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Profile: Igal Kvart (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
  1.  20
    A Theory of Counterfactuals.Igal Kvart - 1986 - Hackett.
  2. Causation: Probabilistic and Counterfactual Analyses.Igal Kvart - 2004 - In Ned Hall, L. A. Paul & John Collins (eds.), Causation and Counterfactuals. Cambridge: Mass.: Mit Press. pp. 359--387.
  3.  76
    Action-Directed Pragmatics Secures Semantically Autonomous Knowledge.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    In the past couple of decades, there were a few major attempts to establish the thesis of pragmatic infringement – that a significant pragmatic ingredient figures significantly in the truth-conditions for knowledge-ascriptions. As candidates, epistemic contextualism and Relativism flaunted conversational standards, and Stanley's SSI promoted stakes. These conceptions were propelled first and foremost by obviously pragmatic examples of knowledge ascriptions that seem to require a pragmatic component in the truth-conditions of knowledge ascriptions in order to be accounted for. However, if (...)
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  4. Rational Assertibility, the Steering Role of Knowledge, and Pragmatic Encroachment.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    Igal Kvart RATIONAL ASSERTIBILITY, THE STEERING ROLE OF KNOWLEDGE, AND PRAGMATIC ENCROACHMENT Abstract In the past couple of decades, there were a few major attempts to establish the thesis of pragmatic encroachment – that there is a significant pragmatic ingredient in the truth-conditions for knowledge-ascriptions. Epistemic contextualism has flaunted the notion of a conversational standard, and Stanley's subject-sensitive invariantism (SSI) promoted stakes, each of which, according to their proponents, play a major role as pragmatic components in the truth conditions of (...)
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  5. The Non-Gradability of 'Know' is Not a Viable Argument Against Contextualism.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    I argue that 'know' is only partly, though considerably, gradable. Its being only partly gradable is explained by its multi-parametrical character. That is, its truth-conditions involve different parameters, which are scalar in character, each of which is fully gradable. Robustness of knowledge may be higher or lower along different dimensions and different modes. This has little to do with whether 'know' is context-dependent, but it undermines Stanley's argument that the non-gradability of 'know' renders it non-context-dependent.
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  6. Probabilistic Cause, Edge Conditions, Late Preemption, and Discrete Cases.Igal Kvart - 2004 - In Phil Dowe & Paul Noordhof (eds.), Cause and Chance: Causation in an Indeterministic World. Routledge. pp. 163-188.
  7.  51
    A Short Outline of the Indicativity Theory of Knowledge.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    Abstract In this paper I present a short outline of an Indicativity Theory of Knowledge, for the cases of Perceptual Knowledge and Knowledge by Memory. I explain the main rationale for a token-indicativity approach, and how it is fleshed out precisely in terms of chances. I elaborate on the account of the value of knowledge it provides, and what that value is. I explain why, given the rationale of conceiving Knowledge as token indicativity, separate sub-accounts in terms of chances should (...)
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  8.  39
    Counterfactuals.Igal Kvart - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (2):139 - 179.
    In this article I offer an approach to counterfactuals based on a notion of objective probability. It is in the spirit of, though it does not fall squarely under, the metalinguistic model. Thus, it is not developed in terms of possible worlds, or notions parasitic on them (e.g., similarity). Its dominant features are rooted in objective probability and causal relevance (analyzed probabilistically), and thus it is not close in spirit to a maximal similarity or a minimal change approach.
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  9.  18
    Causal Independence.Igal Kvart - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (1):96-114.
    In Kvart (1991a), I discussed the analysis of causal relevance presented in A Theory of Counterfactuals (1986) (and first in 1975). I explained there in what respect the notion captured by the analysis of Kvart (1986) is a mere approximation to the requisite notion of causal relevance. In this paper I present another analysis of causal relevance, devoid of the shortcoming of its predecessor. The present analysis of causal relevance is, again, grounded in a chancelike notion of objective probability. The (...)
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  10.  39
    Kripke's Belief Puzzle.Igal Kvart - 1987 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):287-325.
    This article offers a resolution of Kripke’s well-known belief puzzle.
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  11.  34
    A Theory of Thinker Reference.Igal Kvart - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (3):291-323.
