Results for 'IVF'

255 found
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  1.  71
    IVF Technology and the Argument From Potential.Peter Singer & Karen Dawson - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (2):87-104.
    Singer and Dawson point out that two arguments against abortion, that the embryo is entitled to protection because from fertilization it is (1) a human being or (...)
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  2. IVF, Same-Sex Couples and the Value of Biological Ties.Ezio Di Nucci - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (12):784-787.
    Ought parents, in general, to value being biologically tied to their children? Is it important, in particular, that both parents be biologically tied to their children? I (...)
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  3. From Ivf to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology.Ruth Deech & Anna Smajdor - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a clear, simple account of techniques involved in assisted reproduction and embryo research. It thoughtfully and provocatively explores controversies raised by developments in reproductive (...)
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  4.  35
    IVF Mixup: White Couple Have Black Babies.M. Spriggs - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):65-65.
    A n IVF mixup has resulted in a white couple giving birth to black twins. Prior to DNA testing, no one can be sure whether the white (...)
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  5. Ivf and Women's Interests: An Analysis of Feminist Concerns.Mary Anne Warren - 1988 - Bioethics 2 (1):37–57.
  6.  25
    Public Financing of IVF: A Review of Policy Rationales[REVIEW]Philipa Mladovsky & Corinna Sorenson - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (2):113-128.
    There is great diversity in in vitro fertilization (IVF) funding and reimbursement policies and practice throughout Europe and the rest of the world. While many existing reimbursement (...)
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  7.  12
    IVF as Lottery or Investment: Contesting Metaphors in Discourses of Infertility.Sheryl de Lacey - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (1):43-51.
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  8.  20
    Classification Issue in the Ivf Icsi/Et Data Analysis: Early Treatment Outcome Prognosis.Paweł Malinowski, Robert Milewski, Piotr Ziniewicz, Anna Justyna Milewsk, Jan Czerniecki & Sławomir Wołczyński - 2013 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 35 (1):103-115.
    Infertility is a serious social problem. Very often the only treatment possibility are IVF methods. This study explores the possibility of outcome prediction in the early stages (...)
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  9.  3
    Borderlands of Life: IVF Embryos and the Law in the United States, United Kingdom, and Germany.Ingrid Metzler & Sheila Jasanoff - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (6):1001-1037.
    Human embryos produced in labs since the 1970s have generated layers of uncertainty for law and policy: ontological, moral, and administrative. Ontologically, these lab-made entities fall (...)into a gray zone between life and not-yet-life. Should in vitro embryos be treated as inanimate matter, like abandoned postsurgical tissue, or as private property? Morally, should they exist largely outside of state control in the zone of free reproductive choice or should they be regarded as autonomous human lives and thus entitled to constitutional protection like full-fledged citizens? Administratively, if they deserve protection, what institutional and policy mechanisms are best suited to carrying out the necessary oversight? Using a method termed comparative problematization, this article traces divergent answers to these questions produced in three countriesthe United States, United Kingdom, and Germanyacross the last twenty-five years. Comparison reveals distinct bioconstitutional foundations that give rise to systematically different understandings of each states responsibilities toward human life and hence its particular treatment of claims on behalf of embryonic lives. (shrink)
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  10.  26
    How Should IVF Programs Handle Initial Disclosure of Information to Prospective Ovum Donors?Carson Strong - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):23 – 25.
    (2001). How Should IVF Programs Handle Initial Disclosure of Information to Prospective Ovum Donors? The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 23-25.
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  11.  10
    On the Use of IVF by Post-Menopausal Women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: I) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) theinappropriatenessof post-menopausal motherhood; and 4 (...)) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology. (shrink)
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  12. On the Use of IVF by Post-Menopausal Women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    : Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: 1) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) the "inappropriateness" of post-menopausal motherhood; and (...)4) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology. (shrink)
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  13.  30
    State-Funded IVF Will Make Us Rich... or Will It?A. Smajdor - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):468-469.
    Recently, several claims have been made that free provision of in vitro fertilisation will boost our economy. This is premised on the assumption that people provide more (...)
