Results for 'Hynek Barto��'

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  1.  5
    Hynek Bartoš. Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. Ix + 340 Pp., Bibl., Indexes. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2015. €135. [REVIEW]Chiara Thumiger - 2017 - Isis 108 (1):171-172.
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  2. Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. By Hynek Bartos. [REVIEW]Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):221-227.
    Hynek Bartos does the field of ancient philosophy a great service by detailing the influence of early Greek thinkers (such as Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus, and Diogenes of Apollonia) on the Hippocratic work On Regimen, and by demonstrating that work’s innovative engagement with contemporary scientific and philosophical concepts as well as its direct influence on Plato and Aristotle. His study usefully counteracts the lamentable tendency among ancient philosophers to ignore or downplay the influence of medical literature on philosophy in (...)
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  3.  7
    Heat, Pneuma, and Soul in Ancient Philosophy and Science Ed. By Hynek Bartoš and Colin Guthrie King.Rhodes Pinto - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (3):511-512.
    This unfortunately titled volume offers a collection of fourteen essays and two introductions, many of which stem from a 2014 conference, Aristotle and His Predecessors on Heat, Pneuma, and Soul, which is a more honest reflection of the contents, given its exclusion of the Stoics. Of the essays, eight are devoted to Aristotle, four to Presocratic natural philosophy, one to Plato, and one to the De Spiritu. The poor titling and somewhat oddly circumscribed selection of who and what receives attention, (...)
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  4.  16
    The Concept of Mimēsis in the Hippocratic de Victu.Hynek Bartoš - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (2):542-557.
    The concept ofmimēsiswas ‘shared by most authors, philosophers and educated audiences in the classical period, in antiquity as a whole, and even later’, although it has probably never been developed into a well-articulated theory. As far as we can judge from the extant evidence, the meaning of the expressions μίμησις and μιμέομαι differs from author to author and sometimes even from passage to passage. Ancient Greek views onmimēsishave often been discussed in modern scholarship, mainly within the field of history of (...)
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  5.  12
    Soul, Seed and Palingenesis in the Hippocratic de Victu.Hynek Bartoš - 2009 - Apeiron 42 (1):1-32.
  6.  10
    The Analogy of Auger Boring in the Hippocratic de Victu.Hynek Bartoš - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (1):92-97.
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  7.  2
    Heat, Pneuma, and Soul in Ancient Philosophy and Science.Hynek Bartoš & Colin Guthrie King (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    The conceptualization of the vital force of living beings as a kind of breath and heat is at least as old as Homer. The assumptions that life and living things were somehow causally related to 'heat' and 'breath' would go on to inform much of ancient medicine and philosophy. This is the first volume to consider the relationship of the notions of heat, breath, and soul in ancient Greek philosophy and science from the Presocratics to Aristotle. Bringing together specialists both (...)
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  8. Aristotle and His Hippocratic Precursors on Health and Natural Teleology.Hynek Bartoš - 2010 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science:7-27.
     
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  9.  36
    Aristotle on Methodological Approaches to the Study of the Human Soul.Hynek Bartoš - 2012 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):199-220.
    This paper focuses on Aristotle’s methodology of science and its application to the study of the human soul. My aim is to contrast two significantly different methodological approaches and to formulate two pairs of premises that Aristotle employs in two clearly differentiated and independent fields of study, namely in his zoological works and in the works of practical philosophy. Acknowledging these principles, as I suggest, may shed a new light on the methodological difficulties that Aristotle indicates in the introductory chapters (...)
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  10.  18
    Aristotle and the Hippocratic De Victu on Innate Heat and the Kindled Soul.Hynek Bartoš - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (2):289-315.
  11. Varieties of the Ancient Greek Body-Soul Distinction.Hynek Bartoš - 2006 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 1:59-78.
    The paper discusses the sharp semantic shifts of the Greek expressions psychê and sôma between the Archaic and Classical era. Concerning the documentary evidence of the medical, rhetorical and philosophical literature at the end of the 5th century BC, I argue that speculations on human health and disease attested in some of the Hippocratic treatises involved a specificnotionofthebody-souldistinctionandalsothatthisnotionprovides an important contrast to the definitionofphilosophyasatherapyofsoul.
