Results for 'Humans'

998 found
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  1.  33
    Human rights as technologies of the self: creating the European governmentable subject of rights.Chapter11 Human - 2012 - In Ben Golder (ed.), Re-reading foucault: on law, power and rights. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 229.
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  2.  16
    Court of Appeal allows tissue typing for human embryos under strict conditions.Fertilisation Human - 2003 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 9 (2):23.
  3.  15
    Human Genetics Commission calls for tougher rules on use and storage of genetic data.Human Genetics Commission - 2003 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 9 (1):3.
  4.  67
    Punishment in Humans: From Intuitions to Institutions.Fiery Cushman - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 10 (2):117-133.
    Humans have a strong sense of who should be punished, when, and how. Many features of these intuitions are consistent with a simple adaptive model: Punishment evolved as a mechanism to teach social partners how to behave in future interactions. Yet, it is clear that punishment as practiced in modern contexts transcends any biologically evolved mechanism; it also depends on cultural institutions including the criminal justice system and many smaller analogs in churches, corporations, clubs, classrooms, and so on. These (...)
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  5.  22
    Potential Novelty: Towards an Understanding of Novelty without an Event.Oliver Human - 2015 - Theory, Culture and Society 32 (4):45-63.
    This paper explores the possibility for a means of bringing about novelty which does not rely on kairological philosophies based on an event. In contrast to both common sense and contemporary philosophical understandings of the term where for novelty to arise there must be some break in the repetition of the structure, this paper argues that it is possible for novelty to come about through small-scale experimentation. This is done by relying on the philosophical notion of ‘economy’ in order to (...)
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  6.  39
    Elevated Cortisol Leaves Working Memory Unaffected in Both Men and Women.Robyn Human, Michelle Henry, W. Jake Jacobs & Kevin G. F. Thomas - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  7.  49
    Towards an Economy of Complexity: Derrida, Morin and Bataille.Oliver Human & Paul Cilliers - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (5):24-44.
    In this article we explore the possibility of viewing complex systems, as well as the models we create of such systems, as operating within a particular type of economy. The type of economy we aim to establish here is inspired by Jacques Derrida’s reading of George Bataille’s notion of a general economy. We restrict our discussion to the philosophical use of the word ‘economy’. This reading tries to overcome the idea of an economy as restricted to a single logos or (...)
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  8.  7
    Ond ecember.Human Gene - 2009 - In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 383.
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  9. A nnouncements.Human Destiny - 1992 - Zygon 27 (1):123.
     
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  10. New humans? Ethics, trust, and the extended mind.J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark & S. Orestis Palermos - 2018 - In J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 331-351.
    The possibility of extended cognition invites the possibility of extended knowledge. We examine what is minimally required for such forms of technologically extended knowledge to arise and whether existing and future technologies can allow for such forms of epistemic extension. Answering in the positive, we explore some of the ensuing transformations in the ethical obligations and personal rights of the resulting ‘new humans.’.
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  11.  71
    Self-Knowledge for Humans.Quassim Cassam - 2014 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Humans are not model epistemic citizens. Our reasoning can be careless, our beliefs eccentric, and our desires irrational. Quassim Cassam develops a new account of self-knowledge which recognises this feature of human life. He argues that self-knowledge is a genuine cognitive achievement, and that self-ignorance is almost always on the cards.
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  12.  47
    Are humans disturbing conditions in ecology?S. Andrew Inkpen - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (1):51-71.
    In this paper I argue, first, that ecologists have routinely treated humans—or more specifically, anthropogenic causal factors—as disturbing conditions. I define disturbing conditions as exogenous variables, variables “outside” a model, that when present in a target system, inhibit the applicability or accuracy of the model. This treatment is surprising given that humans play a dominant role in many ecosystems and definitions of ecology contain no fundamental distinction between human and natural. Second, I argue that the treatment of (...) as disturbing conditions is an idealization: since it is, and has long been, known that humans are pervasive, this treatment amounts to an intentionally introduced theoretical distortion. Finally, characterizing this treatment as idealization forces us to confront the question of its justification, and so, drawing on three different kinds of idealization, I evaluate how this treatment may be justified. (shrink)
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  13. Declaration on anthropology and human rights (1999).Committe for Human Rights & American Anthropological Association - 2009 - In Mark Goodale (ed.), Human rights: an anthropological reader. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  14.  14
    Humans on Top, Humans among the Other Animals: Narratives of Anthropological Difference.Filip Jaroš & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):381-403.
