Results for 'Igor Papakin'

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  1. Bodily Systems and the Modular Structure of the Human Body.Barry Smith, Igor Papakin & Katherine Munn - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence in Medicine (Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence 2780) 9:86-90.
    Medical science conceives the human body as a system comprised of many subsystems at a variety of levels. At the highest level are bodily systems proper, such as the endocrine system, which are central to our understanding of human anatomy, and play a key role in diagnosis and in dynamic modeling as well as in medical pedagogy and computer visualization. But there is no explicit definition of what a bodily system is; such informality is acceptable in documentation created for human (...)
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  2.  57
    Analysis in Prior Analytics I.45.Igor Martinjak - 2022 - History and Philosophy of Logic 43 (3):207-231.
    I reconstruct Aristotle’s analytical procedure in Prior Analytics I.45 and its metalogical implications. Aristotle’s analysis unfolds three groups of syllogisms: symmetrically analysable, asymmetrically analysable, and non-analysable syllogisms. From the first and the third group could be extracted 27 combinations of the two mutually non-derivable deductive rules. Aristotle’s reduced deductive system in APr. I.7 with the two moods in the first figure (traditionally called Barbara and Celarent) follows this pattern. I demonstrate that the deductive system with Barbara and Celarent is just (...)
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  3.  4
    Aristotle's Psychological Conception of Meaning: παθήματα as ὁμοιώματα.Igor Martinjak - 2018 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 38 (3):601-614.
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  4. Probability of inconsistencies in theory revision.Sylvia Wenmackers, Danny E. P. Vanpoucke & Igor Douven - 2012 - European Physical Journal B 85 (1):44 (15).
    We present a model for studying communities of epistemically interacting agents who update their belief states by averaging the belief states of other agents in the community. The agents in our model have a rich belief state, involving multiple independent issues which are interrelated in such a way that they form a theory of the world. Our main goal is to calculate the probability for an agent to end up in an inconsistent belief state due to updating. To that end, (...)
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  5.  14
    Ethical analysis of the first porcine cardiac xenotransplantation.Christopher Gyngell, Megan Munsie, Misao Fujita, Carrie Thiessen, Julian Savulescu & Igor E. Konstantinov - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (6):363-367.
    In this article, we provide an ethical analysis of the first porcine cardiac xenotransplant, performed in Maryland, USA in early 2022. David Bennett was offered the experimental procedure after he was deemed ineligible for human heart transplantation and mechanical circulatory support, based on a history of non-compliance. It was reported that Mr Bennett’s previous instances of non-compliance were for medically non-life-threatening conditions years earlier, where the risks of non-compliance were not as high. We argue that, in Mr Bennett’s case, a (...)
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  6. Studi e ricerche su filosofia, scienza e teologia in età moderna.Gilberto Sacerdoti, Emilio Sergio, Igor Agostini, Salvatore Serrapica & Roberto Mazzola - 2007 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 3 (2):217-366.
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  7. Social Sciences (TRANSLATION from French, 2003. "L'ordre humain" by Daniel Andler).Francois-Igor Pris - manuscript
  8. The access problem in the theory of epistemological disjunctivism.François-Igor Pris - 2014 - NB: Philosophical Thinking (Russian E-Journal) (10):1-25.
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  9.  27
    Assertion, Knowledge, and Rational Credibility.Igor Douven - 2006 - Philosophical Review 115 (4):449-485.
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  10.  16
    Fontainebleau (Univ. Paris XII), France July 19–22, 2004.Igor Walukiewicz, France Curie, Patrick Cégielski & Anjolina Grisi de Oliveira - 2005 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 11 (1).
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  11. A new resolution of the Judy Benjamin Problem.Igor Douven & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):637 - 670.
    A paper on how to adapt your probabilisitc beliefs when learning a conditional.
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  12.  59
    Expressive Power of “Now” and “Then” Operators.Igor Yanovich - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (1):65-93.
