Results for 'I. I. I. Cowling'

986 found
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  1.  77
    A nursing manifesto: An emancipatory call for knowledge development, conscience, and praxis.Paula N. Kagan, Marlaine C. Smith, I. I. I. Cowling & Peggy L. Chinn - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):67-84.
    The purpose of this paper is to present the theoretical and philosophical assumptions of the Nursing Manifesto , written by three activist scholars whose objective was to promote emancipatory nursing research, practice, and education within the dialogue and praxis of social justice. Inspired by discussions with a number of nurse philosophers at the 2008 Knowledge Conference in Boston, two of the original Manifesto authors and two colleagues discussed the need to explicate emancipatory knowing as it emerged from the Manifesto . (...)
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  2.  6
    Information capture and reuse strategies in Monte Carlo Tree Search, with applications to games of hidden information.Edward J. Powley, Peter I. Cowling & Daniel Whitehouse - 2014 - Artificial Intelligence 217 (C):92-116.
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  3. The Average Isn’t Normal: The History and Cognitive Science of an Everyday Scientific Practice.Henry Cowles & Joshua Knobe - 2023 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Mind Vol. 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Within contemporary science, it is common practice to compare data points to the average, i.e., to the statistical mean. Because this practice is so familiar, it might at first appear not to be the sort of thing that requires explanation. But recent research in cognitive science and in the history of science gives us reason to adopt the opposite perspective. Cognitive science research on the ways people ordinarily make sense of the world suggests that, instead of using a purely statistical (...)
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  4. Ideological parsimony.Sam Cowling - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3889-3908.
    The theoretical virtue of parsimony values the minimizing of theoretical commitments, but theoretical commitments come in two kinds : ontological and ideological. While the ontological commitments of a theory are the entities it posits, a theory’s ideological commitments are the primitive concepts it employs. Here, I show how we can extend the distinction between quantitative and qualitative parsimony, commonly drawn regarding ontological commitments, to the domain of ideological commitments. I then argue that qualitative ideological parsimony is a theoretical virtue. My (...)
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  5. Non-qualitative Properties.Sam Cowling - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):275-301.
    The distinction between qualitative properties like mass and shape and non-qualitative properties like being Napoleon and being next to Obama is important, but remains largely unexamined. After discussing its theoretical significance and cataloguing various kinds of non-qualitative properties, I survey several views about the nature of this distinction and argue that all proposed reductive analyses of this distinction are unsatisfactory. I then defend primitivism, according to which the distinction resists reductive analysis.
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  6. No Simples, No Gunk, No Nothing.Sam Cowling - 2014 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1):246-260.
    Mereological realism holds that the world has a mereological structure – i.e. a distribution of mereological properties and relations. In this article, I defend Eleaticism about properties, according to which there are no causally inert non-logical properties. I then present an Eleatic argument for mereological anti-realism, which denies the existence of both mereological composites and mereological simples. After defending Eleaticism and mereological anti-realism, I argue that mereological anti-realism is preferable to mereological nihilism. I then conclude by examining the thesis that (...)
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  7. The Average Isn’t Normal.Joshua Knobe & Henry Cowles - manuscript
    Within contemporary science, it is common practice to compare data points to the _average_, i.e., to the statistical mean. Because this practice is so familiar, it might at first appear not to be the sort of thing that requires explanation. But recent research in cognitive science gives us reason to adopt the opposite perspective. Research on the cognitive processes involved in people’s ordinary efforts to make sense of the world suggests that, instead of using a purely statistical notion of the (...)
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  8. Instantiation as location.Sam Cowling - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (3):667-682.
    Many familiar forms of property realism identify properties with sui generis ontological categories like universals or tropes and posit a fundamental instantiation relation that unifies objects with their properties. In this paper, I develop and defend locationism, which identifies properties with locations and holds that the occupation relation that unifies objects with their locations also unifies objects with their properties. Along with the theoretical parsimony that locationism enjoys, I argue that locationism resolves a puzzle for actualists regarding the ontological status (...)
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  9. Haecceitism for Modal Realists.Sam Cowling - 2012 - Erkenntnis 77 (3):399-417.
    In this paper, I examine the putative incompatibility of three theses: (1) Haecceitism, according to which some maximal possibilities differ solely in terms of the non-qualitative or de re possibilities they include; (2) Modal correspondence, according to which each maximal possibility is identical with a unique possible world; (3) Counterpart theory, according to which de re modality is analyzed in terms of counterpart relations between individuals. After showing how the modal realism defended by David Lewis resolves this incompatibility by rejecting (...)
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  10. The limits of modality.Sam Cowling - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):473-495.
    It is commonly assumed that all propositions have modal profiles and therefore bear their truth-values either contingently or necessarily. I argue against this commonly assumed view and in defence of amodalism, according to which certain true propositions are neither necessarily nor contingently true, but only true simpliciter. I consider three arguments against ‘possible-worlds theories’, which hold that modal concepts are to be analysed in terms of possible worlds. Although each of these arguments targets a different version of possible-worlds theory, these (...)
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  11. Advice for Eleatics.Sam Cowling - forthcoming - In Chris Daly (ed.), Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods.
    Eleaticism ties ontology to causality by denying the impossibility of causally inert entities. This paper examines some challenges regarding the proper formulation and general plausibility of Eleaticism. After suggesting how Eleatics ought to respond to these challenges, I consider the prospects for extending Eleaticism from ontology to ideology by requiring all primitive ideology to be causal in nature. Surprisingly enough, the resulting view delivers an eternalist and possibilist metaphysical picture in the neighborhood of Lewisian modal realism.
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  12.  80
    Recombining non-qualitative reality.Sam Cowling - 2021 - Synthese 198 (3):2273-2295.
    Haecceitism and Hume’s Dictum are each controversial theses about necessity and possibility. According to haecceitism, there are qualitatively indiscernible possible worlds that differ only with respect to which individuals occupy which qualitative roles. According to Hume’s Dictum, there are no necessary connections between distinct entities or, as Humeans sometimes put it, reality admits of “free recombination” so any entities can co-exist or fail to co-exist. This paper introduces a puzzle that results from the combination of haecceitism and Hume’s Dictum. This (...)
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  13. The Way of Actuality.Sam Cowling - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (2):231-247.
    In this paper, I defend an indexical analysis of the abstract-concrete distinction within the framework of modal realism. This analysis holds the abstract-concrete distinction to be conceptually inseparable from the distinction between the actual and the merely possible, which is assumed to be indexical in nature. The resulting view contributes to the case for modal realism by demonstrating how its distinctive resources provide a reductive analysis of the abstract-concrete distinction. This indexical analysis also provides a solution to a sceptical problem (...)
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  14.  61
    Alienation in the Older Marx.Mark Cowling - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):319-339.
    Where alienation is concerned, the older Marx has something to puzzle everyone. There are far too many uses of terminology related to the concept of alienation for those who assert the existence of a break in Marx's work to feel comfortable. Yet, the older Marx's account of alienation is much too subordinate and sporadic to constitute a really clear demonstration that there is no break. Supporters of a break have largely ignored the passages in the older Marx, where the alienation (...)
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  15. Naturalism and Non-Qualitative Properties.Sam Cowling - 2020 - In Luis R. G. Oliveira & Kevin Corcoran (eds.), Common Sense Metaphysics: Essays in Honor of Lynne Rudder Baker. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 209-238.
    Lynne Baker’s case for the incompatibility of naturalism with the first-person perspective raises a range of questions about the relationship between naturalism and the various properties involved in first-person perspectives. After arguing that non-qualitative properties—most notably, haecceities like being Lynne Baker—are ineliminably tied to first-person perspectives, this paper considers whether naturalism and non-qualitative properties are, in fact, compatible. In doing so, the discussion focus on Shamik Dasupgta’s argument against individuals and, in turn, non-qualitative properties. Several strategies for undermining Dasgupta's argument (...)
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  16. The unbearable between-ness of law.I. I. I. Francis J. Mootz - 2021 - In Marc de Leeuw, George H. Taylor & Eileen Brennan (eds.), Reading Ricoeur Through Law. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
     