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  12.  7
    Toward a Modern Theory of Adaptive Networks: Expectation and Prediction.Richard S. Sutton & Andrew G. Barto - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (2):135-170.
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  13. The Prague School.Hynek Janoušek & Robin Rollinger - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 313-322.
    The name the “Prague school of Brentano” refers to three generations of thinkers who temporarily or permanently lived in Prague, bound together by teacher/student relationships, and who accepted the main views of Franz Brentano’s philosophy. This chapter discusses central aspects of the philosophical work done in the School.
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  14.  35
    Husserl on Hume.Hynek Janoušek & Dan Zahavi - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (3):615-635.
    This article offers an account of the development of Husserl’s assessment of Hume’s position in the history of philosophy. In Husserl’s early treatment of Hume, Husserl’s interpretation was shaped...
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  15.  9
    Heroes Against Homophobia: Does Elevation Uniquely Block Homophobia by Inhibiting Disgust?Sebastian E. Bartoș, Pascale Sophie Russell & Peter Hegarty - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (6):1123-1142.
    Homophobia has decreased in past decades, but gut-level disgust towards gay men lingers. It has been suggested that disgust can be reduced by inducing its proposed opposite emotion, elevation. Rese...
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  16.  30
    Saving Identity From Postmodernism|[Quest]| The Normalization of Constructivism in International Relations.Andrea Teti Nik Hynek - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (2):171.
  17.  26
    Saving Identity From Postmodernism? The Normalization of Constructivism in International Relations.Nik Hynek & Gregory Fernando Pappas - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (2):171-199.
    International Relations's intellectual history is almost always treated as a history of ideas in isolation from both those discursive and political economies which provide its disciplinary and wider context. This paper contributes to this wider analysis by focusing on the impact of the field's discursive economy. Specifically, using Foucaultian archaeologico-genealogical strategy of problematization to analyse the emergence and disciplinary trajectories of Constructivism in IR, this paper argues that Constructivism has been brought gradually closer to its mainstream Neo-utilitarian counterpart through a (...)
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  18.  16
    Operations of power in autonomous weapon systems: ethical conditions and socio-political prospects.Nik Hynek & Anzhelika Solovyeva - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (1):79-99.
    The purpose of this article is to provide a multi-perspective examination of one of the most important contemporary security issues: weaponized, and especially lethal, artificial intelligence. This technology is increasingly associated with the approaching dramatic change in the nature of warfare. What becomes particularly important and evermore intensely contested is how it becomes embedded with and concurrently impacts two social structures: ethics and law. While there has not been a global regime banning this technology, regulatory attempts at establishing a ban (...)
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  19.  6
    Interpretation of Affects: Spinozist Approach to the Issue of Human Emotionality.Hynek Tippelt - 2021 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 11 (1-2):23-36.
    This paper deals with the possibilities of using the ethical considerations of Baruch Spinoza in a psychotherapeutic context. I begin the interpretation by defining the basic features of Spinoza’s ethics and their connection with the whole of his philosophical system. The core of the study is the interpretation of Spinoza’s theory of affectivity and especially his concept of the transformation of passive affects into active, and what role philosophical knowledge plays in this transformation. The third part of the study then (...)
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  20.  13
    Equations in Oligomorphic Clones and the Constraint Satisfaction Problem for Ω-Categorical Structures.Libor Barto, Michael Kompatscher, Miroslav Olšák, Trung Van Pham & Michael Pinsker - 2019 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 19 (2):1950010.
    There exist two conjectures for constraint satisfaction problems of reducts of finitely bounded homogeneous structures: the first one states that tractability of the CSP of such a structure is, when the structure is a model-complete core, equivalent to its polymorphism clone satisfying a certain nontrivial linear identity modulo outer embeddings. The second conjecture, challenging the approach via model-complete cores by reflections, states that tractability is equivalent to the linear identities satisfied by its polymorphisms clone, together with the natural uniformity on (...)
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  21.  8
    Being Oneself and Being Self-Conscious. Spinoza's Concept of Freedom.Hynek Tippelt - 2020 - E-Logos 27 (1):56-70.
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  22.  39
    Saving Identity From Postmodernism&Quest; The Normalization of Constructivism in International Relations.Nik Hynek & Andrea Teti - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (2):171-199.
