Results for 'Ian Malcolm David Little'

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  1.  18
    Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy.Ian Malcolm David Little - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    In Ethics, Economics, and Politics Ian Little returns to offer a new defence of a rule-based utilitarianism as a basis for assessing the role of the State. Lucidly and elegantly he explains how the three disiplines of philosophy, economics and politics can be integrated to provide guidance on issues of public policy.
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  2.  1
    Restoring Humane Values to Medicine: A Miles Little Reader.Ian Kerridge, Christopher Jordens, Emma-Jane Sayers & J. M. Little (eds.) - 2003 - Desert Pea Press.
    Does reading poetry make you a better clinician?Can euthanasia be understood in terms of the meaning of a life?What is the moral and existential significance of ...
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  3. Book Notes. [REVIEW]Ian Little & Myra Kay Broach - 1988 - Criminal Justice Ethics 7 (1):87-87.
    David Luban (ed.), The Good Lawyer: Lawyers? Roles and Lawyers? Ethics. Maryland Studies in Public Philosophy. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Allanheld, 1984, 368 pp. Jennifer Radden, Madness and Reason: Studies in Applied Philosophy, Allen & Unwin, 1985, 174 pp.
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  4.  5
    Neil Stratford, Brigitte Maurice-Chabard, and David Walsh, Et Al., Corpus de la Sculpture de Cluny, 1: Les Parties Orientales de la Grande Église Cluny III. 2 Vols. Paris: Picard, 2010. Paper. 1/1: Pp. 1–408; Many Color and Black-and-White Figures. 1/2: Pp. 409–823; Many Color and Black-and-White Figures. €125. ISBN: 9780000084453. [REVIEW]Charles T. Little - 2013 - Speculum 88 (4):1172-1173.
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  5. David Owen and His Balkan Bungling. [REVIEW]Noel Malcolm - 1993 - Journal of Croatian Studies 34:207-216.
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  6. On David Hart's The Beauty of the Infinite.Lois Malcolm - 2007 - New Blackfriars 88 (1017):594-599.
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  7.  11
    The Recovery of Liberalism: Moral Man and Immoral Society Sixty Years Later.David Little - 1993 - Ethics and International Affairs 7 (1):171–201.
    In this analysis of Reinhold Niebuhr's 1932 classic Moral Man, Little reviews some of the book's fundamental conclusions. He observes that, when moral language is used in international politics without self-criticism, it diverts attention from the real motives of the statesmen who use it.
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  8.  1
    Peace, Justice, and Religion.David Little - 2006 - In Pierre Allan & Alexis Keller (eds.), What is a Just Peace? Oxford University Press.
    Little raises many questions of international legality in addressing the finer concepts of peace enforcing, peacekeeping, peacemaking, and peace building. He accentuates the rule of law, democracy, and human rights as foundations for each of these stages towards a Just Peace. Looking towards collectively accepted international treaties for a concept of justice, Little taps into a notion of legal validity that is at least partially composed of a legitimacy that emanates from the people themselves. Although there are valid (...)
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  9. Ethics: Economics, & Politics: Principles of Public Policy.I. M. D. Little - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Ian Little offers a new defence of utilitarianism as a basis for assessing the role of the State. Lucidly and elegantly he explains how the three disciplines of philosophy, economics, and politics can be integrated to provide guidance on issues of public policy. Anyone interested in public affairs will be enlightened by Little's crisp analysis and any student taking an interdisciplinary course in social science will find a clear framework for thinking about the subject.
     
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  10.  36
    Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy.David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Thinking about Reasons collects fourteen new essays on ethics and the philosophy of action, inspired by the work of Jonathan Dancy—one of his generation's most influential moral philosophers.
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  11.  14
    Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Stacy Carter & Miles Little - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):267-280.
    Peer review of manuscripts for biomedical journals has become a subject of intense ethical debate. One of the most contentious issues is whether or not peer review should be anonymous. This study aimed to generate a rich, empirically-grounded understanding of the values held by journal editors and peer reviewers with a view to informing journal policy. Qualitative methods were used to carry out an inductive analysis of biomedical reviewers’ and editors’ values. Data was derived from in-depth, open-ended interviews with journal (...)
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  12. Bayesian Computation and Mechanism: Theoretical Pluralism Drives Scientific Emergence.David K. Sewell, Daniel R. Little & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):212-213.
