49 found
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  1.  42
    The Ethics of Smart Pills and Self-Acting Devices: Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Trust at the Dawn of Digital Medicine.Craig M. Klugman, Laura B. Dunn, Jack Schwartz & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):38-47.
    Digital medicine is a medical treatment that combines technology with drug delivery. The promises of this combination are continuous and remote monitoring, better disease management, self-tracking, self-management of diseases, and improved treatment adherence. These devices pose ethical challenges for patients, providers, and the social practice of medicine. For patients, having both informed consent and a user agreement raises questions of understanding for autonomy and informed consent, therapeutic misconception, external influences on decision making, confidentiality and privacy, and device dependability. For providers, (...)
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  2.  45
    Using Social Media as a Research Recruitment Tool: Ethical Issues and Recommendations.Luke Gelinas, Robin Pierce, Sabune Winkler, I. Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch & Barbara E. Bierer - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (3):3-14.
    The use of social media as a recruitment tool for research with humans is increasing, and likely to continue to grow. Despite this, to date there has been no specific regulatory guidance and there has been little in the bioethics literature to guide investigators and institutional review boards faced with navigating the ethical issues such use raises. We begin to fill this gap by first defending a nonexceptionalist methodology for assessing social media recruitment; second, examining respect for privacy and investigator (...)
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  3.  6
    Commentary on ‘Gestation, Equality and Freedom: Ectogenesis as a Political Perspective’.I. Glenn Cohen - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):87-88.
    It is a pleasure to comment on Giulia Cavaliere’s ‘ Gestation, Equality and Freedom: Ectogenesis as a Political Perspective’ in what one might say is ‘enthusiastic disagreement’. The enthusiastic part is because the article is deserving of much praise for adding an important feminist and political theoretical perspective on ectogenesis. The disagreement may come more from disciplinary differences or disposition. As I understand her argument, Cavaliere intends to attack two common arguments in favour of research into ectogenesis—that is, gestation of (...)
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  4.  11
    When Clinical Trials Compete: Prioritising Study Recruitment.Luke Gelinas, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):803-809.
    It is not uncommon for multiple clinical trials at the same institution to recruit concurrently from the same patient population. When the relevant pool of patients is limited, as it often is, trials essentially compete for participants. There is evidence that such a competition is a predictor of low study accrual, with increased competition tied to increased recruitment shortfalls. But there is no consensus on what steps, if any, institutions should take to approach this issue. In this article, we argue (...)
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  5. Transplant Tourism: The Ethics and Regulation of International Markets for Organs.I. Glenn Cohen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):269-285.
    “Medical Tourism” is the travel of residents of one country to another country for treatment. In this article I focus on travel abroad to purchase organs for transplant, what I will call “Transplant Tourism.” With the exception of Iran, organ sale is illegal across the globe, but many destination countries have thriving black markets, either due to their willful failure to police the practice or more good faith lack of resources to detect it. I focus on the sale of kidneys, (...)
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  6. Algorithms on Regulatory Lockdown in Medicine.Boris Babic, Sara Gerke, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Science 6470 (366):1202-1204.
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  7.  2
    Patient-Centered Outcomes Research: Stakeholder Perspectives and Ethical and Regulatory Oversight Issues.Emily A. Largent, Joel S. Weissman, Avni Gupta, Melissa Abraham, Ronen Rozenblum, Holly Fernandez Lynch & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 40 (1):7-17.
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  8.  10
    Transplant Tourism: The Ethics and Regulation of International Markets for Organs.I. Glenn Cohen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):269-285.
    “Medical Tourism” is the travel of residents of one country to another country for treatment. In this article I focus on travel abroad to purchase organs for transplant, what I will call “Transplant Tourism.” With the exception of Iran, organ sale is illegal across the globe, but many destination countries have thriving black markets, either due to their willful failure to police the practice or more good faith lack of resources to detect it. I focus on the sale of kidneys, (...)
