Results for 'I. Kushner'

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  1.  6
    Howard I. Kushner. A Cursing Brain? The History of Tourette Syndrome. Xvi + 303 Pp., Illus., Fig., App., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: Harvard University Press, 1999. $29.95. [REVIEW]L. S. Jacyna - 2002 - Isis 93 (3):466-467.
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  2.  4
    American Suicide: A Psychocultural Exploration. Howard I. Kushner.Janet Colaizzi - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):683-683.
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  3.  17
    Rethinking the Boundaries of Kawasaki Disease: Toward a Revised Case Definition.Howard I. Kushner, John F. Bastian, Christena H. Turner & Jane C. Burns - 2003 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (2):216-233.
  4.  13
    A Case for Preserving the Diversity of Madness.Jennifer C. Sarrett & Howard I. Kushner - 2011 - Annals of Science 68 (4):547-554.
    Summary Watters questions the universality of mental illness and warns of the harms that accompany the exportation of Western typologies to non-Western cultures. He is particularly concerned that these effects will be exacerbated by the upcoming revisions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Building on his examination of non-Western practices, Watters exposes the historical instability of mental health classifications in North America to question the validity of current DSM categories. Although Watters' warnings about the dangers of (...)
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  5.  14
    Morality, Mental Illness and the Prevention of Suicide.Eva Yampolsky & Howard I. Kushner - 2020 - Social Epistemology 34 (6):533-543.
    Since the middle of the 20th century, suicidology, as a group of disciplines working to understand and prevent suicide, has reinforced the long-held view that suicide is caused first and foremost b...
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  6.  10
    Coercion as a Pro Tanto Wrong: A Moderately Moralized Approach.Jackson Kushner - 2019 - The Journal of Ethics 23 (4):449-471.
    I defend one way of solving the Impermissibility Problem—that is, the problem that on moralized approaches to coercion, coerciveness and permissibility are mutually exclusive. This brings up intuitive difficulties for cases such as taxation, which seem to be both coercive and permissible. I gloss three popular theories of coercion—the moralized baseline, nonmoralized baseline, and enforcement approaches—and conclude that only the nonmoralized baseline approach clearly solves the problem. However, Robert Nozick’s famous “slave case” raises another serious issue for the nonmoralized baseline (...)
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  7. Kawasaki Disease in India: Increasing Awareness or Increased Incidence?Howard I. Kushner, Rupert P. Macnee & Jane C. Burns - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):17-29.
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  8.  12
    Oswald Avery and the Pneumococcus.I. Kushner & D. Samols - 2011 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 74 (2):14.
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  9.  3
    Ropstvo i sloboda u Poslanici Galaćanima.Mario Kushner - 2011 - Kairos: Evangelical Journal of Theology 5 (2):275-292.
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  10.  16
    The Crown of a Good Name. W. Barry Wood, Jr., and Daniel Nathans.I. Kushner - 2013 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 76 (3):8.
  11.  15
    The Controversy Over the Classification of Gilles de la Tourette's Syndrome, 1800-1995.Howard I. Kushner & Louise S. Kiessling - 1996 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 39 (3):409-435.
  12.  12
    Walter J. Friedlander. The History of Modern Epilepsy: The Beginnings, 1865–1914. Xxii + 297 Pp., Tables, Bibls., Index. Westport, Conn./London: Greenwood Press, 2001. $75. [REVIEW]Howard I. Kushner - 2002 - Isis 93 (3):508-509.
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  13. Universalism in Context.Deanne Dunbar & Howard I. Kushner - 2011 - Annals of Science 68 (1):125-132.
    Summary Using the neurological syndrome kuru as a frame, Warwick Anderson examines the social dynamics and material culture of its medical investigation among the Fore people conducted by D. Carleton Gajdusek beginning at midcentury. The Collectors of Lost Souls: Turning Kuru Scientists into White Men uses a postcolonial framework to complicate dominant/subordinate binaries and diffusionist accounts of indigenous contacts with medical science. Anderson proposes that colonies are specific sites of production of medical knowledge. He draws a distinction between traditional and (...)
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  14.  4
    Om te teologiseer oor God en lyding: Opmerkings na aanleiding van Harold Kushner se interpretasie van Job 40:9-14.I. J. J. Spangenberg - 1994 - Hts Theological Studies 50 (4).
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  15.  32
    When Do Organs Become “Spare Parts”?Thomasine Kushner - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (4):349.
