Results for 'Iddo Lev'

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  1. A Formula-Preferential Base for Paraconsistent and Plausible Reasoning Systems.Arnon Avron & Iddo Lev - 2001 - In Proceedings of the Workshop on Inconsistency in Data and Knowledge. pp. 60-70.
    We provide a general framework for constructing natural consequence relations for paraconsistent and plausible nonmonotonic reasoning. The framework is based on preferential systems whose preferences are based on the satisfaction of formulas in models. We show that these natural preferential In the research on paraconsistency, preferential systems systems that were originally designed for for paraconsistent reasoning fulfill a key condition (stopperedness or smoothness) from the theoretical research of nonmonotonic reasoning. Consequently, the nonmonotonic consequence relations that they induce fulfill the desired (...)
     
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  2. Proceedings of the Workshop on Inconsistency in Data and Knowledge.Arnon Avron & Iddo Lev - 2001
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  3.  27
    On Non-Deterministic Quantification.Thomas Macaulay Ferguson - 2014 - Logica Universalis 8 (2):165-191.
    This paper offers a framework for extending Arnon Avron and Iddo Lev’s non-deterministic semantics to quantified predicate logic with the intent of resolving several problems and limitations of Avron and Anna Zamansky’s approach. By employing a broadly Fregean picture of logic, the framework described in this paper has the benefits of permitting quantifiers more general than Walter Carnielli’s distribution quantifiers and yielding a well-behaved model theory. This approach is purely objectual and yields the semantical equivalence of both α-equivalent formulae (...)
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  4.  30
    Iddo Landau Responds.Iddo Landau - 2007 - Philosophy and Literature 31 (1):158-161.
  5. Finding Meaning in an Imperfect World.Iddo Landau - 2017 - Oup Usa.
    Is life meaningless? Does life have enough meaning to make it feel worthwhile? If we think our lives lack meaning, what can we do about it? Finding Meaning in an Imperfect World answers these and other difficult questions, while confronting head-on famous, recurrent theories that insist on life's meaninglessness. Landau shows us how to single out what is meaningful, explains why we sometimes fail to recognize meaning, and suggests ways in which we can resensitize ourselves to it.
     
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  6.  26
    Between Situations: Anticipation, Rhythms, and the Theory of Interaction.Iddo Tavory - 2018 - Sociological Theory 36 (2):117-133.
    This article pushes interactionist sociology forward. It does so by drawing out the implications of a simple idea, that to understand the situation—the mise en scene of interactionist theory—we must understand it in relation not only to past-induced habits of thought and action but to future situations anticipated in interaction. Focusing especially on the rhythmic nature of situations, the paper then argues that such a recalibration both unsettles core tenets of interactionism and helps solve some problems in the sociology of (...)
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  7. The Meaning of Life Sub Specie Aeternitatis.Iddo Landau - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (4):727 - 734.
    Several philosophers have argued that if we examine our lives in context of the cosmos at large, sub specie aeternitatis, we cannot escape life's meaninglessness. To see our lives as meaningful, we have to shun the point of view of the cosmos and consider our lives only in the narrower context of the here and now. I argue that this view is incorrect: life can be seen as meaningful also sub specie aeternitatis. While criticizing arguments by, among others, Simon Blackburn, (...)
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  8. Immorality and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2011 - Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (3):309-317.
  9. Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The Many-Worlds Interpretation (MWI) is an approach to quantum mechanics according to which, in addition to the world we are aware of directly, there are many other similar worlds which exist in parallel at the same space and time. The existence of the other worlds makes it possible to remove randomness and action at a distance from quantum theory and thus from all physics.
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  10.  38
    Experiential Careers: The Routinization and de-Routinization of Religious Life.Iddo Tavory & Daniel Winchester - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (4):351-373.
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  11. On Schizophrenic Experiences of the Neutron or Why We Should Believe in the Many‐Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Theory.Lev Vaidman - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (3):245 – 261.
    This is a philosophical paper in favor of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum theory. The necessity of introducing many worlds is explained by analyzing a neutron interference experiment. The concept of the “measure of existence of a world” is introduced and some difficulties with the issue of probability in the framework of the MWI are resolved.
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  12.  36
    Of Yarmulkes and Categories: Delegating Boundaries and the Phenomenology of Interactional Expectation. [REVIEW]Iddo Tavory - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (1):49-68.
  13.  7
    Disruption and the Theory of the Interaction Order.Iddo Tavory & Gary Alan Fine - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (3):365-385.
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  14.  47
    Standards, Perspectives, and the Meaning of Life: A Reply to Seachris. [REVIEW]Iddo Landau - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (3):457-468.
