Results for 'Ian N. Bruce'

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  1. Clinical applications of machine learning algorithms: beyond the black box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
    Machine learning algorithms may radically improve our ability to diagnose and treat disease. For moral, legal, and scientific reasons, it is essential that doctors and patients be able to understand and explain the predictions of these models. Scalable, customisable, and ethical solutions can be achieved by working together with relevant stakeholders, including patients, data scientists, and policy makers.
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  2.  18
    Human Sensory LTP Predicts Memory Performance and Is Modulated by the BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism.Meg J. Spriggs, Chris S. Thompson, David Moreau, Nicolas A. McNair, C. Carolyn Wu, Yvette N. Lamb, Nicole S. McKay, Rohan O. C. King, Ushtana Antia, Andrew N. Shelling, Jeff P. Hamm, Timothy J. Teyler, Bruce R. Russell, Karen E. Waldie & Ian J. Kirk - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  3.  56
    Marius of Avenches Justin Favrod: La Chronique de Marius d'Avenches (451–581): Text, Traduction et Commentaire. (Cahiers Lausannois d'Histoire Médiévale, 4.) Pp. 141; illustrations. Lausanne: Université de Lausanne, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW]Ian N. Wood - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):289-290.
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  4.  26
    Marius of Avenches. [REVIEW]Ian N. Wood - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (2):289-290.
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  5.  11
    'Otherness' in the Middle Ages.Hans-Werner Goetz & Ian N. Wood (eds.) - 2021 - Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers.
    Although'Otherness' is an extremely common phenomenon in every society, related research is still at its beginnings.'Otherness' in the Middle Ages is a versatile and complex theme that covers a great number of different aspects, facets, and approaches: from non-human monsters and cultural strangers from remote places up to foreigners from another country or another town; it can refer to ethnic, cultural, political, social, sexual, or religious'Otherness', inside or outside one's own community. In any case, however,'Otherness' is a subjective phenomenon depending (...)
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  6.  4
    Autonomy and the Family as (In)Appropriate Surrogates for DNR Decisions: A Qualitative Analysis of Dying Cancer Patients’ Talk.Jaklin Ardath Eliott & Ian N. Olver - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (3):206-218.
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  7.  62
    Clustering in free recall as a function of certain methodological variations.Charles N. Cofer, Darryl R. Bruce & Gerald M. Reicher - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):858.
  8. Against Moral Responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 2011 - MIT Press.
    In Against Moral Responsibility, Bruce Waller launches a spirited attack on a system that is profoundly entrenched in our society and its institutions, deeply rooted in our emotions, and vigorously defended by philosophers from ancient times to the present. Waller argues that, despite the creative defenses of it by contemporary thinkers, moral responsibility cannot survive in our naturalistic-scientific system. The scientific understanding of human behavior and the causes that shape human character, he contends, leaves no room for moral responsibility. (...)
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  9.  21
    Do nicotine dependent subjects show functional differences in response to risk?Curley Louise, Kydd Rob, Kirk Ian, Russell Bruce & Hester Robert - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  10.  39
    Freedom Without Responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 1990 - Temple University Press.
    In this book, Bruce Waller attacks two prevalent philosophical beliefs. First, he argues that moral responsibility must be rejected; there is no room for such a notion within our naturalist framework. Second, he denies the common assumption that moral responsibility is inseparably linked with individual freedom. Rejection of moral responsibility does not entail the demise of individual freedom; instead, individual freedom is enhanced by the rejection of moral responsibility. According to this theory of "no-fault naturalism," no one deserves either (...)
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  11.  17
    Consider ethics: theory, readings, and contemporary issues.Bruce N. Waller - 2019 - Hoboken: Pearson.
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  12.  8
    Critical Thinking: Consider the Verdict.Bruce N. Waller - 2001 - Prentice-Hall.