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  9.  19
    Artificial Wombs and Abortion Rights.I. Glenn Cohen - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4):inside back cover-inside back co.
    In a study published in late April in Nature Communications, the authors were able to sustain 105- to 115-day-old premature lamb fetuses—whose level of development was comparable to that of a twenty-three-week-old human fetus—for four weeks in an artificial womb, enabling the lambs to develop in a way that paralleled age-matched controls. The oldest lamb of the set, more than a year old at the time the paper came out, appeared completely normal. This kind of research brings us one step (...)
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  10.  15
    Confronting Biospecimen Exceptionalism in Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):4-5.
    On September 8, 2015, the Department of Health and Human Services issued a Notice of Proposed Rule Making to revise the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, widely known as the “Common Rule.” The NPRM proposes several changes to the current system, including a dramatic shift in the approach to secondary research using biospecimens and data. Under the current rules, it is relatively easy to use biospecimens and data for secondary research. This approach systematically facilitates secondary research with (...)
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  11.  20
    Gene Editing Sperm and Eggs (Not Embryos): Does It Make a Legal or Ethical Difference?I. Glenn Cohen, Jacob S. Sherkow & Eli Y. Adashi - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):619-621.
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  12.  10
    Medical Crowdfunding for Unproven Medical Treatments: Should Gofundme Become a Gatekeeper?Jeremy Snyder & I. Glenn Cohen - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (6):32-38.
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  13.  37
    This Is Your Brain on Human Rights: Moral Enhancement and Human Rights.I. Glenn Cohen - 2015 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (1):1-41.
  14.  10
    A Fuller Picture of Organ Markets.I. Glenn Cohen - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (10):19-21.
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  15.  21
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethics of Smart Pills and Self-Acting Devices: Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Trust at the Dawn of Digital Medicine”.Craig M. Klugman, Laura B. Dunn, Jack Schwartz & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):4-7.
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  16.  10
    A Proposal to Address NFL Club Doctors’ Conflicts of Interest and to Promote Player Trust.I. Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch & Christopher R. Deubert - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (S2):2-24.
    How can we ensure that players in the National Football League receive excellent health care they can trust from providers who are as free from conflicts of interest as realistically possible? NFL players typically receive care from the club's own medical staff. Club doctors are clearly important stakeholders in player health. They diagnose and treat players for a variety of ailments, physical and mental, while making recommendations to the player concerning those ailments. At the same time, club doctors have obligations (...)
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  17.  18
    On Scarcity and the Value of Clinical Trials.Luke Gelinas, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):71-73.
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  18.  15
    This Is Your Brain on Human Rights: Moral Enhancement and Human Rights.I. Glenn Cohen - 2015 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 9 (1):1-41.
  19.  41
    How to Regulate Medical Tourism.I. Glenn Cohen - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):9-20.
    ABSTRACTA growing literature examines descriptive and normative questions about medical tourism such as: How does it operate? What are its effects? Are home country patients or their governments failing in moral duties by engaging in or permitting medical tourism?By contrast, much less has been written on the regulatory dimension: What might be done about medical tourism if we were convinced that it posed ethical issues and were motivated to act? I shall argue that this kind of regulatory analysis is essential (...)
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  20.  26
    The Right Not to Be a Genetic Parent?I. Glenn Cohen - manuscript
    Should the law recognize an individual's right not to be a genetic parent when genetic parenthood does not carry with it legal or gestational parenthood? If so, should we allow individuals to waive that right in advance, either by contract or a less formal means? How should the law's treatment of gestational and legal parenthood inform these questions? Developments in reproductive technology have brought these questions to the fore, most prominently in the preembryo disposition cases a number of courts have (...)
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  21. Are All Abortions Equal? Should There Be Exceptions to the Criminalization of Abortion for Rape and Incest?I. Glenn Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (1):87-104.
    Politics, public discourse, and legislation restricting abortion has settled on a moderate orthodoxy: restrict abortion, but leave exceptions for pregnancies that result from rape and incest. I challenge that consensus and suggest it may be much harder to defend than those who support the compromise think. From both Pro-Life and Pro-Choice perspectives, there are good reasons to treat all abortions as equal.