    IntroductionIn a recent article in this journal, Joshua W. Seachris (2012) argues that the distinction I make between perspectives and standards in sub specie aeternitatis arguments for the meaninglessness of life does not hold for a salient component of the sub specie aeternitatis perspective: the ontological-normative component. In this article I suggest that Seachris’s argument is problematic in a number of ways and ought to be rejected.BackgroundVarious authors, such as Albert Camus (1969, p. 78), Nicholas Rescher (1990, p. 153) and (...)
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  15. An Argument for Marriage.Iddo Landau - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (3):475-481.
    This paper replies to two arguments against marriage presented by Dan Moller (Philosophy 78, 2003: 79–91). One of Moller's arguments examines several ways in which the marriage promise could be explained, and shows that none of them is viable. The other argument suggests that marriage may not be a worthwhile enterprise since marriages frequently fail, in that they become loveless or end up in divorce. I argue that the marriage promise can be explained in a way unconsidered by Moller, which (...)
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  16.  93
    Theory Construction in Qualitative Research.Stefan Timmermans & Iddo Tavory - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (3):167-186.
    A critical pathway for conceptual innovation in the social is the construction of theoretical ideas based on empirical data. Grounded theory has become a leading approach promising the construction of novel theories. Yet grounded theory-based theoretical innovation has been scarce in part because of its commitment to let theories emerge inductively rather than imposing analytic frameworks a priori. We note, along with a long philosophical tradition, that induction does not logically lead to novel theoretical insights. Drawing from the theory of (...)
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  17.  54
    Why has the Question of the Meaning of Life Arisen in the Last Two and a Half Centuries?Iddo Landau - 1997 - Philosophy Today 41 (2):263-269.
  18.  52
    Probability in the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2011 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer. pp. 299--311.
    It is argued that, although in the Many-Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics there is no ``probability'' for an outcome of a quantum experiment in the usual sense, we can understand why we have an illusion of probability. The explanation involves: a). A ``sleeping pill'' gedanken experiment which makes correspondence between an illegitimate question: ``What is the probability of an outcome of a quantum measurement?'' with a legitimate question: ``What is the probability that ``I'' am in the world corresponding to that (...)
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  19.  34
    Conceptualizing Great Meaning in Life: Metz on the Good, the True, and the Beautiful.Iddo Landau - 2013 - Religious Studies 49 (4):505-514.
    This article is a reply to Thaddeus Metz's (2011). I suggest that Metz's theory is too broad since it entails that merely understanding Einstein's or Darwin's views can make a life highly meaningful. Furthermore, it is unclear whether , toward which highly meaningful lives are oriented, may or may not be necessary conditions to , how completely the former should explain the latter, and whether Metz's account is indeed non-consequentialist. While acknowledging the importance of Metz's contribution, I consider alternative directions (...)
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  20.  4
    The Sefer as a Challenge to Reception Theories.Iddo Dickmann - 2018 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 26 (1):67-93.
    _ Source: _Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 67 - 93 The talmudic sages granted the legal status of _sefer_ to five texts: the Torah, _tefillin_, the _get_, the _mezuzah_, and the Scroll of Esther. These texts share two features: they have a ritualistic format and use, and they are the only sacred texts that demonstrate _mise en abyme_—the trait of literary self-containing. These two traits turn the rabbinic book into a radical case of “open work”: the _sefer_ consists of both (...)
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  21.  26
    The Situations of Culture: Humor and the Limits of Measurability.Iddo Tavory - 2014 - Theory and Society 43 (3-4):275-289.
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  22.  22
    The “Why Be Moral?” Question and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2015 - In Robert Louden & Beatrix Himmelmann (eds.), Why Be Moral? De Gruyter. pp. 159-172.
  23. On the Paradoxical Aspects of New Quantum Experiments.Lev Vaidman - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:211 - 217.
    Two recently proposed quantum experiments are analyzed. The first allows to find an object without "touching" it. The second allows to teleport quantum states, transmitting a very small amount of information. It is shown that in the standard approach these experiments are in conflict with the intuitive notions of causality and locality. It is argued that the situation is less paradoxical in the framework of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum theory.
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  24. Time-Symmetrized Counterfactuals in Quantum Theory.Lev Vaidman - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (5):755-765.
    Counterfactuals in quantum theory are briefly reviewed and it is argued that they are very different from counterfactuals considered in the general philosophical literature. The issue of time symmetry of quantum counterfactuals is considered and a novel time-symmetric definition of quantum counterfactuals is proposed. This definition is applied for analyzing several controversies related to quantum counterfactuals.
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  25.  7
    There is No New Problem for Quantum Mechanics.Lev Vaidman - 2020 - Foundations of Physics 50 (11):1728-1734.
    A recent claim by Meehan that quantum mechanics has a new “control problem” that puts limits on our ability to prepare quantum states and revises our understanding of the no-cloning theorem is examined. We identify flaws in Meehan’s analysis and argue that such a problem does not exist.
