Results for 'Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen'

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  1. True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief.Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  2.  6
    Does Meditation Swamp Working Memory?Pyysiainen Ilkka - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).
  3.  4
    No Evidence of a Specific Adaptation.Pyysiainen Ilkka - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):484.
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  4.  4
    Análisis del concepto de progreso matemático en Ilkka Niiniluoto.Pilar Beltrán Orenes - 1999 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 4:9-23.
    La noción de "progreso matemático" constituye uno de los elementos del planteamiento filosófico-metodológico de Ilkka Niiniluoto a los que menor atención se les ha prestado. Para esclarecer esta noción en su enfoque, se estudia su propuesta matemática general, que se asienta en una Epistemología de realismo científico-crítico. Se resalta la conjunción que propone entre una Metodología de carácter "cuasi-empírico", que le aproxima a I. Lakatos, y una Epistemología realista, que le hace sintonizar con la Ontología del "mundo 3" de (...)
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  5.  22
    Zucker J. I.. The Adequacy Problem for Classical Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic, Vol. 7 , Pp. 517–535.Zucker J. I. And Tragesser R. S.. The Adequacy Problem for Inferential Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic, Pp. 501–516.Prawitz Dag. Proofs and the Meaning and Completeness of the Logical Constants. Essays on Mathematical and Philosophical Logic, Proceedings of the Fourth Scandinavian Logic Symposium and of the First Soviet-Finnish Logic Conference, Jyväskyla, Finland, June 29-July 6,1976, Edited by Hintikka Jaakko, Niiniluoto Ilkka, and Saarinen Esa, Synthese Library, Vol. 122, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1979, Pp. 25–40.Prawitz Dag. Meaning and Proofs: On the Conflict Between Classical and Intuitionistic Logic. Theoria, Vol. 43 , Pp. 2–40.Dummett M. A. E.. The Justification of Deduction. Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 59 , Pp. 201–232.Dummett Michael. The Philosophical Basis of Intuitionistic Logic. Logic Colloquium '73, Proceedings. [REVIEW]Richard E. Grandy - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):689-694.
  6.  20
    Richard Jeffrey. Introduction. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Richard C. Jeffrey, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 1–6. - Rudolf Carnap. A Basic System of Inductive Logic, Part II. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Richard C. Jeffrey, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 7–155. - Jaakko Hintikka and Ilkka Niiniluoto. An Axiomatic Foundation for the Logic of Inductive Generalization. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Richard C. Jeffrey, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 157–181. - Theo A. F. Kuipers. A Survey of Inductive Systems. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Richard C. Jeffrey, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 183–192. - Jens Erik Fenstad. The Structure of Probabilities Defined on First-O. [REVIEW]C. Howson - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1409-1410.
  7.  13
    Ilkka Niiniluoto. Truthlikeness. Synthese Library, Vol. 195. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht Etc. 1987, Xvii + 518 Pp. [REVIEW]David Pearce - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
  8.  9
    Herbert G. Bohnert. Communication by Ramsey-Sentence Clause. Philosophy of Science, Vol. 34 , Pp. 341–347. - Israel Scheffler. Reflections on the Ramsey Method. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65 , Pp. 269–274. - Herbert G. Bohnert. In Defense of Ramsey's Elimination Method. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65 Pp. 275–281. - Ilkka Niiniluoto. Empirically Trivial Theories and Inductive Systematization. Logic, Probability, and Language, Edited by Radu J. Bogdan and I. Niiniluoto, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht1973, Pp. 101–107. [REVIEW]Raimo Tuomela - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):617-619.
  9. Ilkka Niiniluoto, Sami Pihlström (Eds.), Reappraisals of Eino Kaila's Philosophy. [REVIEW]Thomas Mormann - 2016 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 18:281 - 285.
  10.  86
    Critical Realism in Progress: Reflections on Ilkka Niiniluoto's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]David Pearce - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (2):147 - 171.
  11.  27
    Ilkka Niiniluoto, Critical Scientific Realism. Oxford: Oxford University Press , Xiv + 341 Pp.Ioannis Votsis - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):444-447.
    This is certainly true. Simulationists and experimentalists face equally relevant challenges when it comes to establishing that the results of their simulation or experiment are informative about the real world. But it is one thing to point this fact out, and it is another to understand how those challenges are overcome, under differing circumstances, and in varying contexts. It is here that Marcel Boumans’ contribution becomes especially valuable. He presents an example from economics in which a mathematical model performs the (...)
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  12.  19
    Book Review:Is Science Progressive? Ilkka Niiniluoto.Jarrett Leplin - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):646-648.