    International Relations's intellectual history is almost always treated as a history of ideas in isolation from both those discursive and political economies which provide its disciplinary and wider context. This paper contributes to this wider analysis by focusing on the impact of the field's discursive economy. Specifically, using Foucaultian archaeologico-genealogical strategy of problematization to analyse the emergence and disciplinary trajectories of Constructivism in IR, this paper argues that Constructivism has been brought gradually closer to its mainstream Neo-utilitarian counterpart through a (...)
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  23.  10
    Developing Resilience During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Yoga and Mindfulness for the Well-Being of Student Musicians in Spain.L. Javier Bartos, María J. Funes, Marc Ouellet, M. Pilar Posadas & Chris Krägeloh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Here, we report on a quasi-experimental study to explore the applicability and perceived benefits of the CRAFT program, which is based on mindfulness, yoga, positive psychology, and emotional intelligence, to improve higher education student musicians’ health and well-being during the lockdown. A subset of student musicians at a Higher Conservatory of Music in Spain followed the CRAFT program during the academic year 2019/2020, 1 h per week as part of their curriculum. Students enrolled in CRAFT-based elective subjects formed the CRAFT (...)
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  24.  1
    The Dictate of the Unconscious: The Latent Meaning of a Philosophical Text.Hynek Tippelt - 2021 - E-Logos 28 (1):50-59.
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  25. Learning to Act Using Real-Time Dynamic Programming.Andrew G. Barto, Steven J. Bradtke & Satinder P. Singh - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 72 (1-2):81-138.
  26.  2
    The Broader Context of Sympathy in Book 2 of the Treatise.Hynek Janoušek - 2020 - Hume Studies 46 (1):33-55.
  27.  44
    Judgmental Force and Assertion in Brentano and Early Husserl.Hynek Janoušek - 2015 - Studia Phaenomenologica 15:105-128.
    The goal of the present article is to describe the Brentanian background of several topics concerning judgments and assertions in Husserl’s Logical Investigations. Why did Husserl abandon Brentano’s theory of two judgmental forces? Is the “is true/false” to be understood as an expression of judgmental force or as a logical predication? Is a “common expression” of the objective validity of judgment equivalent with our expression of our belief in that validity? Does the linguistic sign of the logical force manifest this (...)
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  28. Aspects of Kant's Resolution Synthetic and Analytical Court.Hynek Janousek - 2012 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 43:79-100.
    The study aims to show that the Kantian distinction of synthetic and analytical resolution of the courts is originally epistemic and not purely logical. Proof of this proposition is done so that in the first step are distinguished two types of synthetic and analytical predicate relation to the subject - logical-semantic and epistemic. Furthermore, the examples demonstrated that Kant was familiar cases in courts, which are found only logico-semantic synthetic or analytic connection of concepts in trials. Consequently, Kant care for (...)
     
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  29. Book Review. [REVIEW]Hynek Janousek - 2010 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 38:109-113.
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  30. Brentanova teorie času a časového vědomí.Hynek Janoušek - 2017 - Pro-Fil 18 (1):21-35.
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  31. Husserlova nauka o celku a části a její význam pro fenomenologii.Hynek Janousek - 2009 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 36:57-75.
    Ve své studii se pokouším zdůvodnit význam Husserlova základního rozlišení mezi samostatnými a nesamostatnými částmi v celku jeho filosofování. K tomu je potřeba popsat, jak toto rozlišení vyrůstá z obecné systematiky Logických zkoumání a jak je touto systematikou jakožto nástroj jejího vypracování předpokládáno. Abychom tento rozdíl pochopili musíme jej nejdříve zasadit do kontextu Husserlovy čisté logiky. V ní tento rozdíl patří zprvu do oblasti čisté logiky, která se nazývá formální ontologií, neboť každý předmět může být chápán jako aktuální nebo možná (...)
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  32. Pojednání v Humově reflexi.Hynek Janousek - 2010 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 38:91-97.
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  33. Paul Lazarsfeld's Contributions to the History of Empirical Social Research.Hynek Jeřábek - forthcoming - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science.
