Results for 'Iain B. McInnes'

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  1. Clinical applications of machine learning algorithms: beyond the black box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
    Machine learning algorithms may radically improve our ability to diagnose and treat disease. For moral, legal, and scientific reasons, it is essential that doctors and patients be able to understand and explain the predictions of these models. Scalable, customisable, and ethical solutions can be achieved by working together with relevant stakeholders, including patients, data scientists, and policy makers.
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  2.  17
    Regulation of chemotactic networks by 'atypical' receptors.Iain Comerford, Wendel Litchfield, Yuka Harata-Lee, Robert J. B. Nibbs & Shaun R. McColl - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (3):237-247.
    Directed cell migration is a fundamental component of numerous biological systems and is critical to the pathology of many diseases. Although the importance of secreted chemoattractant factors in providing navigational cues to migrating cells bearing specific chemoattractant receptors is now well‐established, how the function of these factors is regulated is not so well understood and may be of key importance to the design of new therapeutics for numerous human diseases. While regulation of migration clearly takes place on a number of (...)
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  3.  14
    Nicholas Collin and the Dissemination of Condorcet in the United States.Arnold B. Urken & Iain McLean - 2007 - Science in Context 20 (1):125.
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  4.  5
    Establishing a Research Agenda for Suicide Prevention Among Veterans Experiencing Homelessness.Maurand Robinson, Ryan Holliday, Lindsey L. Monteith, John R. Blosnich, Eric B. Elbogen, Lillian Gelberg, Dina Hooshyar, Shawn Liu, D. Keith McInnes, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Jack Tsai, Riley Grassmeyer & Lisa A. Brenner - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Suicide among Veterans experiencing or at risk for homelessness remains a significant public health concern. Conducting research to understand and meet the needs of this at-risk population remains challenging due to myriad factors. To address this challenge, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs convened the Health Services Research and Development Suicide Prevention in Veterans Experiencing Homelessness: Research and Practice Development meeting, bringing together subject-matter experts in the fields of homelessness and suicide prevention, both from within and outside of VA. (...)
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  5.  14
    Subliminal food images compromise superior working memory performance in women with restricting anorexia nervosa.Samantha J. Brooks, Owen G. O’Daly, Rudolf Uher, Helgi B. Schiöth, Janet Treasure & Iain C. Campbell - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):751-763.
    Prefrontal cortex is dysregulated in women with restricting anorexia nervosa . It is not known whether appetitive non-conscious stimuli bias cognitive responses in those with RAN. Thirteen women with RAN and 20 healthy controls completed a dorsolateral PFC working memory task and an anterior cingulate cortex conflict task, while masked subliminal food, aversive and neutral images were presented. During the DLPFC task, accuracy was higher in the RAN compared to the HC group, but superior performance was compromised when subliminal food (...)
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  6.  33
    Tardieu Manichaeism. Translated by M.B. DeBevoise Introduction by Paul Mirecki. Pp. xvi + 115, maps. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008. Cased, US$40. ISBN: 978-0-252-03278-3. [REVIEW]Iain Gardner - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (2):623-623.
  7.  3
    After Possession.Iain MacKenzie - 2019 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 27 (1):81-99.
    Tristan Garcia’s Form and Object has been framed primarily as a contribution to object oriented metaphysics. In this article, I shall explicate and defend four claims that bring it closer to the modern critical tradition: 1) that Garcia’s Form and Object can be read, profitably, within the tradition of reflection upon the nature of possessions, self-possession and possessiveness; 2) that to read the book in this way is to see Garcia as the French heir to C. B. McPherson although it (...)
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  8.  17
    Beyond the communicative turn in political philosophy.Iain MacKenzie - 2000 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (4):1-24.
    I take it that (1) the central problem of political philosophy is how to deploy philosophy in the criticism and direction of practice. This paper maps out the basic terrain of the relationship between (A) neo?Kantian Critical Theory (for example, Jürgen Habermas), (B) hermeneutics (for example, Charles Taylor) and (C) constructivism (for example, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari). It contends that this central problem (1) is not met by the arguments of (A) and (B) ? these representing what I call (...)