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  14. Genetic Affinity and the Right toThree-Parent IVF’.G. Owen Schaefer & Markus Labude - 2017 - Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 34 (12):1577-1580.
    With the recent report of a live birth after use of Mitochondrial replacement therapy, sometimes calledThree-parent IVF’, the clinical application of the technique is fast (...)becoming a reality. While the United Kingdom allows the procedure under regulatory scrutiny, it remains effectively outlawed in many other countries. We argue that such prohibitions may violate individualsprocreative rights, grounded in individualsinterest in genetic affinity. The interest in genetic affinity was recently endorsed by Singapores highest court, reflecting an emphasis on the importance of biological ties found across the globe. We apply that reasoning to make the case for a right toThree-parent IVF’. (shrink)
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  15.  21
    Correction: Is It Ethical to Provide IVF Add-Ons When There is No Evidence of a Benefit If the Patient Requests It?Bmj Publishing Group Ltd And Institute Of Medical Ethics - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (6):422-422.
    Zemyarska MS. Is it ethical to provide IVF add-ons when there is no evidence of a benefit if the patient requests it? J Med Ethics 2019;45 (...):34650. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-104983. The Acknowledgements section of …. (shrink)
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  16.  36
    What Is the Value of Three-Parent IVF?Tina Rulli - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):38-47.
    In February 2016, the Institute of Medicine released a report, commissioned by the United States Food and Drug Administration, on the ethical and social-policy implications of (...)so-called three-parent in vitro fertilization. The IOM endorses commencement of clinical trials on three-parent IVF, subject to some initial limitations. Also called mitochondrial replacement or transfer, three-parent IVF is an intervention comprising two distinct procedures in which the genetic materials of three peoplethe DNA of the father and mother and the mitochondrial DNA of an egg donorcan be used to create a child. Three-parent IVF would enable a woman with mitochondrial disease to have a genetically related child without transmitting the disease to the child. The possibility for three-parent children has prompted criticism from many corners. Critics have pointed to ethical issues including safety concerns and risks to children, genetic and germline engineering concerns, the potential exploitation of the third-parent egg donor, donor anonymity and privacy, and objections to creating babies with three parents, which undermines natural and traditional conceptions of procreation. Additionally, developing the technology would involve experimenting on, manipulating, and disposing of embryos. Although the IOM report considers the ethical concerns about the value of the three-parent IVF technology, the IOM failed to give due attention to an important objection to the development of this technology: three-parent IVF lacks the social value necessary to make investment of public resources in it ethical. Unlike the other concerns, this objection is not based on conservativism about new reproductive technologies or default favoritism of the status quo. I argue that the technology does not meet a plausible social value standard to render public research investment into its development ethical. Proponents of three-parent IVF make inaccurate and exaggerated claims that it will eradicate mitochondrial disease and save lives. Were these claims true, proponents would have a strong case for the social value of the technology. But three-parent IVF alone will not eradicate mitochondrial disease, and it will not save lives. Rather, it can create healthy lives. As I discuss, the moral distinction is crucial. Most importantly, investment in three-parent IVF comes at the opportunity cost of researching treatment for mitochondrial disease that would benefit actual, living disease sufferers. (shrink)
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  17.  22
    Family Values and "Reciprocal IVF": What Difference Does Sexual Identity Make?Amanda Roth - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (3):443-473.
    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer family-making has exploded in many western nations in the past few decades in the midst of growing social acceptance and legal (...)recognition of queer families, as well as increasing options for same-sex reproduction.1 Philosophers and bioethicists have perhaps been late in taking up these issues compared to scholars in other fields concerned with politics, justice, and cultural criticism. And where philosophers and bioethics have taken up these topics, often the moral issues at stake are framed in a manner that implicitly or explicitly holds heterosexual reproduction through intercourse in a committed relationship to be the normal, natural, and morally unquestioned... (shrink)
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  18.  24
    Bioethics of IVF--the State of the Debate.M. D. Kirby - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (1):45-48.
    The Chairman of the Australian Law Reform Commission summarizes the discussion of in vitro fertilization (IVF) at the 1983 Mogul International Management Consultants Ltd. Conference on "Bioethics (...)