    Baby Theresa, in her short 9-day life, cast a national spotlight on the question “Should anencephalic infants be used for organ procurement?” In denying her parents′ wishes to donate the baby's healthy organs to other children in need of kidneys, liver, heart, and lungs, Circuit Court Judge Estella Moriarty said, “I cannot authorized someone to take your baby's life, however short, however unsatisfactory, to save another child.”In citing a1988 Florida statute that does not allow a person to be declared dead (...)
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  16.  52
    “Help Me Die”.Thomasine Kushner & David Thomasma - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):451-452.
    As a medical student doing a rotation, I was feeling positive as we knocked on the door of an elderly lady who I'd seen just 2 days earlier. Even though seriously ill for many months, this patient had always lived life in her own way, refusing to go to a nursing home. It was clear that her condition had deteriorated rapidly, and the nurse informed me privately that she was dying, sooner rather than later.
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  17.  26
    Jessica Mitford Discusses Attitudes on Aging.Thomasine Kushner - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (2):133.
    Our attitudes toward aging change in that “old” depends on where you are. When I was 16, and my sister Nancy was 29, I suddenly realized, to my horror, that one of us was about to be 30. I went around saying to everyone, “Poor Nancy, she's almost 40,” because to me at that time, 30 and 40 were about the same. Later, when Nancy was 40, she said she didn't mind because, according to me, she had been 40 for (...)
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  18.  5
    The Problem of Coercion in State Apologies.Jackson Kushner - unknown
    I argue that state apologies face a distinctive normative challenge. The reason for this is that when states apologize for their transgressions, they tend to implicate their citizens as morally responsible. However, because citizens are coerced into supporting state activities through taxation, I argue that their responsibility is mitigated. Citizens do not support state transgressions in the same way that private investors support corporate transgressions. Consequently, state apologies have a distinctive difficulty performing one of the core normative functions of apologies (...)
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  19.  1
    Razumiješ Li to Što Čitaš? — Trajno Crkveno Obrazovanje Kao Odgovor Na Suvremene Izazove Evangelizacije svijetaDo You Understand What You’Re Reading? Lasting Religious Education as a Response to the Contemporary Challenges in Reaching the World for Christ.Mario Kushner - 2020 - Kairos 14 (1):85-96.
    Temeljna misao Lausannskih kongresâ i Capetownskog iskaza, kao konačnog proizvoda trećeg kongresa, mogla bi se sažeti riječima “Crkva mora evangelizirati svijet”. Iz toga „borbenog pokliča“ proizlaze izazovi poznavanja Evanđelja i savladavanja vještinâ potrebnih za sprovođenje tog plana. Ovaj članak ističe da je oba izazova moguće savladati jedino kroz dosljednu službu obrazovanja unutar lokalnih zajednica vjernikâ. The fundamental thought of the Lausanne congresses and The Cape Town Commitment statement as the final product of the third congress, could be summarized by these (...)
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  20.  9
    A Banach–Mazur Computable but Not Markov Computable Function on the Computable Real Numbers.Peter Hertling - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 132 (2-3):227-246.
    We consider two classical computability notions for functions mapping all computable real numbers to computable real numbers. It is clear that any function that is computable in the sense of Markov, i.e., computable with respect to a standard Gödel numbering of the computable real numbers, is computable in the sense of Banach and Mazur, i.e., it maps any computable sequence of real numbers to a computable sequence of real numbers. We show that the converse is not true. This solves a (...)
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  21.  20
    Will the “Conscience of an Institution” Become Society's Servant?Joan McIver Gibson & Thomasine Kimbrough Kushner - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (3):9-11.
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  22.  12
    Living a Life That Matters: Resolving the Conflict Between Conscience and Success.Harold S. Kushner - 2001 - A.A. Knopf.
    From the celebrated author of When Bad Things Happen to Good People , a profound and practical book about doing well by doing good. For decades now, from the pulpit and through his writing, Harold Kushner has been helping people navigate the rough patches of life: loss, guilt, crises of faith. Now, in this compelling new work, he ad-dresses an equally important issue: our craving for significance, the need to know that our lives and our choices mean something. We (...)
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  23.  28
    Social Inclusion/Exclusion as Matters of Social (in)Justice: A Call for Nursing Action.Sharon M. Yanicki, Kaysi E. Kushner & Linda Reutter - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (2):121-133.
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  24.  67
    A Dialogue on Compassion and Supererogation in Medicine.David C. Thomasma & Thomasine Kushner - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):415.
    According to Frankena, “the moral point of view is what Alison Wilde and Heather Badcock did not have.” Most of us, however, are not such extreme examples. We are capable of the moral point of view, but we fail to take the necessary time or make the required efforts. We resist pulling ourselves from other distractions to focus on the plight of others and what we might do to ameliorate their suffering. Perhaps compassion is rooted in understanding what it is (...)