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  9.  24
    Review of Iain P. D. Morrisson, Kant and the Role of Pleasure in Moral Action[REVIEW]Robert B. Louden - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8).
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  10. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, xi+ 246 pp.,£ 55.00. Believing Bullshit: How Not to Get Sucked into an Intellectual Black Hole, Stephen Law. Amherst, MA: Prometheus Books, 2011, 271 pp., pb. $19.00. Idealism: The History of a Philosophy, Jeremy Dunham, Iain Hamilton Grant, Sean Watson. Durham: Acumen, 2011, x+ 334 pp., pb.£ 19.99. [REVIEW]Robert Pogue Harrison Gumbrecht, Michael R. Hendrickson & B. Robert - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (4):410.
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  11.  49
    Review of Medieval Thought: The Western Intellectual Tradition from Antiquity to the Thirteenth Century by Michael Haren Second Edition. Macmillan 1992. Pp. ix + 315. Being a Philosopher: The History of a Practice by D. W. Hamlyn London and New York: Roudedge 1992. Pp. x + 187. ISBN 0-415-02968-6. A History of Western Philosophy Vol. 3, Renaissance Philosophy by Brian B. Copenhaver and Charles B. Schmitt Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. Pp. 450. Hb pound30.00. Pb pound8.99. La Scepsi moderna. Interpretazioni dello scetticismo da Charron a Hume by Gianni Paganini Pp. 528. Cosenza: Edizioni Il Busento 1991. L 60,000. A History of Modern Political Thought 185 A History of Modern Political Thought, Major Political Thinkers from Hobbes to Marx by Iain Hampsher-Monk Oxford: Blackwell 1992 Pp. xiii + 609 Paperback, pound14.99. Malebranche and Ideas 189 Malebranche and Ideas by Steven M. Nadler New York: Oxford University Press 1992. Pp. 192. ISBN 0-19-507724-5. pound35.00 Kantian Aesthe. [REVIEW]Desmond Henry, Vere Chappell, Beverly Southgate, Antonio Clericuzio & D. Rees - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 2 (1):175-198.
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  12. Qualitative research methods in human geography.Iain Hay (ed.) - 2000 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume provides concise and accessible guidance on how to conduct qualitative research in human geography. It gives particular emphasis to examples drawn from social/cultural geography, perhaps the most vibrant area of inquiry in human geography over the past decade.
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  13. .Iain Gardner, - 2020
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  14.  11
    Nonviolence in Political Theory.Iain Atack - 2012 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Iain Atack identifies the contribution of nonviolence to political theory through connecting central characteristics of nonviolent action to fundamental debates about the role of power and violence in politics. This in turn provides a platform for going beyond historical and strategic accounts of nonviolence to a deeper understanding of its transformative potential. From Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King to toppled communist regimes in Eastern Europe and pro-democracy movements in Serbia, Georgia and Ukraine, nonviolent action has played a significant (...)
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  15.  28
    Philosophies of nature after Schelling.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2006 - London: Continuum.
    Preface to paperback edition -- Why Schelling? why naturephilosophy? -- The powers due to becoming: the reemergence of platonic physics in the genetic philosophy -- Antiphysics and neo-Fichteanism -- The natural history of the unthinged -- "What thinks in me is what is outside me". phenomenality, physics and the idea -- Dynamic philosophy, transcendental physics -- Conclusion: transcendental geology.
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  16.  18
    Balancing a Hybrid Business Model: The Search for Equilibrium at Cafédirect.Iain A. Davies & Bob Doherty - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):1043-1066.
    This paper investigates the difficulties of creating economic, social, and environmental values when operating as a hybrid venture. Drawing on hybrid organizing and sustainable business model research, it explores the implications of alternative forms of business model experimented with by farmer owned, fairtrade social enterprise Cafédirect. Responding to changes and challenges in the market and societal environment, Cafédirect has tried multiple business model innovations to deliver on all three forms of value capture, with differing levels of success. This longitudinal case (...)