    The relationship of humans to other primates – both in terms of abilities and evolution - has been an age-old topic of dispute in science. In this paper the claim is made that the different views of authors are based not so much on differences in empirical evidence, but on the ontological stances of the authors and the underlying ground narratives that they use. For comparing and reconciling the views presented by the representatives of, inter alia, cognitive ethology, comparative (...)
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  15.  23
    Humans on Top, Humans among the Other Animals: Narratives of Anthropological Difference.Filip Jaroš & Timo Maran - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (3):381-403.
    The relationship of humans to other primates – both in terms of abilities and evolution - has been an age-old topic of dispute in science. In this paper the claim is made that the different views of authors are based not so much on differences in empirical evidence, but on the ontological stances of the authors and the underlying ground narratives that they use. For comparing and reconciling the views presented by the representatives of, inter alia, cognitive ethology, comparative (...)
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  16.  40
    Before the law: humans and other animals in a biopolitical frame.Cary Wolfe - 2013 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Bringing these two emergent areas of thought into direct conversation in Before the Law, Cary Wolfe fosters a new discussion about the status of nonhuman animals and the shared plight of humans and animals under biopolitics.
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  17.  11
    Better Humans?: Understanding the Enhancement Project.Michael Hauskeller - 2013 - Bristol, CT, USA: Routledge.
    Developments in medical science have afforded us the opportunity to improve and enhance the human species in ways unthinkable to previous generations. Whether it's making changes to mitochondrial DNA in a human egg, being prescribed Prozac, or having a facelift, our desire to live longer, feel better and look good has presented philosophers, medical practitioners and policy-makers with considerable ethical challenges. But what exactly constitutes human improvement? What do we mean when we talk of making "better" humans? In this (...)
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  18.  24
    Complexity: E-Special Introduction.Oliver Human - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (7-8):421-440.
    This E-Special Issue collects together 11 articles from the archives of Theory, Culture & Society. These articles all articulate and debate the contribution of what some have described as either ‘complex complexity’ or ‘general complexity’. In contrast to reductionist or restricted attempts to understand complexity, the articles collected here move away from the tendency to assume mastery of complexity by expounding a set of universal and simple laws. Rather, the position of general complexity is that we cannot grasp the complexity (...)
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  19. Heidegger and the nazis.All Too Human Human & Political Correctness - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 13.
     
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  20.  73
    Conflicts of interest in science and medicine: the physician’s perspective.Delon Human - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):273-276.
    The various statements and declarations of the World Medical Association that address conflicts of interest on the part of physicians as (1) researchers, and (2) practitioners, are examined, with particular reference to the October 2000 revision of the Declaration of Helsinki. Recent contributions to the literature, notably on conflicts of interest in medical research, are noted. Finally, key provisions of the American Medical Association’s Code of Medical Ethics (2000–2001 Edition) that address the various forms of conflict of interest that can (...)
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  21.  23
    Of Humans and Other Portentous Beings: On Primo Levi’s Storie naturali.Roberto Farneti - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (4):724.
  22.  11
    Lester Embree.Human Scientific Propositions - 1992 - In D. P. Chattopadhyaya, Lester Embree & Jitendranath Mohanty (eds.), Phenomenology and Indian philosophy. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research in association with Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
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  23.  55
    What Is Human in Humans? Responses from Biology, Anthropology, and Philosophy.G. Bibeau - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):354-363.
    Genomics has brought biology, medicine, agriculture, psychology, anthropology, and even philosophy to a new threshold. In this new context, the question about "what is human in humans" may end up being answered by geneticists, specialists of technoscience, and owners of biotech companies. The author defends, in this article, the idea that humanity is at risk in our age of genetic engineering, biotechnologies, and market-geared genetic research; he also argues that the values at the very core of our postgenomic era (...)