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  25. Explanation, Independence and Realism in Mathematics.Michael D. Resnik & David Kushner - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):141-158.
  26.  39
    ‘Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health’: Taking Up the Challenge in Nursing.Linda Reutter & Kaysi Eastlick Kushner - 2010 - Nursing Inquiry 17 (3):269-280.
  27.  30
    Neuroethics.Thomasine Kushner & James Giordano - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (4):524-526.
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  28.  37
    Yang Chu: Ethical Egoist in Ancient China.Thomasine Kushner - 1980 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 7 (4):319-325.
  29.  19
    Having a Life Versus Being Alive.T. Kushner - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (1):5-8.
    In an attempt to provide some clarification in the abortion issue it has recently been proposed that since 'brain death' is used to define the end of life, 'brain life' would be a logical demarcation for life's beginning. This paper argues in support of this position, not on empirical grounds, but because of what it reflects of what is valuable about the term 'life'. It is pointed out that 'life' is an ambiguous concept as it is used in English, obscuring (...)
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  30.  34
    I. C. Jarvie, Review Of Culture: The Anthropologist's Account By Adam Kuper. [REVIEW]I. C. Jarvie - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):540-546.
  31. Why Citizens Should Vote: A Causal Responsibility Approach*: ALVIN I. GOLDMAN.Alvin I. Goldman - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (2):201-217.
    Why should a citizen vote? There are two ways to interpret this question: in a prudential sense, and in a moral sense. Under the first interpretation, the question asks why—or under what circumstances—it is in a citizen's self-interest to vote. Under the second interpretation, it asks what moral reasons citizens have for voting. I shall mainly try to answer the moral version of the question, but my answer may also, in some circumstances, bear on the prudential question. Before proceeding to (...)
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  32. Baby Fae: A Beastly Business.T. Kushner & R. Belliotti - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (4):178-183.
    The Baby Fae experiment has highlighted the growing trend in medicine of using animal parts in the treatment of humans. This paper raises the question of the logical and moral justification for these current practices and their proposed expansion. We argue that the Cognitive Capacity Principle establishes morally justified necessary and sufficient conditions for the use of non-human animals in medical treatments and research. Some alternative sources for medical uses are explored as well as some possible programmes for their implementation.
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  33.  37
    The Role of Institutional and Community Based Ethics Committees in the Debate on Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide.Robert L. Schwartz & Thomasine Kushner - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):121.
    In many countries the debate over the role that physicians may play in ending life has been limited to the judiciary and other law making institutions, professional medical organizations; and academics. Because of their multidisciplinary and diverse membership, ethics committees may be a particularly appropriate venue through which these discussions can be expanded to include a much larger community. In addition, ethics committees generally act in only advisory capacities because they do not actually make decisions, so they may provide a (...)
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  34.  15
    'Sire, The People Are Hungry!' 'Let Them Have Symbols!' Literary and Linguistic Studies in the 20th and 21st Centuries.Eva Kushner - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (185):49-55.
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  35. English as Global Language: Problems, Dangers, Opportunities.Eva Kushner - 2003 - Diogenes 50 (2):17-23.
    Now that the age-old dream, which never materialized, of a universal language has evaporated, we note that English is in the process of becoming if not the universal at least an omnipresent language. In many multilingual countries it has become the language of communication. Globally it is imposing itself as the language of business, aviation and scientific research. Is this a pure benefit for humanity, or does it conceal risks or even dangers? Is the spreading of English a secondary effect (...)
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  36.  13
    Doctor-Patient Relationships in General Practice--A Different Model.T. Kushner - 1981 - Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):128-131.
    Philosophical concerns cannot be excluded from even a cursory examination of the physician-patient relationship. Two possible alternatives for determining what this relationship entails are the teleological (outcome) approach vs the deontological (process) one. Traditionally, this relationship has been structured around the 'clinical model' which views the physician-patient relationship in teleological terms. Data on the actual content of general medical practice indicate the advisability of reassessing this relationship, and suggest that the 'clinical model' may be too limiting, and that a more (...)
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  37. Toward a Methodology for Moral Decision Making in Medicine.Thomasine Kushner, Raymond A. Belliotti & Donald Buckner - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (4).
    The failure of medical codes to provide adequate guidance for physicians' moral dilemmas points to the fact that some rules of analysis, informed by moral theory, are needed to assist in resolving perplexing ethical problems occurring with increasing frequency as medical technology advances. Initially, deontological and teleological theories appear more helpful, but critcisms can be lodged against both, and neither proves to be sufficient in itself. This paper suggests that to elude the limitations of previous approaches, a method of moral (...)
