Results for 'I. Marie'

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  1. Ambiguities in natural language and ontological proofs.Marie Duží - 2013 - In Bartosz Brożek, Adam Olszewski & Mateusz Hohol (eds.), Logic in theology. Kraków: Copernicus Center Press.
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  2.  13
    Tempering effects on three martensitic carbon steels studied by mechanical spectroscopy.R. Martin, I. Tkalcec, D. Mari & R. Schaller - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (22):2907-2920.
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  3. Anthropology from a pragmatic point of view.I. Kant & Mary J. Gregor - 1977 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 167 (3):382-382.
     
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  4.  68
    Reductive Explanation in the Biological Sciences.Marie I. Kaiser - 2015 - Cham: Springer.
    Back cover: This book develops a philosophical account that reveals the major characteristics that make an explanation in the life sciences reductive and distinguish them from non-reductive explanations. Understanding what reductive explanations are enables one to assess the conditions under which reductive explanations are adequate and thus enhances debates about explanatory reductionism. The account of reductive explanation presented in this book has three major characteristics. First, it emerges from a critical reconstruction of the explanatory practice of the life sciences itself. (...)
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  5.  2
    Aquinas on Reincarnation.Marie I. George - 1996 - The Thomist 60 (1):33-52.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:AQUINAS ON REINCARNATION MARIE I. GEORGE St. John's University Jamaica, New York I. INTRODUCTION AQUINAS EXPLICITLY addresses the question of whether reincarnation is possible on numerous occasions.1 Not surprisingly, his most extensive and subtle treatment of the subject is found in a work addressed to nonChristians, the Summa Contra Gentiles. Aquinas took it to be his duty as Christian philosopher to address errors which were apt to have (...)
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  6.  33
    Recognition memory for a rapid sequence of pictures.Mary C. Potter & Ellen I. Levy - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):10.
  7. Thomistic Considerations on Whether We Ought to Revere Non-Rational Natural Beings.Marie I. George - 2013 - Nova et Vetera 11 (3).
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  8.  11
    Aquinas, Original Sin, and the Challenge of Evolution by Daniel W. Houck.Marie I. George - 2021 - Review of Metaphysics 74 (3):408-409.
  9.  54
    Confucian values and the internet: A potential conflict.Mary I. Bockover - 2003 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 30 (2):159–175.
  10.  23
    On the Occasion of Darwin’s Bicentennial.Marie I. George - 2009 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:209-225.
    If Aquinas lived today, he would accept that Darwin was correct, at leastas to the broad lines of his theory, namely, that the unfit are differentially eliminatedand chance is involved in the origin of new species. Aquinas in fact offered a similarexplanation for what he believed were spontaneously generated organisms. I intendto show that extending this sort of explanation to all species in no way affects thekey steps in the Fifth Way (e.g., “those things which lack cognition do not tendto (...)
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  11.  18
    Caractérisation des difficultés dans la vie quotidienne de personnes souffrant de schizophrénie en rapport avec les facteurs cognitifs et cliniques.Marie-Noëlle Levaux, Martial Van der Linden, Frank Larøi & Jean-Marie Danion - 2012 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 6 (4):267-278.
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  12.  71
    Confucian Ritual as Body Language of Self, Society, and Spirit.Mary I. Bockover - 2012 - Sophia 51 (2):177-194.
    This article explains how li 禮 or ‘ritual propriety’ is the ‘body language’ of ren 仁 or the authentic expression of our humanity. Li and ren are interdependent aspects of a larger creative human way (rendao 仁道) that can be conceptually distinguished as follows: li refers to the ritualized social form of appropriate conduct and ren to the more general, authentically human spirit this expresses. Li is the social instrument for self-cultivation and the vehicle of harmonious human interaction. More, li (...)
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  13.  14
    Aquinas’s Teachings on Concepts and Words in His Commentary on John contra Nicanor Austriaco, OP.Marie I. George - 2020 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 94 (3):357-378.
    In “Defending Adam After Darwin,” Nicanor Austriaco, OP, mounts a noteworthy defense of monogenism, part of which turns on the relationship between abstract thought and language. At a certain point, he turns to a passage from Aquinas’s Commentary on John to support two claims which he affirms without qualification: namely, that the capacity for forming abstract concepts corresponding to the quiddities of things presupposes the capacity for language and that we grasp concepts through words. In addition, he asserts that Aquinas (...)