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  17. Heidegger, Art, and Postmodernity.Iain D. Thomson - 2011 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Heidegger, Art, and Postmodernity offers a radical new interpretation of Heidegger's later philosophy, developing his argument that art can help lead humanity beyond the nihilistic ontotheology of the modern age. Providing pathbreaking readings of Heidegger's 'The Origin of the Work of Art' and his notoriously difficult Contributions to Philosophy, this book explains precisely what postmodernity meant for Heidegger, the greatest philosophical critic of modernity, and what it could still mean for us today. Exploring these issues, Iain D. Thomson examines (...)
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  18.  45
    Heidegger on Ontotheology: Technology and the Politics of Education.Iain D. Thomson - 2005 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Heidegger is now widely recognized as one of the most influential and controversial philosophers of the twentieth century, yet much of his later philosophy remains shrouded in confusion and controversy. Restoring Heidegger's understanding of metaphysics as 'ontotheology' to its rightful place at the center of his later thought, this book demonstrates the depth and significance of his controversial critique of technology, his appalling misadventure with Nazism, his prescient critique of the university, and his important philosophical suggestions for the future of (...)
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  19.  41
    Alliances and Networks: Creating Success in the UK Fair Trade Market.Iain A. Davies - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (S1):109 - 126.
    Data from a longitudinal study into the key management success factors in the fair trade industry provide insights into the essential nature of inter-organizational alliances and networks in creating the profitable and growing fair trade market in the UK. Drawing on three case studies and extensive industry interviews, we provide an interpretive perspective on the organizational relationships and business networks and the way in which these have engendered success for UK fair trade companies. Three types of benefit are derived from (...)
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  20.  53
    Corporate social responsibility in small-and medium-size enterprises: Investigating employee engagement in fair trade companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2010 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 19 (2):126-139.
    Employee buy-in is a key factor in ensuring small- and medium-size enterprise (SME) engagement with corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this exploratory study, we use participant observation and semi-structured interviews to investigate the way in which three fair trade SMEs utilise human resource management (and selection and socialisation in particular) to create employee engagement in a strong triple bottomline philosophy, while simultaneously coping with resource and size constraints. The conclusions suggest that there is a strong desire for, but tradeoff within (...)
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  21.  13
    Cajal body function in genome organization and transcriptome diversity.Iain A. Sawyer, David Sturgill, Myong-Hee Sung, Gordon L. Hager & Miroslav Dundr - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (12):1197-1208.
    Nuclear bodies contribute to non‐random organization of the human genome and nuclear function. Using a major prototypical nuclear body, the Cajal body, as an example, we suggest that these structures assemble at specific gene loci located across the genome as a result of high transcriptional activity. Subsequently, target genes are physically clustered in close proximity in Cajal body‐containing cells. However, Cajal bodies are observed in only a limited number of human cell types, including neuronal and cancer cells. Ultimately, Cajal body (...)
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  22.  17
    The Political Economy of Academic Publishing.Iain Pirie - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (3):31-60.
    The digitisation of academic journals has created the technical possibility that research can be made available to any interested party free of charge. This possibility has been undermined by the proprietary control that commercial publishers exercise over the majority of this material. The control of commercial publishers over publicly-funded research has been criticised by charitable bodies, politicians and academics themselves. While the existing critical literature on academic publishers has considerable value, it fails to link questions of control within the journal-industry (...)
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  23. Do Consumers Care About Ethical-Luxury?Iain A. Davies, Zoe Lee & Ine Ahonkhai - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):37-51.
