Results for 'Howard Gibson'

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  1.  28
    Motion parallax as a determinant of perceived depth.Eleanor J. Gibson, James J. Gibson, Olin W. Smith & Howard Flock - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):40.
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  2. What Creativity Isn't: The Presumptions of Instrumental and Individual Justifications for Creativity in Education.Howard Gibson - 2005 - British Journal of Educational Studies 53 (2):148 - 167.
    Creativity is a popular but heterogeneous word in educational parlance these days. By looking at a selection of recent discourses that refer to creativity to sustain their positions, the paper suggests that two key themes emerge, both with questionable assumptions. Romantic individualists would return us to a naïve bygone age of authentic self-expression, while politicians and economists would use the term instrumentally by binding it to the future needs of the workforce without questioning substantive issues. Cultural theories of creativity indicate (...)
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  3.  22
    The Undergraduate Education Studies Dissertation: Philosophical Reflections upon Tacit Empiricism in Textbook Guidance and the Latent Capacity of Argumentation.Howard Gibson & Darren Garside - 2016 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 36 (2):115-130.
    The final-year undergraduate dissertation is commonplace in Education Studies programmes across the world and yet its philosophical assumptions are complex and not always questioned. In England there is evidence to suggest a tacit preference for empiricism in textbooks designed to support early researchers. This brings, we suggest, problems associated with dualism, instrumentalism and of accounting for value, redolent of the dilemmas that emerge from Hume’s empiricist epistemology. The paper suggests that if argumentation were explicitly taught to undergraduates it may help (...)
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  4.  29
    The Two Front War on Reproductive Rights—When the Right to Abortion is Banned, Can the Right to Refuse Obstetrical Interventions Be Far behind?Howard Minkoff, Raaga Unmesha Vullikanti & Mary Faith Marshall - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):11-20.
    The loss of the federally protected constitutional right to an abortion is a threat to the already tenuous autonomy of pregnant people, and may augur future challenges to their right to refuse unwanted obstetric interventions. Even before Roe’s demise, pregnancy led to constraints on autonomy evidenced by clinician-led legal incursions against patients who refused obstetric interventions. In Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, the Supreme Court found that the right to liberty espoused in the Constitution does not extend to a (...)
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  5.  77
    Undemocratic Climate Protests.Francisco Garcia-Gibson - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (1):162-179.
    Climate change activists sometimes engage in protests that exert coercion on governments, businesses, and citizens, instead of protests that just attempt to persuade them. I argue that these coercive protests are sometimes undemocratic, despite recent attempts in the literature to describe them as democratic. Coercive climate protests do not always improve deliberative decision-making, and they are a means of exerting control over official decisions that is not available to all affected. I then claim that the fact that some of these (...)
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  6.  27
    Cass R. Sunstein, Averting Catastrophe: Decision Theory for COVID-19, Climate Change, and Potential Disasters of All Kinds.Francisco Garcia-Gibson - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (4):496-498.
  7.  35
    Utopias and Comparative Assessments of Justice.Francisco García Gibson - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (1):92-107.
    When we make public policy choices, is it helpful to know how utopia would look? Amartya Sen argues that it is neither necessary, nor sufficient, nor even contributory. He claims that before making a policy choice one should compare several feasible institutional designs to see which promotes justice most, and that it is misleading to use the perfect design as a standard in those comparisons. Principles of justice are the proper standard. The present article contends that the perfect design has (...)
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  8.  7
    Imprinting: An epigenetic approach.Howard Moltz - 1963 - Psychological Review 70 (2):123-138.
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  9.  49
    A new model of rational choice.Howard Margolis - 1981 - Ethics 91 (2):265-279.
  10. Towards a Kantian Theory of International Distributive Justice.Howard Williams - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):43-77.
    This article examines where Kant stands on the question of the redistribution of wealth and income both nationally and globally. Kant is rightly seen as a radical reformer of the world order from a political standpoint seeking a republican, federative worldwide system; can he also be seen as wanting to bring about an equally dramatic shift from an economic perspective? To answer this question we have first of all to address the question of whether he is an egalitarian or an (...)
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  11.  33
    A comparison of reversal shifts and nonreversal shifts in human concept formation behavior.Howard H. Kendler & May F. D'Amato - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (3):165.
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  12.  18
    Simulation of expert memory using EPAM IV.Howard B. Richman, James J. Staszewski & Herbert A. Simon - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (2):305-330.
  13.  44
