Results for 'Individualism History'

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  1. Methodological Individualism: Background, History and Meaning.Lars Udehn - 2001 - Routledge.
    Throughout the history of social thought, there has been a constant battle over the true nature of society, and the best way to understand and explain it. This volume covers the development of methodological individualism, including the individualist theory of society from Greek antiquity to modern social science. It is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of methodological individualism in all its manifestations.
     
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  2. Anti-Individualism, Conceptual Omniscience, and Skepticism.Sanford C. Goldberg - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 116 (1):53-78.
    Given anti-individualism, a subject might have a priori (non-empirical)knowledge that she herself is thinking that p, have complete and exhaustive explicational knowledge of all of the concepts composing the content that p, and yet still need empirical information (e.g. regarding her embedding conditions and history) prior to being in a position to apply her exhaustive conceptual knowledge in a knowledgeable way to the thought that p. This result should be welcomed by anti-individualists: it squares with everything that compatibilist-minded (...)
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  3. Individualism and the Nature of Syntactic States.Thomas Bontly - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (4):557-574.
    It is widely assumed that the explanatory states of scientific psychology are type-individuated by their semantic or intentional properties. First, I argue that this assumption is implausible for theories like David Marr's [1982] that seek to provide computational or syntactic explanations of psychological processes. Second, I examine the implications of this conclusion for the debate over psychological individualism. While most philosophers suppose that syntactic states supervene on the intrinsic physical states of information-processing systems, I contend they may not. Syntatic (...)
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  4. Methodological Individualism: Background, History and Meaning.Lars Udehn - 2001 - Routledge.
    Throughout the history of social thought, there has been a constant battle over the true nature of society, and the best way to understand and explain it. This volume covers the development of methodological individualism, including the individualist theory of society from Greek antiquity to modern social science. It is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of methodological individualism in all its manifestations.
     
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  5.  19
    Reconstructing Individualism: A Pragmatic Tradition From Emerson to Ellison.James M. Albrecht - 2012 - Fordham University Press.
    Introduction : "Individualism has never been tried": toward a pragmatic individualism -- Pt. 1. Emerson -- What's the use of reading Emerson pragmatically?: the example of William James -- "Let us have worse cotton and better men": Emerson's ethics of self-culture -- Pt. 2. Pragmatism: James and Dewey -- "Moments in the world's salvation": James's pragmatic individualism -- Character and community: Dewey's model of moral selfhood -- "The local is the ultimate universal": Dewey on reconstructing individuality and (...)
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  6. Baudelaire: Individualism,, Dandyism and the Philosophy of History.Bernard Howells - 1996 - Legenda, European Humanities Research Centre.
     
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  7. The Politics of Authenticity: Radical Individualism and the Emergence of Modern Society.Marshall Berman - 2009 - Verso.
  8. Holism and Individualism in History and Social Science.William H. Dray - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 4--53.
  9.  16
    "Individualism" in the Mid-Nineteenth Century.Koenraad W. Swart - 1962 - Journal of the History of Ideas 23 (1):77.
  10.  44
    From Epistemic Anti-Individualism to Intellectual Humility.Jesper Kallestrup & Duncan Pritchard - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (3):533-552.
    Epistemic anti-individualism is the view that positive epistemic statuses fail to supervene on internal, physical or mental, properties of individuals. Intellectual humility is a central intellectual virtue in the pursuit of such statuses. After some introductory remarks, this paper provides an argument for epistemic anti-individualism with respect to a virtue-theoretic account of testimonial knowledge. An outline of a dual-aspect account of intellectual humility is then offered. The paper proceeds to argue that insofar as testimonial knowledge is concerned, this (...)
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  11. Methodological Individualism: Background, History and Meaning.Joseph Agassi - 2004 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):316.
  12.  9
    Individualism and Self-Knowledge, Tyler Bürge the History of Philosophy as a Discipline, Michael Frede.Rayme E. Engel - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (12).
  13.  18
    Methodological Individualism Vs. Collectivist Holism in Historical Explanation.Richard Eldridge - 2017 - History and Theory 56 (3):442-451.
  14. Myths of Renaissance Individualism.John Jeffries Martin - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The idea that the Renaissance witnessed the emergence of the modern individual remains a powerful myth. In this important new book Martin examines the Renaissance self with attention to both social history and literary theory and offers a new typology of Renaissance selfhood which was at once collective, performative and porous. At the same time, he stresses the layered qualities of the Renaissance self and the salient role of interiority and notions of inwardness in the shaping of identity.
     