    The breadth-first search adopted by Bayesian researchers to map out the conceptual space and identify what the framework can do is beneficial for science and reflective of its collaborative and incremental nature. Theoretical pluralism among researchers facilitates refinement of models within various levels of analysis, which ultimately enables effective cross-talk between different levels of analysis.
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  13.  80
    Consciousness and Causality: A Debate on the Nature of Mind.David M. Armstrong & Norman Malcolm - 1984 - Blackwell.
  14.  10
    Virtuous Acts as Practical Medical Ethics: An Empirical Study.Miles Little, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham, Lucie Rychetnik & Ian Kerridge - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):948-953.
  15.  31
    Savior Siblings, Parenting and the Moral Valorization of Children.Kimberly Strong, Ian Kerridge & Miles Little - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):187-193.
    Philosophy has long been concerned with ‘moral status’. Discussions about the moral status of children, however, seem often to promote confusion rather than clarity. Using the creation of ‘savior siblings’ as an example, this paper provides a philosophical critique of the moral status of children and the moral relevance of parenting and the role that formative experience, regret and relational autonomy play in parental decisions. We suggest that parents make moral decisions that are guided by the moral significance they attach (...)
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  16.  3
    Meaning and Value in Medical School Curricula.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little, Jill Gordon & Pippa Markham - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1027-1035.
    Rationale, aims and objectives: Bioethics and professionalism are standard subjects in medical training programmes, and these curricula reflect particular representations of meaning and practice. It is important that these curricula cohere with the actual concerns of practicing clinicians so that students are prepared for real-world practice. We aimed to identify ethical and professional concerns that do not appear to be adequately addressed in standard curricula by comparing ethics curricula with themes that emerged from a qualitative study of medical practitioners. Method: (...)
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  17.  4
    Rethinking the Comparative Study of Religious Ethics.David Little - 2015 - Journal of Religious Ethics 43 (3):525-542.
    This essay describes the author's change of approach to the comparative study of religious ethics from the one contained in a book on the subject, published in 1978. The change resulted from interactions with Abdulaziz Sachedina, the noted scholar of Islam, demonstrating the importance of comparing different ethical systems in reference to global topics like human rights, particularly the right to freedom of conscience.
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  18.  3
    Values‐Based Medicine and Modest Foundationalism.Miles Little, Wendy Lipworth, Jill Gordon, Pippa Markham & Ian Kerridge - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1020-1026.
  19.  6
    On Behalf of Rights: A Critique of "Democracy and Tradition". [REVIEW]David Little - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):287 - 310.
    Though responses to Stout's book, "Democracy and Tradition," have touched on his discussion of rights, none has comprehensively examined his position on the subject. Having endorsed several objections Stout raises against some influential views on democracy and rights, this article proceeds to criticize Stout's description and theoretical account of the natural and human rights traditions. The central argument is that Stout cannot successfully both affirm the traditions and adhere to his account.
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  20.  1
    Ethics & Evidence in Medical Debates: The Case of Recombinant Activated Factor VII.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little & Richard O. Day - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (2):38-45.
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  21.  10
    Doctors on Status and Respect: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW]Wendy Lipworth, Miles Little, Pippa Markham, Jill Gordon & Ian Kerridge - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):205-217.
    While doctors generally enjoy considerable status, some believe that this is increasingly threatened by consumerism, managerialism, and competition from other health professions. Research into doctors’ perceptions of the changes occurring in medicine has provided some insights into how they perceive and respond to these changes but has generally failed to distinguish clearly between concerns about “status,” related to the entitlements associated with one’s position in a social hierarchy, and concerns about “respect,” related to being held in high regard for one’s (...)
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  22. Overcoming Entrenched Disagreements: The Case of Misoprostol for Post‐Partum Haemorrhage.Narcyz Ghinea, Wendy Lipworth, Miles Little, Ian Kerridge & Richard Day - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):48-54.
    The debate about whether misoprostol should be distributed to low resource communities to prevent post-partum haemorrhage, recognised as a major cause of maternal mortality, is deeply polarised. This is in spite of stakeholders having access to the same evidence about the risks and benefits of misoprostol. To understand the disagreement, we conducted a qualitative analysis of the values underpinning debates surrounding community distribution of misoprostol. We found that different moral priorities, epistemic values, and attitudes towards uncertainty were the main factors (...)
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  23.  9
    A Different Kind of Justice: Dealing with Human Rights Violations in Transitional Societies.David Little - 1999 - Ethics and International Affairs 13 (1):65–80.