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  19.  47
    Emotions and Ethical Considerations of Women Undergoing IVF-Treatments.Sofia Kaliarnta, Jessica Nihlén-Fahlquist & Sabine Roeser - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (4):281-293.
    Women who suffer from fertility issues often use in vitro fertilization (IVF) to realize their wish to have children. However, IVF has its own set of strict (...)
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  20.  18
    Problems Faced with Legislating for IVF Technology in a Roman Catholic Country.Pierre Mallia - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):77-87.
    Malta traditionally enjoys a Roman Catholic Society, with the official religion of the country being cited in the second article of the constitution. Recently the government proposed (...)
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  21.  22
    IVF, Embryo Transfer, and Embryo Adoption.Elizabeth B. Rex - 2014 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 14 (2):227-234.
    An article by Mark Repenshek and a letter by Edward Delaquil published recently in The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly underscore the urgent need for further moral and (...)
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  22.  13
    The Ethics of the Societal Entrenchment-Approach and the Case of Live Uterus Transplantation-IVF.Lisa Guntram & Kristin Zeiler - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):557-571.
    In 2014, the first child in the world was born after live uterus transplantation and IVF. Before and after this event, ethical aspects of UTx-IVF have (...)been discussed in the medical and bioethical debate as well as, with varying intensity, in Swedish media and political fora. This article examines what comes to be identified as important ethical problems and solutions in the media debate of UTx-IVF in Sweden, showing specifically how problems, target groups, goals, benefits, risks and stakes are delineated and positioned. It also demonstrates how specific assumptions, norms and values are expressed and used to underpin specific positions within this debate, and how certain subjects, desires and risks become shrouded or simply omitted from it. This approachwhich we label the Ethics of the Societal Entrenchment-approach, inspired by Koch and Stemerdingallows us to discuss how the identification of something as the problem helps to shape what gets to be described as a solution, and how specific solutions provide frameworks within which problems can be stated and emphasised. We also offer a critical discussion of whether some of these articulations and formations should be seen as ethically troubling, and if so, why. (shrink)
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  23.  27
    The Case - IVF Treatment for an HIV-Discordant Transgender Couple?Ruchika Mishra - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):281.
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  24.  14
    Attitudes Towards the Donation of Human Embryos for Stem Cell Research Among Chinese IVF Patients and Students.Achim Rosemann & Huiyu Luo - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (3):441-457.
    Bioethical debates on the use of human embryos and oocytes for stem cell research have often been criticized for the lack of empirical insights into the perceptions (...)
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  25.  16
    Lesbian Shared Biological Motherhood: the Ethics of IVF with Reception of Oocytes From Partner.Kristin Zeiler & Anna Malmquist - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):347-355.
    In vitro fertilization with reception of oocytes from partners allows lesbian mothers to share biological motherhood. The gestational mother receives an egg from her partner who becomes (...)
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  26.  27
    A Duty to Use IVF?Rosalind Ladd & Edwin Forman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):21-22.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 21-22, April 2012.
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  27.  13
    HIV-Discordant Couples and IVF: What is the Question?Jeffrey Spike - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):60-62.
  28.  7
    Money-Back Guarantees for IVF: An Ethical Critique.Thomas H. Murray - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):292-294.
    When infertility clinics offer money-back guarantees, they prefer to give them more delicate names such asshared risk,” “warranty,” oroutcomeprograms. We should not allow (...)such daintiness to distract us from the bottom line of these programs which are all about the bottom line.John Robertson and Theodore Schneyer defend such programs as special forms of insurance, what they callrisk-of-failure insurance.” They argue, inProfessional Self-Regulation and Shared-Risk Programs for In Vitro Fertilization,” that the criticisms of in vitro fertilization shared-risk programs by the American Medical Association and others are off the mark. It would be sufficient, Robertson and Schneyer contend, to develop guidelines for informed consent or protocols that discourage risky clinical procedures. They acknowledge that shared risk planspresent problems if not offered with full disclosure and attention to patient interests,” but they insist thatthere is no reason why they cannot be implemented in an ethically sound way.”. (shrink)
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  29. IVF: a Debate.Margaret Tighe, N. Tonti-Filippini, R. Rowland & P. Singer - 1999 - Bioethics: An Anthology 9.