    This article explores the extent to which consumers consider ethics in luxury goods consumption. In particular, it explores whether there is a significant difference between consumers’ propensity to consider ethics in luxury versus commodity purchase and whether consumers are ready to purchase ethical-luxury. Prior research in ethical consumption focuses on low value, commoditized product categories such as food, cosmetics and high street apparel. It is debatable if consumers follow similar ethical consumption patterns in luxury purchases. Findings indicate that consumers’ propensity (...)
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  24.  85
    Ethical decision making in fair trade companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):79 - 92.
    This paper reports on a study of ethical decision-making in a fair trade company. This can be seen to be a crucial arena for investigation since fair trade firms not only have a specific ethical mission in terms of helping growers out of poverty, but they tend to be perceived as (and are often marketed on the basis of) having an "ethical" image. Eschewing a straightforward test of extant ethical decision models, we adopt Thompson''s proposal for a more contextualist understanding (...)
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  25.  71
    How to Make Good Decisions and Be Right All the Time: Solving the Riddle of Right and Wrong.Iain King - 2008 - Continuum.
    The problem -- The proof -- The principle -- The programme -- Practical advice -- The prognosis.
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  26.  40
    Towards interactive robots in autism therapy: background, motivation and challenges.Iain Werry & Kerstin Dautenhahn - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):1-36.
    This article discusses the potential of using interactive environments in autism therapy. We specifically address issues relevant to the Aurora project, which studies the possible role of autonomous, mobile robots as therapeutic tools for children with autism. Theories of mindreading, social cognition and imitation that informed the Aurora project are discussed and their relevance to the project is outlined. Our approach is put in the broader context of socially intelligent agents and interactive environments. We summarise results from trials with a (...)
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  27.  12
    Corporate social responsibility in small-and medium-size enterprises: investigating employee engagement in fair trade companies.Iain A. Davies & Andrew Crane - 2010 - Business Ethics: A European Review 19 (2):126-139.
    Employee buy‐in is a key factor in ensuring small‐ and medium‐size enterprise (SME) engagement with corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this exploratory study, we use participant observation and semi‐structured interviews to investigate the way in which three fair trade SMEs utilise human resource management (and selection and socialisation in particular) to create employee engagement in a strong triple bottomline philosophy, while simultaneously coping with resource and size constraints. The conclusions suggest that there is a strong desire for, but tradeoff within (...)
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  28. A New Art from Emerging Markets.Iain Robertson - forthcoming - Ethics.
  29.  16
    Benefits to University Students Through Volunteering in a Health Context: A New Model.Iain Williamson, Diane Wildbur, Katie Bell, Judith Tanner & Hannah Matthews - 2018 - British Journal of Educational Studies 66 (3):383-402.
  30.  68
    The Rise and Stall of a Fair Trade Pioneer: The Cafédirect Story.Iain A. Davies, Bob Doherty & Simon Knox - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):127-147.
    This is a case study investigating the growth of fair trade pioneer, Cafédirect. We explore the growth of the company and develop strategic insights on how Cafédirect has attained its prominent position in the UK mainstream coffee industry based on its ethical positioning. We explore the marketing, networks and communications channels of the brand which have led to rapid growth from niche player to a mainstream brand. However, the company is experiencing a slow down in its meteoric rise and we (...)
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  31.  8
    The cuticle of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans: A complex collagen structure.Iain L. Johnstone - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (3):171-178.
    The cuticle of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans forms the barrier between the animal and its environment. In addition to being a protective layer, it is an exoskeleton which is important in maintaining and defining the normal shape of the nematode. The cuticle is an extracellular matrix consisting predominantly of small collagen‐like proteins that are extensively crosslinked. Although it also contains other protein and non‐protein compounds that undoubtedly play a significant part in its function, the specific role of collagen in cuticle (...)
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  32.  4
    Functionalism and Political Economy in the Comparative Study of Consumer Insolvency: An Unfinished Story from England and Wales.Iain D. C. Ramsay - 2006 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 7 (2):625-666.
