presupposes epistemic values. This article focuses on analyzing the case where epistemic values are indeterminate or when the sources of valuation are multiple (epistemic values like coherence and simplicity need not order options in compatible ways). According to the theory that thus arises epistemic alternatives need not be fully ordered by an underlying (...)
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  4.  11
    A Pragmatic Reconstruction of Law’s Claim to Authority.Horacio Spector - 2019 - Ratio Juris 32 (1):21-48.
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  5.  75
    Two Notions of Epistemic Validity.Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi - 1996 - Synthese 109 (2):217 - 262.
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in (Ramsey 1990).(RT) If A, then B must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B.
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  6.  49
    Non-Adjunctive Inference and Classical Modalities.Horacio Arló Costa - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (5/6):581 - 605.
    The article focuses on representing different forms of non-adjunctive inference as sub-Kripkean systems of classical modal logic, where the inference from □A and □B to □A ∧ B fails. In particular we prove a completeness result showing that the modal system that Schotch and Jennings derive from a form of non-adjunctive inference in (Schotch and Jennings, 1980) is a classical system strictly stronger than EMN and weaker than K (following the notation for classical modalities presented in Chellas, 1980). The unified (...)
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  7.  4
    Corporate Sustainability: Toward a Theoretical Integration of Catholic Social Teaching and the Natural-Resource-Based View of the Firm.Horacio E. Rousseau - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):725-737.
    Even though management scholars have offered several views on the process of corporate sustainability, these efforts have focused mainly on the technical aspects of sustainability while omitting the fundamental role played by individual moral competences. Therefore, previous work offers an incomplete and somewhat reductionist view of corporate sustainability. In this article, we develop a holistic framework of corporate sustainability in which both the moral and technical aspects of sustainability are considered. We do so by integrating the ethical, normative perspective of (...)
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  8.  16
    Decisional Nonconsequentialism and the Risk Sensitivity of Obligation.Horacio Spector - 2016 - Social Philosophy and Policy 32 (2):91-128.
    :A good deal of contemporary moral nonconsequentialism assumes that agents have perfect knowledge about the various features and consequences of their options. This assumption is unrealistic. More often than not, moral agents can only assess with a certain degree of probability the factual circumstances that are morally relevant for their decision making. My aim in this essay is to discuss the problem of moral decisions under risk from the point of view of nonconsequentialism. Basically, I analyze how objective moral principles (...)
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  9.  77
    First Order Extensions of Classical Systems of Modal Logic; the Role of the Barcan Schemas.Horacio Arló Costa - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (1):87-118.
    The paper studies first order extensions of classical systems of modal logic (see (Chellas, 1980, part III)). We focus on the role of the Barcan formulas. It is shown that these formulas correspond to fundamental properties of neighborhood frames. The results have interesting applications in epistemic logic. In particular we suggest that the proposed models can be used in order to study monadic operators of probability (Kyburg, 1990) and likelihood (Halpern-Rabin, 1987).
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  10.  45
    Perspectives of History and Philosophy on Teaching Astronomy.Horacio Tignanelli & Yann Benétreau-Dupin - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 603-640.
    The didactics of astronomy is a relatively young field with respect to that of other sciences. Historical issues have most often been part of the teaching of astronomy, although that often does not stem from a specific didactics. The teaching of astronomy is often subsumed under that of physics. One can easily consider that, from an educational standpoint, astronomy requires the same mathematical or physical strategies. This approach may be adequate in many cases but cannot stand as a general principle (...)
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  11.  10
    "Mundo efectivo" o "mundo real" o actualmente se traiciona así.Horacio Abeledo & Eduardo H. Flichman - 1997 - Critica 29 (87):101-116.
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  12.  71
    A Nonconceptualist Reading of the B-Deduction.Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (2):425-442.
    In this paper, I propose a new nonconceptual reading of the B-Deduction. As Hanna correctly remarks :399–415, 2011: 405), the word “cognition” has in both editions of the first Critique a wide sense, meaning nonconceptual cognition, and a narrow meaning, in Kant’s own words “an objective perception”. To be sure, Kant assumes the first meaning to account for why the Deduction is unavoidable. And if we take this meaning as a premise of the B-Deduction, then there is a gap in (...)
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  13.  25
    Measuring Investors' Socially Responsible Preferences in Mutual Funds.Iván Barreda-Tarrazona, Juan Carlos Matallín-Sáez & Mª Rosario Balaguer-Franch - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (2):305-330.
    The aim of this study is to analyze investor behavior towards socially responsible mutual funds. The analysis is based on an experimental study where a sample of individuals takes investment decisions under different parameters of information about the investment alternatives and expected returns. In the experiment, each participant decides how to distribute an investment budget between two funds, returns on which are uncertain and change over time. Two treatments are conducted, each providing a different degree of information on the socially (...)