    Natural language provides motivation for studying modal backwards-looking operators such as “now”, “then” and “actually” that evaluate their argument formula at some previously considered point instead of the current one. This paper investigates the expressive power over models of both propositional and first-order basic modal language enriched with such operators. Having defined an appropriate notion of bisimulation for first-order modal logic, I show that backwards-looking operators increase its expressive power quite mildly, contrary to beliefs widespread among philosophers of language and (...)
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  13. Probabilist antirealism.Igor Douven, Leon Horsten & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2010 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):38-63.
    Until now, antirealists have offered sketches of a theory of truth, at best. In this paper, we present a probabilist account of antirealist truth in some formal detail, and we assess its ability to deal with the problems that are standardly taken to beset antirealism.
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  14.  17
    Knowledge and Practical Reasoning.Igor Douven - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):101-118.
    The idea that knowledge is conceptually related to practical reasoning is becoming increasingly popular. In defending this idea, philosophers have been relying on a conception of practical reasoning that drastically deviates from one which has been more traditionally advocated in analytic philosophy and which assigns no special role to knowledge. This paper argues that these philosophers have failed to give good reasons for thinking that the conception of practical reasoning they have been assuming is the right one, and that hence (...)
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  15.  19
    Paraconsistency.Igor Urbas - 1990 - Studies in Soviet Thought 39 (3-4):343-354.
  16. Sombras tras la batalla en Irlanda del Norte: The Boxer (Jim Sheridan, 1997).Igor Barrenechea Marañón - 2024 - Araucaria 26 (56).
    Desde el inicio de los _Troubles_ la situación en Irlanda del Norte estuvo marcada por la violencia del IRA y la confrontación sectaria entre las comunidades católicas y protestantes. En el inicio de la década de los años 90 se abrió un nuevo panorama de esperanza a la hora de poner fin al terrorismo, gracias a los Acuerdos del Viernes Santo (10 de abril de 1998). Este artículo analiza las claves y el contexto del filme _The Boxer_ (1997), del reconocido (...)
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  17. Sustainable supply chains – Designing a requisite holistic model.Igor Perko, Giovanna del Gaudio & Vojko Potocan - forthcoming - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility.
    Our study explored the relationships between supply chain (SC) members and their local and global stakeholders in achieving sustainability goals based on requisite holistic analysis and system dynamics modeling, which goes beyond the previous attempts to improve SC sustainability. In this research, we first developed a model that addresses the basic holistic treatment of SC sustainability; in a second model of sustainable SC (SSC), we then considered requisite holistic interactions among its stakeholders. We used the theory-based viable system model to (...)
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  18.  43
    Topoi in Critical Discourse Analysis.Igor Žagar - 2010 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 6 (1):3-27.
    Topoi in Critical Discourse Analysis Topos is one of the most widely-used concepts from classical argumentation theory. It found its way not only in philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and linguistics; it found its way in everyday life and everyday conversation as well.In this article, I will examine the role that topoi play in Critical Discourse Analysis. Starting with definitions from Aristotle and Cicero, contrasting them with new conceptualisations by Perelman and Toulmin, and examining the superficial use of topoi in everyday conversation, (...)
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  19.  19
    On Independent Axiomatizability of Quasi-Normal Modal Logics.Igor Gorbunov & Dmitry Shkatov - 2022 - Studia Logica 110 (5):1189-1217.
    We give a negative solution to the problem, posed by A. Chagrov and M. Zakharyaschev, of whether every quasi-normal propositional modal logic can be axiomatized by an independent set of axioms, with the inference rules of Substitution and Modus Ponens.
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  20.  74
    Invariantist ‘might’ and modal meaning change: A reply to Braun.Igor Yanovich - 2013 - Linguistics and Philosophy 36 (2):175-180.
    Invariantism proposed by Braun (Linguistics and Philosophy 35(6):461–489, 2012) aims to maintain full identity of semantic content between all uses of ‘might’. I invoke well-known facts regarding diachronic change in meanings of modals to argue that invariantism commits us to implausible duplication of familiar processes of lexical semantic change on the level of “lexical pragmatics”, with no obvious payoff.
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  21.  27
    Building Peace in Fragile States – Building Trust is Essential for Effective Public–Private Partnerships.Igor Abramov - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S4):481-494.