    In "transitional societies" like South Africa and Bosnia, which are currently moving from authoritarianism, and often violent repression, to democracy, questions arise about the appropriate way to deal with serious human rights offenders.
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  24.  25
    Rethinking Human Rights: A Review Essay on Religion, Relativism, and Other Matters. [REVIEW]David Little - 1999 - Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (1):149 - 177.
    In reviewing five edited collections and one monograph from the 1990s, the article summarizes the present status of the "human rights revolution" that was signaled by the adoption in 1948 of the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights". It goes on to elaborate and evaluate some of the attempts contained in these books to deal with theoretical and practical controversies surrounding the subject of human rights, particularly the discussion of what to make of "cultural relativism" as far as human rights are (...)
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  25.  4
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  26. On Behalf of Rights.David Little - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):287-310.
    ABSTRACTThough responses to Stout's book, Democracy and Tradition, have touched on his discussion of rights, none has comprehensively examined his position on the subject. Having endorsed several objections Stout raises against some influential views on democracy and rights, this article proceeds to criticize Stout's description and theoretical account of the natural and human rights traditions. The central argument is that Stout cannot successfully both affirm the traditions and adhere to his account.
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  27.  1
    Research with Pregnant Women: New Insights on Legal Decision‐Making.Anna C. Mastroianni, Leslie Meltzer Henry, David Robinson, Theodore Bailey, Ruth R. Faden, Margaret O. Little & Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (3):38-45.
    U.S. researchers and scholars often point to two legal factors as significant obstacles to the inclusion of pregnant women in clinical research: the Department of Health and Human Services’ regulatory limitations specific to pregnant women's research participation and the fear of liability for potential harm to children born following a pregnant woman's research participation. This article offers a more nuanced view of the potential legal complexities that can impede research with pregnant women than has previously been reflected in the literature. (...)
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  28.  37
    Mining Meaning From Wikipedia.David Milne, Catherine Legg, Medelyan Olena & Witten Ian - 2009 - International Journal of Human-Computer Interactions 67 (9):716-754.
    Wikipedia is a goldmine of information; not just for its many readers, but also for the growing community of researchers who recognize it as a resource of exceptional scale and utility. It represents a vast investment of manual effort and judgment: a huge, constantly evolving tapestry of concepts and relations that is being applied to a host of tasks. This article provides a comprehensive description of this work. It focuses on research that extracts and makes use of the concepts, relations, (...)
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  29.  1
    How Do Children Become Workers? Making Sense of Conflicting Accounts of Cultural Transmission in Anthropology and Psychology.Christopher A. J. L. Little & David F. Lancy - 2016 - Ethos 44 (3):269-288.
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  30.  18
    Marginalizing Experience: A Critical Analysis of Public Discourse Surrounding Stem Cell Research in Australia (2005–6). [REVIEW]Tamra Lysaght, John Little & Ian Kerridge - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (2):191-202.
    Over the past decade, stem cell science has generated considerable public and political debate. These debates tend to focus on issues concerning the protection of nascent human life and the need to generate medical and therapeutic treatments for the sick and vulnerable. The framing of the public debate around these issues not only dichotomises and oversimplifies the issues at stake, but tends to marginalise certain types of voices, such as the women who donate their eggs and/or embryos to stem cell (...)
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  31.  8
    The Pragmatic Marker "Like" in English Teen Talk: Australian Aboriginal Usage.Farzad Sharifian & Ian G. Malcolm - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (2):327-344.
    This study reports on the use of like in Aboriginal English teen talk. The analysis of a sub-corpus of 40 adolescent texts from a corpus of 100 narratives by speakers of Aboriginal English in Western Australia revealed that like is often employed by these speakers, and that it performs a variety of functions. In general it is observed that like may mark off a) a discrepancy between the intended conceptualization and the expressed concept, b) an attitude, feeling, or a certain (...)
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  32.  2
    Rethinking Human Rights A Review Essay on Religion, Relativism, and Other Matters.David Little - 1999 - Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (1):151-177.
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  33.  1
    Nothing is Hidden: Wittgenstein's Criticism of His Early Thought.David Pears & Norman Malcolm - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (3):379.
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  34.  2
    Beyond Association: How Employees Want to Participate in Their Firms' Corporate Social Performance.David J. Hagenbuch, Steven W. Little & Doyle J. Lucas - 2015 - Business and Society Review 120 (1):83-113.