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  22.  70
    Editing the Genome of the Human Germline: May Cool Heads Prevail.Eli Y. Adashi & I. Glenn Cohen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):40-42.
  23.  87
    The Need for a System View to Regulate Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning-Based Software as Medical Device.Sara Gerke, Boris Babic, Theodoros Evgeniou & I. Glenn Cohen - 2020 - Nature Digital Medicine 53 (3):1-4.
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  24.  6
    Embryo Disposition Disputes: Controversies and Case Law.I. Glenn Cohen & Eli Y. Adashi - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):13-19.
    When prospective parents use in vitro fertilization, many of them hope to generate more embryos than they intend to implant immediately. The technology often requires multiple attempts to reach a successful pregnancy, and couples can cryopreserve any excess embryos so that they have them on hand for later attempts. As part of obtaining informed consent for IVF or cryopreservation, clinics typically ask patients to specify their preferences for the embryos in the event of divorce or death, offering options such as (...)
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  25.  64
    Fetal Pain, Abortion, Viability, and the Constitution.I. Glenn Cohen & Sadath Sayeed - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):235-242.
    In early 2010, the Nebraska state legislature passed a new abortion restricting law asserting a new, compelling state interest in preventing fetal pain. In this article, we review existing constitutional abortion doctrine and note difficulties presented by persistent legal attention to a socially derived viability construct. We then offer a substantive biological, ethical, and legal critique of the new fetal pain rationale.
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  26.  20
    Of Modest Proposals and Non-Identity: A Comment on the Right to Know Your Genetic Parents.I. Glenn Cohen - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):45-47.
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  27.  10
    Streamlining Review by Accepting Equivalence.Holly Fernandez Lynch & I. Glenn Cohen - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):11-13.
  28.  18
    Fetal Pain, Abortion, Viability, and the Constitution.I. Glenn Cohen & Sadath Sayeed - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):235-242.
    On April 13, 2010, Nebraska enacted a new state ban on abortion in the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act that ha caught the attention of many on both sides of the abortion debate, and has inspired other states to attempt similar measures. The statute requires the referring or abortion-providing physician to make a “determination of the probable postfertilization age of the unborn child” and makes it illegal to induce or attempt to perform or induce an abortion upon a woman when (...)
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  29.  5
    Legal and Ethical Issues in the Report Heritable Human Genome Editing.I. Glenn Cohen & Eli Y. Adashi - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (3):8-12.
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  30.  44
    Medical Tourism: The View From Ten Thousand Feet.I. Glenn Cohen - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (2):11-12.
  31.  35
    Review of Paul Knoepfler, GMO Sapiens: The Life-Changing Science of Designer Babies. [REVIEW]I. Glenn Cohen - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):1-3.
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  32. Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future.I. Glenn Cohen & Holly Fernandez Lynch (eds.) - 2014 - MIT Press.
    Experts from different disciplines offer novel ideas for improving research oversight and protection of human subjects.
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  33. Transparency in Health and Health Care.I. Glenn Cohen, Barbara Evans, Holly Lynch & Carmel Shachar (eds.) - 2019 - Cambridge UP.
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  34.  20
    Institutions as an Ethical Locus of Research Prioritisation.Luke Gelinas, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):816-818.
    Ensuring that clinical trials, once launched, successfully complete and generate useful knowledge is an important and indeed ethically imperative goal, given the risks and burdens borne by research participants. Since there are insufficient willing research participants to power all the trials that are currently undertaken,1 addressing underenrolment will require prioritisation decisions that reduce the number of trials competing for participants. While there are multiple levels at which research priority-setting can and does take place, competition between trials often plays out in (...)
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  35.  13
    The Lumbering Crawl Toward Human Germline Editing.Eli Y. Adashi & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (4):1010-1012.