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  14.  13
    Rules, Rituals, and Responsibility: Essays Dedicated to Herbert Fingarette.Mary I. Bockover & Herbert Fingarette - 1991
    Herbert Fingarett's achievements range from his assault upon the misconceived 'disease theory' of alchoholism, through social philosophy, philosophy of law, and philosophical psychology, to Chinese studies and Confucian thought. Fingarette's major works include 'The Self in Transformation' (1963), 'Self-Deception' (1969), 'Confucius---The Secular as Sacred' (1972), and 'The Meaning of Criminal Insanity' (1972). His Book, 'Heavy Drinking: The Myth of Alchoholism as a Disease' (1988), transformed the public debate on alchohol treatment and made Fingarette the target of an intense barrage of (...)
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  15.  18
    Rist, John M., Plato’s Moral Realism: The Discovery of the Presuppositions of Ethics.Marie I. George - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (4):850-852.
  16.  8
    Work in Progress in the History of Science.I. Cohen & Marie D'alverny - 1958 - Isis 49:434-438.
  17.  8
    Aquinas on Whether One Ought to Confide All One’s Problems to True Friends.Marie I. George - 2008 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 82:173-188.
    Probably most of us have suffered at the hands of a friend who continually turned to us for help, as well having been grieved by a friend who failed to do so on a given occasion. And we have probably been chagrinned by friends who divulge to us only the most limited knowledge about their past problems, as well as by friends who provide unnecessary information about their woeful past. The purpose of this paper is to set out Aquinas’s recommendations (...)
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  18.  22
    Aristotelian-Thomistic Reflections on the Use of Metaphors and Parables in Philosophy.Marie I. George - 1998 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 72:149-161.
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  19.  36
    Health Disparities among LGBT Older Adults and the Role of Nonconscious Bias.Mary Beth Foglia & Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (s4):40-44.
    This paper describes the significance of key empirical findings from the recent and landmark study Caring and Aging with Pride: The National Health, Aging and Sexuality Study (with Karen I. Fredriksen‐Goldsen as the principal investigator), on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender aging and health disparities. We will illustrate these findings with select quotations from study participants and show how nonconscious bias (i.e., activation of negative stereotypes outside conscious awareness) in the clinical encounter and health care setting can threaten shared decision‐making (...)
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  20.  14
    Contribution of moral case deliberations to the Moral Craftmanship of prison staff: A quantitative analysis.Marie Huysentruyt, A. I. Schaap, M. M. Stolper, M. Snijdewind, H. C. W. de Vet & A. C. Molewijk - 2023 - International Journal of Ethics Education 8 (2):389-405.
    This study explores the impact of participation in a series of moral case deliberations (MCD) on the moral craftsmanship (MCS) of Dutch prison staff. Between 2017–2020, ten MCDs per team were implemented in three prisons (i.e., intervention group). In three other prisons (i.e., control group) no MCDs were implemented. We compared the intervention and control group using a self-developed questionnaire, administered before (pre-measurement) and after the series of MCDs (post-measurement). Results After the MCDs, participants scored significantly higher on 7 of (...)
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  21.  12
    Myelin Po‐protein, more than just a structural protein?Marie T. Filbin & Gihan I. Tennekoon - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (8):541-547.
    The protein Po has long been proposed to be responsible for the compact nature of peripheral myelin through interactions of both its extracellular and cytoplasmic domains. Recent studies support such a role for Po's extracellular region while more precise mapping of its adhesive domains are ongoing. As Po is a member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily and perhaps bears the closest similarity to the ancestral molecule of this whole family, these studies may also have more general implications for adhesive interactions. (...)
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  22.  15
    Individual-level mechanisms in ecology and evolution.Marie I. Kaiser & Rose Trappes - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 116-152.
    Philosophers have studied mechanisms in many fields in biology. The focus has often been on molecular mechanisms in disciplines such as neuroscience, genetics and molecular biology, with some work on population-level mechanisms in ecology and evolution. We present a novel philosophical case study of individual-level mechanisms, mechanisms in ecology and evolution that concern the interactions between an individual and its environment. The mechanisms we analyze are called Niche Choice, Niche Conformance and Niche Construction (NC3) mechanisms. Based on a detailed analysis (...)
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  23.  31
    Descartes’s Language Test for Rationality.Marie I. George - 2009 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (1):107-125.
    Contrary to Michael Miller, I maintain that Descartes’s language test adequately distinguishes humans from non-human animals, and that the bonobosKanzi and Panbanisha have not passed it. Miller accepts Descartes’s language test as a good test for true language usage, but denies that it is an adequate test for the presence or absence of reason. I argue that it is a good test for reason, for normal rational beings eventually recognize the desirableness of knowledge of the world for its own sake (...)
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  24.  35
    Environmentalism and Population Control: Distinguishing Pro-Life and Anti-Life Motives.Marie I. George - 2013 - Catholic Social Science Review 18:71-90.