    Increasingly, the private sector is playing a greater role in supporting peace building efforts in conflict and post-conflict areas by providing critical expertise, know-how, and capital. However, reports of the corrupt practices of both governments and businesses have plagued international peace building efforts, deepening the distrust of stricken communities. Businesses are perceived as being selfish and indifferent to the impact their operations may have on the social and political development of local communities. Additionally, the corruption of local governments has been (...)
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  22.  35
    Mindwandering heightens the accessibility of negative relative to positive thought.Igor Marchetti, Ernst Hw Koster & Rudi De Raedt - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1517-1525.
    Mindwandering is associated with both positive and negative outcomes. Among the latter, negative mood and negative cognitions have been reported. However, the underlying mechanisms linking mindwandering to negative mood and cognition are still unclear. We hypothesized that MW could either directly enhance negative thinking or indirectly heighten the accessibility of negative thoughts. In an undergraduate sample we measured emotional thoughts during the Sustained Attention on Response Task which induces MW, and accessibility of negative cognitions by means of the Scrambled Sentences (...)
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  23. Consciousness, Mathematics and Reality: A Unified Phenomenology.Igor Ševo - manuscript
    Every scientific theory is a simulacrum of reality, every written story a simulacrum of the canon, and every conceptualization of a subjective perspective a simulacrum of the consciousness behind it—but is there a shared essence to these simulacra? The pursuit of answering seemingly disparate fundamental questions across different disciplines may ultimately converge into a single solution: a single ontological answer underlying grand unified theory, hard problem of consciousness, and the foundation of mathematics. I provide a hypothesis, a speculative approximation, supported (...)
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  24.  36
    A pathway for wisdom-focused education.Igor Grossmann & Alex C. Huynh - 2020 - Journal of Moral Education 49 (1):9-29.
    Interest in the topic of wisdom-focused education has so far not resulted in empirically validated programs for teaching wisdom. To start filling this void, we explore the emerging empirical evidence concerning the fundamental elements required for understanding how one can foster wisdom, with a particular focus on wise reasoning. We define wise reasoning through a combination of intellectual humility, recognition of world in flux/change, open-mindedness to diverse viewpoints, and search for compromise/integration of diverse perspectives. In this article, we review evidence (...)
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  25.  26
    Brightening Up: The Effect of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act on Existing Regulation of Pharmaceutical Marketing.Igor Gorlach & Genevieve Pham-Kanter - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):315-322.
    With the passage of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act as part of the federal health care reform law, pharmaceutical manufacturers are now required to disclose a wide range of payments made by manufacturers to physicians. We review current state regulation of pharmaceutical marketing and consider how the federal sunshine provision will affect existing marketing regulation. We analyze the legal and practical implications of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act.
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  26.  15
    Brightening Up: The Effect of the Physician Payment Sunshine Act on Existing Regulation of Pharmaceutical Marketing.Igor Gorlach & Genevieve Pham-Kanter - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):315-322.
    In 2008 pharmaceutical companies spent over $12 billion on product promotion and detailing aimed at U.S. health care practitioners. Drug and device manufacturers rely on a workforce of detailers and physician speakers to reach health care practitioners and nudge their prescribing habits. To prevent undue influence and protect the public fisc, a number of states began regulating these marketing practices, requiring companies to disclose all gifts to practitioners, prohibiting the commercialized sale of prescription data, and prohibiting certain gifts altogether. The (...)
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  27. Cum suo scripto : lay deperdita and ecclesiastical memory in dispute records from Castile-Álava and Tuscany (Ninth-tenth centuries).Igor Santos Salazar - 2023 - In Isabel Alfonso Antón, José M. Andrade & André Evangelista Marques (eds.), Records and processes of dispute settlement in early medieval societies: Iberia and beyond. Boston: Brill.
     
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  28.  4
    Tradução de "Dissertação sobre a política dos romanos na religião", de Montesquieu.Igor Moraes Santos - 2022 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 40 (1):240-249.
