Results for 'Ido Weijers'

178 found
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  1.  36
    Punishment and Upbringing: Considerations for an Educative Justification of Punishment.Ido Weijers - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):61-73.
    Punishment seems taboo both in modern education and in theory. In so far as philosophers of education engage with this problem they follow the pattern of the philosophy of law: consequentialism or deontology. This article starts from another perspective. Its starting point is that punishment in education and upbringing must be seen as an interactive moral process. Two conditions are considered which have to be fulfilled before one can speak of educative punishment: punishment assumes a relationship based both on trust (...)
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  2. Nozick's Experience Machine is Dead, Long Live the Experience Machine!Dan Weijers - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (4):513-535.
    Robert Nozick's experience machine thought experiment (Nozick's scenario) is widely used as the basis for a ?knockdown? argument against all internalist mental state theories of well-being. Recently, however, it has been convincingly argued that Nozick's scenario should not be used in this way because it elicits judgments marred by status quo bias and other irrelevant factors. These arguments all include alternate experience machine thought experiments, but these scenarios also elicit judgments marred by status quo bias and other irrelevant factors. In (...)
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  3. An Assessment of Recent Responses to the Experience Machine Objection to Hedonism.Dan Weijers & Vanessa Schouten - 2013 - Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (4):461-482.
    Prudential hedonism has been beset by many objections, the strength and number of which have led most modern philosophers to believe that it is implausible. One objection in particular, however, is nearly always cited when a philosopher wants to argue that prudential hedonism is implausible—the experience machine objection to hedonism. This paper examines this objection in detail. First, the deductive and abductive versions of the experience machine objection to hedonism are explained. Following this, the contemporary responses to each version of (...)
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  4.  19
    Intuitive Biases in Judgements About Thought Experiments: The Experience Machine Revisited.Dan Weijers - 2013 - Philosophical Writings 41 (1):17-31.
    This paper is a warning that objections based on thought experiments can be misleading because they may elicit judgments that, unbeknownst to the judger, have been seriously skewed by psychological biases. The fact that most people choose not to plug in to the Experience Machine in Nozick’s (1974) famous thought experiment has long been used as a knock-down objection to hedonism because it is widely thought to show that real experiences are more important to us than pleasurable experiences. This paper (...)
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  5.  21
    The Morality of Experience Machines for Palliative and End of Life Care.Dan Weijers - 2017 - In Mark Silcox (ed.), Experience Machines: The Philosophy of Virtual Worlds. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 183-201.
    Experience machines, popularized in print by Robert Nozick and on the screen by the Wachowskis’ film The Matrix, provide highly or perfectly realistic experiences that are more pleasant and less painful than those generated in real life.1 The recent surge in virtual reality and neuro-prosthetic technologies is making the creation of real-world experience machines seem inevitable and perhaps imminent.2 Given the likelihood of the near-future availability of such machines, it behooves ethicists to consider the moral status of their potential uses. (...)
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  6.  48
    Optimistic Naturalism: Scientific Advancement and the Meaning of Life.Dan Weijers - 2014 - Sophia 53 (1):1-18.
    Naturalist theories of the meaning of life are sometimes criticised for not setting the bar high enough for what counts as a meaningful life. Tolstoy’s version of this criticism is that Naturalist theories do not describe really meaningful lives because they do not require that we connect our finite lives with the infinite. Another criticism of Naturalist theories is that they cannot adequately resolve the Absurd—the vast difference between how meaningful our actions and lives appear from subjective and objective viewpoints. (...)
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  7.  24
    Who Is the Doctor in This House? Analyzing the Moral Evaluations of Medical Students and Physicians ofHouse, M.D.Merel van Ommen, Serena Daalmans & Addy Weijers - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (4):61-74.
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  8. Hedonism.Dan Weijers - 2011 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The term "hedonism," from the Greek word ἡδονή (hēdonē) for pleasure, refers to several related theories about what is good for us, how we should behave, and what motivates us to behave in the way that we do. All hedonistic theories identify pleasure and pain as the only important elements of whatever phenomena they are designed to describe. If hedonistic theories identified pleasure and pain as merely two important elements, instead of the only important elements of what they are describing, (...)
     
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  9.  10
    We Can Test the Experience Machine: Reply to Smith.Dan Weijers - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (2):261-268.
    In his provocative “Can We Test the Experience Machine?”, Basil Smith argues that we should recognise a limit on experimental philosophy. In this response to Smith, I will argue that his limit does not prevent us from usefully testing most experience machine thought experiments, including De Brigard‟s inverted experience machine scenarios. I will also argue that, if taken seriously, Smith‟s limit has far-reaching consequences for traditional (non-experimental) philosophy as well.
