Results for 'Information technology'

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  1. Part III. An emerging America.. Emerging technology and America's economy / excerpt: from "How will machine learning transform the labor market?" by Erik Brynjolfsson, Daniel Rock, and Prasanna Tambe ; Emerging technology and America's national security.Excerpt: From "Information: The New Pacific Coin of the Realm" by Admiral Gary Roughead, Emelia Spencer Probasco & Ralph Semmel - 2020 - In George P. Shultz (ed.), A hinge of history: governance in an emerging new world. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University.
     
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  2.  61
    The ethics of information technology and business.Richard T. De George - 2003 - Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This is the first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. The first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. Explores a wide range of topics including marketing, privacy, and the protection of personal information; employees and communication privacy; intellectual property issues; the ethical issues of e-business; Internet-related business ethics problems; and the ethical dimension of information (...)
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  3. Information Technology Ethics: Cultural Perspectives.Theptawee Chokvasin (ed.) - 2007 - Hershey, PA, USA:
     
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  4.  23
    Information technology in social entrepreneurship: the role and the reality.Diana Burley - 2009 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 39 (1):11-14.
    Social entrepreneurship is increasingly seen as a critical component of the global conversation on volunteerism and civic engagement. The purpose of this article is to lay the groundwork for a larger conversation on the role of information technology in social entrepreneurship by summarizing the discussions among participants of a recent conference on the subject. Social networking and information sharing were identified as the most critical roles of IT in support of social entrepreneurship. However, in order to realize (...)
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  5. Information Technology and Moral Philosophy.Jeroen van den Hoven & John Weckert (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Information technology is an integral part of the practices and institutions of post-industrial society. It is also a source of hard moral questions and thus is both a probing and relevant area for moral theory. In this volume, an international team of philosophers sheds light on many of the ethical issues arising from information technology, including informational privacy, digital divide and equal access, e-trust and tele-democracy. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how accounts of equality and justice, property (...)
     
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  6. Information technology and moral values.John Sullins - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A encyclopedia entry on the moral impacts that happen when information technologies are used to record, communicate and organize information. including the moral challenges of information technology, specific moral and cultural challenges such as online games, virtual worlds, malware, the technology transparency paradox, ethical issues in AI and robotics, and the acceleration of change in technologies. It concludes with a look at information technology as a model for moral change, moral systems and moral (...)
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  7.  5
    The Ethics of Information Technology and Business.Richard T. De George - 2003 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This is the first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. The first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. Explores a wide range of topics including marketing, privacy, and the protection of personal information; employees and communication privacy; intellectual property issues; the ethical issues of e-business; Internet-related business ethics problems; and the ethical dimension of information (...)
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  8.  28
    Using Information Technology to create global classrooms: benefits and ethical dilemmas.York W. Bradshaw, Johannes Britz, Theo Bothma & Coetzee Bester - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 7:09.
    The global digital divide represents one of the most significant examples of international inequality. In North America and Western Europe, nearly 70% of citizens use the Internet on a regular basis, whereas in Africa less than 4% do so. Such inequality impacts business and trade, online education and libraries, telemedicine and health resources, and political information and e-government. In response, a group of educators and community leaders in South Africa and the United States have used various information technologies (...)
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  9.  8
    The Ethics of Information Technology and Business.Richard T. De George - 2002 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This is the first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. The first study of business ethics to take into consideration the plethora of issues raised by the Information Age. Explores a wide range of topics including marketing, privacy, and the protection of personal information; employees and communication privacy; intellectual property issues; the ethical issues of e-business; Internet-related business ethics problems; and the ethical dimension of information (...)
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  10. Bootstrapping Information Technology Innovations Across Organisational and Geographical Boundaries: Lessons from an mHealth Implementation in Malawi.Tiwonge Davis Manda and Terje Aksel Sanner - 2014 - Iris 35.
  11. Ethics and Information Technology.Göran Collste (ed.) - 1998 - Delhi: New Academic Publishers.
    The Ethical Issues Underlying The Computer-Ization And Information Technology Are The Subject Of The Essays Collected In This Book. Computer Ethics And Information Ethics Are New Branches Of Applied Ethics.In This Book Different Applications Of Information Technology (It) Are Assessed From An Ethical Perspective. How Eill The Global Information Infrastructure Affect ConditionsFor Democracy? Is It Possible To Maintain Values Like Autonomy And Privacy In TheComputerized Society? What Ethical Principles Are Needed And What Virtues ShouldBe (...)
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  12.  97
    Information technology, globalization and ethics.Richard De George - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (1):29-40.
    This paper illustrates the overlap of computer ethics and business ethics by examining two issues. The first is the lack of fit between digitalized information and copyright protection. Although there are moral arguments that can be used to justify protection of intellectual property, including computer software and digitalized data, the way that copyright protection has developed often reflects vested interests rather than the considered weighing of moral considerations. As a result, with respect to downloading MP3s, among other material, what (...)
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  13. Business Information Technology Management.J. W. Beard - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (2):126-129.
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  14.  49
    Information technology and the management of knowledge.Henrik Sinding-Larsen - 1987 - AI and Society 1 (2):93-101.
    The social sciences lack concepts and theories for an understanding of what new information technology is doing to our society. The article sketches the outlines of a broad historical and comparative approach to this issue: ‘an anthropology of information technology’. At the base is the idea ofexternalisation of knowledge as a historical process. Three main epochs are characterised by externalisation of knowledge through a) spoken language and a social organisation of specialists, b) writing and c) computer (...)
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  15. Hybrid Information Technology Using Computational Intelligence-Security Intelligence: Web Contents Security System for Semantic Web.Nam-Deok Cho, Eun-ser Lee & Hyun-gun Park - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 4252--819.
     