    This Article is made up of two parts. The first part reflects on the dominant functionalist approach to comparative consumer bankruptcy and suggests that this might be supplemented by a political economy analysis that addresses the role of national and international interest groups, including professionals, and ideology in understanding different national responses to overindebtedness in North America and Europe. The second part examines current reforms to consumer bankruptcy and responses to overindebtedness in the UK through this political economy lens and (...)
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  33.  72
    Everything is Primal Germ or Nothing Is: The Deep Field Logic of Nature.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2015 - Symposium 19 (1):106-124.
    In Schelling’s “On the Relation between the Real and the Ideal in Nature", not only does the titular copula bond real and ideal, but it is itself bonded in and by nature. If the copula doesn't merely bond nature and judgment, but bonds the latter to the former as an instance of the nature from which is derives, what relation does the essay's search for nature's primals bear to the universalism of logical law? What, moreover, is the relation of the (...)
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  34.  3
    The Problem of Suffering and the Sociological Task of Theodicy.Iain Wilkinson & David Morgan - 2001 - European Journal of Social Theory 4 (2):199-214.
    Once the preserve of philosophy and theology, what Weber called `the problem of theodicy' - the problem of reconciling normative ideals with the reality in which we live - recurs in the social sciences in the secular form of `sociodicy'. Within a functionalist framework, sociodicies have offered legitimizing rationalizations of social adversities, inequalities and injustice, but seldom address the existential meaning and ethical implications of human affliction and suffering in social life. We suggest that an apparent indifference to these questions (...)
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  35.  7
    Philosophical Intelligence: Letters, Print, and Experiment during Napoleon’s Continental Blockade.Iain P. Watts - 2015 - Isis 106 (4):749-770.
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  36.  53
    The Role of Social Capital in the Success of Fair Trade.Iain A. Davies & Lynette J. Ryals - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (2):317-338.
    Fair Trade companies have pulled off an astonishing tour de force. Despite their relatively small size and lack of resources, they have managed to achieve considerable commercial success and, in so doing, have put the fair trade issue firmly onto industry agendas. We analyse the critical role played by social capital in this success and demonstrate the importance of values as an exploitable competitive asset. Our research raises some uncomfortable questions about whether fair trade has 'sold out' to the mainstream (...)
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  37.  18
    Making Moral Imaginations. Research Ethics, Pedagogy, and Professional Human Geography.Iain Hay - 1998 - Ethics, Place and Environment 1 (1):55-75.
    This paper exhorts geographers to become more active in debate about ethical research practice. It also suggests that ethical theory, practical problems, and lessons learned from postmodern thought make the prospects of establishing prescriptive codes of ethics unlikely. Instead, flexible prompts for moral contemplation might be used to encourage careful thought on matters of ethics. Because the practical feasibility of moral prompts rests on the existence of moral imaginations, it is vital to consider ways in which those imaginations might be (...)
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  38.  9
    What Would Be Different: Figures of Possibility in Adorno.Iain Macdonald - 2019 - Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
    At the intersection of metaphysics and social theory, this book presents and examines Adorno's unusual concept of possibility and aims to answer how we are to articulate the possibility of a redeemed life without lapsing into a vague and naïve utopianism.
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  39.  9
    Heidegger and the Politics of the University.Iain Thomson - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (4):515-542.
    This article examines the development of Heidegger's philosophical views on university education, situates these views within their broader historical and philosophical context, and shows them to be largely responsible for Heidegger's decision to become the first Nazi Rector of Freiburg University in 1933. Did Heidegger learn from this appalling political misadventure and so transform the underlying philosophical views that helped motivate it? It is argued, against the interpretations of Pöggeler and Derrida, that the later Heidegger continued to develop and refine (...)
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  40. Motivation, depression and character.Iain Law - 2009 - In Matthew Broome Lisa Bortolotti (ed.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 351--364.
     
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  41.  6
    Mani, Augustine and the vision of God.Iain Gardner - 2013 - HTS Theological Studies 69 (1).
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  42.  27
    «All the principles of being and becoming»: Schelling’s ontogenetic hypothesis.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2020 - Rivista di Estetica 74:22-38.