    Tradução do texto originalmente intitulado "Dissertation sur la politique des Romains dans la religion", de Charles-Louis de Secondat, barão de La Brède e de Montesquieu. Trata-se de trabalho apresentado no dia 18 de junho de 1716 à Academie Royale des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts de Bordeaux e somente publicado após a sua morte.
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  29.  8
    Die Rolle der russischen Sprache in der Gegenwart.Igor Scharonov - 2015 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 24 (2):117-122.
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  30.  90
    Building Peace in Fragile States – Building Trust is Essential for Effective Public–Private Partnerships.Igor Abramov - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S4):481 - 494.
    Increasingly, the private sector is playing a greater role in supporting peace building efforts in conflict and post-conflict areas by providing critical expertise, know-how, and capital. However, reports of the corrupt practices of both governments and businesses have plagued international peace building efforts, deepening the distrust of stricken communities. Businesses are perceived as being selfish and indifferent to the impact their operations may have on the social and political development of local communities. Additionally, the corruption of local governments has been (...)
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  31. Informational Monism: A Phenomenological Perspective on the Nature of Information.Igor Ševo - manuscript
    Although a substantial number of papers is published on the topic of consciousness, there is still little consensus on what its nature is and how the physical and phenomenal worlds are connected. Most published research establishes a causal relation between the brain and the mind, but it lacks a cogent theory of how this relation comes to be. In contrast, this paper uses a set of thought experiments grounded in quantum information theory to derive a framework for resolving the hard (...)
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  32.  20
    The Role of Quantum Mechanics in Understanding the Phenomenon of Consciousness.Igor V. Cherepanov & Черепанов Игорь Владимирович - 2022 - RUDN Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):770-789.
    The article analyzes the effectiveness of quantum theories of mental experience in relation to two ontological problems - the problem of the existence of consciousness in the material world and the problem of the interaction of consciousness and body. A critical analysis of the quantum theories of consciousness by Penrose-Hameroff, M. Tegmark, G. Stapp, M. Fischer and M.B. Mensky shows that they fail to fully explain how complex physical systems generate mental experience without violating the principle of causal closure of (...)
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  33.  80
    Hyperintensional logics for everyone.Igor Sedlár - 2019 - Synthese 198 (2):933-956.
    We introduce a general representation of unary hyperintensional modalities and study various hyperintensional modal logics based on the representation. It is shown that the major approaches to hyperintensionality known from the literature, that is state-based, syntactic and structuralist approaches, all correspond to special cases of the general framework. Completeness results pertaining to our hyperintensional modal logics are established.
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  34.  57
    Community of Infancy: Suspending the Sovereignty of the Teacher's Voice.Igor Jasinski & Tyson E. Lewis - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (4):538-553.
    While some argue that the only way to make a place for Philosophy for Children in today's strict, standardised classroom is to measure its efficacy in promoting reasoning, we believe that this must be avoided in order to safeguard what is truly unique in P4C dialogue. When P4C acquiesces to the very same quantitative measures that define the rest of learning, then the philosophical dimension drops out and P4C becomes yet another progressive curriculum and pedagogy for enhancing argumentation skills that (...)
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  35.  38
    The ethical challenge of management buy-outs as a form of privatisation in central and eastern europe.Igor Filatotchev, Ken Starkey & Mike Wright - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (7):523 - 532.
    There has been a growing debate about the ethics of management buy-outs (MBOs). One possible criticism of the MBO is that it serves the interests of incumbent management at the expense of shareholders. In this paper we develop the general arguments concerning the ethical aspects of the MBO to include other forms of buy-out beyond going privates and apply the analysis to MBOs as a mode of privatisation in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). MBOs are justified in this context postperestroika (...)
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  36.  10
    Truly Empiricist Semantics.Igor Douven - 1998 - Dialectica 52 (2):127-150.
    In van Fraassen's The Scientific Image we are told that the scientific anti‐realist need not appeal to some special semantics for scientific language. He can allegedly hold – just like his direct opponents typically do – that truth‐conditional semantics is appropriate both for claims about the observable and claims about the unobservable. However, I shall point out that this kind of semantics goes badly with the anti‐realist's epistemic attitude vis‐his the unobservable. In this paper an alternative semantics shall be outlined (...)