    Environmentalists commonly offer three motives for why human populations need to be reduced or stabilized. One group maintains that human numbers threaten natural goods that should be preserved: biodiversity and ecosystems. A more extreme group maintains that we are taking up more than our fair share of the planet, eliminating species that have just as much right to be here. A third group advocates controlling human populations in order to prevent the environment from being degraded to the point that it (...)
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  25. The Metaphysics of Constitutive Mechanistic Phenomena.Marie I. Kaiser & Beate Krickel - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (3).
    The central aim of this article is to specify the ontological nature of constitutive mechanistic phenomena. After identifying three criteria of adequacy that any plausible approach to constitutive mechanistic phenomena must satisfy, we present four different suggestions, found in the mechanistic literature, of what mechanistic phenomena might be. We argue that none of these suggestions meets the criteria of adequacy. According to our analysis, constitutive mechanistic phenomena are best understood as what we will call ‘object-involving occurrents’. Furthermore, on the basis (...)
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  26.  49
    “Real rapes” and “real victims”: The shared reliance on common cultural definitions of rape.Mary White Stewart, Shirley A. Dobbin & Sophia I. Gatowski - 1996 - Feminist Legal Studies 4 (2):159-177.
  27.  17
    Die Debatte um die Einheiten der natürlichen Selektion: Pluralistische Lösungsansatze.Marie I. Kaiser - 2008 - Saarbrücken, GER: VDM Verlag.
    What is the level of organization on which natural selection operates? Are genes, organisms or groups the entities that are selected in adaptive evolutionary processes? This book discusses recent pluralistic solutions to the problem of the units of selection. After introducing central concepts and ideas from evolutionary biology, this book constructs a novel map of the philosophical debate and locates gene selectionism, multilevel selection theory, and description pluralism on the map. The book closes with a critical discussion of different versions (...)
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  28. Aquinas on the goodness of creatures and man's place in the universe: A basis for the general precepts of environmental ethics.Marie I. George - 2012 - The Thomist 76 (1):73-124.
  29. Aquinas on the nature of trust.Marie I. George - 2006 - The Thomist 70 (1):103-123.
  30.  43
    Aquinas on Whether One Ought to Confide All One’s Problems to True Friends.Marie I. George - 2008 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 82:173-188.
    Probably most of us have suffered at the hands of a friend who continually turned to us for help, as well having been grieved by a friend who failed to do so on a given occasion. And we have probably been chagrinned by friends who divulge to us only the most limited knowledge about their past problems, as well as by friends who provide unnecessary information about their woeful past. The purpose of this paper is to set out Aquinas’s recommendations (...)
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  31.  19
    A cross-linguistic study of the processing of causative sentences.Mary Sue Ammon & Dan I. Slobin - 1979 - Cognition 7 (1):3-17.
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  32. Confucianism and ethics in the western philosophical tradition I: Foundational concepts.Mary I. Bockover - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (4):307-316.
    Confucianism conceives of persons as being necessarily interdependent, defining personhood in terms of the various roles one embodies and that are established by the relationships basic to one's life. By way of contrast, the Western philosophical tradition has predominantly defined persons in terms of intrinsic characteristics not thought to depend on others. This more strictly and explicitly individualistic concept of personhood contrasts with the Confucian idea that one becomes a person because of others; where one is never a person independently (...)
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  33. Mind Forming and Manuductio in Aquinas.Marie I. George - 1993 - The Thomist 57 (2):201-213.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:MIND FORMING AND MANUDUCTIO IN AQUINAS* MARIE I. GEORGE St. John's University Jamaica, New York QUINAS'S CONCERN for pedagogy is plain from his explicit discussions of the subject, the most noteworthy of which is found in the preface to the Summa Theologiae. His qualities as a teacher of beginning students have been brought out by numerous modern authors, among whom are Josef Pieper,1 who underlines both Thomas's ability (...)
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  34. What is an animal personality?Marie I. Kaiser & Caroline Müller - 2021 - Biology and Philosophy 36 (1):1-25.
    Individuals of many animal species are said to have a personality. It has been shown that some individuals are bolder than other individuals of the same species, or more sociable or more aggressive. In this paper, we analyse what it means to say that an animal has a personality. We clarify what an animal personality is, that is, its ontology, and how different personality concepts relate to each other, and we examine how personality traits are identified in biological practice. Our (...)
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  35.  64
    Was ist gute Wissenschaft? Philip Kitcher.Marie I. Kaiser - 2020 - In Johannes Müller-Salo (ed.), Analytische Philosophie. Eine Einführung. pp. 111-123.
  36.  15
    On the Occasion of Darwin’s Bicentennial.Marie I. George - 2009 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:209-225.