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  17.  2
    On Anti-Violence.I. I. I. José G. Izaguirre - 2024 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 56 (3):350-356.
    Abstractabstract:This article explores the relationship between rhetoric and violence by running this pairing through a corresponding couplet: rhetoric and race. Arguing for a common substrate between these two pairs of terms—coloniality—this article proposes that rhetorics of "nonviolence" are better understood as rhetorics of anti-violence.
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  18.  51
    The Shape of Reflexivity: A Pragmatist Analysis of Religious Ethnography.I. . I. . I. William W. . Young - 2014 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 35 (1):42-64.
    In recent years, religious studies has undergone an ethnographic turn. More and more, scholars attend to the social location and significance of religious practice. This approach foregrounds the self-understandings of religious communities and practitioners and raises the question of the relation between ethnography and philosophical analysis. For instance, Saba Mahmood, in The Politics of Piety, draws from ethnographic study so as to critique philosophy’s universalizing claims regarding subjectivity, enabling a recognition of the diverse forms feminist subjectivity and political agency may (...)
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  19. On the nature of whiteness and the ontology of race: Toward a dialectical materialist analysis.I. I. I. McClendon - 2004 - In George Yancy (ed.), What White Looks Like: African-American Philosophers on the Whiteness Question. Routledge.
  20.  32
    Introduction.I. I. I. McBride - 2013 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 49 (1):27-28.
    This symposium examines insurrectionist ethics, the brainchild of Leonard Harris. The position does not stem from one key source; it was born out of Harris’s philosophical interaction with various philosophers over an extended period, including thinkers as diverse as David Walker, Karl Marx, Edward Wilmot Blyden, Alain Locke, and Angela Davis. The driving questions are: What counts as justified protest? Do slaves have a moral duty to insurrect? What character traits and modes to resistance are most conducive to liberation and (...)
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  21. The Emergence of Authentic Human Person in Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche's Philosophy of the Superman: An Hermeneutics Approach to Literary Criticism.I. I. I. Abonado - 2014 - Iamure International Journal of Literature, Philosophy and Religion 5 (1).
    The paper interprets Nietzsche’s description of authentic human person.Based on the works of Nietzsche, commentaries and philosophical interpretationsof various authors, authentic human person evolves into a superman by usingthe principles of discipline and mastery of oneself. His authenticity, however,requires persistence, courage and strength to endure many forms of sufferingsand to overcome alienation brought about by his environment. Otherwise,man would become slave of his desires or alien to his own powers, talents andcapacities. Thus, Nietzsche’s thought of superman is an invitation to (...)
     