    The city of Cork experienced a political odyssey between Easter 1916 and the end of 1918. Wartime policies conceived in London manifested themselves unexpectedly in Cork--The Defence of the Realm Act was used to repress political speech; deficit spending generated massive inflation; mandatory arbitration encouraged workers to join trade unions; food rationing panicked a country scarred by the Potato Famine; and military conscription generated virtual rebellion. As a result, the Cork public increasingly turned against the war. The book examines the (...)
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  13.  12
    The stubborn system of moral responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 2015 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    In this book the author examines the stubborn philosophical belief in moral responsibility, surveying the philosophical arguments for it, but focusing on the system that supports these arguments: powerful social and psychological factors that hold the belief in moral responsibility firmly in place.--Publisher's description.
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  14. Denying Responsibility without Making Excuses.Bruce N. Waller - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):81 - 90.
  15. Beyond the retributive system.Bruce N. Waller - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  16.  14
    Restorative Free Will: Back to the Biological Base.Bruce N. Waller - 2015 - Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
    Restorative Free Will examines free will as an adaptive capacity that evolved in humans and many other species, and restores free will to species excluded by claims of human uniqueness. Restorative Free Will recognizes the basic biological value of both libertarian and compatibilist elements of free will, and explains how these traditionally opposed accounts of free will capture an essential element of foraging animals' free will.
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  17.  37
    Advocacy And Fallacy.Bruce N. Waller - 1991 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):47-51.
  18.  21
    Authenticity naturalized.Bruce N. Waller - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):21 - 28.
    Theories of autonomy divide into two conflicting categories: theories that emphasize freedom to choose among alternatives, and theories that focus on personal authenticity. This conflict can be resolved by recognizing the basic function of natural authenticity, and its deep roots in human and animal behavior. Authenticity functions to keep options open that might be too hastily abandoned. Thus forms a natural symbiotic union with autonomy as alternatives. Human authenticity is a special adaptation, but it is not different in kind from (...)
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  19.  22
    A Response to Kane and Hocutt.Bruce N. Waller - 1992 - Behavior and Philosophy 20 (1):83 - 87.
  20.  54
    Moral commitment without objectivity or illusion: Comments on Ruse and Woolcock.Bruce N. Waller - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):245-254.
    Peter Woolcock, in Ruse's Darwinian Meta-Ethics: A Critique, argues that the subjectivist (nonobjectivist) Darwinian metaethics proposed by Michael Ruse (in Taking Darwin Seriously) cannot work, because the illusion of objectivity that Ruse claims is essential to morality breaks down when it is recognized as illusion, and there then remain no good reasons for acknowledging or following moral obligations. Woolcock, however, is mistaken in supposing that moral behaviour requires rational motivation. Ruse's Darwinian metaethical analysis shows why such objective support for morality (...)
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  21.  13
    The Natural Selection of Autonomy: Redefining Competence and Femininity.Bruce N. Waller (ed.) - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    Challenges the deep traditional assumption that autonomy, morality, and moral responsibility are uniquely human characteristics.
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  22.  70
    Sincere Apology Without Moral Responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (3):441-465.
  23.  51
    The Culture of Moral Responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 2014 - Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):3-17.
  24.  56
    Biases in Visual Attention in Depressed and Nondepressed Individuals.Ian H. Gotlib, Anne L. McLachlan & Albert N. Katz - 1988 - Cognition and Emotion 2 (3):185-200.
  25.  25
    Mentalistic problems in Cicourel's cognitive sociology.Bruce N. Waller - 1982 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12 (2):177–200.
  26.  32
    Natural Autonomy and Alternative Possibilities.Bruce N. Waller - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):73 - 81.
  27.  38
    Were the “Pioneer” Clinical Ethics Consultants “Outsiders”? For Them, Was “Critical Distance” That Critical?Bruce D. White, Wayne N. Shelton & Cassandra J. Rivais - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):34-44.
    “Clinical ethics consultants” have been practicing in the United States for about 50 years. Most of the earliest consultants—the “pioneers”—were “outsiders” when they first appeared at patients' bedsides and in the clinic. However, if they were outsiders initially, they acclimated to the clinical setting and became “insiders” very quickly. Moreover, there was some tension between traditional academics and those doing applied ethics about whether there was sufficient “critical distance” for appropriate reflection about the complex medical ethics dilemmas of the day (...)