    If Aquinas lived today, he would accept that Darwin was correct, at leastas to the broad lines of his theory, namely, that the unfit are differentially eliminatedand chance is involved in the origin of new species. Aquinas in fact offered a similarexplanation for what he believed were spontaneously generated organisms. I intendto show that extending this sort of explanation to all species in no way affects thekey steps in the Fifth Way (e.g., “those things which lack cognition do not tendto (...)
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  37. The Components and Boundaries of Mechanisms.Marie I. Kaiser - 2017 - In Stuart Glennan & Phyllis McKay Illari (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy. Routledge.
    Mechanisms are said to consist of two kinds of components, entities and activities. In the first half of this chapter, I examine what entities and activities are, how they relate to well-known ontological categories, such as processes or dispositions, and how entities and activities relate to each other (e.g., can one be reduced to the other or are they mutually dependent?). The second part of this chapter analyzes different criteria for individuating the components of mechanisms and discusses how real the (...)
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  38. Normativity in the Philosophy of Science.Marie I. Kaiser - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (1-2):36-62.
    This paper analyzes what it means for philosophy of science to be normative. It argues that normativity is a multifaceted phenomenon rather than a general feature that a philosophical theory either has or lacks. It analyzes the normativity of philosophy of science by articulating three ways in which a philosophical theory can be normative. Methodological normativity arises from normative assumptions that philosophers make when they select, interpret, evaluate, and mutually adjust relevant empirical information, on which they base their philosophical theories. (...)
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  39. The Limits of Reductionism in the Life Sciences.Marie I. Kaiser - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4):453-476.
    In the contemporary life sciences more and more researchers emphasize the “limits of reductionism” (e.g. Ahn et al. 2006a, 709; Mazzocchi 2008, 10) or they call for a move “beyond reductionism” (Gallagher/Appenzeller 1999, 79). However, it is far from clear what exactly they argue for and what the envisioned limits of reductionism are. In this paper I claim that the current discussions about reductionism in the life sciences, which focus on methodological and explanatory issues, leave the concepts of a reductive (...)
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  40. Causality in the Biological Sciences.Marie I. Kaiser - 2014 - The Reasoner 8 (3):28-29.
  41. Potentiality in Biology; Andreas Hüttemann.Marie I. Kaiser - 2018 - In Kristina Engelhard & Michael Quante (eds.), Handbook of Potentiality. Dordrecht: Springer.
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  42.  14
    ET Meets Jesus Christ.Marie I. George - 2007 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 10 (2):69-94.
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  43.  16
    Dialógy–polemiky.D. U. Ž. Í Marie - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (2):189-206.
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  44. Individuating Part-whole Relations in the Biological World.Marie I. Kaiser - 2018 - In O. Bueno, R. Chen & M. B. Fagan (eds.), Individuation across Experimental and Theoretical Sciences. Oxford University Press.
    What are the conditions under which one biological object is a part of another biological object? This paper answers this question by developing a general, systematic account of biological parthood. I specify two criteria for biological parthood. Substantial Spatial Inclusionrequires biological parts to be spatially located inside or in the region that the natural boundary of t he biological whole occupies. Compositional Relevance captures the fact that a biological part engages in a biological process that must make a necessary contribution (...)
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  45.  30
    Essay Review: The Historiography of Immunology is Still in Its Infancy.Alfred I. Tauber, Leon Chernyak, Anne-Marie Moulin, Herman Friedman & Emily Martin - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):205-215.
  46. Mechanisms and Laws: Clarifying the Debate.Marie I. Kaiser & C. F. Craver - 2013 - In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Szu-Ting Chen & Roberta L. Millstein (eds.), Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 125-145.
    Leuridan (2011) questions whether mechanisms can really replace laws at the heart of our thinking about science. In doing so, he enters a long-standing discussion about the relationship between the mech-anistic structures evident in the theories of contemporary biology and the laws of nature privileged especially in traditional empiricist traditions of the philosophy of science (see e.g. Wimsatt 1974; Bechtel and Abrahamsen 2005; Bogen 2005; Darden 2006; Glennan 1996; MDC 2000; Schaffner 1993; Tabery 2003; Weber 2005). In our view, Leuridan (...)
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  47.  18
    A Defense of the Distinction Between Plants and Animals.Marie I. George - forthcoming - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association.
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  48.  26
    Aristotelian-Thomistic Reflections on the Use of Metaphors and Parables in Philosophy.Marie I. George - 1998 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 72:149-161.
  49.  7
    Forgiveness.Marie I. George - 2008 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 82:173-188.
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  50.  12
    Imagination as Source of Falsehood According to Aquinas.Marie I. George - 1993 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 67:187-202.
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