     
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  30.  6
    Money-Back Guarantees for IVF: An Ethical Critique.Thomas H. Murray - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):292-294.
    When infertility clinics offer money-back guarantees, they prefer to give them more delicate names such asshared risk,” “warranty,” oroutcomeprograms. We should not allow (...)such daintiness to distract us from the bottom line of these programs which are all about the bottom line.John Robertson and Theodore Schneyer defend such programs as special forms of insurance, what they callrisk-of-failure insurance.” They argue, inProfessional Self-Regulation and Shared-Risk Programs for In Vitro Fertilization,” that the criticisms of in vitro fertilization shared-risk programs by the American Medical Association and others are off the mark. It would be sufficient, Robertson and Schneyer contend, to develop guidelines for informed consent or protocols that discourage risky clinical procedures. They acknowledge that shared risk planspresent problems if not offered with full disclosure and attention to patient interests,” but they insist thatthere is no reason why they cannot be implemented in an ethically sound way.”. (shrink)
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  31.  5
    Is IVF Good Medicine?P. Connor - 1990 - Ethics and Medicine: A Christian Perspective on Issues in Bioethics 7 (1):11-13.
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  32.  10
    IVF: Mayhem and MurderWell Disguised.Paul Conner - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (2):391-402.
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  33.  30
    Human IVF, Embryo Research, Fetal Tissue for Research and Treatment, and Abortion: International Information.R. Curson - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):105-106.
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  34. IVF International.Helen Bequaert Holmes - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  35.  11
    IVF Shared-Risk Programs.David A. Hyman & Charles Silver - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):79-80.
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  36.  5
    IVF Shared-Risk Programs.David A. Hyman & Charles Silver - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):79-80.
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  37.  23
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues Related to Human in Vitro Fertilisation.Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
  38.  7
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues Related to Human in Vitro Fertilisation[REVIEW]Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
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  39.  2
    IVF and Justice. Moral, Social and Legal Issues Related to Human in Vitro Fertilisation.Patrick Riordan - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:369-371.
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  40.  6
    IVF in the 90s. Towards a Medical, Social and Ethical Evaluation.F. Shenfield - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):284-285.
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  41.  17
    The Use of Data Mining Methods to Predict the Result of Infertility Treatment Using the IVF ET Method.Paweł Malinowski, Robert Milewski, Piotr Ziniewicz, Anna Justyna Milewska, Jan Czerniecki & Sławomir Wołczyński - 2014 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 39 (1):67-74.
    The IVF ET method is a scientifically recognized infertility treat- ment method. The problem, however, is this methods unsatisfactory efficiency. This calls for a more thorough (...)analysis of the information available in the treat- ment process, in order to detect the factors that have an effect on the results, as well as to effectively predict result of treatment. Classical statistical methods have proven to be inadequate in this issue. Only the use of modern methods of data mining gives hope for a more effective analysis of the collected data. This work provides an overview of the new methods used for the analysis of data on infertility treatment, and formulates a proposal for further directions for research into increasing the efficiency of the predicted result of the treatment process. (shrink)
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  42.  47
    Reproductive Ethics in Commercial Surrogacy: Decision-Making in IVF Clinics in New Delhi, India.Malene Tanderup, Sunita Reddy, Tulsi Patel & Birgitte Bruun Nielsen - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):491-501.