    During the 1960s Paul F. Lazarsfeld, co-founder of the renowned Columbia school, worked to promote a useful new research methodology. This paper analyses these activities. In a series of papers, Lazarsfeld demonstrated that the roots of empirical research, the useful methodology he developed, lie in the work of early European scholars. Building on his belief that quantification does not need numbers, he showed that Hermann Conring, with his “classificatory statistics,” had predated Frédéric Le Play and his “ family budgets” and (...)
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  34.  12
    Hierarchically Organized Behavior and its Neural Foundations: A Reinforcement-Learning Perspective.Andrew C. Barto Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262.
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  35.  21
    Hierarchically Organized Behavior and its Neural Foundations: A Reinforcement Learning Perspective.Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv & Andrew C. Barto - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262-280.
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  36.  11
    Consciousness of Judging: Katkov’s Critique of Marty’s State of Affairs and Brentano’s Description of Judgement.Hynek Janoušek - 2017 - In Hamid Taieb & Guillaume Fréchette (eds.), Mind and Language – on the Philosophy of Anton Marty. De Gruyter. pp. 241-260.
  37.  3
    O Skepticismu a Filosofii U Davida Huma.Hynek Janoušek - 2020 - Filosoficky Casopis 68 (4):623-633.
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  38.  7
    The Constraint Satisfaction Problem and Universal Algebra.Libor Barto - 2015 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 21 (3):319-337.
    This paper gives a brief survey of current research on the complexity of the constraint satisfaction problem over fixed constraint languages.
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  39.  2
    Filosofické Problémy Nanotechnologií: Ontologicko-Systémová Východiska a Etické Implikace.Vít Bartoš & Michal Trčka - forthcoming - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science.
    From the perspective of philosophy of science and technologies, we firstly attend to the issue of the role of nanotechnologies within the evolution of technologies. We recognize their utmost importance in the respect that they are technologies of life itself. We further explain that the nano-level is the domain of intersection of the rules of quantum physics and traditional Newtonian physics. This is our starting point from which we discuss the issue of conditions under which minimizing things also changes their (...)
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  40.  25
    Task Decomposition Through Competition in a Modular Connectionist Architecture: The What and Where Vision Tasks.Robert A. Jacobs, Michael I. Jordan & Andrew G. Barto - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):219-250.
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  41. Hierarchically Organized Behavior and its Neural Foundations: A Reinforcement Learning Perspective.Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv & Andew G. Barto - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262-280.
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  42.  41
    Commentary on Utility and Bounds.Andrew G. Barto - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):338-341.
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  43. ST Les Problèmes Actuels de la Formation de la Théorie de la Culture Marxiste-Léniniste.M. Bartos - 1986 - Filozofia 41 (2):179-196.
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  44.  8
    More Models of the Cerebellum.James C. Houk & Andrew G. Barto - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):492-496.
  45.  3
    Erratum: Equations in Oligomorphic Clones and the Constraint Satisfaction Problem for Ω-Categorical Structures.Libor Barto, Michael Kompatscher, Miroslav Olšák, Trung Van Pham & Michael Pinsker - 2021 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 21 (2):2192001.
    Journal of Mathematical Logic, Ahead of Print.
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  46.  15
    Learning and Incremental Dynamic Programming.Andrew G. Barto - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):94-95.
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  47.  1
    Should Europe Be Explored? The Philosophy of Euroscepticism.Lukáš Novotný & Hynek Tippelt - 2017 - E-Logos 24 (1):30-43.
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  48.  3
    Approximate Optimal Control as a Model for Motor Learning.Neil E. Berthier, Michael T. Rosenstein & Andrew G. Barto - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):329-346.
  49.  22
    Models of the Cerebellum and Motor Learning.James C. Houk, Jay T. Buckingham & Andrew G. Barto - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):368-383.
    This article reviews models of the cerebellum and motor learning, from the landmark papers by Marr and Albus through those of the present time. The unique architecture of the cerebellar cortex is ideally suited for pattern recognition, but how is pattern recognition incorporated into motor control and learning systems? The present analysis begins with a discussion of exactly what the cerebellar cortex needs to regulate through its anatomically defined projections to premotor networks. Next, we examine various models showing how the (...)
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  50.  1
    M. 1. Jordan, and AG Barto. Task Decomposition Through Competition in a Modular Connectionist Architecture: The What and Where Vision Task. [REVIEW]Robert A. Jacobs - 1990 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):219-250.
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