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  16. Ethics in information technology and software use.Vincent J. Calluzzo & Charles J. Cante - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 51 (3):301-312.
    The emerging concern about software piracy and illegal or unauthorized use of information technology and software has been evident in the media and open literature for the last few years. In the course of conducting their academic assignments, the authors began to compare observations from classroom experiences related to ethics in the use of software and information technology and systems. Qualitatively and anecdotally, it appeared that many if not most, students had misconceptions about what represented ethical (...)
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  17.  41
    Global information technology and global citizenship education.Richard Ennals, Les Stratton, Noura Moujahid & Serhiy Kovela - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (1):61-68.
    The Council for Education in World Citizenship has been working with Kingston University and the UK National Commission for UNESCO, taking advantage of global information technology developments in order to build new programmes for global citizenship education. The paper reports on practical experience, inviting new network partners. The IST-Africa 2007 conference provided an opportunity to build on these foundations, with initiatives in primary, secondary, further, adult and higher education, and continuing professional development for teachers.
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  18.  81
    Information technologies and the tragedy of the good will.Luciano Floridi - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):253–262.
    Information plays a major role in any moral action. ICT have revolutionized the life of information, from its production and management to its consumption, thus deeply affecting our moral lives. Amid the many issues they have raised, a very serious one, discussed in this paper, is labelled the tragedy of the Good Will. This is represented by the increasing pressure that ICT and their deluge of information are putting on any agent who would like to act morally, (...)
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  19.  29
    Information Technology Professionals’ Perceived Organizational Values and Managerial Ethics: An Empirical Study.K. Gregory Jin, Ron Drozdenko & Rick Bassett - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):149-159.
    This paper summarizes the results of an analysis of empirical data on ethical attitudes of professionals and managers in relation to organizational core values in the Information Technology industry. This study investigates the association between key organizational values as independent variables and the ethical attitudes of IT managers as dependent variables. The study also delves into differences among IT non-managerial professionals, mid-level managers, and upper-level managers in their ethical attitudes and perceptions. Research results indicated that IT professionals from (...)
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  20. Drones, information technology, and distance: mapping the moral epistemology of remote fighting. [REVIEW]Mark Coeckelbergh - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):87-98.
    Ethical reflection on drone fighting suggests that this practice does not only create physical distance, but also moral distance: far removed from one’s opponent, it becomes easier to kill. This paper discusses this thesis, frames it as a moral-epistemological problem, and explores the role of information technology in bridging and creating distance. Inspired by a broad range of conceptual and empirical resources including ethics of robotics, psychology, phenomenology, and media reports, it is first argued that drone fighting, like (...)
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  21.  63
    Ethics, Information Technology, and Public Health: New Challenges for the Clinician-Patient Relationship.Kenneth W. Goodman - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):58-63.
    Increasingly widespread adoption of health information technology tools in clinical care increases interest in ethical and legal issues related to the use of these tools for public health and the effects of these uses on the clinician-patient relationship. It is argued that patients, clinicians, and society have generally uncontroversial duties to support civil society's public health mission, information technology supports this mission, and the effects of automated and computerized public health surveillance are likely to have little (...)
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  22.  30
    Ethics, Information Technology, and Public Health: New Challenges for the Clinician-Patient Relationship.Kenneth W. Goodman - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):58-63.
    One of the largest, oldest, and most interesting challenges in health care is the balancing act in which clinicians have generally uncontroversial duties both to individual patients and to communities. Physicians and nurses must — so we teach them — put patients first, and at the same time recognize that individuals are members of communities. Individuals affect the health of communities, and communities affect the health of individuals. Thus, the moral and professional duties that result are sometimes in conflict.Moreover, the (...)