    Word Forms Are Structured for Efficient Use.Kyle Mahowald, Isabelle Dautriche, Edward Gibson & Steven T. Piantadosi - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):3116-3134.
    Zipf famously stated that, if natural language lexicons are structured for efficient communication, the words that are used the most frequently should require the least effort. This observation explains the famous finding that the most frequent words in a language tend to be short. A related prediction is that, even within words of the same length, the most frequent word forms should be the ones that are easiest to produce and understand. Using orthographics as a proxy for phonetics, we test (...)
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  14.  8
    The future of bioethics.Howard Brody - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bioethics' interdisciplinary base -- Patient-centered care -- Evidence-based medicine and pay-for-performance -- Community dialogue -- Overview : bioethics, power, and learning to see -- Cross-cultural concerns -- Race and health disparities -- Disabilities -- Environmental and global issues -- New technologies -- Conclusion.
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  15.  5
    Some Twists in the Cognitive Turn.Steve Fuller - 1990 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990 (2):445-448.
    Contrary to what the name suggests, the recent work of Howard Margolis (1987) and Ronald Giere (1988) demonstrates that the “cognitive turn” in the philosophy of science is not simply the application of cognitive science to the study of science. For one thing, neither one is what Jerry Fodor (1981) has called a “methodological solipsist,” that is, someone who wants to account for thought processes without presupposing an account of the world of which those thoughts are about. Margolis, in (...)
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  16.  75
    Divine Freedom.Frances Howard-Snyder - 2017 - Topoi 36 (4):651-656.
    In “Divine Freedom,” I argue that morally significant incompatibilist freedom is a great good. So God possesses morally incompatibilist freedom. So, God can do wrong or at least can do worse than the best action He can do. So, God is not essentially morally perfect. After careful consideration of numerous objections, I conclude that this argument is undefeated.
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  17.  22
    Climate Change and Coercive Disobedience.Francisco García Gibson - 2022 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 37:195-215.
    RESUMEN Este artículo sostiene que la desobediencia coercitiva motivada por el cambio climático a veces es antidemocrática, pero no por eso es impermisible. El cambio climático representa un peligro tan grave para los derechos básicos de millones de personas en todo el mundo, que incluso el derecho básico a la democracia puede verse justificadamente desplazado como medio para disminuir el riesgo de una catástrofe climática. El articulo responde también a quienes afirman que la desobediencia coercitiva climática es siempre democrática porque (...)
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  18.  10
    Crítica al absolutismo moral consecuencialista.Francisco García Gibson - 2018 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 57:161-174.
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  19.  2
    Conflicts between domestic inequality and global poverty: lexicality versus proportionality.Francisco García Gibson - 2016 - Ethics and Global Politics 9 (1):29803.
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  20.  11
    Cómo resolver un conflicto distributivo.Francisco García Gibson - 2016 - Isegoría 54:275-288.
    Cuando dos agentes reclaman legítimamente un mismo bien, una solución posible al conflicto consiste en que el agente con el reclamo de mayor peso normativo obtenga derecho a todo el bien. Pero existe otra solución, que consiste en que el agente con el reclamo de mayor peso obtenga derecho sólo a una parte bien –la parte mayor–, mientras que el agente con el reclamo de menor peso obtenga derecho al menos a una parte del bien –aunque la parte menor–. En (...)
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  21.  10
    Desigualdad global y coerción.Francisco García Gibson - 2016 - Análisis Filosófico 36 (1):55-73.
    En este artículo sostengo que ciertos principios igualitaristas de justicia distributiva tienen alcance solo local y no también global. Me baso en la teoría de Michael Blake, quien afirma que el contenido y alcance de los principios de justicia dependen del tipo de coerción que se ejerce en determinado ámbito. A esa teoría se le critica que no es capaz de identificar un tipo de coerción que solo exista en el ámbito local y no también en el global. Me propongo (...)
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  22.  7
    Two views on political lesser evil.Francisco Garcia Gibson - 2018 - Filosofia Unisinos 19 (1).
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  23.  18
    On the Foundations of Geometry and Formal Theories of Arithmetic.Howard Jackson - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):175-179.
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  24.  7
    The Ethics of Diet: A Catena of Authorities Deprecatory of the Practice of Flesh-Eating.Howard Williams - 2003 - University of Illinois Press.
    "Now we can join Gandhi and Tolstoy and nameless others who encountered this vigorous and invigorating book. Welcome to a company of radicals who believed we could and should stop eating non-human animals. They brought vegetarianism out of history and into the here and now." -- from the introductionEthical vegetarianism is no recent development, as this unrivaled historical anthology dramatizes. When it was first published 120 years ago, countless people read and endorsed The Ethics of Diet. But then it became (...)
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  25. The Internal Morality of Medicine.Howard Brody & Franklin Miller - forthcoming - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics.
     