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  14.  25
    Two Notions of Epistemic Validity-Epistemic Models for Ramsey's Conditionals.Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi - 1996 - Synthese 109 (2):217-262.
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in . 'If A, then B' must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B. In this article we propose a formulation of , which unlike some of its predecessors, is compatible with our best theory of belief revision, the so-called AGM theory , chapters 1-5 for a survey). The new test, which, (...)
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  15.  25
    Stock of Knowledge as Determined by Class Position: A Marxist Phenomenology?Horacio M. R. Banega - 2014 - Schutzian Research 6:47-60.
    The stock of knowledge at hand is one of the most important concepts of Schutzian social theory. However, it would seem that attempts to consider the structures of the Life-World have not included social stratification in relation to the stock of knowledge at hand. By analyzing certain data from Argentina’s 2001.
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  16. First-Order Classical Modal Logic.Horacio Arló-Costa & Eric Pacuit - 2006 - Studia Logica 84 (2):171 - 210.
    The paper focuses on extending to the first order case the semantical program for modalities first introduced by Dana Scott and Richard Montague. We focus on the study of neighborhood frames with constant domains and we offer in the first part of the paper a series of new completeness results for salient classical systems of first order modal logic. Among other results we show that it is possible to prove strong completeness results for normal systems without the Barcan Formula (like (...)
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  17.  93
    Desire-as-Belief Implies Opinionation or Indifference.Horacio Costa, John Collins & Isaac Levi - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):2-5.
    The anti- Humean proposal of constructing desire as belief about what would be good must be abandoned on pain of triviality. Our central result shows that if an agent's belief- desire state is represented by Jeffrey's expected value theory enriched with the Desire as Belief Thesis (DAB), then, provided that three pairwise inconsistent propositions receive non- zero probability, the agent must view with indifference any proposition whose probability is greater than zero. Unlike previous results against DAB our Opinionation or Indifference (...)
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  18. On the Explanatory Power of Indeterminate Probabilities.Jeffrey Helzner & Horacio Arlo-Costa - unknown
    Building on work that we reported at ISIPTA 2005 we revisit claims made by Fox and Tversky concerning their "comparative ignorance" hypothesis for decision making under uncertainty.
     
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  19.  1
    Normas Y aparatos conceptuales: Dos aspectos Del derecho.Horacio Corti - 2016 - Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía Del Derecho 45:141-181.
    Alchourrón y Bulygin sostienen que el derecho positivo, además de normas, contiene definiciones, que ponen de manifiesto un aparato conceptual a través del cual pensamos la realidad. A partir de esta afirmación argumentaré que hay un aspecto del derecho al que la teoría jurídica no ha prestado la atención que merece: la red de conceptos o categorías a través de la cual el derecho piensa, estructura, esquematiza o imagina la realidad. Sobre la base de una visión pluralista, sostengo que el (...)
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  20.  6
    The Effects of Disease on Behavior: Analysis of Ladino Medical Beliefs.Horacio Fabrega Jr & John E. Hunter - 1977 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 5 (2):119-137.
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  21.  11
    Sickness and Healing and the Evolutionary Foundations of Mind and Minding.Fabrega Horacio Jr - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):159.
    Disease represents a principal tentacle of natural selection and a staple theme of evolutionary medicine. However, it is through a small portal of entry and a very long lineage that disease as sickness entered behavioural spaces and human consciousness. This has a long evolutionary history. Anyone interested in the origins of medicine and psychiatry as social institution has to start with analysis of how mind and body were conceptualised and played out behaviourally following the pongid/hominin split and thereafter. The early (...)
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  22.  50
    Conditionals and Monotonic Belief Revisions: The Success Postulate.Horacio L. Arlo Costa - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (4):557-566.
    One of the main applications of the logic of theory change is to the epistemic analysis of conditionals via the so-called Ramsey test. In the first part of the present note this test is studied in the “limiting case” where the theory being revised is inconsistent, and it is shown that this case manifests an intrinsic incompatibility between the Ramsey test and the AGM postulate of “success”. The paper then analyses the use of the postulate of success, and a weakening (...)
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  23.  11
    Concepts of Disease: Logical Features and Social Implications.Horacio Fabrega - 1972 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (4):583-616.