     
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  38.  81
    Contractarianism and Interspecies Welfare Conflicts: Andrew I. Cohen.Andrew I. Cohen - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):227-257.
    In this essay I describe how contractarianism might approach interspecies welfare conflicts. I start by discussing a contractarian account of the moral status of nonhuman animals. I argue that contractors can agree to norms that would acknowledge the “moral standing” of some animals. I then discuss how the norms emerging from contractarian agreement might constrain any comparison of welfare between humans and animals. Contractarian agreement is likely to express some partiality to humans in a way that discounts the welfare of (...)
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  39.  19
    Understanding Obesity by Asking the Right Questions.Robert F. Kushner - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (1):148-151.
  40. Social Epistemology: Theory and Applications: Alvin I. Goldman.Alvin I. Goldman - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 64:1-18.
    1. Mainstream Epistemology and Social Epistemology Epistemology has had a strongly individualist orientation, at least since Descartes. Knowledge, for Descartes, starts with the fact of one’s own thinking and with oneself as subject of that thinking. Whatever else can be known, it must be known by inference from one’s own mental contents. Achieving such knowledge is an individual, rather than a collective, enterprise. Descartes’s successors largely followed this lead, so the history of epistemology, down to our own time, has been (...)
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  41.  4
    “I Will Survive” a Construct Validation Study on the Measurement of Sustainable Employability Using Different Age Conceptualizations.M. Le Blanc Pascale, I. J. M. Van der Heijden Beatrice & Van Vuuren Tinka - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  42.  15
    A Dialogue On Compassion And Supererogation In Medicine.David Thomasma & Thomasine Kushner - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):415-425.
    According to Frankena, “the moral point of view is what Alison Wilde and Heather Badcock did not have.” Most of us, however, are not such extreme examples. We are capable of the moral point of view, but we fail to take the necessary time or make the required efforts. We resist pulling ourselves from other distractions to focus on the plight of others and what we might do to ameliorate their suffering. Perhaps compassion is rooted in understanding what it is (...)
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  43.  45
    U. S. Senator Al Gore Discusses Adjusting Priorities in Healthcare.Thomasine Kushner - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (3):249-252.
  44.  89
    Confucianism and Ethics in the Western Philosophical Tradition I: Foundational Concepts.Mary I. Bockover - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (4):307-316.
    Confucianism conceives of persons as being necessarily interdependent, defining personhood in terms of the various roles one embodies and that are established by the relationships basic to one's life. By way of contrast, the Western philosophical tradition has predominantly defined persons in terms of intrinsic characteristics not thought to depend on others. This more strictly and explicitly individualistic concept of personhood contrasts with the Confucian idea that one becomes a person because of others; where one is never a person independently (...)
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  45.  9
    CQ InterviewChris Shaw on Ethical Issues in Biotechnology.Thomasine Kushner - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):97-101.
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  46.  47
    Joseph J. Jacobs on Alternative Medicine and the National Institutes of Health.Thomasine Kushner & Charles MacKay - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):442.
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  47.  27
    Public-Private Partnerships in Drug Development for Underdeveloped Countries: An Interview with Craig Wheeler, President of Chiron's Biopharmaceutical Division.Thomasine Kushner - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):429-433.
    In an effort to create a mechanism for addressing a critical need of providing medicines for economically developing countries, the Chiron Corporation and the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development have entered into an innovative public-private partnership. In the following interview, Craig Wheeler discusses the origins and nature of this agreement that could set a pattern for how corporations and nonprofit organizations can work together in drug development.
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  48.  5
    An Examination of Plato's Doctrines. I. Plato on Man and Society.R. E. Allen & I. M. Crombie - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (4):528.
  49.  66
    Speech, Truth, and the Free Market for Ideas: Alvin I. Goldman and James C. Cox.Alvin I. Goldman - 1996 - Legal Theory 2 (1):1-32.
    This article examines a thesis of interest to social epistemology and some articulations of First Amendment legal theory: that a free market in speech is an optimal institution for promoting true belief. Under our interpretation, the market-for-speech thesis claims that more total truth possession will be achieved if speech is regulated only by free market mechanisms; that is, both government regulation and private sector nonmarket regulation are held to have information-fostering properties that are inferior to the free market. After discussing (...)
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  50.  5
    "I Never Felt Any Bitterness": Alys Russell's Interpretation of Her Separation From Bertie.I. Grattan-Guinness - 1996 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 16 (1).
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