Results for 'Ilyas Cicekli'

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  1. Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]Ayse P. Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
  2.  77
    Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
    The Turing Test is one of the most disputed topics in artificial intelligence, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science. This paper is a review of the past 50 years of the Turing Test. Philosophical debates, practical developments and repercussions in related disciplines are all covered. We discuss Turing's ideas in detail and present the important comments that have been made on them. Within this context, behaviorism, consciousness, the `other minds' problem, and similar topics in philosophy of mind are discussed. We (...)
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  3. Is Future Given?Ilya Prigogine - 2003 - World Scientific.
    In this book, after discussing the fundamental problems of current science and other philosophic concepts, beginning with controversies between Heraclitus and Parmenides, Ilya Prigogine launches into a message of great hope: the future has not been determined. Contrary to globalisation and the apparent contemporary mass culture society, individual behaviour is beginning to increasingly become the key factor which governs the evolution of both the world and society as a whole. It is a message that challenges existing widespread views, implicitly or (...)
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  4. Order Out of Chaos.Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (3):352-354.
  5. Voter Ignorance and the Democratic Ideal.Ilya Somin - 1998 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 12 (4):413-458.
    Abstract If voters do not understand the programs of rival candidates or their likely consequences, they cannot rationally exercise control over government. An ignorant electorate cannot achieve true democratic control over public policy. The immense size and scope of modern government makes it virtually impossible for voters to acquire sufficient knowledge to exercise such control. The problem is exacerbated by voters? strong incentive to be ?rationally ignorant? of politics. This danger to democracy cannot readily be circumvented through ?shortcut? methods of (...)
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  6. Knowledge About Ignorance: New Directions in the Study of Political Information.Ilya Somin - 2006 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 18 (1-3):255-278.
    For decades, scholars have recognized that most citizens have little or no political knowledge, and that it is in fact rational for the average voter to make little or no effort to acquire political information. Rational ignorance is fully compatible with the so?called ?paradox of voting? because it will often be rational for citizens to vote, but irrational for them to become well informed. Furthermore, rational ignorance leads not only to inadequate acquisition of political information, but also to ineffective use (...)
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  7.  28
    The Ongoing Debate Over Political Ignorance: Reply to My Critics.Ilya Somin - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (3-4):380-414.
    ABSTRACTThe participants in this symposium raise many insightful criticisms and reservations about my book Democracy and Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government Is Smarter. But none substantially undermine its main thesis: that rational political ignorance and rational irrationality are major problems for democracy that are best addressed by limiting and decentralizing government power. Part I of this reply addresses criticisms of my analysis of the problem of political ignorance and its causes. Part II assesses challenges to my proposed solution.
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  8.  6
    The Promise and Peril of Epistocracy.Ilya Somin - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 65 (1):27-34.
    ABSTRACT Jason Brennan’s Against Democracy makes a strong case that democratic majorities’ right to rule rests on shaky grounds so long as their ballot box decisions are heavily influenced by ignorance and bias. But his “epistocratic” alternative - empowering the better-informed segments of society - has significant flaws of its own. Ironically, the biggest shortcoming of epistocracy may be that we lack the knowledge necessary to make it work well.
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  9. Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]A. P. Saygin & I. Cicekli - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
  10.  62
    Epigenetics, Representation, and Society.Ilya Gadjev - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):491-515.
    In recent decades, advances in the life sciences have created an unprecedentedly detailed picture of heredity and the formation of the phenotype where clusters of simplistic reductionist and deterministic views and interpretations have begun to lose ground to more complex and holistic notions. The developments in gene regulation and epigenetics have become a vivid emblem of the ongoing ‘softening’ of heredity. Despite this headway, the outlook and rhetoric widely popular in the twentieth century favoring the ‘gene’ in the ‘genegenetic plasticityphenotypeenvironment’ (...)
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  11.  27
    The Promise and Peril of Epistocracy.Ilya Somin - forthcoming - Tandf: Inquiry:1-8.