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  36.  35
    Prohibiting Anonymous Sperm Donation and the Child Welfare Error.I. Glenn Cohen - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (5):13-14.
    Should anonymous sperm “donation”—a misnomer, since sperm is usually purchased—be permitted? A number of countries, including Sweden, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, New Zealand, and several Australian states, have answered no.1 The United Kingdom recently joined this list, instituting a system whereby new sperm (and egg) donors must put information into a registry, and a donor-conceived child “is entitled to request and receive their donor’s name and last known address, once they reach the age of 18.”2 The arguments offered (...)
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  37.  24
    Administrative Developments: New Human Subject Research Guidelines for IRBs.I. Glenn Cohen - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):305.
  38.  3
    Letter to the Editor.Kerry Lynn Macintosh, I. Glenn Cohen, Jacob S. Sherkow & Eli Y. Adashi - 2021 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 49 (1):156-157.
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  39.  15
    The Legality of Biometric Screening of Professional Athletes.Jessica L. Roberts, I. Glenn Cohen, Christopher R. Deubert & Holly Fernandez Lynch - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):65-67.
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  40.  15
    A Response to Commentaries.I. Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch & Christopher R. Deubert - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (S2):45-48.
    Our article “NFL Player Health Care: Addressing Club Doctors’ Conflicts of Interests and Promoting Player Trust” focused on an inherent structural conflict that faces club doctors in the National Football League. The conflict stems from club doctors’ dual role of providing medical care to players and providing strategic advice to clubs. We recommended assigning these roles to different individuals, with the medical staff members who are responsible for providing player care being chosen and subject to review and termination by a (...)
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  41.  16
    American Journal of Law & Medicine and Harvard Law & Health Care Society.I. Glenn Cohen - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):305-307.
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  42.  15
    Lisa Campo-Engelstein is an As.I. Glenn Cohen & Rebecca Dresser - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  43.  17
    Thomas H. Murray is President.I. Glenn Cohen, Alice Dreger & Theodore Friedmann - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  44.  14
    Complexifying Commodification, Consumption, ART, and Abortion.I. Glenn Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):307-311.
    This commentary on Madeira's paper complicates the relationships between commodification, consumption, abortion, and assisted reproductive technologies she draws in two ways. First, I examine under what conditions the commodification of ARTs, gametes, and surrogacy lead to patients becoming consumers. Second, I show that there are some stark difference between applying commodification critiques to ART versus abortion.
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  45.  13
    When Potential Does Not Matter: What Developments in Cellular Biology Tell Us About the Concept of Legal Personhood.Jonathan Will, Eli Y. Adashi & I. Glenn Cohen - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):38-40.
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  46.  13
    Making Residency Work Hour Rules Work.I. Glenn Cohen, Charles A. Czeisler & Christopher P. Landrigan - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):310-314.
    In July 2011, the ACGME implemented new rules that limit interns to 16 hours of work in a row, but continue to allow 2nd-year and higher resident physicians to work for up to 28 consecutive hours. Whether the ACGME's 2011 work hour limits went too far or did not go far enough has been hotly debated. In this article, we do not seek to re-open the debate about whether these standards get matters exactly right. Instead, we wish to address the (...)
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  47.  10
    Conscientious Objection, Coercion, the Affordable Care Act, and US States.I. Glenn Cohen - 2013 - Ethical Perspectives 20 (1):163-186.
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  48.  6
    Making Residency Work Hour Rules Work.I. Glenn Cohen, Charles A. Czeisler & Christopher P. Landrigan - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):310-314.
    Over the past decade, a series of studies have found that physicians-in-training who work extended shifts are at increased risk of experiencing motor vehicle crashes, needlestick injuries, and medical errors. In response to public concerns and a request from Congress, the Institute of Medicine conducted an inquiry into the issue and concluded in 2009 that resident physicians should not work for more than 16 consecutive hours without sleep. They further recommended that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the (...)
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  49.  1
    Recent Developments in Health Law.I. Glenn Cohen - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):305-318.
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