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  37.  6
    L’orrore negli occhi. L’antichità classica e la mostruosità.Igor Baglioni - 2021 - Studi di Estetica 20.
    In this study, I have outlined the path through which the “monster” typology in its multiple meanings came to be defined in the context of the history of classical antiquity. In following this path, attention was paid more to the monstrous entities of the Greek mythological tradition.
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  38. Kratkiĭ slovarʹ po filosofii.Igorʹ Viktorovich Blauberg & I. K. Pantin (eds.) - 1970 - Moskva,: Politizdat.
     
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  39.  5
    Overview of the Social Income Reform Approaches of the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe.Igor Tomes - 1997 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 64.
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  40.  24
    A note on “Carnot's logic”.Igor Urbas - 1994 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 23 (3).
  41.  45
    The World in My Mind, My Mind in the World.Igor Aleksander - 2005 - Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic.
    Ifeel that Iam apartof, but separatefrom an 'out there' world. 2. Ifeel that my perception of the world mingles with feelings of past experience. 3. My experienceof the world is selective and purposeful. 4. I am thinking ahead allthe timeintrying ...
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  42.  22
    The Epistemology of Indicative Conditionals: Formal and Empirical Approaches.Igor Douven - 2015 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    Conditionals are sentences of the form 'If A, then B', and they play a central role in scientific, logical, and everyday reasoning. They have been in the philosophical limelight for centuries, and more recently, they have been receiving attention from psychologists, linguists, and computer scientists. In spite of this, many key questions concerning conditionals remain unanswered. While most of the work on conditionals has addressed semantical questions - questions about the truth conditions of conditionals - this book focuses on the (...)
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  43. What are natural concepts? A design perspective.Igor Douven & Peter Gärdenfors - 2019 - Mind and Language (3):313-334.
    Conceptual spaces have become an increasingly popular modeling tool in cognitive psychology. The core idea of the conceptual spaces approach is that concepts can be represented as regions in similarity spaces. While it is generally acknowledged that not every region in such a space represents a natural concept, it is still an open question what distinguishes those regions that represent natural concepts from those that do not. The central claim of this paper is that natural concepts are represented by the (...)
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  44.  15
    Perception, Logic and Plurality of Rational Representations of the World.Igor F. Mikhailov - 2019 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 62 (7):37-53.
    The article covers such issues as the relevance of the theory of perception as a multi-level information processing, the methodological role of the concept of representation and the relation of neurodynamic structures to subjective experience. The author critically reviews the philosophical presumptions underlying the various concepts of “local rationality,” the core of which is constituted by the belief that large ethnic cultures generate or are based on their own rationality and their own logic. Three statements are successively considered: thinking is (...)
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  45.  5
    Ėkzistent︠s︡ializm i sovremennostʹ: pogranichnye situat︠s︡ii: Karl I︠A︡spers, Fëdor Koni︠u︡khov.Igorʹ Chindin - 2006 - Moskva: MATI. Edited by Karl Jaspers.
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  46. Mifologii︠a︡ kulʹtury: Rossii︠a︡, pervai︠a︡ polovina 20-go veka.Igorʹ Chindin - 2010 - Moskva: Inzhener.
     
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  47.  1
    Антология феноменологической философии в России.Igor' M. Čubarov (ed.) - 1998 - Moskva: Logos "Gnozis" Rfo.
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  48.  4
    Die Erfahrung von Mimesis in der Ornamentik der russischen Avantgarde.Igor Chubarov - 2014 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 23 (2):115-127.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Paragrana Jahrgang: 23 Heft: 2 Seiten: 115-127.
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  49. Emancipated Thing Versus Reified Consciousness.Igor′ M. Chubarov - 2009 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 48 (2):47-62.
    The author compares the outlook of the early twentieth-century Russian literary and artistic avant-garde with the anticapitalist critique of the early Marx, with special reference to the concepts of defamiliarization and alienation.
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  50.  10
    The formation of future preschool teachers’ competence required for using computer technology.Racu Igor, Lystopad Oleksii & Mardarova Iryna - 2017 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 25 (5):23-26.
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