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  26.  46
    Should Marital Relations Be Non‐Hierarchical?Iddo Landau - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):51-67.
    The paper explores an egalitarian norm widely accepted today, which I call the Marital Non‐Hierarchy Standard. According to this standard, marital relationships should be non‐hierarchical; neither partner may be more dominant than the other. The Marital Non‐Hierarchy Standard is exceptional: in almost all associations, including many financial, professional, educational and recreational ones, in almost all spheres of life, some hierarchies, within certain limits, are widely believed to be morally legitimate. I argue that in marital relations, too, some hierarchies should be (...)
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  27.  58
    Neurology, Psychology, and the Meaning of Life: On Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):604-618.
    The Brain and the Meaning of Life Paul Thagard Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 274 pages, ISBN: 9780691142722 (hbk): $29.95 This paper criticizes central arguments in Paul Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life, concluding, contrary to Thagard, that there is very little that we can learn from brain research about the meaning of life. The paper offers a critical review of Thagard's argument against nihilism and his argument that it is love, work, and play, rather than other activities, (...)
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  28.  53
    Quantum Theory and Determinism.Lev Vaidman - unknown
    Historically, appearance of the quantum theory led to a prevailing view that Nature is indeterministic. The arguments for the indeterminism and proposals for indeterministic and deterministic approaches are reviewed. These include collapse theories, Bohmian Mechanics and the many-worlds interpretation. It is argued that ontic interpretations of the quantum wave function provide simpler and clearer physical explanation and that the many-worlds interpretation is the most attractive since it provides a deterministic and local theory for our physical Universe explaining the illusion of (...)
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  29.  24
    Athens and Jerusalem.Lev Shestov - 1966 - Athens, Ohio University Press.
    The first volume in the new critical edition of Lev Shestov's work in English, which I have been asked to coordinate. The volume includes my preface and annotations.
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  30.  34
    Weak-Measurement Elements of Reality.Lev Vaidman - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (7):895-906.
    A brief review of the attempts to define “elements of reality” in the framework of quantum theory is presented. It is noted that most definitions of elements of reality have in common the feature to be a definite outcome of some measurement. Elements of reality are extended to pre- and post- selected systems and to measurements which fulfill certain criteria of weakness of the coupling. Some features of the newly introduced concepts are discussed.
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  31.  50
    Foundationless Freedom and Meaninglessness of Life in Sartre's: Being and Nothingness.Iddo Landau - 2012 - Sartre Studies International 18 (1):1-8.
    This paper critically examines Sartre's argument for the meaninglessness of life from our foundationless freedom. According to Sartre, our freedom to choose our values is completely undetermined. Hence, we cannot rely on anything when choosing and cannot justify our choices. Thus, our freedom is the foundation of our world without itself having any foundation, and this renders our lives absurd. Sartre's argument presupposes, then, that although we can freely choose all our values we have a meta-value that we cannot choose: (...)
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  32.  86
    Feminist Criticisms of Metaphors in Bacon's Philosophy of Science.Iddo Landau - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (1):47-61.
  33.  49
    Sexual Harassment as "Wrongful Communication".Iddo Landau - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):225-234.
  34.  75
    The Question of Moral Action: A Formalist Position.Iddo Tavory - 2011 - Sociological Theory 29 (4):272 - 293.
    This article develops a research position that allows cultural sociologists to compare morality across sociohistorical cases. In order to do so, the article suggests focusing analytic attention on actions that fulfill the following criteria: (a) actions that define the actor as a certain kind of socially recognized person, both within and across fields; (b) actions that actors experience—or that they expect others to perceive—as defining the actor both intersituationally and to a greater extent than other available definitions of self; and (...)
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  35.  66
    On Sleeping Beauty Controversy.Lev Vaidman & Simon Saunders - manuscript
    It is argued that Lewis's approach to Elga's Sleeping Beaty problem is untenable and, therefore, the universality of the betting approach to probability has not been breached.
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  36.  36
    Sex Work and the Construction of Intimacies: Meanings and Work Pragmatics in Rural Malawi.Iddo Tavory & Michelle Poulin - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (3):211-231.
  37. The Psychology of Art.Lev Semenovich Vygotsky - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 30 (4):564-566.
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  38.  27
    Are You Entitled to Affirmative Action?Iddo Landau - 1997 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):17-22.
  39.  43
    On the Marginalization of Feminist Philosophy.Iddo Landau - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (4):551-568.
  40.  30
    Understanding Repeated Simple Choices.Iddo Gal - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (1):81 – 98.