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  23.  38
    Information technology and the transformation of diplomacy.Robin Brown - 2005 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 18 (2):14-29.
  24. Sunlight as a Photosyntheic Information Technology.Yogi Hendlin - 2020 - In Plants in Science Fiction: Speculative Vegetation.
  25.  23
    Information Technology and Politics of Incorporation.Randi Markussen & Finn Olesen - 2001 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 3 (2):35-47.
    Information technologies (IT) have become a politically important issue over the last ten years. Governmental reports promote the idea of a new information society, or network society, where ITs are a prerequisite for the economic and social development. The discourse and the rhetoric about technology and its relation to society are dominated by modern, rational and macrosocial understandings of technology. In this paper we challenge dominant rational discourses on technology and present alternative views to bring (...)
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  26.  5
    Information technology.Luciano Floridi - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 227–231.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Evolution of IT Understanding IT IT in the Information Society Conclusion References and Further Reading.
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  27.  25
    Health Information Technology and the Idea of Informed Consent.Melissa M. Goldstein - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):27-35.
    As policy makers place great hope in health information technology as a means to lower costs and achieve improvements in health care quality, safety, and efficiency, organizations at the forefront of building health information exchange networks attempt to weave the concept and function of informed consent into an evolving information-driven health care system. The vast amount of information that will become available to both health professionals and patients in the new HIT-driven environment can reasonably be (...)
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  28. Information technology, privacy, and the protection of personal data.Jeroen Van Den Hoven - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
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  29.  22
    Information technology in the Costa Rican dairy sector: A key instrument in extension and on-farm research. [REVIEW]Mees Baaijen & Enrique Pérez - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (2):45-51.
    Can computer and information technology (IT), widely used in the development of livestock health and production, be of any benefit for Third World farmers and institutions? And if so, how can they be implemented on a large scale? The authors try to answer these and related questions based on experiences with computerized dairy herd health and production programs in Costa Rica. They conclude that IT is becoming a key instrument in the planning and operation of modern extension services (...)
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  30. Philosophy of information technology.Carl Mitcham - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and values: essential readings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  31. Agency Laundering and Information Technologies.Alan Rubel, Clinton Castro & Adam Pham - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (4):1017-1041.
    When agents insert technological systems into their decision-making processes, they can obscure moral responsibility for the results. This can give rise to a distinct moral wrong, which we call “agency laundering.” At root, agency laundering involves obfuscating one’s moral responsibility by enlisting a technology or process to take some action and letting it forestall others from demanding an account for bad outcomes that result. We argue that the concept of agency laundering helps in understanding important moral problems in a (...)
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  32. Information Technology, the Good and Modernity.Pak-Hang Wong - 2010 - In Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science: Concepts and Principles. pp. 223-236.
    In Information and Computer Ethics (ICE), and, in fact, in normative and evaluative research of Information Technology (IT) in general, researchers have paid few attentions to the prudential values of IT. Hence, analyses of the prudential values of IT are mostly found in popular discourse. Yet, the analyses of the prudential values of IT are important for answering normative questions about people’s well-being. In this chapter, the author urges researchers in ICE to take the analyses of the (...)
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  33. Geography and information technology'.M. J. Clark - 1989 - In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in human geography. Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble. pp. 14--28.
     