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  15. Cognitive Individualism and the Child as Scientist Program.Bill Wringe - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (4):518-529.
    n this paper, I examine the charge that Gopnik and Meltzoff’s ‘Child as Scientist’ program, outlined and defended in their 1997 book Words, Thoughts and Theories is vitiated by a form of ‘cognitive individualism’ about science. Although this charge has often been leveled at Gopnik and Meltzoff’s work, it has rarely been developed in any detail. -/- I suggest that we should distinguish between two forms of cognitive individualism which I refer to as ‘ontic’ and ‘epistemic’ cognitive (...) (OCI and ECI respectively). I then argue - contra Ronald Giere – that Gopnik and Meltzoff’s commitment to OCI is relatively unproblematic, since it is an easily detachable part of their view. By contrast, and despite their explicit discussion of the issue, their commitment to ECI is much more problematic. (shrink)
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  16.  30
    Institutional Individualism and the Emergence of Scientific Rationality.Ronald Curtis - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):77.
  17.  57
    Was Adam Smith an Individualist?Andy Denis - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (3):71-86.
    Smith is generally regarded as an individualist without qualification. This paper argues that his predominantly individualist policy prescription is rooted in a more complex philosophy. He sees nature, including human nature, as a vast machine supervised by God and designed to maximise human happiness. Human weaknesses, as well as strengths, display the wisdom of God and play their part in this scheme. While Smith pays lip service to justice, it is really social order that pre-occupies him, and within that, the (...)
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  18. Men Versus the State: Herbert Spencer and Late Victorian Individualism.M. W. Taylor - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    A study of the political philosophy of Herbert Spencer, this book examines the thought of the man considered by many to be the greatest philosopher of Victorian Britain, and the ideas of the Individualists, a group of political thinkers inspired by him to uphold the policy of laissez-faire during the 1880s and 1890s. Despite their important contribution to nineteenth-century political debate, these thinkers have been neglected by historians, who Taylor argues have concentrated instead on the advocates of an enhanced role (...)
     
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  19.  20
    Learning From Broken Rules: Individualism, Bureaucracy, and Ethics.Amy Rossiter, Richard Walsh-Bowers & Isaac Prilleltensky - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (4):307 – 320.
    The authors discuss findings from a qualitative research project concerning applied ethics that was undertaken at a general family counseling agency in southern Ontario. Interview data suggested that workers need to dialogue about ethical dilemmas, but that such dialogue demands a high level of risk taking that feels unsafe in the organization. This finding led the researchers to examine their own sense of "breaking rules" by suggesting an intersubjective view of ethics that requires a "safe space" for ethical dialogue. The (...)
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  20. John Locke and the Origins of Private Property: Philosophical Explorations of Individualism, Community, and Equality.Matthew H. Kramer - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Locke's labor theory of property is one of the seminal ideas of political philosophy and served to establish its author's reputation as one of the leading social and political thinkers of all time. Through it Locke addressed many of his most pressing concerns, and earned a reputation as an outstanding spokesman for political individualism - a reputation that lingers widely despite some partial challenges that have been raised in recent years. In this major new study Matthew Kramer offers (...)
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  21.  6
    1. Possessive Individualism as Critique: History, Ontology, and the Roots of Liberalism.Phillip Hansen - 2015 - In Reconsidering C.B. Macpherson: From Possessive Individualism to Democratic Theory and Beyond. University of Toronto Press. pp. 15-61.
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  22.  5
    Philosophy, Capitalism, Individualism, and History.Thomas Klikauer - 2018 - Radical Philosophy Review 21 (1):215-217.
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  23.  20
    The Origins of English Individualism. The Family, Property, and Social Transition.J. G. A. Pocock - 1980 - History and Theory 19 (1):100.
  24.  8
    Historical Individualism.Sascha Talmor - 1986 - History of European Ideas 7 (6):661-667.
  25.  15
    Individualism in Art and Artists: A Renaissance Problem.Rudolf Wittkower - 1961 - Journal of the History of Ideas 22 (3):291.
  26.  36
    The Renaissance, Individualism and the Portrait.Peter Burke - 1995 - History of European Ideas 21 (3):393-400.
  27.  27
    The Meanings of "Individualism".Steven Lukes - 1971 - Journal of the History of Ideas 32 (1):45.
  28.  69
    Parsing Macpherson: The Last Rites of Locke the Possessive Individualist.Hugh Breakey - 2014 - Theoria 80 (1):62-83.
    C.B. Macpherson's “Possessive Individualist” reading of Locke is one of the most radical and influential interpretations in the history of exegesis. Despite a substantial critical response over the past five decades, Macpherson's reading remains orthodox in various circles in the humanities generally, particularly in legal studies, and his interpretation of several crucial passages has unwittingly been followed even by his sharpest critics within Lockean scholarship. In order to present the definitive rebuttal to this interpretation, and so finally to lay (...)
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  29.  13
    Rational Individualism: The Perennial Philosophy of Legal Interpretation.Roger Simonds - 1995 - Rodopi.
    Since this book is a cross-disciplinary study in philosophy and legal history, it may present some problems for readers who come to it with strong interests ...
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  30.  33
    Individualism and a Mature Society.Rolf Denker - 1969 - Philosophy and History 2 (1):10-11.
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  31. Deep Inner Lives, Individualism and People of Honour.William Ian Miller - 1995 - History of Political Thought 16 (2):190-207.
  32.  31
    "Individualism," "Socialism," and "Social Science": Further Notes on a Process of Conceptual Formation, 1800-1850.Gregory Claeys - 1986 - Journal of the History of Ideas 47 (1):81.
  33. 'Individualism, Socialism and Social Science.G. Clayes - 1986 - Journal of the History of Ideas 47:81-93.
     