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  28.  40
    Structuring a Written Examination to Assess ASBH Health Care Ethics Consultation Core Knowledge Competencies.Bruce D. White, Jane B. Jankowski & Wayne N. Shelton - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (1):5-17.
    As clinical ethics consultants move toward professionalization, the process of certifying individual consultants or accrediting programs will be discussed and debated. With certification, some entity must be established or ordained to oversee the standards and procedures. If the process evolves like other professions, it seems plausible that it will eventually include a written examination to evaluate the core knowledge competencies that individual practitioners should possess to meet peer practice standards. The American Society for Bioethics and Humanities has published core knowledge (...)
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  29. Psychobiological allostasis: resistance, resilience and vulnerability.Bruce S. McEwen & Ilia N. Karatsoreos - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (12):576-584.
    The brain and body need to adapt constantly to changing social and physical environments. A key mechanism for this adaptation is the ‘stress response’, which is necessary and not negative in and of itself. The term ‘stress’, however, is ambiguous and has acquired negative connotations. We argue that the concept of allostasis can be used instead to describe the mechanisms employed to achieve stability of homeostatic systems through active intervention (adaptive plasticity). In the context of allostasis, resilience denotes the ability (...)
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  30. Neglected psychological elements of free will.Bruce N. Waller - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (2):111-118.
    Two essential elements of free will—internal locus of control and confident self-efficacy—have been studied extensively by psychologists but neglected by philosophers. As a result of this neglect, philosophers have worked with a distorted view of free will. Existentialists exaggerate internal locus of control while undercutting self-efficacy; most contemporary philosophers have taken both internal locus of control and self-efficacy for granted, ignoring their importance and the problems generated by their absence. By taking advantage of psychological research on internal locus of control (...)
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  31.  21
    Does the gender of the teacher really matter? Seven‐ to eight‐year‐olds' accounts of their interactions with their teachers.Bruce Carrington, Becky Francis, Merryn Hutchings, Christine Skelton, Barbara Read & Ian Hall - 2007 - Educational Studies 33 (4):397-413.
    In recent years, policy?makers in England, Australia and other countries have called for measures to increase male recruitment to the teaching profession, particularly to the primary sector. This policy of targeted recruitment is predicated upon a number of unexamined assumptions about the benefits of matching teachers and pupils by gender. For example, it is held that the dearth of male ?role models? in schools continues to have an adverse effect on boys? academic motivation and engagement. Utilizing data from interviews with (...)
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  32.  11
    Sincere Apology Without Moral Responsibility.Bruce N. Waller - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (3):441-465.
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  33.  33
    From Hemlock to LethaI Injection.Bruce N. Waller - 1989 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):53-58.
  34.  8
    Free Will, Moral Responsibility, and the Desire to Be a God.Bruce N. Waller - 2020 - Lexington Books.
    This book examines a nonconscious and profoundly harmful desire that is almost universally denied: the desire to be a god. Afflicting believers and nonbelievers alike, the desire is manifested in religious myths and throughout the history of philosophy.
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  35.  45
    Hard determinism and the principle of vacuous contrast.Bruce N. Waller - 1988 - Metaphilosophy 19 (1):65–69.
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  36.  19
    John-Christian Smith, VI, 1946-2006.Bruce N. Waller - 2007 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 80 (5):180 -.
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  37.  79
    Moral conversion without moral realism.Bruce N. Waller - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):129-137.
    People occasionally change their moral beliefs and principles, and they may experience such changes as occurring independently of their wishes. Moral realists argue that this phenomenon of moral conversion is evidence for moral realism, and against noncognitivism. However, contemporary noncognitivists can acknowledge such changes--including changes "against our wills"--and can account for the changes in a simpler and more plausible manner. If moral realism posits real moral facts to account for moral conversion the result will be an extreme and untenable inflation (...)