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  12.  9
    Contemporary Concept Nativism: Some Methodological Remarks.Ilya Y. Bulov - 2019 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 62 (7):96-109.
    The innate knowledge problem is a classical problem in philosophy, which has been known since the classical antiquity. Plato in his dialogues Meno and Phaedo formulated the doctrine of innate ideas and proposed an early version of the poverty of the stimulus argument, which is the most frequently used argument in innate knowledge debates. In the history of philosophy there was also an opposite view. This approach is often associated with J. Locke’s philosophy. Locke thought that all our knowledge about (...)
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  13.  1
    What Form of Historical Consciousness Should Schools Impart?Ilya Zrudlo - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-19.
    In this essay, I ask what form of historical consciousness schools should nurture in students. The two criteria I set up in this regard are plausibility—is the account of history plausible—and practicality—does the form of historical consciousness help young people contribute to the betterment of society. The level of my analysis is that of modernity, a novel interpretation of which I gradually develop. I begin by drawing on Nietzsche to assess three forms of historical consciousness that are on offer: the (...)
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  14.  69
    Deliberative Democracy and Political Ignorance.Ilya Somin - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (2-3):253-279.
    Advocates of ?deliberative democracy? want citizens to actively participate in serious dialogue over political issues, not merely go to the polls every few years. Unfortunately, these ideals don't take into account widespread political ignorance and irrationality. Most voters neither attain the level of knowledge needed to make deliberative democracy work, nor do they rationally evaluate the political information they do possess. The vast size and complexity of modern government make it unlikely that most citizens can ever reach the levels of (...)
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  15.  20
    Why Political Ignorance Undermines the Wisdom of the Many.Ilya Somin - 2014 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 26 (1-2):151-169.
    ABSTRACTHélène Landemore's Democratic Reason effectively demonstrates how cognitive diversity may potentially improve the quality of democratic decisions. But in setting out the preconditions that democracy must meet in order for the many to make collectively well-informed decisions, Landemore undermines the case for voter competence more than she strengthens it. The conditions she specifies are highly unlikely to be achieved by any real-world democracy. Widespread voter ignorance and the size and complexity of modern government are severe obstacles to any effort to (...)
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  16. Physique, temps et devenir.Ilya Prigogine, Françoise Sullivan & Jacques Chanu - 1982 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 172 (1):131-131.
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  17.  7
    Professor Ilya Prigogine: January 25, 1917 -- May 28, 2003 a Personal and Scientific Remembrance.Karl Gustafson - 2003 - Mind and Matter 1 (1):9-13.
    Professor Ilya Prigogine (January 25, 1917 -- May 28, 2003), Nobel Laureate 1977 in chemistry, was one of the great visionaries of our time. Not content to rest on his laurels, he continued hard technical scientific publication, often with junior colleagues, for 25 years after the Nobel Prize was awarded to him. His fields of work included non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the emergence of dissipative structures and complex behavior, and the foundations of the arrow of time in natural science. He directed two (...)
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  18.  39
    Validity and Reliability of an Instrument for Assessing Case Analyses in Bioengineering Ethics Education.Ilya M. Goldin, Rosa Lynn Pinkus & Kevin Ashley - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):789-807.
    Assessment in ethics education faces a challenge. From the perspectives of teachers, students, and third-party evaluators like the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology and the National Institutes of Health, assessment of student performance is essential. Because of the complexity of ethical case analysis, however, it is difficult to formulate assessment criteria, and to recognize when students fulfill them. Improvement in students’ moral reasoning skills can serve as the focus of assessment. In previous work, Rosa Lynn Pinkus and Claire Gloeckner (...)
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  19.  38
    Exploring Complexity an Introduction.G. Nicolis & Ilya Prigogine - 1989 - W H Freeman & Company.