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  22.  34
    A critique of Gewirth's "is-ought" derivation.I. I. I. Allen - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):211-226.
  23. The Diversity of Moral Thinking.I. I. I. Allen - 1985 - International Studies in Philosophy 17 (3).
     
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  24. Euthanasia and disability : comments on "what should we do for Jay?".I. I. I. H. Rutherford Turnbull & Hans S. Reinders - 2005 - In William C. Gaventa & David L. Coulter (eds.), End-of-life care: bridging disability and aging with person-centered care. New York: Haworth Pastoral Press.
     
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  25.  35
    Is there an ecological ethic?I. I. I. Rolston - 1975 - Ethics 85 (2):93-109.
  26.  29
    Values gone wild.I. I. I. Rolston - 1983 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):181 – 207.
    Wilderness valued as mere resource for human?interest satisfaction is challenged in favor of wilderness as a productive source, in which humans have roots, but which also yields wild neighbors and aliens with intrinsic value. Wild value is storied achievement in an evolutionary ecosystem, with instrumental and intrinsic, organismic and systemic values intermeshed. Survival value is reconsidered in this light. Changing cultural appreciations of values in wilderness can transform and relativize our judgments about appropriate conduct there. A final valued element in (...)
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  27.  15
    The Modern Synthesis and Lewontin's Critique of Sociobiology.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1988 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (2):315 - 341.
    Ernst Mayr (1980) provided an influential picture of the nature of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis and of the debate and changes occurring prior to its completion. Mayr intended his account to be applicable to comparable cases. Sociobiology should be evaluated both as a comparable case, an attempt to produce a synthesis which undergoes development of the sort Mayr described, and as an extension of the Modern Synthesis itself. Examination of what the explanatory goals and development of the New Sociobiological Synthesis (...)
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  28.  10
    Attributives and their modifiers.I. I. I. Wheeler - 1972 - Noûs 6 (4):310-334.
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  29.  46
    Not biting the hand that feeds them: Hegemonic expediency in the newsroom and the Karen ryan/health and human services department video news release.I. I. I. John - 2008 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23 (2):110 – 125.
    This study examines the use of a video news release in a specific story. Press coverage and editorial criticism in the case showed that journalists do not articulate sufficiently how the news owners' sway, through institutional controls, can lead to a hegemony of expedient action in the newsroom. Critical self-reflection by news workers will better enable journalists to ethically deliberate news choices that balance their responsibilities to owners, peers, and the public.
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  30.  15
    The patience of job: Between providence and disaster.I. I. I. Young - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (4):593–613.
  31.  5
    Alan street.I. Premonitions, I. I. I. Chord-Colours & I. V. Peripeteia - 1994 - In Anthony Pople (ed.), Theory, Analysis and Meaning in Music. Cambridge University Press.
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  32.  11
    Calvin and Covenant Marriage: A Critical Genealogy.Charles Guth I. I. I. - 2023 - Studies in Christian Ethics 36 (3):475-496.
    Many Christians treat marriage as a covenant. An influential group of contemporary Christians argues that covenant marriage provides a response to what they regard as the social ills of high divorce rates and the ‘breakdown’ of the traditional family. These Christians often look to John Calvin's marriage theology for inspiration because he linked treating marriage as a covenant to regarding marriage as sacred and indissoluble. In this article I cast doubt on the wisdom of treating marriage as a covenant. I (...)
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  33.  19
    On subcreative sets and s-reducibility.I. I. I. Gill & Paul H. Morris - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (4):669-677.
  34. Autobiography.I. I. I. Calder - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4).
     