  24. What is Nonconceptualism in Kant’s Philosophy?Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (1):233-254.
    The aim of this paper is to critically review several interpretations of Kantian sensible intuition. The first interpretation is the recent construal of Kantian sensible intuition as a mental analogue of a direct referential term. The second is the old, widespread assumption that Kantian intuitions do not refer to mind-independent entities, such as bodies and their physical properties, unless they are brought under categories. The third is the assumption that, by referring to mind-independent entities, sensible intuitions represent objectively in the (...)
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  25. ¿ Qué es la vida?: Un problema epistemológico.Horacio Bernardo - 2004 - A Parte Rei 33:7.
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  26. The Logic of Conditionals.Horacio Arlo-Costa - 2007 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    entry for the Entry for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007.
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  27.  11
    Medicine in Chinese Cultures: Comparative Studies of Health Care in Chinese and Other Societies.Horacio Fabrega, Arthur Kleinman, Peter Kunstadter, E. Russell Alexander & James L. Gale - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (2):205.
  28. Gabino Barreda and the Introduction of Darwinism in Mexico: Positivism and Evolution.R. Ruiz Gutierrez - 1995 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 172:29-48.
  29.  31
    Horacio Arló-Costa (1956-2011).Eleonora Cresto - 2011 - Cuadernos de Filosofía 57:109-112.
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  30.  33
    Four Conceptions of Freedom.Horacio Spector - 2010 - Political Theory 38 (6):780-808.
    Contemporary political philosophers discuss the idea of freedom in terms of two distinctions: Berlin's famous distinction between negative and positive liberty, and Skinner and Pettit's divide between liberal and republican liberty. In this essay I proceed to recast the debate by showing that there are two strands in liberalism, Hobbesian and Lockean, and that the latter inherited its conception of civil liberty from republican thought. I also argue that the contemporary debate on freedom lacks a perspicuous account of the various (...)
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  31. Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws.Horacio Arló-Costa - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (11):555-593.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/terms.html. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.
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  32. Conditional Probability and Defeasible Inference.Horacio Arlo-Costa & Rohit Parikh - manuscript
    Journal of Philosophical Logic 34, 97-119, 2005.
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  33. Autonomy and Rights: The Moral Foundations of Liberalism.Horacio Spector - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Horacio Spector provides an original and compelling moral justification of classical liberalism. Among the topics he discusses are the concepts of negative and positive freedom, the notion of a moral right, the link between positive freedom and personal autonomy, and the agent-relativity of moral reasons.
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  34.  32
    Judicial Review, Rights, and Democracy.Horacio Spector - 2003 - Law and Philosophy 22 (3):285-334.
  35.  4
    El problema del concepto abstracto en Aristóteles.Mariano Benavente Barreda - 1968 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 3:51-74.
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  36.  24
    Sentido gnoseológico de los juicios sintéticos a priori.Mariano Benavente Barreda - 1970 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 5:27-52.
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  37. Constitutional Proportionality and Moral Deontology.Horacio Spector - forthcoming - Jurisprudence:1-25.
    I come to grips with the deontological critique of constitutional proportionality that asserts that this doctrine ignores rights and slips into the utilitarian maximisation of societal interests. I...
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  38.  3
    Desire-as-Belief Implies Opinionation or Indifference.Horacio ArlÓ Costa & Alonso Church - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):2.
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  39.  7
    Horacio Foladori, El grupo operativo (de) formación, Universidad Bolivariana, Santiago, 2001, 160 p.Sergio Witto Mättig - 2002 - Polis 3.
    Que haya una singularidadEsta habría sido la consigna de los grupos. Toda consigna se dice de una ‘instrucción de carácter general que se da, o que se transmiten unas a otras las personas que intervienen en una misión...’ (Moliner 1984: 734). La consigna, por tanto, está referida en primer término a un don, sólo más tarde va a intervenir el cálculo, la conjura. En la consiga algo siempre se da, se ofrece como ‘instrucción de carácter general’, sin contenidos y sin (...)
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  40.  14
    The Singular Relational Plus Relativistic Content View.Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (1):93-114.
    My aim is to defend a peculiar epistemic version of the particularity thesis, which results from a sui generis combination of what I call the ‘singular relational view’ and what I call the ‘relativistic content view.’ Particulars are not represented as part of putative singular content. Instead, we are perceptually acquainted with them in the relevant sense that experience puts us in direct perceptual contact with them. And the content of experience is best modelled as a propositional function, that is, (...)
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  41.  6
    The Scientific Usefulness of the Idea of Illness.Horacio Fabrega - 1979 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 22 (4):545-558.
  42.  87
    Belief Revision Conditionals: Basic Iterated Systems.Horacio Arló-Costa - 1999 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 96 (1-3):3-28.