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  38.  5
    Moral Conversion Without Moral Realism.Bruce N. Waller - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):129-137.
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  39.  43
    Noncognitivist moral realism.Bruce N. Waller - 1994 - Philosophia 24 (1-2):57-75.
  40.  5
    Rethinking Punishment, written by Leo Zaibert.Bruce N. Waller - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (1):122-124.
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  41.  55
    Codes of ethics in australian business corporations.Bruce N. Kaye - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (11):857-862.
    Current debate on business ethics in Australia continues apace as the excesses of the 1980s are exposed. Codes of Ethics have been a high profile instrument in the American business scene. A survey of Australia''s largest business corporations reveals a different situation. Codes are not as commonly used, tend to refer to legal requirements and do not have as high a profile within the corporation. Given the changing legal framework in Australia a greater role for Codes of Ethics may emerge.
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  42.  89
    Classifying and Analyzing Analogies.Bruce N. Waller - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (3).
    Analogies come in several forms that serve distinct functions. Inductive analogy is a common type of analogical argument, but critical thinking texts sometimes treat all analogies as inductive. Such an analysis ignores figurative analogies, which may elucidate but do not argue; and also neglects a priori arguments by analogy, a type of analogical argument prominent in law and ethics. A priori arguments by analogy are distinctive, but--contrary to the claims of Govier and Sunstein-they are best understood as deductive, rather than (...)
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  43. Global Warming, Hybrid Technology, and Carbon Emissions.Ian P. Bork, Jonathan Garfinkel & Bruce Lusignan - forthcoming - Ethics.
  44.  4
    Influencing education in New Zealand through business think tank advocacy: Creating discourses of deficit.Ian Bruce - 2021 - Discourse and Communication 15 (1):25-41.
    In this study, I examined 12 reports published by a neoliberal think tank proposing to reshape public education in New Zealand. In terms of the larger social processes and structures involved, the think tank’s self-declared positioning of this advocacy is that of a primary definer, ostensibly an expert voice, communicating through the media. My two research goals in this study were to identify the types of educational change being promoted and to uncover the discursive means employed. The sample of 12 (...)
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  45.  9
    The Injustice of Punishment.Bruce N. Waller - 2017 - Routledge.
    "Cover" -- "Title" -- "Copyright" -- "Contents" -- "Preface" -- "Acknowledgments" -- "1 Beyond the Moral Responsibility System" -- "2 The Unjust Necessity of Punishment" -- "3 Tychonic Moral Responsibility" -- "4 The Strike-Back Roots of Retributive Justice" -- "5 A Just World, Moral Responsibility, and the Justice of Punishment" -- "6 Does Denying Moral Responsibility Threaten Dignity, Rights, and Innocence?" -- "7 Empirical Examination of Moral Responsibility" -- "8 How Does Belief in Moral Responsibility Undermine Personal Dignity?" -- "9 (...)
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  46.  4
    Advocacy And Fallacy.Bruce N. Waller - 1991 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):47-51.
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  47.  2
    From Hemlock to LethaI Injection.Bruce N. Waller - 1989 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (4):53-58.
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  48.  24
    The Sad Truth: Optimism, Pessimism, and Pragmatism.Bruce N. Waller - 2003 - Ratio 16 (2):189-197.
    Pragmatists (such as William James) recommend optimism as a successful strategy, and recent psychological research has confirmed its value. But optimism comes at a price: optimists are less accurate in their assessments and expectations than are pessimists. Thus optimism ‘proves itself to be good in the way of belief’, and by pragmatic standards should count as true; but that makes the accuracy costs of optimism invisible (the problem is only exacerbated by Rorty's recommendation that pragmatists stop speaking of truth altogether). (...)
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  49.  41
    The almost invisible ghost in the moral responsibility machine.Bruce N. Waller - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Research 29 (February):255-266.
  50.  14
    The Almost Invisible Ghost in the Moral Responsibility Machine.Bruce N. Waller - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Research 29:255-266.
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