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  35. Sophocles and Alcibiades.I. I. I. Calder - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (2).
     
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  36. The Mirror of Antiquity.I. I. I. Calder - 2009 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 102 (2).
     
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  37.  19
    The wilamowitz-Nietzsche struggle: New documents and a reappraisal.I. I. I. Calder - 1983 - Nietzsche Studien 12 (1).
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  38.  25
    Ethics and equity: Enforcing ethical standards in commercial relationships.I. I. I. Cameron - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):161 - 172.
    Lawyers and the legal system have been much criticized in recent years. Despite popular perceptions, the legal system contains numerous mechanisms and rules designed to ensure fair results. This paper shows how the legal system tries to implement, in commercial transactions, the ethical principles of truthfulness and fairness. The Anglo-American development of Equity Courts is reviewed briefly. Several examples of the Law's enforcement of ethical principles are presented, in four different legal areas: Contracts, Securities, Goods, and Real Estate. The intent (...)
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  39. Human uniqueness and human dignity : persons in nature and the nature of persons.I. I. I. Rolston - 2008 - In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics.
     
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  40.  36
    Interpreting Kuhn: Paradigm-choice as objective value judgement.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1989 - Metaphilosophy 20 (1):51–67.
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  41.  51
    Achilles, the tortoise, and explanation in science and history.I. I. I. Bartley - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (49):15-33.
  42.  55
    Death, honor, and loyality: The bushidō ideal.I. I. I. Hurst - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (4):511-527.
  43. Donna rice to the press: "I lost everything".I. I. I. Smith - 1990 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (3):151 – 167.
    When Donna Rice, who was brought into the public limelight as a companion to ex-presidentiaI candidate Gary Hart, appeared at a university ethics seminar, her statement, and the subsequent coverage, raised three troubling questions for journalists: the nature of academic inquiry, journalistic practices, and the right of people to define themselves.
     
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  44. Insurrectionist Ethics and Thoreau.I. I. I. Lee A. McBride - 2013 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 49 (1):29-45.
    The American philosophical tradition is often portrayed as a genteel tradition that is committed to democracy and the incremental expansion of democracy through suasionist means. In an attempt to complicate this narrative, the author articulates the basic features of Leonard Harris’s insurrectionist ethics, then attempts to locate this insurrectionist ethics in the work of Henry D. Thoreau. It is argued that this insurrectionist ethos is a fecund addition to the American philosophical tradition and that insurrectionist character traits and modes of (...)
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  45. A Philosopher's fieldwork.I. I. I. Argen - 2005 - In Elizabeth D. Boepple (ed.), Sui Generis: Essays Presented to Richard Thompson Hull on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday. Authorhouse.
     
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  46.  30
    Cognitive dissonance and scepticism.I. I. I. Holgomb - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (4):411–432.
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  47. Constraints on defining the 'level' and 'unit' of selection.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1988 - Theoria 4 (1):107-138.
    A set of constraints forces trade-offs which prevent us from achieving the best possible definitions of the ‘level’ and ‘unit’ of natural selection. This set consists in decisions concerning conflicting pre-analytic intuitions in problematic cases, the relative roles of various conceptual resources in the definitions, which facts need to be accounted for using the definitions, how the relation between selection and evolution orients the definitions, and the relation between the level and unit concepts. Systematic reconstruction and evaluation of leading analyses (...)
     
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  48.  22
    Readings in the Philosophy of Science, Second Edition.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1991 - Teaching Philosophy 14 (4):487-493.
  49.  16
    The Philosophy of Science.I. I. I. Holcomb - 1994 - Teaching Philosophy 17 (3):275-277.
  50.  9
    Α-decompositions of α-spaces.I. I. I. Fowler - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (2):483-488.
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