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  10.  18
    Western Historical Traditions of Well-Being.Alex Michalos & Dan Weijers - 2017 - In Richard Estes & Joseph Sirgy (eds.), The Pursuit of Well-Being: The Untold Global History. Springer. pp. 31-57.
    This chapter provides a brief historical overview of western philosophical views about human well-being from the eighth century BCE to the middle of the twentieth century. Different understandings of the concept of well-being are explained, including our preferred understanding of well-being as the subjective states and objective conditions that make our lives go well for us. While this review is necessarily incomplete, we aim to discuss some of the most salient and influential contributions to our subject. To that end, we (...)
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  11.  18
    The Varieties and Dynamics of Moral Repugnance: Prediction Markets and Betting on Matters of Life and Death.Dan Weijers & Vadim Keyser - 2016 - Humanities and Technology Review 35:91-129.
    In this paper, prediction markets that encourage traders to bet on matters of life and death are used to explore the varieties and dynamics of moral repugnance. We define moral repugnance as morally charged feelings of revulsion that correspond (correctly, incorrectly, and indeterminately) to moral reasons and contexts. Rich variations of moral repugnance and their dynamic qualities are presented by investigating the contextual frames in which they arise. These contextual frames constitute interacting conditions composed of information about states of affairs, (...)
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  12.  69
    Wipe That Smile Off Your Face.Aaron Jarden & Dan Weijers - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 52 (52):53-58.
    There are enigmas of defining happiness and of discerning what it is that really makes a life go well for someone – topics that positive psychologists have not adequately addressed to date. And this is despite the fact that Ed Diener sees positive psychology as “the endeavour by scientists to answer the classic question posed by philosophers: What is the good life?” What is rarely mentioned by positive psychologists is that, depending on how the specific happiness questions are worded, they (...)
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  13.  12
    A Moral Analysis of Effective Prediction Markets on Terrorism.Dan Weijers - 2014 - International Journal of Technoethics 5 (1):28-43.
    Predicting terrorist attacks with prediction markets has been accused of being immoral. While some of these concerns are about the likely effectiveness of prediction markets on terrorism (PMsoT), this paper discusses the three main reasons why even effective prediction markets on terrorism might be considered immoral. We argue that these three reasons establish only that PMsoT cause offense and/or fleeting mild harm, and that, even taken together, they do not constitute serious harm. The moral issues considered are that PMsoT: 1) (...)
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  14.  10
    Reality Doesn't Really Matter.Dan Weijers - 2011 - In David Kyle Johnson (ed.), Inception and Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 92-107.
    So you‘re leaving the cinema—you've just been blown away by Inception—and your mind is buzzing. There is a buzz around you too. Everyone‘s asking each other: ‗Does Cobb‘s spinning top fall?‘ Throughout Inception, Cobb has been struggling to achieve two things: to get back home so he can see his kids again and to keep a grip on reality in the process. What ends up happening to Cobb‘s totem bears on both of these struggles. So, most people who watch Inception (...)
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  15.  20
    Is the Repugnance About Betting on Terrorist Attacks Misguided?Dan Weijers & Jennifer Richardson - 2014 - Ethics and Information Technology 16 (3):251-262.
    Prediction markets designed to predict terrorism through traders’ investments on the likelihood of specific terrorist attacks are, strictly speaking, enabling those traders to bet on terrorism. Betting on terrorist attacks, like some other forms of betting on death, has been accused of being repugnant. In this paper, it is argued that while government-backed effective intelligence-gathering prediction markets on terrorism (PMsoT) might elicit feelings of repugnance, those feelings are likely to be misguided. The feelings of repugnance arise because PMsoT are assumed (...)
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  16.  26
    Sharing the Responsibility of Dealing with Climate Change: Interpreting the Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities.Dan Weijers, David Eng & Ramon Das - 2010 - In Jonathan Boston, Andrew Bradstock & David L. Eng (eds.), Public Policy: Why Ethics Matters. ANU ePress. pp. 141-158.
    In this chapter we first discuss the main principles of justice and note the standard objections to them, which we believe necessitate a hybrid approach. The hybrid account we defend is primarily based on the distributive principle of sufficientarianism, which we interpret as the idea that each country should have the means to provide a minimally decent quality of life for each of its citizens. We argue that sufficientarian considerations give good reason to think that what we call the ‘ability (...)
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  17.  49
    Contribution À l'Histoire Des Termes 'Natura Naturans' Et 'Natura Naturata' Jusqu'à Spinoza.Olga Weijers - 1978 - Vivarium 16 (1):70-80.
  18.  32
    Collège, Une Institution Avant la Lettre.Olga Weijers - 1983 - Vivarium 21 (1):73-82.
