33 found
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  1.  44
    Unconscious Perception: A Model-Based Approach to Method and Evidence.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):846-867.
  2.  7
    Unconscious Inhibition and Facilitation at the Objective Detection Threshold: Replicable and Qualitatively Different Unconscious Perceptual.Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin - 2006 - Cognition 101 (1):43-79.
  3.  29
    Event-Related Potential Indicators of the Dynamic Unconscious.Howard Shevrin, W. J. Williams, R. E. Marshall & Linda A. Brakel - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66.
    The present study applies a new method for investigating dynamic unconscious processes. The method consists of selection of words from patient interview and test protocols that in the clinicians' judgments capture the patients' conscious symptom experience and the hypothetical unconscious conflict related to the symptom, subliminal and supraliminal presentation of these words, signal analysis of event-related potentials obtained to the word presentations. Eight phobics and three patients suffering from pathological grief reactions served as subjects. A time-frequency ERP analysis revealed that (...)
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  4.  10
    Subliminal Perception and Dreaming.Howard Shevrin - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (2-3).
  5. Unconscious Perception, Memory, and Consciousness: Cognitive and Dynamic Perspectives.Howard Shevrin - 1992 - In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
  6. Subliminal Unconscious Conflict Alpha Power Inhibits Supraliminal Conscious Symptom Experience.Howard Shevrin, Michael Snodgrass, Linda A. W. Brakel, Ramesh Kushwaha, Natalia L. Kalaida & Ariane Bazan - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
    Our approach is based on a tri-partite method of integrating psychodynamic hypotheses, cognitive subliminal processes, and psychophysiological alpha power measures. We present ten social phobic subjects with three individually selected groups of words representing unconscious conflict, conscious symptom experience, and Osgood Semantic negative valence words used as a control word group. The unconscious conflict and conscious symptom words, presented subliminally and supraliminally, act as primes preceding the conscious symptom and control words presented as supraliminal targets. With alpha power as a (...)
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  7.  10
    The Mediation of Intentional Judgments by Unconscious Perceptions: The Influences of Task Strategy, Task Preference, Word Meaning, and Motivation.Michael Snodgrass, Howard Shevrin & Michael Kopka - 1993 - Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):169-193.
    In two experiments subjects attempted to identify words presented below the objective threshold using two task strategies emphasizing either allowing a word to pop into their heads or looking carefully at the stimulus field . Words were selected to represent both meaningful and structural dimensions. We also asked subjects to indicate their strategy preference and to rate their motivation to perform well. In the absence of conscious perception, both strategy preference and word meaning interacted with strategy condition, mediating the accuracy (...)
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  8.  56
    Phonological Ambiguity Detection Outside of Consciousness and Its Defensive Avoidance.Ariane Bazan, Ramesh Kushwaha, E. Samuel Winer, J. Michael Snodgrass, Linda A. W. Brakel & Howard Shevrin - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
    Freud proposes that in unconscious processing, logical connections are also (heavily) based upon phonological similarities. Repressed concerns, for example, would also be expressed by way of phonologic ambiguity. In order to investigate a possible unconscious influence of phonological similarity, 31 participants were submitted to a tachistoscopic subliminal priming experiment, with prime and target presented at 1ms. In the experimental condition, the prime and one of the 2 targets were phonological reversed forms of each other, though graphemically dissimilar (e.g., “nice” and (...)
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  9. The Psychological Unconscious: A Necessary Assumption for All Psychological Theory?Howard Shevrin & S. Dickman - 1980 - American Psychologist 35:421-34.
  10.  8
    Unconscious Mental States Do Have an Aspectual Shape.Howard Shevrin - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):624-625.
  11.  20
    Event-Related Brain Correlates of Associative Learning Without Awareness.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 53 (3):217-231.
  12.  12
    A Lawful First-Person Psychology Involving a Causal Consciousness: A Psychoanalytic Solution.Howard Shevrin - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):693-694.
  13. Unconscious Perception at the Objective Detection Threshold Exists.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):888-895.
     
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  14.  46
    Freud's Dual Process Theory and the Place of the a-Rational.Linda A. W. Brakel & Howard Shevrin - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):527-528.
    In this commentary on Stanovich & West (S&W) we call attention to two points: (1) Freud's original dual process theory, which antedates others by some seventy-five years, deserves inclusion in any consideration of dual process theories. His concepts of primary and secondary processes (Systems 1 and 2, respectively) anticipate significant aspects of current dual process theories and provide an explanation for many of their characteristics. (2) System 1 is neither rational nor irrational, but instead a-rational. Nevertheless, both the a-rational System (...)
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  15.  28
    A Neural Correlate of Consciousness Related to Repression.Howard Shevrin, Jess H. Ghannam & Benjamin W. Libet - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):334-41.
    In previous research Libet discovered that a critical time period for neural activation is necessary in order for a stimulus to become conscious. This necessary time period varies from subject to subject. In this current study, six subjects for whom the time for neural activation of consciousness had been previously determined were administered a battery of psychological tests on the basis of which ratings were made of degree of repressiveness. As hypothesized, repressive subjects had a longer critical time period for (...)