    Schelling’s Naturphilosophie was, from the outset, more concerned with ontogeny than ontology, i.e. not on what nature is but on what it does: ubiquitous creation. Therefore, the processes articulated in the Philosophy of Mythology remain instances of a philosophy driven by what might be called a post-naturalist naturalism. The two aims of this paper are, firstly, to demonstrate this nature-philosophical continuity throughout Schelling’s so-called Protean philosophical projects in order, secondly, to re-prepare Schellingian themes for current debates concerning ontology. To this (...)
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  43.  31
    Methodology, Ideology and Rationality: J. R. Brown's The Rational and the Social.Iain C. Scott & Andrew D. Irvine - 1991 - Dialogue 30 (4):603-.
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  44.  18
    States of nature and states of mind: a generalized theory of decision-making.Iain P. Embrey - 2020 - Theory and Decision 88 (1):5-35.
    Canonical economic agents act so as to maximize a single, representative, utility function. However, there is accumulating evidence that heterogeneity in thought processes may be an important determinant of individual behavior. This paper investigates the implications of a vector-valued generalization of the Expected Utility paradigm, which permits agents either to deliberate as per Homo economics, or to act impulsively. This generalized decision theory is applied to explain the crowding-out effect, irrational educational investment decisions, persistent social inequalities, the pervasive influence of (...)
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  45.  61
    Heidegger on ontological education, or: How we become what we are.Iain Thomson - 2001 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 44 (3):243 – 268.
    Heidegger presciently diagnosed the current crisis in higher education. Contemporary theorists like Bill Readings extend and update Heidegger's critique, documenting the increasing instrumentalization, professionalization, vocationalization, corporatization, and technologization of the modern university, the dissolution of its unifying and guiding ideals, and, consequently, the growing hyper-specialization and ruinous fragmentation of its departments. Unlike Heidegger, however, these critics do not recognize such disturbing trends as interlocking symptoms of an underlying ontological problem and so they provide no positive vision for the future of (...)
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  46.  55
    Autonomy, sanity and moral theory.Iain Law - 2003 - Res Publica 9 (1):39-56.
    The concept of autonomy plays atleast two roles in moral theory. First, itprovides a source of constraints upon action:because I am autonomous you may not interferewith me, even for my own good. Second, itprovides a foundation for moral theory: humanautonomy has been thought by some to producemoral principles of a more general kind.This paper seeks to understand what autonomyis, and whether the autonomy of which we arecapable is able to serve these roles. We wouldnaturally hope for a concept of autonomy (...)
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  47. Rule-consequentialism's dilemma.Iain Law - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):263-276.
    This paper examines recent attempts to defend Rule-Consequentialism against a traditional objection. That objection takes the form of a dilemma, that either Rule-Consequentialism collapses into Act-Consequentialism or it is incoherent. Attempts to avoid this dilemma based on the idea that using RC has better results than using AC are rejected on the grounds that they conflate the ideas of a criterion of rightness and a decision procedure. Other strategies, Brad Hooker's prominent amongst them, involving the thought that RC need contain (...)
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  48. .Iain McLean - 2006
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  49.  4
    CD38 regulates oxytocin secretion and complex social behavior.Jennifer A. Bartz & L. Alison McInnes - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (9):837-841.
    The peptide hormone oxytocin plays a critical role in regulating affiliative behaviors including mating, pair‐bond formation, maternal/parenting behavior, social recognition, separation distress and other aspects of attachment. Jin and colleagues1 recently reported intriguing findings that CD38, a transmembrane receptor with ADP‐ribosyl cyclase activity, plays a critical role in maternal nurturing behavior and social recognition by regulating oxytocin secretion. This research may have implications for understanding disorders marked by deficits in social cognition and social functioning, including autism, social anxiety disorder, borderline (...)
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  50. Speculative realism.Iain Hamilton Grant - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 50 (50):58-59.
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