    Unexpected discoveries in nonequilibrium physics and nonlinear dynamics are changing our understanding of complex phenomena. Recent research has revealed fundamental new properties of matter in far-from-equilibrium conditions, and the prevalence of instability-where small changes in initial conditions may lead to amplified effects.
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  20.  56
    Foot Voting, Political Ignorance, and Constitutional Design.Ilya Somin - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (1):202-227.
    The strengths and weaknesses of federalism have been debated for centuries. But one major possible advantage of building decentralization and limited government into a constitution has been largely ignored in the debate so far: its potential for reducing the costs of widespread political ignorance. The argument of this paper is simple, but has potentially important implications: Constitutional federalism enables citizens to “vote with their feet,” and foot voters have much stronger incentives to make well-informed decisions than more conventional ballot box (...)
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  21. Critique Of Metaphysics In The Philosophy Of Ghazali And KantGazali Ve Kant Felsefelerinde Metafizik Eleştirisi.İlyas Altuner - 2012 - Ethos: Dialogues in Philosophy and Social Sciences 5 (1):22-30.
    Our study aims to deal with different and similar conditions between Ghazali and Kant, as characters that can show two different thinking forms and two different cultural structures in their thoughts, in context of the same subject. We will deal with why and how that the approaches of both thinkers to the subject transcendental dialectic occur by passing through which stages and try to display that both cultural world incline to this subject by which aim.Çalışmamız iki ayrı düşünme biçimi ve (...)
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  22.  23
    The Problem of Alienation in the Works of Franz Kafka.Nuri Çiçek - 2015 - Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):141.
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  23.  24
    Richard Posner's Democratic Pragmatism and the Problem of Ignorance.Ilya Somin - 2004 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 16 (1):1-22.
    Abstract Richard Posner's Law, Pragmatism, and Democracy urges that political and legal decision makers should be guided by what he calls ?everyday pragmatism,? rather than by ?abstract? moral theory. He links his conception of pragmatic government to Sclmmpeter's unromantic view of democracy. Posner argues that judicial review should be based on a combination of pragmatism and adherence to this limited conception of democracy, rather than sticking closely to ?formalist? theories of adjudication, which demand strict adherence to traditional legal norms. However, (...)
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  24.  23
    Thinking Things Through: An Introduction to Analytical Skills.Ilya Farber, T. Brian Mooney, Mark Nowacki, Yoo Guan Tan & John N. Williams - 2009 - McGraw-Hill.
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  25.  2
    A Transitional Conception of Modernity for Education.Ilya Zrudlo - 2022 - Educational Theory 72 (1):5-25.
    Educational Theory, Volume 72, Issue 1, Page 5-25, February 2022.
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  26.  3
    Sip'hîz'de’nin Enmûzecü’l-Fünûn’unda Tefsir İlmi.Mehmet Çiçek - forthcoming - Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi:951-975.
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  27.  51
    Peirce on Reality, Truth, and the Convergence of Inquiry in the Limit.Ilya Farber - 2005 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (3):541 - 566.
    The article analyzes how American philosopher Charles Peirce understands the concept of reality. He identifies the real as that which is independent of what any individual thinks about it and as a type of cognition and as the object of inquiry. Obtrusive realism and projective realism are the two central elements in Peirce's thoughts on reality. A set of problems relating to Peirce's assumption that inquiry must ultimately focus on true beliefs about reality is also presented.
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  28.  6
    Towards a Sustainable Global World.Ilya V. Ilyin & Arcady D. Ursul - 2019 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 46 (3-4):224-235.
    Despite the popularity of the term “global,” the making of a global world has been little studied to date and only a few works have been published. It is assumed that this kind of world has already partly crystallized thanks to globalization, but it is not expected to take a more coherent shape until later in the future. The purpose of the paper is to justify the opinion that a global world should be construed as a state of civilization and (...)