    This study examined students' reasoning about simple repeated choices. Each choice involved ''betting'' on two events, differing in probability. We asked subjects to generate or evaluate alternative strategies such as betting on the most likely event on every trial, betting on it on almost every trial, or employing a ''probability matching'' strategy. Almost half of the college students did not generate or rank strategies according to their expected value, but few subjects preferred a strategy of strict probability matching. High-school students (...)
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  41.  57
    Time Symmetry and the Many-Worlds Interpretation.Lev Vaidman - 2009 - In Simon Saunders, Jonathan Barrett, Adrian Kent & David Wallace (eds.), Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory & Reality. Oxford University Press.
    An attempt to solve the collapse problem in the framework of a time-symmetric quantum formalism is reviewed. Although the proposal does not look very attractive, its concept - a world defined by two quantum states, one evolving forwards and one evolving backwards in time - is found to be useful in modifying the many-worlds picture of Everett’s theory.
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  42.  20
    Problems with Feminist Standpoint Theory in Science Education.Iddo Landau - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (10):1081-1088.
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  43.  21
    Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow.Lev Ginzburg & Mark Colyvan - unknown
    The main focus of the book is the presentation of the 'inertial' view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the single species without invoking species interactions. An important part of this account is the maternal effect. Investment of mothers in the quality of their daughters makes the rate of reproduction of the current generation depend not only on the current environment, but also on the environment (...)
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  44.  28
    Proof-Theoretic Analysis by Iterated Reflection.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2003 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (6):515-552.
    Progressions of iterated reflection principles can be used as a tool for the ordinal analysis of formal systems. We discuss various notions of proof-theoretic ordinals and compare the information obtained by means of the reflection principles with the results obtained by the more usual proof-theoretic techniques. In some cases we obtain sharper results, e.g., we define proof-theoretic ordinals relevant to logical complexity Π1 0 and, similarly, for any class Π n 0 . We provide a more general version of the (...)
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  45.  99
    Will Biomedical Enhancements Undermine Solidarity, Responsibility, Equality and Autonomy?Ori Lev - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (4):177-184.
    Prominent thinkers such as Jurgen Habermas and Michael Sandel are warning that biomedical enhancements will undermine fundamental political values. Yet whether biomedical enhancements will undermine such values depends on how biomedical enhancements will function, how they will be administered and to whom. Since only few enhancements are obtainable, it is difficult to tell whether these predictions are sound. Nevertheless, such warnings are extremely valuable. As a society we must, at the very least, be aware of developments that could have harmful (...)
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  46.  8
    Social Network Size Can Influence Linguistic Malleability and the Propagation of Linguistic Change.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2018 - Cognition 176:31-39.
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  47.  24
    Provability Algebras and Proof-Theoretic Ordinals, I.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 128 (1-3):103-123.
    We suggest an algebraic approach to proof-theoretic analysis based on the notion of graded provability algebra, that is, Lindenbaum boolean algebra of a theory enriched by additional operators which allow for the structure to capture proof-theoretic information. We use this method to analyze Peano arithmetic and show how an ordinal notation system up to 0 can be recovered from the corresponding algebra in a canonical way. This method also establishes links between proof-theoretic ordinal analysis and the work which has been (...)
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  48.  22
    Topological Completeness of the Provability Logic GLP.Lev Beklemishev & David Gabelaia - 2013 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (12):1201-1223.
    Provability logic GLP is well-known to be incomplete w.r.t. Kripke semantics. A natural topological semantics of GLP interprets modalities as derivative operators of a polytopological space. Such spaces are called GLP-spaces whenever they satisfy all the axioms of GLP. We develop some constructions to build nontrivial GLP-spaces and show that GLP is complete w.r.t. the class of all GLP-spaces.
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  49.  9
    Molds and Totems.Colin Jerolmack & Iddo Tavory - 2014 - Sociological Theory 32 (1):64-77.
    The role of nonhumans in social life has recently generated significant scholarly interest. The two main paradigms for explaining the sociological significance of nonhumans are constructivism and actor-network theory. We propose a pragmatist synthesis inspired by George Herbert Mead, demonstrating how interactions with nonhumans help constitute the social self—that is, the identity one constructs by imaginatively looking upon oneself as others would. Drawing upon observations of humans interacting with objects, animals, and nature, we identify two complementary ways that nonhumans organize (...)
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  50.  29
    Kripke Semantics for Provability Logic GLP.Lev D. Beklemishev - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (6):756-774.
    A well-known polymodal provability logic inlMMLBox due to Japaridze is complete w.r.t. the arithmetical semantics where modalities correspond to reflection principles of restricted logical complexity in arithmetic. This system plays an important role in some recent applications of provability algebras in proof theory. However, an obstacle in the study of inlMMLBox is that it is incomplete w.r.t. any class of Kripke frames. In this paper we provide a complete Kripke semantics for inlMMLBox . First, we isolate a certain subsystem inlMMLBox (...)
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