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  19.  18
    La Commission Léonine et l'histoire intellectuelle du XIIIe siècle.Olga Weijers - 2005 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:17-21.
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  20.  19
    The Experience Machine Objection to Hedonism.Dan Weijers - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 229--231.
  21.  5
    A Vigilante Serial Killer as Ethics Educator? An Exploration of Dexter as a Tool for Moral Education in the Professional Domain.Merel van Ommen, Serena Daalmans, Addy Weijers, Allison Eden, Rebecca N. H. de Leeuw & Moniek Buijzen - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (4):378-395.
    This study aims to inform the discussion over the proposed merit of morally ambiguous dramas as a tool in moral education in the professional domain, by providing insight into student groups’ moral evaluations of Dexter. In-depth interviews were conducted among a diverse sample of law and psychology students. The results demonstrate differences in moral evaluations, according to the degree of ‘professional’ experience. Remarkably, law students follow the unlawful reasoning of vigilante killer Dexter instead of their own moral make-up; yet slowly (...)
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  22.  2
    Prediction Markets as an Alternative to One More Spy.Dan Weijers - 2016 - In Jai Galliott & Warren Reed (eds.), Ethics and the Future of Spying: Technology, Intelligence Collection and National Security. Routledge. pp. 80-92.
    Real-world policy decisions involve trade-offs. Sometimes the trade-offs involve both the efficacy and morality of potential policies. In this chapter, the morality and likely efficacy of hiring one more spy to help anti-terrorist intelligence gathering efforts is compared to the morality and likely efficacy of implementing a prediction market on terrorism. Prediction markets on terrorism allow registered traders to buy and sell shares in predictions about terrorism-related real-world events. The comparison at the heart of this chapter is based on the (...)
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  23.  1
    Gregory S. Moule, Corporate Jurisdiction, Academic Heresy, and Fraternal Correction at the University of Paris, 1200–1400. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016. $181. Pp. 374. ISBN: 978-90-04-31132-9. [REVIEW]Olga Weijers - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):248-250.
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  24.  2
    Wipe That Smile Off Your Face.Aaron Jarden & Dan Weijers - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 52:53-58.
    There are enigmas of defining happiness and of discerning what it is that really makes a life go well for someone – topics that positive psychologists have not adequately addressed to date. And this is despite the fact that Ed Diener sees positive psychology as “the endeavour by scientists to answer the classic question posed by philosophers: What is the good life?” What is rarely mentioned by positive psychologists is that, depending on how the specific happiness questions are worded, they (...)
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  25. Repertorium Commentariorum Medii Aevi in Aristotelem Latinorum Quae in Bibliothecis Publicis Neerlandicis Asservantur.Lambertus Marie de Rijk & Olga Weijers - 1981
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  26. Ecriture Et Réécriture des Textes Philosophiques Médiévaux: Volume d'Hommage Offert à Colette Sirat.Colette Sirat, Jacqueline Hamesse & Olga Weijers (eds.) - 2006 - Brepols Publishers.
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  27. La Commission Léonine et l'histoire intellectuelle du XIIIesiècle.Olga Weijers - 2005 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 1:17.
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  28. Les Genres Littéraires À la Faculté des Arts.Olga Weijers - 1998 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 82 (4):631-641.
     
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  29. Les Innovations du Vocabulaire Latin à la Fin du Moyen Âge: Autour du Glossaire du Latin Philosophique: Actes de la Journée d'Étude du 15 Mai 2008.Olga Weijers, Iacopo Costa & Adriano Oliva (eds.) - 2010 - Brepols Publishers.
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  30.  16
    The Moral-Psychology of the Common Agent – A Reply to Ido Geiger.Martin Sticker - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (5):976-989.
    Ido Geiger's paper ‘What it is the Use of the Universal Law Formula of the Categorical Imperative?’ is part of a growing trend in Kant scholarship, which stresses the significance of the rational competence of ordinary human beings. I argue that this approach needs to take into account that the common agent is an active reasoner who has the means to find out what she ought to do. The purpose of my paper is to show how universality already figures in (...)
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  31.  37
    The Grammar of Ido.Paul Carus - 1916 - The Monist 26 (1):144-152.
  32.  33
    Meirinhos, José; Weijers, Olga (ed.)." Florilegium Mediaevale. Études ofertes à Jacqueline Ámese à l'occasion de son éméritat.". [REVIEW]Ana María C. Minecán - 2012 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 29 (1):337-341.
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  33.  23
    Ido and English.C. T. Strauss - 1916 - The Monist 26 (4):636-637.
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  34.  16
    Vocabulaire du Livre et de L'Écriture au Moyen Âge. Olga Weijers.Laurie Shepard - 1992 - Speculum 67 (2):500-502.