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  24.  28
    C. Kristina Gunsalus.Human Subject Protections - 2005 - In Arthur W. Galston & Christiana Z. Peppard (eds.), Expanding horizons in bioethics. Norwell, MA: Springer.
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  25.  45
    Being humans: anthropological universality and particularity in transdisciplinary perspectives.Neil Roughley (ed.) - 2000 - New York: Walter de Gruyter.
    But what is a man? Shall I say a rational animal? Assuredly not; for it would be necessary forthwith to inquire into what is meant by animal, ...
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  26.  68
    Knowledge, Glory and ‘On Human Dignity'.Henri Atlan, Glory Knowledge & On Human Dignity - 2007 - Diogenes 54 (3):11-17.
    The idea of dignity seems indissociable from that of humanity, whether in its universal dimension of ‘human dignity’, or in the individual ‘dignity of the person’. This paper provides an outlook on the ethics governing the sciences and technology, in particular the biological sciences and biotechnology, and recalls the notion of ‘glory’, both human and divine, as it infuses a great part of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance cultures, just before the scientific revolution in Europe.
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  27.  1
    1. Humans as hybrids.Sebastian Raedler - 2015 - In Kant and the Interests of Reason. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 6-25.
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  28.  10
    Nudging Humans.Brett Frischmann - 2022 - Social Epistemology 36 (2):129-152.
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  29.  12
    Humans can navigate complex graph structures acquired during latent learning.Milena Rmus, Harrison Ritz, Lindsay E. Hunter, Aaron M. Bornstein & Amitai Shenhav - 2022 - Cognition 225 (C):105103.
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  30.  34
    Letter from Utopia.Dear Human - unknown
    Greetings, and may this letter find you at peace and in prosperity! Forgive my writing to you out of the blue. Though you and I have never met, we are not strangers. We are, in a certain sense, the closest of kin. I am one of your possible futures.
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  31.  57
    Humans should be individualistic and utility-maximizing, but not necessarily “rational”.Pat Barclay & Martin Daly - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):154-155.
    One reason why humans don't behave according to standard game theoretical rationality is because it's not realistic to assume that everyone else is behaving rationally. An individual is expected to have psychological mechanisms that function to maximize his/her long-term payoffs in a world of potentially “irrational” individuals. Psychological decision theory has to be individualistic because individuals make decisions, not groups.
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  32.  34
    Non-Evental Novelty: Towards Experimentation as Praxis.Oliver Human - 2013 - Cosmos and History 9 (2):68-85.
    In this article I explore the possibilities of experimentation as a non-foundational praxis for introducing novel ways of being into existence. Beginning with a discussion, following Bataille, of the excess of any thought, I argue that any action in the world is necessarily uncertain. Using the insights of Derridean deconstruction combined with Badiousian truth procedure I argue that experimentation offers a means for acting from this uncertain position. Experimentation takes advantage of the play and uncertainty of our understanding of the (...)
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  33.  51
    New humans? Ethics, trust, and the extended mind.J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark & S. Orestis Palermos - 2018 - In J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Extended Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 331-352.
    Strange inversions occur when things work in ways that turn received wisdom upside down. Hume offered a strangely inverted story about causation, and Darwin, about apparent design. Dennett suggests that a strange inversion also occurs when we project our own reactive complexes outward, painting our world with elusive properties like cuteness, sweetness, blueness, sexiness, funniness, and more. Such properties strike us as experiential causes, but they are really effects—a kind of shorthand for whole sets of reactive dispositions rooted in the (...)
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  34.  59
    Ethical Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (A Recommended Manuscript).Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai Ethics Committee - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):47-54.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14.1 (2004) 47-54 [Access article in PDF] Ethical Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research*(A Recommended Manuscript) Adopted on 16 October 2001Revised on 20 August 2002 Ethics Committee of the Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai, Shanghai 201203 Human embryonic stem cell (ES) research is a great project in the frontier of biomedical science for the twenty-first century. Be- cause the research involves (...)