  13.  6
    Is Science Progressive?Ilkka Niiniluoto.Ernan McMullin - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):260-261.
  14.  6
    Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness. [REVIEW]David Pearce - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
  15.  26
    Qualitative and Quantitative Inference to the Best Theory: Reply to Ilkka Niiniluoto.Theo A. F. Kuipers - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):276-280.
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  16.  2
    Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas, Written by Ilkka Pyysiäinen.Justin E. Lane - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 16 (1-2):171-174.
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  17.  7
    Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW]R. C. B. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
  18.  8
    Review: Seppo Ilkka, A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. [REVIEW]Akira Nakamura - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304-304.
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  19. Leila Haaparanta and Ilkka Niiniluoto, Eds., Analytic Philosophy in Finland Reviewed By.Sirkku K. Hellsten - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (2):111-113.
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  20.  4
    Ilkka Seppo. A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. Societas Scientiarum Fennica, Commentationes Physico-Mathematicae, Vol. 32 No. 8, Helsinki 1966, 13 Pp. [REVIEW]Akira Nakamura - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304-304.
  21.  8
    Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW]C. R. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
  22.  3
    Is Science Progressive? By Ilkka Niiniluoto. [REVIEW]Ernan Mcmullin - 1987 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 78:260-261.
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  23.  3
    Ilkka Niiniluoto Carnap on Truth.I. Carnap'S. Early Work - 2003 - In Thomas Bonk (ed.), Language, Truth and Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 2--1.
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  24. Análisis del concepto de progreso matemático en Ilkka Niiniluoto.P. Beltrán Orenes - 1999 - Contrastes: Revista Interdisciplinar de Filosofía 4:9-23.
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  25. Chilli Chʻŏngbaji: Nae Ka Anŭn Kŏt I Chilli Ilkka?Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) - 2005 - Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.
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  26. Haengbok Chʻŏngbaji: 'Chŭlgŏun' Sam I 'Choŭn' Sam Ilkka.Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) - 2005 - Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.
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  27. Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto.Sami Pihlström, Panu Raatikainen & Matti Sintonen (eds.) - 2007 - College Publications.
     
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  28. Critical Scientific Realism.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    This book comes to the rescue of scientific realism, showing that reports of its death have been greatly exaggerated. Philosophical realism holds that the aim of a particular discourse is to make true statements about its subject matter. Ilkka Niiniluoto surveys different kinds of realism in various areas of philosophy and then sets out his own critical realist philosophy of science.
  29. Verisimilitude: The Third Period.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  30.  28
    Pliability and Resistance: Feyerabendian Insights Into Sophisticated Realism.Luca Tambolo - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):197-213.
    In this paper we focus on two claims, put forward by Feyerabend in his later writings , which constitute the metaphysical core of his view of scientific inquiry. The first, that we call the pliability thesis, is the claim that the world can be described by indefinitely many conceptual systems, none of them enjoying a privileged status. The second, that we call the resistance thesis, is the claim that the pliability of the world is limited, i.e., not all the different (...)
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  31.  8
    Theories and Models in Scientific Processes: Proceedings of Afos '94 Workshop, August 15-26, Madralin and Iuhps '94 Conference, August 27-29, Warszawa. [REVIEW]William E. Herfel, Wladlyslaw Krajewski, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Ryszard Wójcicki - 1995 - Rodopi.
    Contents: PART 1. MODELS IN SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES. Joseph AGASSI: Why there is no theory of models. Ma??l??gorzata CZARNOCKA: Models and symbolic nature of knowledge. Adam GROBLER: The representational and the non-representational in models of scientific theories. Stephan HARTMANN: Models as a tool for the theory construction; some strategies of preliminary physics. William HERFEL: Nonlinear dynamical models as concrete construction. Elzbieta KA??L??USZY??N??SKA: Styles of thinking. Stathis PSILLOS: The cognitive interplay between theories and models: the case of 19th century optics. PART 2. (...)
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  32.  30
    From Dynamic Disbeliefs to Causality and Chance.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):549-552.
    From dynamic disbeliefs to causality and chance Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9478-0 Authors Ilkka Niiniluoto, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 00014 Finland Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  33.  67
    Scientific Progress as Increasing Verisimilitude.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 46:73-77.
    According to the foundationalist picture, shared by many rationalists and positivist empiricists, science makes cognitive progress by accumulating justified truths. Fallibilists, who point out that complete certainty cannot be achieved in empirical science, can still argue that even successions of false theories may progress toward the truth. This proposal was supported by Karl Popper with his notion of truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Popper’s own technical definition failed, but the idea that scientific progress means increasing truthlikeness can be expressed by defining degrees (...)