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  12.  45
    THE CAUSAL-PROCESS-CHANCE-BASED ANALYSIS OF CONTERFACTUALS.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    Abstract In this paper I consider an easier-to-read and improved to a certain extent version of the causal chance-based analysis of counterfactuals that I proposed and argued for in my A Theory of Counterfactuals. Sections 2, 3 and 4 form Part I: In it, I survey the analysis of the core counterfactuals (in which, very roughly, the antecedent is compatible with history prior to it). In section 2 I go through the three main aspects of this analysis, which are the (...)
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  13. A Counter-Example to SSI and Contextualism.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    In this paper, I present a counter-example to the two most prominent theories of pragmatic encroachment (regarding knowledge ascriptions): Contextualism (specifically, DeRose's version), and Stanley's Subject-Sensitive Invariantism (SSI). The example is a variation on DeRose's bank case. -/- Key words: Knowledge, knowledge ascriptions, pragmatic encroachment, Stanley, DeRose, bank case, standards, stakes.
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  14.  37
    Counterfactuals: Ambiguities, True Premises, and Knowledge.Igal Kvart - 1994 - Synthese 100 (1):133 - 164.
    In this paper I explore the ambiguity that arises between two readings of the counterfactual construction, then–d and thel–p, analyzed in my bookA Theory of Counterfactuals. I then extend the analysis I offered there to counterfactuals with true antecedents, and offer a more precise formulation of the conception of temporal divergence points used in thel–p interpretation. Finally, I discuss some ramifications of these issues for counterfactual analyses of knowledge.
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  15.  34
    Quine and Modalities de Re: A Way Out?Igal Kvart - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (6):295 - 328.
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  16.  78
    Seeing That and Seeing As.Igal Kvart - 1993 - Noûs 27 (3):279-302.
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  17.  24
    Transitivity and Preemption of Causal Relevance.Igal Kvart - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 64 (2):125 - 160.
  18.  39
    MJ CRESSWELL, A Canonical Model for S2 3 ROSS T. BRADY, Completeness Proofs for the Systems RM3 and BN4 9.Wulf Rehder, Igal Kvart, Bj Copeland, Michel V. Wedin & Howard G. Callaway - forthcoming - Logique Et Analyse.
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  19.  36
    Beliefs and Believing.Igal Kvart - 1986 - Theoria 52 (3):129-45.
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  20.  7
    Divided Reference.Igal Kvart - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):140-179.
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  21.  46
    Mediated Reference and Proper Names.Igal Kvart - 1993 - Mind 102 (408):611 - 628.
  22.  21
    Abstract: Cognitive Risk Bias and the Threat to the Semantics of Knowledge Ascriptions.Igal Kvart - manuscript
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  23. Can Counterfactuals Save Mental Causation?Igal Kvart - manuscript
    In this paper I rely on my account of counterfactuals in order to argue that supervenience and epiphenomenalism are incompatible. This argument is strong when directed against a freestanding epiphenomenalism. Along the way I will also argue that Davidson’s argument in favor of mental causation is not valid. A crucial intermediate point in the argument is the issue of counterfactual transitivity. I argue that, even though in general counterfactual transitivity is invalid, a valid sub-inference can be specified. I also specify (...)
     
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  24.  76
    The Counterfactual Analysis of Cause.Igal Kvart - 2001 - Synthese 127 (3):389 - 427.
    David Lewis’s counterfactual analysis of cause consisted of the counterfactual conditional closed under transitivity.2 Namely, a sufficient condition for A’s being a cause of C is that ∼A > ∼C be true; and a necessary as well as sufficient condition is that there be a series of true counterfactuals ∼A > ∼E1, ∼E1 > ∼E2, . . . , ∼En >∼C (n > 0).
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  25.  13
    Overall Positive Causal Impact.Igal Kvart - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):205 - 227.
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  26. Causation: Counterfactual and Probabilistic Analyses.Igal Kvart - 2004 - In J. D. Collins, E. J. Hall & L. A. Paul (eds.), Causation and Counterfactuals. MIT Press.
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  27.  34
    The Hesperus-Phosphorus Case.Igal Kvart - 1984 - Theoria 50 (1):1-35.