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  34.  12
    Individualism in Jean Jaures' Socialist Thought.Aaron Noland - 1961 - Journal of the History of Ideas 22 (1):63.
  35.  6
    The Dynamic Individualism of William James. [REVIEW]John D. Gilroy - 2009 - International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2):282-284.
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  36.  17
    Idealist Organicism: Beyond Holism and Individualism.A. Simhony - 1991 - History of Political Thought 12 (3):515-535.
    The object of this article is to show that the organic conception of society defended by British idealists goes beyond the traditional dichotomy of holistic and individualist conceptions of society.
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  37.  33
    Myth, Meaning, and Antifragile Individualism: On the Ideas of Jordan Peterson.Marc Champagne - 2020 - Exeter, UK: Imprint Academic.
    Jordan Peterson has attracted a high level of attention. Controversies may bring people into contact with Peterson's work, but ideas are arguably what keep them there. Focusing on those ideas, this book explores Peterson’s answers to perennial questions. What is common to all humans, regardless of their background? Is complete knowledge ever possible? What would constitute a meaningful life? Why have humans evolved the capacity for intelligence? Should one treat others as individuals or as members of a group? Is a (...)
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  38.  7
    Catholic Democracy: Individualism and Socialism.C. Clifford - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 13 (11):299-303.
  39.  35
    Rawls and Individualism.C. F. Delaney - 1983 - Modern Schoolman 60 (2):112-122.
  40.  7
    “Another” liberalism. Individualism and collectivism in the work of John Stuart Mill.Félix J. Aguirre - 2017 - Ideas Y Valores 66 (164):229-249.
    RESUMEN El artículo argumenta que, contrario a lo que sostiene el neoliberalismo contemporáneo, lo individual y lo colectivo no constituyen los extremos de una antítesis ante la que estemos obligados a elegir. Se examina el debate político de la segunda mitad del siglo victoriano sobre la pertinencia y los límites de la intervención estatal. Tomando como pretexto la obra de un pensador cuya posición sobre la libertad negativa marcará la historia del liberalismo positivo y del colectivismo, se concluye que la (...)
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  41.  43
    Collingwood’s Epistemological Individualism.Lorraine Code - 1989 - The Monist 72 (4):542-567.
    It is tempting to locate R. G. Collingwood among twentieth-century “free-spirited” philosophers and to classify him with Dewey, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein as a Rortyian “edifying” thinker. The position developed in Collingwood’s later works exhibits most of the features that distinguish “free-spirited” from “serious” philosophy. His relativism, most plainly manifested in The Idea of Nature, The Principles of Art, and the Essay on Metaphysics; his historicism, which is of a piece with his relativism—is indeed the principal form his relativism takes—articulated in (...)
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  42.  9
    Collingwood’s Epistemological Individualism.Lorraine Code - 1989 - The Monist 72 (4):542-567.
    It is tempting to locate R. G. Collingwood among twentieth-century “free-spirited” philosophers and to classify him with Dewey, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein as a Rortyian “edifying” thinker. The position developed in Collingwood’s later works exhibits most of the features that distinguish “free-spirited” from “serious” philosophy. His relativism, most plainly manifested in The Idea of Nature, The Principles of Art, and the Essay on Metaphysics; his historicism, which is of a piece with his relativism—is indeed the principal form his relativism takes—articulated in (...)
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  43.  26
    Collingwood's Historical Individualism.William H. Dray - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):1 - 20.
    Central to R. G. Collingwood's philosophy of history, and among the most controvrsial of his doctrines, is the contention that historical understanding requires a re-anactment of past experience or a re-thinking of past thought. Some critics have found this contention in it-self incoherent or otherwise unsatisfactory, even as applied to what Collingwood apparently regarded as paradigm cases of historical thinking: for example, accounting for Caesar's crossing of the Rubicon in terms of his political ambitions. Others, while accepting the applicability (...)
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  44.  18
    Popper, Winch, and Individualism.Clifton Perry - 1980 - International Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1):59-71.
  45.  8
    Communitarianism and Individualism.Clifford A. Bates - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18 (5):769-770.
  46. Hume and Possessive Individualism.D. Miller - 1980 - History of Political Thought 1 (2):261.
  47. The Traditionalist Critique of Individualism in Post-Revolutionary France: The Case of Louis de Bonald.W. J. Reedy - 1995 - History of Political Thought 16 (1):49-75.
  48.  15
    Realism and Individualism: Charles S. Peirce and the Threat of Modern Nominalism. [REVIEW]Zachary Micah Gartenberg - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (2):425-428.
  49.  29
    The Philosophy of Individualism: An Interpretation of Thucydides.Harry Neumann - 1969 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 7 (3):237-246.
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  50.  13
    Democracy and Religious Values: Augustine on Locke, Lying and Individualism.John M. Rist - 1998 - Augustinian Studies 29 (1):7-24.
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