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  34. Progress as Approximation to the Truth: A Defence of the Verisimilitudinarian Approach.Gustavo Cevolani & Luca Tambolo - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (4):921-935.
    In this paper we provide a compact presentation of the verisimilitudinarian approach to scientific progress (VS, for short) and defend it against the sustained attack recently mounted by Alexander Bird (2007). Advocated by such authors as Ilkka Niiniluoto and Theo Kuipers, VS is the view that progress can be explained in terms of the increasing verisimilitude (or, equivalently, truthlikeness, or approximation to the truth) of scientific theories. According to Bird, VS overlooks the central issue of the appropriate grounding of (...)
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  35. Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto & David Pearce - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):281-290.
     
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  36. Bohm's Approach and Individuality.Paavo Pylkkänen, Basil J. Hiley & Ilkka Pättiniemi - 2016 - In Alexandre Guay & Thomas Pradeu (eds.), Individuals Across the Sciences. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Ladyman and Ross argue that quantum objects are not individuals and use this idea to ground their metaphysical view, ontic structural realism, according to which relational structures are primary to things. LR acknowledge that there is a version of quantum theory, namely the Bohm theory, according to which particles do have denite trajectories at all times. However, LR interpret the research by Brown et al. as implying that "raw stuff" or haecceities are needed for the individuality of particles of BT, (...)
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  37. Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas.Iikka Pyysiainen - 2009 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The cognitive science of religion is a rapidly growing field whose practitioners apply insights from advances in cognitive science in order to provide a better understanding of religious impulses, beliefs, and behaviors. In this book Ilkka Pyysiäinen shows how this methodology can profitably be used in the comparative study of beliefs about superhuman agents. He begins by developing a theoretical outline of the basic, modular architecture of the human mind and especially the human capacity to understand agency. He then (...)
     
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  38.  22
    Truthlikeness.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
  39.  67
    Remarks on the Logic of Imagination. A Step Towards Understanding Doxastic Control Through Imagination.Heinrich Wansing - 2017 - Synthese 194 (8):2843-2861.
    Imagination has recently attracted considerable attention from epistemologists and is recognized as a source of belief and even knowledge. One remarkable feature of imagination is that it is often and typically agentive: agents decide to imagine. In cases in which imagination results in a belief, the agentiveness of imagination may be taken to give rise to indirect doxastic control and epistemic responsibility. This observation calls for a proper understanding of agentive imagination. In particular, it calls for the development of a (...)
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  40. Defending Abduction.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):451.
    Charles S. Peirce argued that, besides deduction and induction, there is a third mode of inference which he called " hypothesis " or " abduction." He characterized abduction as reasoning " from effect to cause," and as " the operation of adopting an explanatory hypothesis." Peirce ' s ideas about abduction, which are related also to historically earlier accounts of heuristic reasoning, have been seen as providing a logic of scientific discovery. Alternatively, abduction is interpreted as giving reasons for pursuing (...)
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  41.  24
    Truth-Seeking by Abduction.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2018 - Springer.
  42.  58
    The Origins of Religion : Evolved Adaptation or by-Product?Ilkka Pyysiäinen & Marc Hauser - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):104-109.
  43.  59
    Optimistic Realism About Scientific Progress.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2015 - Synthese 194 (9):3291-3309.
    Scientific realists use the “no miracle argument” to show that the empirical and pragmatic success of science is an indicator of the ability of scientific theories to give true or truthlike representations of unobservable reality. While antirealists define scientific progress in terms of empirical success or practical problem-solving, realists characterize progress by using some truth-related criteria. This paper defends the definition of scientific progress as increasing truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Antirealists have tried to rebut realism with the “pessimistic metainduction”, but critical (...)
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  44.  58
    Revising Beliefs Towards the Truth.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (2):165-181.
    Belief revision (BR) and truthlikeness (TL) emerged independently as two research programmes in formal methodology in the 1970s. A natural way of connecting BR and TL is to ask under what conditions the revision of a belief system by new input information leads the system towards the truth. It turns out that, for the AGM model of belief revision, the only safe case is the expansion of true beliefs by true input, but this is not very interesting or realistic as (...)
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  45.  2
    Critical Scientific Realism.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):454-458.
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  46.  96
    Scientific Progress.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2008 - Synthese.
  47.  19
    L. J. Cohen Versus Bayesianism.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):349-349.
  48.  12
    Is Science Progressive?Ilkka Niiniluoto - 1988 - Noûs 22 (2):316-321.
  49. Survey Article. Verisimilitude: The Third Period.I. Niiniluoto - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trichý published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  50.  5
    Critical Scientific Realism.Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (1):227-230.
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