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  35.  10
    Selfish, altruistic, or groupish?Human Moralities - 2000 - In Leonard D. Katz (ed.), Evolutionary Origins of Morality: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives. Imprint Academic. pp. 1--248.
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  36.  12
    Manipulating the.Human Germ Line - forthcoming - Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions That Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems.
  37.  21
    Humans Valuing Nature: Synthesising Insights from Philosophy, Psychology and Economics.Michael Lockwood - 1999 - Environmental Values 8 (3):381-401.
    A rational process for assessment of environmental policy options should be based on an appreciation of how humans value nature. Increased understanding of values will also contribute to the development of appropriate ways for us to relate to and manage natural areas. Over the past two decades, environmental philosophers have examined the notion that there is an intrinsic value in nature. Economists have attempted to define and measure the market and nonmarket economic values associated with decisions concerning natural areas. (...)
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  38.  44
    Aliens, Humans, Animals, & Luck: Animal Treatment & Human Morality.Randall S. Firestone - 2016 - Open Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):265-281.
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  39.  7
    How Humans Judge Machines, by Cesar A. Hidalgo, Diana Orghian, Jordi Albo Canals, Filipa De Almeida, and Natalia Martin.Steven Kelts - 2022 - Teaching Philosophy 45 (1):115-119.
  40.  57
    Meta-humans and metanoia: The moral dimension of extraterrestrials.Alfred Kracher - 2006 - Zygon 41 (2):329-346.
  41. c-erbB-3/HER-3 Oncoprotein Ab-6 (Clone 2B5).Rat Human & Supplied As - 1993 - Bioessays 15:815-24.
     
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  42.  18
    Full humans and empty morality.John Harris - 1985 - Philosophical Quarterly 35 (138):70-73.
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  43.  9
    Psalm 136: ’n Liturgie as herinnering en herbelewenis van God se krag in die skepping en in die geskiedenis.Dirk J. Human - 2005 - HTS Theological Studies 61 (4).
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  44. Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):374-375.
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  45. Do humans have two systems to track beliefs and belief-like states?Stephen Andrew Butterfill & Ian A. Apperly - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):953-970.
    The lack of consensus on how to characterize humans’ capacity for belief reasoning has been brought into sharp focus by recent research. Children fail critical tests of belief reasoning before 3 to 4 years (Wellman, Cross, & Watson, 2001; Wimmer & Perner, 1983), yet infants apparently pass false belief tasks at 13 or 15 months (Onishi & Baillargeon, 2005; Surian, Caldi, & Sperber, 2007). Non-human animals also fail critical tests of belief reasoning but can show very complex social behaviour (...)
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  46.  27
    Humans and Future Communication Systems.Bernulf Kanitscheider - 1999 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 4 (3):152-158.
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  47.  73
    Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    John Dupré explores the ways in which we categorize animals, including humans, and comes to refreshingly radical conclusions. He opposes the idea that there is only one legitimate way of classifying things in the natural world, the 'scientific' way. The lesson we should learn from Darwin is to reject the idea that each organism has an essence that determines its necessary place in the unique hierarchy of things. Nature is not like that: it is not organized in a single (...)
  48. Awards, grants & fellowships.Humanities Visiting Scholar Grant - 1992 - Philosophy 8:1993.
     
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  49.  17
    House of Lords rejects challenge to therapeutic cloning.Fertilisation Human - 2003 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 9 (2):23.
  50.  29
    Sexual abuse: A practical theological study, with an emphasis on learning from transdisciplinary research.Heidi Human & Julian C. Müller - 2015 - HTS Theological Studies 71 (3).
    This article illustrates the practical usefulness of transdisciplinary work for practical theology by showing how input from an occupational therapist informed my understanding and interpretation of the story of Hannetjie, who had been sexually abused as a child. This forms part of a narrative practical theological research project into the spirituality of female adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Transdisciplinary work is useful to practical theologians, as it opens possibilities for learning about matters pastors have to face, but may not (...)
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