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  26.  3
    Critical reflections on teacher education: why future teachers need educational philosophy.Howard Robert Woodhouse - 2023 - New York: Routledge.
    Critical Reflections on Teacher Education argues that educational philosophy can improve the quality of teacher education programs in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. The book documents the ways in which the market model of education propagated by governments and outside agencies hastens the decline of philosophy of education and turns teachers into technicians in hierarchical school systems. A grounding in educational philosophy, however, enables future teachers to make informed and qualified judgements defining their professional lives. In a (...)
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  27.  48
    Winch and Anscombe on Ethics and Religion.Howard Mounce - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (3):241-248.
    The aim of this paper is to consider in detail a paper in which Peter Winch discusses the absolute nature of the moral ought. Anscombe had argued that the notion of an absolute ought presupposes the idea of divine law. Winch's aim is to show her mistaken. On his view, it is the idea of divine that depends on the notion of an absolute ought.It is argued that Winch is not successful in his criticism. Indeed, were we to accept his (...)
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  28. Modernism, Postmodernism and Organizational Analysis an Introduction.Robert Cooper & Gibson Burrell - 1988
     
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  29.  9
    Contemporary instinct theory and the fixed action pattern.Howard Moltz - 1965 - Psychological Review 72 (1):27-47.
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  30.  30
    Signification and Significance: A Study of the Relations of Signs and Values.Howard L. Parsons - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (1):72-73.
  31.  21
    Progress, Human Rights and Peace in Luigi Caranti’s Kant’s Political Legacy.Howard Williams - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (2):263-273.
  32.  7
    Confucius.David Howard Smith - 1973 - New York,: Scribner.
    In his own lifetime Confucius never attained real power and he died feeling that his life had been a failure; yet his teaching came to dominate the political and ritual life of China for thousands of years and to inspire many thinkers in the outside world. Howard Smith describes China in the sixth century B.C. and shows how its history of internal conflict, together with the cult of ancestor worship, gave rise to Confucius' central doctrines of order and 'piety'. (...)
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  33.  6
    Some Kantian Reflections on the War in Ukraine.Howard Williams - 2023 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 29 (1):95-116.
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  34.  33
    Who gets to tell the story? Narrative in postmodern bioethics.Howard Brody - 1997 - In Hilde Lindemann (ed.), Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics. Routledge. pp. 18--30.
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  35. The rights of "unborn children" and the value of pregnant women.Howard L. Minkoff & Lynn M. Paltrow - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (2):26-28.
  36.  10
    Latent extinction and the reduction of secondary reward value.Howard Moltz - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):395.
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  37.  3
    Latent extinction and the fractional anticipatory response mechanism.Howard Moltz - 1957 - Psychological Review 64 (4):229-241.
  38.  2
    A Philosophy for a Humanist.Howard Morrison - 1931 - Modern Schoolman 8 (3):46-47.
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  39.  2
    A Philosophy for a Humanist.Howard Morrison - 1931 - Modern Schoolman 8 (3):55-55.
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  40.  13
    A Philosophy for a Humanist.Howard Morrison - 1931 - Modern Schoolman 8 (3):46-47.
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  41.  2
    A More Excellent Way.Howard Morrison - 1926 - Modern Schoolman 3 (2):16-17.
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  42.  16
    Reading Spencer and Gillen.Howard Morphy - 2012 - Sophia 51 (4):545-560.
    In this paper I provide an interpretative reading Spencer and Gillen. What is read depends in part on what one is looking for, on the purposes for which it is being read, and, what is there to be read depends partly on the audiences that the author has in. I provide a critique of social Darwinist and post-colonial readings of their work. I employ the concept of a motivating theme, which can be applied to segments of the text, which share (...)
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  43.  11
    Varieties of Human Value. Charles Morris. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1956. Pp. xv, 209. $5.00.Howard L. Parsons - 1957 - Philosophy of Science 24 (3):284-287.
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  44.  16
    Odor intensity and pleasantness of butanol.Howard R. Moskowitz, Andrew Dravnieks & Clifford Gerbers - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):216.
  45.  13
    Response Advantage for the Identification of Speech Sounds.Howard S. Moskowitz, Wei Wei Lee & Elyse S. Sussman - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  46.  15
    Sourness of acid mixtures.Howard R. Moskowitz - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):640.
  47.  39
    The end of history in Hegel and Marx.Howard Williams - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (3):557-566.
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  48. Philosophy of medicine and other humanities: Toward a wholistic view.Howard Brody - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    A less analytic and more wholistic approach to philosophy, described as best overall fit or seeing how things all hang together, is defended in recent works by John Rawls and Richard Rorty and can usefully be applied to problems in philosophy of medicine. Looking at sickness and its impact upon the person as a central problem for philosophy of medicine, this approach discourages a search for necessary and sufficient conditions for being sick, and instead encourages a listing of true and (...)
     
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  49. The physician-patient relationship: Models and criticisms.Howard Brody - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
    A review of the philosophical debate on theoretical models for the physician-patient relationship over the past fifteen years may point to some of the more productive questions for future research. Contractual models have been criticized for promoting a legalistic and minimalistic image of the relationship, such that another form of model (such as convenant) is required. Shifting from a contractual to a contractarian model (in keeping with Rawls' notion of an original position) provides an adequate response to many criticisms of (...)
     
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  50.  18
    Russian Revisionism and the Development of Marxian Political Economy in the Early Twentieth Century.M. C. Howard & J. E. King - 1989 - Studies in Soviet Thought 37 (2):95-117.
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