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  34.  3
    Deciphering Information Technologies: Modern Societies as Networks.Nico Stehr - 2000 - European Journal of Social Theory 3 (1):83-94.
    This essay advances two sets of critical observations about Manuel Castells's suggestion and detailed elaboration of the idea that modern society from the 1980s onwards constitutes a network society and that the unity in the diversity of global restructuring has to be seen in the massive deployment of information and communication technologies in all spheres of modern social life. The criticism attends to the possibility that the emphasis on the social role of information technologies in advanced society amounts (...)
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  35.  24
    Information technologies and human behaviours as interacting knowledge management enablers.Isabel M. Prieto & Elena Revilla - 2005 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 1 (3):175.
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  36. Information Technology and Cyberspace.D. Pullinger - 2003 - The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (2):266-266.
  37.  37
    Information technology in the service of peacebuilding: The case of cyprus.Yiannis Laouris - 2004 - World Futures 60 (1 & 2):67 – 79.
    Cyprus, an island in the Eastern Mediterranean, has been divided by force since 1974. Citizens of the two partitions have not been allowed to cross the cease-fire line, controlled by the United Nations Force, or to have any kind of communication between them. This article describes the innovative use of information technology to break the communication barrier between the two geographically isolated communities and to facilitate the creation of a shared vision and a concrete strategy toward achieving this (...)
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  38.  5
    FOCUS: Information technology and business ethics.Richard Ennals - 1994 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 3 (3):165–170.
    ’Those who understand the underlying technology on which the modern business depends have a professional, social and moral obligation to look to the needs of their neighbours who lack that understanding’. Professor Ennals is a member of the Business Information Technology Research Unit of Kingston Business School, Kingston University, Kingston‐on‐Thames KT2 7LB, England, where he has shared in developing the new Business Information Technology degree.
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  39. The Great Convergence: Information Technology and the New Globalization.Richard Baldwin - 2016
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  40.  76
    Information technology professionals' perceived organizational values and managerial ethics: An empirical study. [REVIEW]K. Gregory Jin, Ron Drozdenko & Rick Bassett - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):149 - 159.
    This paper summarizes the results of an analysis of empirical data on ethical attitudes of professionals and managers in relation to organizational core values in the Information Technology (IT) industry. This study investigates the association between key organizational values as independent variables and the ethical attitudes of IT managers as dependent variables. The study also delves into differences among IT non-managerial professionals, mid-level managers, and upper-level managers in their ethical attitudes and perceptions. Research results indicated that IT professionals (...)
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  41. Disclosive Ethics and Information Technology: Disclosing Facial Recognition Systems.Lucas D. Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (2):75-86.
    This paper is an attempt to present disclosive ethics as a framework for computer and information ethics – in line with the suggestions by Brey, but also in quite a different manner. The potential of such an approach is demonstrated through a disclosive analysis of facial recognition systems. The paper argues that the politics of information technology is a particularly powerful politics since information technology is an opaque technology – i.e. relatively closed to scrutiny. (...)
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  42.  25
    Information technology from Homer to DENDRAL.J. E. Tiles - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):205-220.
    To understand the impact which the newly self‐conscious technology of information is likely to have, and to develop that technology effectively, it is necessary to appreciate two previous revolutions in information technology, those which followed the introductions of writing and of printing. Understanding the role which these technologies have in our intellectual lives may help to avoid the misconceptions which are generated by the temptation to think of the instruments of communication as having a life (...)
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  43.  17
    Information Technology, Ideology and Governmentality.Jeremy Valentine - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (2):21-43.
    This article seeks to identify the political and ideological dimensions of the contemporary presence of information technology or infotech. This presence is experienced as the progressive unfolding of technology as the logic of the social itself. Rather than approaching these dimensions through their reduction to a ground, a symbolic totality or a specific interest, and argument is constructed from Laclau and Mouffe's concept of `antagonism' in conjunction with Claude Lefort's notion of `invisible ideology'. This gives the argument (...)
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  44.  91
    Information technology and privacy: conceptual muddles or privacy vacuums? [REVIEW]Kirsten Martin - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4):267-284.
    Within a given conversation or information exchange, do privacy expectations change based on the technology used? Firms regularly require users, customers, and employees to shift existing relationships onto new information technology, yet little is known as about how technology impacts established privacy expectations and norms. Coworkers are asked to use new information technology, users of gmail are asked to use GoogleBuzz, patients and doctors are asked to record health records online, etc. Understanding how (...)
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  45.  31
    Health Information Technology and the Idea of Informed Consent.Melissa M. Goldstein - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):27-35.
    During this early stage of HIT adoption, it is critical that we engage in discussions regarding informed consent's proper role in a health care environment in which electronic information sharing holds primary importance. This article discusses current implementation of the doctrine within health information exchange networks; the relationship between informed consent and privacy; the variety of ways that the concept is referenced in discussions of information sharing; and challenges that surround incorporation of the doctrine into the evolving (...)
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  46. Information Technology and Moral Philosophy.M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
  47. Privatization, information technology and privacy: reconsidering the social responsibilities of private organizations.A. H. Vedder - forthcoming - Business Ethics: Principles and Practice.
     
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  48. Plato, Judaism, Kant and Information Technology.Richard A. Cohen - 2008 - International Review of Information Ethics 9:08.
    Plato’s two complaints in the Phaedrus about the new technology of writing, namely, that reliance upon it leads to forgetfulness and fosters intellectual misunderstanding, which are here taken equally to be relevant. Possible complaints about contemporary information technology, are examined and assessed, in themselves and in relation to Jewish rabbinic exegetical tradition and in relation to Immanuel Kant’s positive claims for text based religions in Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone.
     
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  49.  30
    Information technology from a knowledge system perspective: Concepts and issues. [REVIEW]Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel - 1990 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired (...)
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  50.  63
    Health Information Technology as a Universal Donor to Bioethics Education.Kenneth W. Goodman - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (2):342-347.
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