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  29.  2
    Examining the Mediating Role of Organisational Support on the Relationship Between Organisational Cynicism and Turnover Intention in Technology Firms in Istanbul.Berat Cicek, Mehmet Ali Turkmenoglu & Mustafa Ozbilgin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cynicism and turnover intentions are highlighted as being detrimental to organisations’ sustainability. Drawing on the social exchange theory, this paper aims to examine the effect of organisational cynicism on turnover intention and the mediating role of organisational support on this relationship. A survey was conducted with 289 employees and managers. Data were gathered from 54 technology firms from Istanbul, Turkey, and analysed through structural equation modelling using AMOS. The findings suggest that the cognitive and affective dimensions of cynicism are significant (...)
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  30.  1
    Model of Creating Value in Business Acquisition Transactions with Borrowed Funds.Ilya Andreevich Balakin - 2021 - Kant 38 (1):6-10.
    Based on the study of the works of domestic and foreign authors, the article presents a decompositional model of value creation when conducting business acquisition transactions with the involvement of debt capital, discloses the content of its main elements. Clarification of direct and indirect sources of value creation for debt financing transactions, as well as factors affecting their value, creates a theoretical basis for improving financial analysis and evaluating the effectiveness of LBO transactions, contributing to their development.
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  31. La fin des certitudes.Ilya Prigogine - 1997 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 187 (3):356-358.
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  32.  1
    PRIGOGINE, ILYA and STENGERS, ISABELLE: "Order Out of Chaos". [REVIEW]Kenneth Denbigh - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36:352.
  33.  1
    Sobre as Ambivalências Do Martírio.Hüseyin I. Cicek - 2021 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 66 (1):e40274.
    Quando uma vida e uma morte estão totalmente incorporadas na doutrina cristã ou muçulmana, e quem deve ter a palavra final sobre uma questão tão importante? No cristianismo e no islamismo, o martírio nunca aparece como algo independente, é sempre colocado em conexão com a bravura, o amor, a coragem e a determinação – e muito mais. O mártir é uma “espécie” específica, um crente por excelência. Que critérios devem ser cumpridos para falar de um mártir no cristianismo e no (...)
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  34. Did Kant Appreciate Hume? Perception and Repetition as Separate Aspects of Experience.Ilya Bernstein - 2011 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 4 (1).
  35.  9
    Ilya Ehrenburg & Vasily Grossman: The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry Translated and Edited by David Patterson. Foreword by Irving Louis Horowitz , 579 Pages.William B. Helmreich - 2002 - Human Rights Review 3 (3):100-102.
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  36. Consciousness and the Neurosciences: Philosophical and Theoretical Issues.Ilya B. Farber & Patricia S. Churchland - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press.
  37.  27
    Implications of the “Initial Brain” Concept for Brain Evolution in Cetacea.Ilya I. Glezer, Myron S. Jacobs & Peter J. Morgane - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):75-89.
    We review the evidence for the concept of the “initial” or prototype brain. We outline four possible modes of brain evolution suggested by our new findings on the evolutionary status of the dolphin brain. The four modes involve various forms of deviation from and conformity to the hypothesized initial brain type. These include examples of conservative evolution, progressive evolution, and combinations of the two in which features of one or the other become dominant. The four types of neocortical organization in (...)
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  38.  20
    An Example of Ottoman Tafsir Literature: Tafsir in “Sharh Al-Manẓumah” of Mehmet Shah Fan'rî.Mehmet ÇİÇEK - 2012 - Journal of Turkish Studies 7:1229-1244.
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  39.  34
    Counterfactual Graphical Models for Longitudinal Mediation Analysis With Unobserved Confounding.Ilya Shpitser - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (6):1011-1035.
    Questions concerning mediated causal effects are of great interest in psychology, cognitive science, medicine, social science, public health, and many other disciplines. For instance, about 60% of recent papers published in leading journals in social psychology contain at least one mediation test (Rucker, Preacher, Tormala, & Petty, 2011). Standard parametric approaches to mediation analysis employ regression models, and either the “difference method” (Judd & Kenny, 1981), more common in epidemiology, or the “product method” (Baron & Kenny, 1986), more common in (...)