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  35.  5
    Olga Weijers, A Scholar’s Paradise: Teaching and Debating in Medieval Paris. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015. Paper. Pp. 256; 9 Black-and-White Figures. €45. ISBN: 978-2-503-55463-1. [REVIEW]Alex J. Novikoff - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):291-292.
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  36.  11
    La "Disputatio" À la Faculté des Arts de Paris : Esquisse d'Une Typologie.Olga Weijers.B. Carlos Bazán - 1998 - Speculum 73 (3):918-920.
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  37.  10
    Dictionnaires et Répertoires au moyen 'ge: Une Étude du Vocabulaire.Olga Weijers.Marcia L. Colish - 1994 - Speculum 69 (1):270-271.
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  38.  9
    Olga Weijers, In Search of the Truth: A History of Disputation Techniques From Antiquity to Early Modern Times. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013. Paper. Pp. 341; 1 Color and 5 Black-and-White Figures. €45. ISBN: 978-2-503-55051-0. [REVIEW]Silvia Donati - 2016 - Speculum 91 (1):266-267.
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  39. Olga Weijers, La “disputatio” à la Faculté des arts de Paris (1200–1350 environ): Esquisse d'une typologie. (Studia Artistarum: Etudes sur la Faculté des Arts dans les Universités Médiévales, 2.) [Turnhout]: Brepols, 1995. Paper. Pp. 175. [REVIEW]B. Carlos Bazán - 1998 - Speculum 73 (3):918-920.
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  40.  2
    Geiger Ido. The Founding Act of Modem Ethical Life. Hegel's Critique of Kant's Moral and Political Philosophy. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2007. ISBN- 13:978-0-8047-5424-8 . Pp Xiii+173. [REVIEW]Katerina Deligiorgi - 2010 - Hegel Bulletin 31 (1):137-141.
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  41.  10
    O. Weijers–I. Costa–A. Olivca (Eds.),. Les Innovations du Vocabulaire Latin À la Fin du Moyen Âge (2011).Pierre Swiggers - 2012 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 74 (1):801-803.
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  42.  6
    Le Travail Intellectuel à la Faculté des arts de Paris: Textes et Maîtres , 1: Répertoire des noms Commençant par A-B.Olga Weijers.C. H. Lohr - 1996 - Speculum 71 (2):502-503.
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  43.  11
    Review of Ido Geiger, The Founding Act of Modern Ethical Life: Hegel's Critique of Kant's Moral and Political Philosophy[REVIEW]Jeremiah John - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (2).
  44. Ido Geiger, The Founding Act of Modern Ethical Life: Hegel's Critique of Kant's Moral and Political Philosophy Reviewed By.Joshua D. Goldstein - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (3):194-196.
     
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  45.  1
    Ido Israelowich. Patients and Healers in the High Roman Empire. Ix + 191 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015. $59.95. [REVIEW]Laurence Totelin - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):620-621.
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  46.  2
    Cuéntame cómo te ha ido. De mujeres, ciencia y democracia. 1970-2006.Paloma Alcalá - 2008 - Isegoría 38:187-195.
    En este trabajo se analizan los cambios habidos en la situación de las mujeres dentro de las instituciones científicas con la llegada y consolidación de la democracia en España. Utilizando una perspectiva sociohistórica se hace un recorrido mostrando los datos de presencia y estatus de las mujeres desde la década de los setenta hasta el momento actual en el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
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  47.  1
    From Obscurity to Enigma: The Work of Oliver Heaviside, 1872-1889. Ido Yavetz.Bruce J. Hunt - 1996 - Isis 87 (2):379-380.
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  48. Ido Geiger's The Founding Act of Modern Ethical Life. Hegel’s Critique of Kant’s Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW]Katerina Deligiorgi - 2010 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 61:137-140.
     
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  49. Ciencias Económicas y Sociales de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Dictó un ciclo de conferencias titulado «Una teoría de la modernidad». Yo había leído muchos libros y artículos de ella, algunos en español, otros en húngaro, y todos ellos habían ido generando en mí la imagen de una mujer muy talentosa y sugestiva, audaz en sus conceptos, recia y creativa. Esta imagen mental resultó. [REVIEW]Judit Gerendas - 1997 - Apuntes Filosóficos: Revista Semestral de la Escuela de Filosofía 11:159.
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  50. Has Shaped Their Lives and Art Ever Since. Tamas Kabdebo is a Poet, Translator and Novelist Who Makes His Home in England. His Minden Ido\(Every Time) is a Tribute to the Impulsive Heroism of Youth and the Wistful Acquies-Cence of Middle Age. [REVIEW]Ivan Sanders - 1978 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 175:8.
     
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