    As a neo-liberal economy, India has become one of the new health tourism destinations, with commercial gestational surrogacy as an expanding market. Yet the Indian Assisted (...)Reproductive Technology Bill has been pending for five years, and the guidelines issued by the Indian Council of Medical Research are somewhat vague and contradictory, resulting in self-regulated practices of fertility clinics. This paper broadly looks at clinical ethics in reproduction in the practice of surrogacy and decision-making in various procedures. Through empirical research in New Delhi, the capital of India, from December 2011 to November 2012, issues of decision-making on embryo transfer, fetal reduction, and mode of delivery were identified. Interviews were carried out with doctors in eighteen ART clinics, agents from four agencies, and fourteen surrogates. In aiming to fulfil the commissioning parentsdemands, doctors were willing to go to the greatest extent possible in their medical practice. Autonomy and decision-making regarding choice of the number of embryos to transfer and the mode of delivery lay neither with commissioning parents nor surrogate mothers but mostly with doctors. In order to ensure higher success rates, surrogates faced the risk of multiple pregnancy and fetal reduction with little information regarding the risks involved. In the globalized market of commercial surrogacy in India, and with clinics compromising on ethics, there is an urgent need for formulation of regulative law for the clinical practice and maintenance of principles of reproductive ethics in order to ensure that the interests of surrogate mothers are safeguarded. (shrink)
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  43.  18
    Unconventional Combinations of Prospective Parents: Ethical Challenges Faced by IVF Providers.Klitzman Robert - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):18.
    BackgroundProfessional guidelines have addressed ethical dilemmas posed by a few types of nontraditional procreative arrangements, but many questions arise regarding how providers view and make decisions about (...)
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  44. Does Reproductive Justice Demand Insurance Coverage for IVF? Reflections on the Work of Anne Donchin.Carolyn McLeod - 2017 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 10 (2):133-143.
    This paper comes out of a panel honoring the work of Anne Donchin (1940-2014), which took place at the 2016 Congress of the International Network on (...)Feminist Approaches to Bioethics (FAB) in Edinburgh. My general aim is to highlight the contributions Anne made to feminist bioethics, and to feminist reproductive ethics in particular. My more specific aim, however, is to have a kind of conversation with Anne, through her work, about whether reproductive justice could demand insurance coverage for in vitro fertilization. I quote liberally from Annes work for this purpose, but also to shower the reader with her words, reminding those of us who knew her well what a wonderful colleague she was. (shrink)
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  45.  13
    Developments in IVF Legislation in a Catholic Country.Pierre Mallia - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):385-390.
    Some time ago an article was published in this journal relating the difficulties of legislating for InVitro Fertilization in a Catholic country and the issues and side (...)
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  46.  39
    Determining the Status of Non-Transferred Embryos in Ireland: a Conspectus of Case Law and Implications for Clinical IVF Practice.Eric Scott Sills & Sarah Ellen Murphy - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:8.
    The development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) as a treatment for human infertilty was among the most controversial medical achievements of the modern era. In Ireland, the (...)
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  47.  4
    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and the Risk of Birth and Developmental Defects - Facts and Fictions.Barbara Dolinska - 2009 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 40 (3):145-155.
    In vitro fertilization and the risk of birth and developmental defects - facts and fictions Poland is being swept by a wave of discussions on various aspects of (...) IVF application. Scientists of various disciplines are getting involved in these discussions as opponents to this form of procreation. Referring to research carried out all over the world, they demonstrate that children born thanks to the in vitro procedure are significantly more susceptible to all sorts of disease. The author, surveying available research data, shows that, in reality, the worse health of in vitro-conceived children deals with a narrow number of well-identified disorders and in most cases is of correlative, not causative nature. The main reason for the weaker health of these children is often connected with the advanced age of the parents who choose IVF and their health condition, as compared to those who become parents in a natural way. (shrink)
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  48.  16
    Ensoulment and IVF Embryos.M. C. Shea - 1987 - Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (2):95-97.
    This paper examines the metaphysical question of 'ensoulment' in relation to the theory, put forward in an earlier paper, that human life begins when the newly formed (...)
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  49.  43
    Embryonic Stem Cell Production Through Therapeutic Cloning has Fewer Ethical Problems Than Stem Cell Harvest From Surplus IVF Embryos.J.-E. S. Hansen - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):86-88.
    Restrictions on research on therapeutic cloning are questionable as they inhibit the development of a technique which holds promise for succesful application of pluripotent stem cells in (...)
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  50.  28
    The Ethics of Ex Utero Research on SpareNon-ViableIvf Human Embryos.Françoise E. Baylis - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):311–329.
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