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  40. Order Through Fluctuation: Self-Organization and Social System.Ilya Prigogine - 1976 - In Erich Jantsch (ed.), Evolution and Consciousness: Human Systems in Transition. Reading Ma: Addison-Wesley. pp. 93--130.
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  41.  2
    Fashioning Postfeminism: Spectacular Femininity and Transnational Culture Simidele Dosekun. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Ilya Parkins - forthcoming - Hypatia:1-4.
  42.  39
    Temporal Registers in the Realist Novel.Ilya Bernstein - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 173-182.
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  43.  7
    Fransızcada Ad-Sıfat İlişkisi Ve Türkçeye Çevirisi.Mehmet ÇİÇEK - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 10):221-221.
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  44.  18
    The World War Against the Spirit of Immanuel Kant: Philosophical Germanophobia in Russia in 1914–1915 and the Birth of Cultural Racism. [REVIEW]Ilya Kukulin - 2014 - Studies in East European Thought 66 (1-2):101-121.
    During the First World War the radical nationalist sentiments were widespread in different European countries involved in military activities, including the Russian Empire. In Russia this rise united the features of Russian ethnonationalism and imperial enthusiasm. The Russian philosopher Vladimir Ern in his article “From Kant to Krupp” attempted “to ground” the hostility between Russia and its allies, on the one hand, and Germany, on the other hand. This attempt turned Ern’s article into one of the earliest manifestoes of cultural (...)
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  45.  13
    Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers. Order Out of Chaos: Man's New Dialogue with Nature. London: Heinemann, 1984. Pp. Xxxi + 349. ISBN 434-603953. £9.95. [REVIEW]Stephen Brush - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (3):371-372.
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  46.  6
    Tarsûsî'nin "Enmûzecu'l-Ulûm"unda Tefsir.Mehmet ÇİÇEK - 2014 - Journal of Turkish Studies 9 (Volume 9 Issue 2):495-495.
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  47.  23
    Democracy and Voter Ignorance Revisited: Rejoinder to Ciepley.Ilya Somin - 2000 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 14 (1):99-111.
    Abstract Democratic control of public policy is nearly impossible in the presence of extreme voter ignorance, and this ignorance is in part caused by the vast size and scope of modern government. Only a government limited in its scope can be meaningfully democratic. David Ciepley's response to my article does not seriously challenge this conclusion, and his attempts to show that limited government is inherently undemocratic fail. Ciepley's alternative vision of a ?democracy? that does not require informed voters turns out (...)
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  48. Ilya Prigogine i nowy obraz materii.Michał Tempczyk - 1989 - Studia Filozoficzne 289 (12).
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  49.  81
    How a Neural Correlate Can Function as an Explanation of Consciousness: Evidence From the History of Science Regarding the Likely Explanatory Value of the NCC Approach.Ilya Farber - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):77-95.
    A frequent criticism of the neuroscientific approach to consciousness is that its theories describe only 'correlates' or 'analogues' of consciousness, and so fail to address the nature of consciousness itself. Despite its apparent logical simplicity, this criticism in fact relies on some substantive assumptions about the nature and evolution of scientific explanations. In particular, it is usually assumed that, in expressing correlations, neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) theories must fail to capture the causal structure relating brain and mind. Drawing on (...)
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  50.  17
    Being and Intellect: Theory of Demonstration in Aristotle and Al-Fārābī by A. Tekin.Ilyas Altuner - 2018 - Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review 2 (1):67-70.
    Ali Tekin, Varlık ve Akıl: Aristoteles ve Fârâbî’de Burhan Teorisi [Being and Intellect: Theory of Demonstration in Aristotle and al-Fārābī], 477 pp.
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