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  28.  3
    Kripke’s Belief Puzzle.Igal Kvart - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:369-412.
    This article offers a resolution of Kripke’s well-known belief puzzle.
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  29.  54
    A Probabilistic Theory of Knowledge.Igal Kvart - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):1–43.
    In this paper I provide a probabilistic account of factual knowledge,[1] based on the notion of chance.[2] This account has some affinity with my chance account of token causation,[3] but it neither relies on it nor presupposes it. Here I concentrate on the core cases of perceptual knowledge and of knowledge by memory (based on perception). The analysis of knowledge presented below is externalist; but pursuing such an analysis need not detract from the significance of attempts to flesh out justificational (...)
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  30. Causal Relevance.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    The problem facing us in this paper is that of how to analyze the notion of causal relevance. This is the inverse relation of causal dependence: A is causally irrelevant to C iff C is causally independent of A. As an example of causal relevance, consider: Example 1: A - The American astronaut on Mir scratched his left ear exactly an hour ago B - I am writing this paper right now. Intuitively, A was not causally relevant to B. It (...)
     
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  31. A Super-Light Survey of the Probabilistic Account of Knowledge.Igal Kvart - manuscript
    The two main insights of the account that are at the heart of the notion of knowledge are that the belief that p amounts to high token indicativity of the fact that p, and that knowledge endows high level of immunity from error. In this outline we shall deal with perceptual knowledge and perception-based memory. For these modes of knowledge, another condition is required, beyond that of high token indicativity, which secures the appropriate discriminability condition for knowledge. These conditions will (...)
     
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  32. The Paradox Of Surprise Examination.Igal Kvart - 1978 - Logique Et Analyse 21 (82):337-344.
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  33.  30
    Cause and Some Positive Causal Impact.Igal Kvart - 1997 - Noûs 31 (s11):401-432.
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  34. Counterfactuals and Causal Relevance.Igal Kvart - 1991 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72 (4):314-337.
  35.  24
    Probabilistic Cause and the Thirsty Traveler.Igal Kvart - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (2):139-179.
    In this paper I start by briefly presenting an analysis of token cause and of token causal relevance that I developed elsewhere, and then apply it to the famous thirsty traveler riddle. One general outcome of the analysis of causal relevance employed here is that in preemption cases (early or late) the preempted cause is not a cause since it is causally irrelevant to the effect. I consider several variations of the thirsty traveler riddle. In the first variation the first (...)
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  36.  10
    On Putnam's Counterexample Toa Theory of Counterfactuals.Igal Kvart - 1987 - Philosophical Papers 16 (3):235-239.
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  37.  6
    The Objective Dimension of Believing "De Re".Igal Kvart - 1992 - Critica 24 (70):83 - 107.
  38.  1
    Quine and Modalities De Re.Igal Kvart - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (6):295-328.
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  39.  2
    Corrections to Igal Kvart, "Cause and Some Positive Causal Impact," Philosophical Perspectives, 11, Mind, Causation, and World, 1997.Igal Kvart - 1999 - Noûs 33 (s13):519-520.
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  40. A Counterfactual Theory of Cause.Igal Kvart - 2001 - Synthese 127 (3):389-427.
     
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  41. A Probabilistic Theory of Knowledge.Igal Kvart - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):1-43.
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  42. A Theory of Counterfactuals.Igal Kvart - 1993 - Noûs 27 (1):113-118.
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  43. Contrafácticos.Igal Kvart - 1988 - Dianoia 34 (34):93.
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  44. Corrections to Igal Kvart, “Cause and Some Positive Causal Impact,”Philosophical Perspectives, 11, Mind, Causation, and World, 1997.Igal Kvart - 1999 - Noanducirc;S 33 (s13):519-520.
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  45. Kripke’s Belief Puzzle.Igal Kvart - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:369-412.
    This article offers a resolution of Kripke’s well-known belief puzzle.
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  46. The Objective Dimension of Believing "De Re".Igal Kvart - 1992 - Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 24 (70):83-107.
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  47. The omnipotence puzzle.Igal Kvart - 1982 - Logique Et Analyse 25 (97):75.
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