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  16.  43
    Processing of a Subliminal Rebus During Sleep: Idiosyncratic Primary Versus Secondary Process Associations Upon Awakening From REM- Versus Non-REM-Sleep.Jana Steinig, Ariane Bazan, Svenja Happe, Sarah Antonetti & Howard Shevrin - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Primary and secondary processes are the foundational axes of the Freudian mental apparatus: one horizontally as a tendency to associate, the primary process, and one vertically as the ability for perspective taking, the secondary process. Primary process mentation is not only supposed to be dominant in the unconscious but also, for example, in dreams. The present study tests the hypothesis that the mental activity during REM-sleep has more characteristics of the primary process, while during non-REM-sleep more secondary process operations take (...)
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  17.  19
    Event-Related Markers of Unconscious Processes.Howard Shevrin - 2001 - International Journal of Psychophysiology. Special Issue 42 (2):209-218.
  18.  28
    Visual Evoked Response Correlates of Unconscious Mental Processes.Howard Shevrin & D. E. Fritzler - 1968 - Science 161:295-298.
  19.  55
    The Primary Process and the Unconscious: Experimental Evidence Supporting Two Psychoanalytic Presuppositions.Linda A. Brakel, Shasha Kleinsorge, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin - 2000 - International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 81 (3):553-569.
  20.  11
    Absolute Inhibition Is Incompatible with Conscious Perception.Michael Snodgrass, Howard Shevrin & Michael Kopka - 1993 - Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):204-209.
    Van Selst and Merikle argued that the critical Preference × Strategy interaction findings could be alternatively explained by positing individual differences as a function of preference and strategy. They further argued that ruling out conscious perception depends on making the exhaustiveness assumption. We argue that the inhibitory effects satisfy objective threshold criteria regardless of possible individual differences in thresholds. We further suggest that the inhibitory findings are inherently incompatible with the conscious perception explanation and that therefore we do not need (...)
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  21.  46
    Continued Vitality of the Freudian Theory of Dreaming.Howard Shevrin & Alan S. Eiser - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1004-1006.
    A minority position is presented in which evidence will be cited from the Hobson, Solms, Revonsuo, and Nielsen target articles and from other sources, supporting major tenets of Freud's theory of dreaming. Support is described for Freud's view of dreams as meaningful, linked to basic motivations, differing qualitatively in mentation, and wish-fulfilling. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Revonsuo; Solms].
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  22.  30
    The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review.J. Balay & Howard Shevrin - 1988 - American Psychologist 43:161-74.
  23.  12
    Subliminal Perception and Repression.Howard Shevrin - 1990 - In Jerome L. Singer (ed.), Repression and Dissociation: Implications for Personality Theory, Psychopathology, and Health. University of Chicago Press. pp. 103--119.
  24.  12
    Average Evoked Response and Verbal Correlates of Unconscious Mental Processes.Howard Shevrin, W. H. Smith & D. E. Fitzler - 1971 - Psychophysiology 8:149-62.
  25.  12
    Response to Commentary on A Neural Correlate of Consciousness Related to Repression.Howard Shevrin, Jess H. Ghannam & Benjamin Libet - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):345-346.
  26.  37
    Conscious and Unconscious Processes: Psychodynamic, Cognitive, and Neurophysiological Convergences.Howard Shevrin, J. Bond, L. Brakel, R. Hertel & W. J. Williams - 1996 - Guilford Press.
    This innovative volume attempts to bridge the theoretical gulf between the two approaches by providing objective evidence for unconscious conflict in...
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  27.  4
    A Neural Correlate of Consciousness Related to Repression.Howard Shevrin, Jess H. Ghannam & Benjamin Libet - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):334-341.
    In previous research Libet discovered that a critical time period for neural activation is necessary in order for a stimulus to become conscious. This necessary time period varies from subject to subject. In this current study, six subjects for whom the time for neural activation of consciousness had been previously determined were administered a battery of psychological tests on the basis of which ratings were made of degree of repressiveness. As hypothesized, repressive subjects had a longer critical time period for (...)
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  28. The Freud-Rapaport Theory of Consciousness.Howard Shevrin - 1998 - In Robert F. Bornstein & Joseph M. Masling (eds.), Empirical Perspectives on the Psychoanalytic Unconscious. American Psychological Association.
  29.  21
    Extremely Rigorous Subliminal Paradigms Demonstrate Unconscious Influences on Simple Decisions.Michael Snodgrass, Howard Shevrin & James A. Abelson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):39-40.
  30. The Freudian Unconscious and the Cognitive Unconscious: Identical or Fraternal Twins?Howard Shevrin - 1992 - In J. Barron, Morris N. Eagle & D. Wolitzky (eds.), Interface of Psychoanalysis and Psychology. American Psychological Association.
  31.  16
    The Experimental Investigation of Unconscious Conflict, Unconscious Affect, and Unconscious Signal Anxiety.Howard Shevrin - 2000 - In Max Velmans (ed.), Investigating Phenomenal Consciousness: New Methodologies and Maps. Advances in Consciousness Research, Vol. 13. John Benjamins. pp. 33-65.
  32.  13
    An Argument for the Evidential Standing of Psychoanalytic Data.Howard Shevrin - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (2):257-259.
  33.  13
    Continuing Commentary.Linda A. W. Brakel & Howard Shevrin - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26:527-534.
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