    It is now well known that, on pain of triviality, the probability of a conditional cannot be identified with the corresponding conditional probability [25]. This surprising impossibility result has a qualitative counterpart. In fact, Peter Gärdenfors showed in [13] that believing ‘If A then B’ cannot be equated with the act of believing B on the supposition that A — as long as supposing obeys minimal Bayesian constraints. Recent work has shown that in spite of these negative results, the question (...)
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  43.  10
    A Representation Result for Value-Based Contraction.Horacio Arló Costa & Hailin Liu - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):965-989.
    Sven-Ove Hansson and Erik Olsson studied in Hansson and Olsson, 103–119 1995) the logical properties of an operation of contraction first proposed by Isaac Levi in Levi. They provided a completeness result for the simplest version of contraction that they call Levi-contraction but left open the problem of characterizing axiomatically the more complex operation of value-based contraction or saturatable contraction. In this paper we propose an axiomatization for this operation and prove a completeness result for it. We argue that the (...)
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  44.  23
    Mario A. Rivera y Alan L. Kolata (compiladores), Tiwanaku: aproximaciones a sus contextos históricos y sociales, Colección Estudios Regionales, Universidad Bolivariana, Santiago, Diciembre 2004, 387 p. [REVIEW]Horacio Larrain - 2005 - Polis 11.
    En 15 apretados artículos y 4 capítulos, el presente libro representa una puesta al día de los conocimientos que en la actualidad se manejan para valorar y sintetizar el aporte de esta cultura al legado cultural pan andino. La obra, iniciativa de los profesores Rivera y Kolata, constituye el resultado final de uno de los simposios del LI Congreso de Americanistas, celebrado en la ciudad de Santiago en julio del año 2003.Es el mérito indiscutido de los dos editores el haber (...)
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  45.  8
    Un yacimiento de cazadores-recolectores marinos en la terraza litoral de Bajo Patache, sur de Iquique . Estudio arqueológico-geográfico.Horacio Larrain, Flavia Velásquez F., Pedro Lázaro B., Pilar Cereceda T., Pablo Osses M. & Luis Pérez R. - 2004 - Polis 7.
    El presente artículo presenta los nuevos e importantes descubrimientos en la terraza litoral al pie del oasis de niebla, a partir de Noviembre de 2003, que junto a estudios anteriores conforman un cuadro general bastante completo de los patrones de asentamiento, modus vivendi, costumbres y actividades económicas de los antiguos pobladores costeros del norte de Chile, que reafirman la enorme importancia que adquirió el ecosistema de oasis de niebla costero en el género de vida, tipos de asentamiento y desplazamientos de (...)
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  46.  3
    The Idea of Medicalization: An Anthropological Perspective.Horacio Fabrega - 1980 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (1):129-142.
  47.  8
    Bayesian Epistemology and Epistemic Conditionals: On the Status of the Export-Import Laws.Horacio Arló-Costa - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (11):555-593.
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  48. Ambiguity Aversion: The Explanatory Power of Indeterminate Probabilities.Horacio Arló-Costa & Jeffrey Helzner - 2010 - Synthese 172 (1):37-55.
    Daniel Ellsberg presented in Ellsberg (The Quarterly Journal of Economics 75:643–669, 1961) various examples questioning the thesis that decision making under uncertainty can be reduced to decision making under risk. These examples constitute one of the main challenges to the received view on the foundations of decision theory offered by Leonard Savage in Savage (1972). Craig Fox and Amos Tversky have, nevertheless, offered an indirect defense of Savage. They provided in Fox and Tversky (1995) an explanation of Ellsberg’s two-color problem (...)
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  49.  54
    Fast and Frugal Heuristics: Rationality and the Limits of Naturalism.Horacio Arló-Costa & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2013 - Synthese 190 (5):831-850.
    Gerd Gigerenzer and Thomas Sturm have recently proposed a modest form of what they describe as a normative, ecological and limited naturalism. The basic move in their argument is to infer that certain heuristics we tend to use should be used in the right ecological setting. To address this argument, we first consider the case of a concrete heuristic called Take the Best (TTB). There are at least two variants of the heuristic which we study by making explicit the choice (...)
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  50. Contraction: On the Decision-Theoretical Origins of Minimal Change and Entrenchment.Horacio Arló-Costa & Isaac Levi - 2006 - Synthese 152 (1):129 - 154.
    We present a decision-theoretically motivated notion of contraction which, we claim, encodes the principles of minimal change and entrenchment. Contraction is seen as an operation whose goal is to minimize loses of informational value. The operation is also compatible with the principle that in contracting A one should preserve the sentences better entrenched than A (when the belief set contains A). Even when the principle of minimal change and the latter motivation for entrenchment figure prominently among the basic intuitions in (...)
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