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  35.  3
    Human Rights: An Exuberant Disarray.David Little - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (2):40-42.
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  36.  1
    Conscientious Individualism : A Christian Perspective on Ethical Pluralism.David Little - 2007 - In John Aloysius Coleman (ed.), Christian Political Ethics. Princeton University Press. pp. 229-256.
  37.  1
    Letters, Notes, & Comments.David Little & Edmund N. Santurri - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (3):523 - 530.
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  38. Logical-Rules and the Classification of Integral Dimensions: Individual Differences in the Processing of Arbitrary Dimensions.Anthea G. Blunden, Tony Wang, David W. Griffiths & Daniel R. Little - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  39. Challenges to the Validity of Using Medicine Labels to Categorize Clinical Behavior: An Empirical and Normative Critique of “Off-Label” Prescribing.Narcyz Ghinea, Ian Kerridge, Miles Little & Wendy Lipworth - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (3):574-581.
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  40. Chapter 3. The Nature and Basis of Human Rights.David Little - 1992 - In John P. Reeder & Gene Outka (eds.), Prospects for a Common Morality. Princeton University Press. pp. 73-92.
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  41. Naturalism and Social Science--A Post-Empiricist Philosophy of Social Science.Daniel Little & David Thomas - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (1):107.
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  42. Sports Show: Athletics as Image and Spectacle.David E. Little - 2012 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
     
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  43. The Pragmatic Marker Like in English Teen Talk: Australian Aboriginal Usage.Farzad Sharifian & Ian G. Malcolm - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 11 (2):327-344.
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  44. Personal identity.Sydney Shoemaker, Richard Swinburne, David Armstrong, Norman Malcolm & Richard Bernstein - 1985 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 175 (4):567-569.
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  45. Тип: Статья в журнале-научная статья язык: Английский том: 11 номер: 1 год: 1997 страницы: 75-89 цит. В ринц®: 0.Carole Ulanowsky, Miles Little, Andrew Grubb, Maxwell J. Mehlman, Lennart Nordenfelt, David Lamb & Becky Cox White - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (1):75-89.
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  46.  84
    A Discussion Between Wittgenstein and Moore on Certainty : From the Notes of Norman Malcolm.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. Moore, Norman Malcolm & Gabriel Citron - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):73-84.
    In April 1939, G. E. Moore read a paper to the Cambridge University Moral Science Club entitled ‘Certainty’. In it, amongst other things, Moore made the claims that: the phrase ‘it is certain’ could be used with sense-experience-statements, such as ‘I have a pain’, to make statements such as ‘It is certain that I have a pain’; and that sense-experience-statements can be said to be certain in the same sense as some material-thing-statements can be — namely in the sense that (...)
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  47.  34
    Review of Yoga: The Indian Tradition by Ian Whicher; David Carpenter (Eds). [REVIEW]Marzenna Jakubczak - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (2):353-358.
                      Book review: Yoga: The Indian Tradition. Edited by Ian Whicher and David Carpenter. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, Pp. xii + 206     -/-  .
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  48. Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity (Routledge, 1992); Steven Seidman and David G. Wagner (Eds), Postmodernism and Social Theory (Blackwell, 1992); Stephen Crook, Jan Pakulski and Malcolm Wa Ters, Postmodernization: Change in Advanced Society (Sage Publica Tions, 1992); Gianni Vattimo, The End of Modernity—Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Post-Modern Culture (Polity Press, 1988). [REVIEW]David Goodman - 1995 - Thesis Eleven 40 (1):138-146.
    Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Intimations of Postmodernity ; Steven Seidman and David G. Wagner , Postmodernism and Social Theory ; Stephen Crook, Jan Pakulski and Malcolm Wa ters, Postmodernization: Change in Advanced Society ; Gianni Vattimo, The End of Modernity—Nihilism and Hermeneutics in Post-modern Culture.
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  49.  4
    What's the Use of Race? Modern Governance and the Biology of Difference. Edited by Ian Whitmarsh & David S. Jones. Pp. 303. (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2010.) £16.95, ISBN 978-0-262-51424-8, Paperback. [REVIEW]Jarrad Aguirre - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (5):637-638.
  50.  2
    The Priority of the Philosophical Question: A Response to David Little on Max Weber.Douglas Sturm - 1974 - Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (2):41 - 52.
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